US 350020 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M. D. SHIPMAN.
No. 350,020. Patented Sept. 28, 1886.
.Attorney N Pzrlns PmIu-Lnhvgfaphnr, washington D. c.
UNITED STATES PATENT EEICE,
MADISON D. SHIPB'IAN, OF DE KAIJB, ILLINOIS.
Lncrt-TCATION forming part of Letters P atent No. 350,020, dated September 28. 1886.
Application tiled November 23, 1R85. Serial No. 193.767. (No model.)
To all w/tom/ if may concern:
Re it known that I, Manises D. SHI'PMAX, a citizen of the United States, residing at De Kalb, in the county of De Kalb and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and usef'ul Improvements in Buttons, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1l. is a central vertical section of the head of my improved button. Fig. 2 represents in central vertical section the parts composing the head detached. Fig. 8 is a similar view of the stud complete; Fig. 4, a similar view of the parts thereof separated. Fig. is a similar view of two forms of the spring when 'made in one piece. Fig. 6 is a similar section of a modified form ofstud attached to the cloth. Fig. 7 isa similar section of the paris thereof before being united, showing also a plan view of the washer. Fig. S is still another modified form of stud. Fig. 9 represents a central vertical section of iny improved blitton applied to the fabric.
My invention relates to buttons of that class in which the front and back are made detachable, and are held together, when desired, by the lateral pressn re of a springin or upon the stud; and it consists in the peculiar combinations and the novel construction and arrangement of parts more fully hereinafter described and claimed.
Referring by letter to the drawings, A desigvnates the cap,which is' preferably made of the forni shown in Figs. land 2, but not necessarily so, providing it has sloping sides. It is provided with a flange which extends downward when first made, as shown in full lines in Fig. 2, and is afterward turnedin,as shown in Figs. l and 9, and in dotted linesin Fig. 2.
B is a tube or eyelet, the sides of which are preferably sloping and terminating at one end in a flaring flange, b, whose edge is turned inward.
C is a tube provided with a flange, c, as shown.
To attach this part ofthe button,which forms the head thereof, to the fabric, the tube C and cap A are first united by inserting the flange ofthe tube C in the open end of the cap, and tb en pressure is applied which clinches the edge of the cap on both sides of the flange of the tube, as shown in Fig. l.. The shank of the tube C is then put through the fabric, and thc shank of the tube B inserted through the fabric inside of the shank of said tube C, and
then pressed together. This pressure expands and turns outwardlythe end of the tube C under the flaring flange or rim b of the tube B, thus securing the fabric firmly between the rim n of the cap A and the rim Z of the tube B, as shown in Fig. l. By this construction it will be seen that the fastening' device is entirely out of sight, leaving no unsightly or rough edges to catch and tear the clothing or flesh. rIhis manner of securing the parts together also admits ofthe buttons being firmly and readily attached to fabrics of varying thicknesses. rlhe square top o1' the tube B also forms a shoulder l'or the curved ends of the spring of the stud, hereinafter described, to catch upon when the two parts of the but ton are engaged.
While I have described and shown the edge of the cap as clinched upon both sides of the flange c ofthe tube C, and prefer so to do, as it more firmly unites the parts, I do not wish to confine inyselfto this constructioinas nearly as satisfactory a result may be obtained by clin ching it upon the under side only, as shown in Fig. 9, the sloping sides of the cap forming, so to speak, a clinch on the top, and preventing the upward movement of the tube C.
In Figs. 3 and at, D is a tube having a base consisting of an outwardly-turned flange whose edge is turned under to form au annular recess, d, as shown. E are springs, the upper ends of which are curved and the lower ends turned outwardly. F is an eyelet of ordinary construction. Gr .is a round headed tack or plug, the function ot' which will soon be explained. These parts form the stud which is secured to the fabric in the following inanncr: The springs and plug are inserted in the tube D, as shown in Fig. 3, with the lower side of the flange of the tube resting on the top of the fabric, as shown. The eyelet is then put through the fabric, and itsupper end coming in contact with the head of the plug G is spread outward between the upper and lower parts of the flange on the tube D, thus firmly securing the fabric between the flange of the roo `a turned over rim, j.
eyelet and the lower part of the flange of the tube D.
Instead of making the spring in two parts, as described, I may sometimes make it of one piece, as shown in Fig. 5, in which case the plug G is dispensed with.
In the form shown in Fig. 7 the tube D is provided with a recess, e, to receive the shoulders f of the springs H, the ends of which instead of being turned outwardly, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4, are extended to form prongs g. I is awasher, used with this form ofstud in place ofthe eyelet.' This washer, which I consider the substantial equivalent ofthe eyelet in the other form described, has a central elevation, i. and
This style of stud is secured to the fabric-in a manner similar to that in Figs. 3 and 4. the prongs of the springs passing through the fabric and being pressed outward into the recess between the upper and lower parts of the rim of the washer, and the fabric being held between the flange of the tube and the top part of the rim of the washer. Vhen a spring made in two parts is used, I employ a round headed plug or tack; but when I use a spring made in one piece, as shown in Fig` 6, this plug is dispensed with.
In Fig. 8 I show the ends of the springs turned under to form a recess, l, and the end of the eyelet,when the parts are pressed together, is turned outwardly by reason of its engagement with the head ofthe plug,and enters the recess Z in the springs.
It will he observed that in each and all of the forms of stud described the' fastening devices are outof sight, the same as in the head.
What I claim as new is- 1. In a separable button,the combination of the cap, a tube having a flange clinched by said cap with its lower end turned outward, and an eyelet having sloping sides at its base and a turned-over rim to receive the outturned end ot' said tube, substantially asand for the purpose specified.
2. In aseparable bntton,the combination of 45 a tube having an annular recess, a spring or springs secured in said recess and projecting through the upper part of said tube and an eyelet, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
3. In aseparable button, the combination of a tube, a spring or springs projecting through said tube, a plug for securing said springs, and aneyelet, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
4. In a separable button, the combination, with the tube D, of the springs E inserted therein, and the plug G, arranged between said springs and adapted to retain them in position in said tube, substantially as described. 5o
5. In a separable button, the combination, with the tube D, having outwardlyturned ange,lot` a spring-catch, a plug for holding the same in position, and an eyelet spread by the head oi' said plug, substantially as described.
6. vIn aseparable button, the combination, y with the tube B uniting the button to the fabric, of a spring-catch secured to a stud and engaging with the upper end of said tube, substantially as described.
7. In a separable button, the combination, with a suitable head, as the cap A, the tube C and eyelet B, Vof a stud consisting of a tube and a spring or springs secured therein and 75 projecting beyond the same and adapted to pass into and be held bythe head, substair tially as described.
In testimony whereof' I aiiix my signature, in presence of two witnesses, this 21st day oi' No- 8m vember, 1885.
MA DISQN D. SHIPMAN.
Vitnesses OCTAVIUs KNIGHT, E. H. BOND.