Robert edward phillips a
US 350079 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
B. E. PHILLIPS & E. R. SHIPTON.
BROOGH 0R BADGE FOR CLUBS.
Patented Sept. 28, 1886.
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flthor ne UNITED STATES PATENT FFICE;
ROBERT EDlVARD PHILLIPS AND ERNEST RICHARD SHIPTON, OF LONDON, COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, ENGLAND.
BROOCH OR BADGE FOR CLUBS,
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No, 350,079, dated September 28, 1886.
Application filed May 24. lFSfi. Serial No. 203,167.
(No model.) Patented in England July H, 1885, No. 9,518, and in France April 16, 1886, No. 162,943.
To all whom, it may concergg:
Be it known that we, tonnn'r EDWARD Pi [IL- mrs and ERNns'r RICHARD Sn IPTUN, subjects of the Queen of Great Britain, residing at L011- don, in the county of Middlesex, England,
have invented certain new and useful improvements in and relating to brooches or badges for clubs and other bodies whose membership is defined by the payment of periodical subscript-ions, (for which we have obtained Letters Patent in England, No. 8,518, dated July 14, 1885, and in France, No. 162,843, dated April 16, 1886,) of which the following is a specification.
Our invention relates to the construction of brooches or badges for the use of clubs and other bodies as an outward and visible mark of membership, and has for its object the prevention of fraud by any one wearing the brooch or badge of a club after ceasing to be a member.
At the present time there are three different methods,of supplying the members of clubs with badges, all of which have objections more or less grave.
First. The badges are sold direct to the members, which therefore become their own property, and they can consequently, though fraudulently, wear them after ceasing to be members.
Secondly. The badges are lent to members either with or without a deposit. This system requires a considerable expenditure of capital on the part of the club without any corresponding return, and it is a ditlicult mat ter to get the badges returned by persons who have ceased to be members.
Thirdly. Badges of a new design are issued each year to the members. This is objectionable on the ground of cost, as members cannot be expected to purchase new badges at frequent intervals, while the cost of distributing them gratis cannot be borne by other than large and influential clubs.
By the use of brooches or badges constructed according to our invention all these ditticulties are removed, as the brooches or badges cease to be a distinctive token of membership unless the periodical subscription is paid.
To attain this end we construct our brooches or badges of two parts, one of whichjiorms the ticket of membership and is renewable at stated intervals, defined by the period covered by the subscription. The two parts of the badge are designed to harmonize with each other and form any suitable design. The part forming the ticket of membership is preferably formed of some cheap and inexpensive material, which is capable of receiving writing on at least one side, and which is imporvious to heat and moisture. The other part of the badge is preferably made of precious metal or imitation thereof. Ve make the metal part in the shape of a case to receive the renewable or changeable part constituting the ticket of membership. The renewable part of the badge is made in different colors or combination of colors each year or other period of membership, and bears on the face of it some distinctive marksuch as the number of the ycarwhile the back of it is left blank to receive any official markings, and the name and address of the member to whom it is issued. It will thus be seen that the metal or case part of the brooch or badge may be sold to the members, as until the ticket of membership placed within it it does not become the official badge, while the renewable part or ticket can be produced as cheap as any ol. the present forms of membership tick ets, and may therefore be distributed gratuitously.
In the accompanying drawings, throughout the figures of which similar parts are marked with like letters of reference, Figures '1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 illustrate a design for a brooch or badge suitable for cycIingclubs. Fig. 1 is a view of the brooch or badge complete. Fig. 2 is a view of the metal case open showing the back of the ticket of membership. Fig. 3 is a view showing the front of the renewable part or ticket of memlu-rship. Fig. 4 is aseetional view of the badge complete, and Fig. 5 is a sectional. view of the renewable part.
Referring to these figures, A designates the metal case part of the brooch or badge, and 13 the renewable part forming the ticket of membershi p. The front of the case A is made to represent a cycle-wheel, the spokes of which form filigree-work. The face of the disk B is provided with a series of radial grooves forming an intaglio, which coincides with the relief of the filigree-work of the front of the case. The back of the case may be cut away, as shown, or it may be of filigree-work, like the front. The front of the disk Bis colored, and the number of the year, or some other distinctive mark, is made in some other color or tint. The back of the disk may also be colored, if desired; but we prefer to leave it plain, so that the oiilcial markings may be plainly visible.
Figs. 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 illustrate a design for a badge for trotting, horse-racing, or analogous clubs. Fig. 6 is a view of the brooch or badge complete. Fig. 7 is a view showing the case open. Fig. Sis a view showing the front of the renewable or ticket-ofmembership part. Fig. 9 is a sectional view of the complete badge, and Fig. 10 is a sectional view of the renewable or ticket-ofmembership part. v
Referring to these figures, A designates the metal case part of the brooch or badge, and B the renewable part forming the ticket of membership. The front of the case A represents the shoe of a horse and the renewable part B the hoof of a horse, so that when the two are together it forms a harmonious design of the shod hoof of a horse. I
The brooch or badge may be provided with any suitable device for attaching it to the person of the wearer, as it is intended to be worn as a brooch, badge, pin, or appendage to the watch-chain.
It will be obvious that our improved brooches or badges may be used and weepplicable to other bodies than cycling, trotting, and other athletic clubsas, for instance, they may be used by railway companies for seasontiekets, 111 which case the open orfiligree work forming either or both the front and back of the case would define the arms or initials of the company, while therenewable part forming theticket would be made of various colors to denote the various periods of payment, and the different classes would be denoted by variousstipes or other markings on the di tferent 001- p ors. The faces of the ticket would be available for the markings for purposes of identification. As these badges may be appended or carried on the watch-chain, they would always be at hand and may readily be shown when required.
By the use of brooches or badges constructed according to our invention clubs and other bodies can insure themselves against members wearing their distinctive mark without first paying their subscriptions, as until they are supplied with a ticket of membership they cannot make their brooch or badge complete.
That we claim as our invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
A club brooch or badge consisting of an inclosing-case of any desired design, formed partly in open work, and a renewable card placed within the case and having a corresponding design on it in intaglio, registering with the said open work of the case, and bearing, also, an inscription indicating the term of membership of the wearer.
In witness whereof wehave hereunto signed our names in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
ROBERT EDWVARD PHILLIPS. ERNEST RICHARD SHIPTON.
EDWARD- C. I-Lmtaronn, ALBERT E. HILL, B0171 of 70 Chancery Lane, London, ll. 0.