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Publication numberUS3503549 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 31, 1970
Filing dateSep 29, 1967
Priority dateSep 29, 1967
Also published asDE1728333A1, DE1728333B2, DE1728333C3
Publication numberUS 3503549 A, US 3503549A, US-A-3503549, US3503549 A, US3503549A
InventorsBrunelle Lawrence J
Original AssigneeOlin Mathieson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Muzzle bushing for piston-type power-actuated tool
US 3503549 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 31, 1970 J. BRUNELLE 3,503,549

MUZZLE BUSHING FOR PISTON-TYPE PO'NER-ACTUATED TOOL Filed Sept. 29, 1967 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 MTW \ INVENTOR: LA wem/cf J. BRL/NELLE Mmm ATTORNEY March 31, 1970 L. J. BRUNELLE 3,503,549

MUZZLE BUSHING FOR PISTON-TYPE POWER-ACTUATED TOOL Filed Sept. 29, 1967 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR I LAWRENCE J. BRUNELLE ATTORNEY United States Patent O 3,503,549 MUZZLE RUSHING FOR PISTON-TYIE POWER-ACTUATED TOOL Lawrence J. Brunelle, East Haven, Conn., assignor to Olin Mathieson Chemical Corporation, a corporation of Virginia Filed Sept. 29, 1967, Ser. No. 671,783 Int. Cl. B25c 7/00 U.S. Cl. 227-149 8 Claims ABSTRACT F THE DISCLOSURE A muzzle bushing having a longitudinal bore for a piston-type power-actuated tool. The muzzle bushing is provided with a plurality of key members which are peripherally spaced about the muzzle bushing and adapted to extend into the bore. The inner end faces of each of the key members are provided with a slot for the reception of the head of a fastener to hold the fastener in a position to be driven by the piston.

This invention relates generally to power-actuated tools of the piston type and more particularly to a muzzle Ibushing construction for use with such tools.

Prior to this invention, it was necessary to provide fasteners which were to be driven by a piston actuated power tool with some type of support to properly align the fastener in the muzzle bushing. Such support was usuallyin the form of a washer member positioned around the shank of the fastener or a tip positioned over the pointed end of the fastener and including a tiange for engagement with a bore in the muzzle bushing. This was true whether the tool was of the type wherein the fastener was loaded through the breech end of the tool or of the type wherein the fastener was inserted into the muzzle end.

In view of the above it is the object of this invention to provide a muzzle bushing having means for holding a fastener in proper position for the driving operation.

It is another object of this invention to provide a muzzle bushing for a piston type power actuated tool which eliminates the need for fasteners being equipped with a special centering an-d holding device such as a washer or the like.

-It is still another object of this invention to provide a power actuated tool wherein the closing of the muzzle bushing properly positions a fastener for driving by a piston.

Yet another object of this invention is to provide a fastener holding attachment for a power actuated tool which insures that the fastener will remain parallel to the axis of the piston during the driving operation.

These and other objects of the invention may be accomplished in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention through the provision of escapement keys mounted in the head of a muzzle bushing. The escapement keys are provided with slots to engage and hold the head of the fastener and are adapted to be moved out of the path of the head of the fastener `by the piston immediately before the piston contacts the head.

The present invention also contemplates the provision of a tool having a muzzle pivotally attached to the re minder of the tool so that the tool can be broken open and the fastener inserted in the forward end of the muzzle bushing. Cam means are provided which upon closing of the muzzle bushing, urge the fastener into the slots in the escapement keys.

Additional objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent by reference to the following description and to the accompanying drawings in which:

3,503,549 Patented Mar. 31, 1970 FIGURE l is a vertical sectional view of the muzzle end of a piston power actuated tool incorporating the features of the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a sectional view taken along the lines 2-2 of FIGURE l',

FIGURE 3 is a transverse sectional view taken along the lines 2-2 of FIGURE 3, but with the fastener omitted for the sake of clarity;

FIGURE 4 is a vertical sectional view of the forward end of a piston type power actuated tool taken during the operation of closing the muzzle bushing; and

FIGURE 5 is a view similar to FIGURE 2 showing the position of the escapement keys and piston during the driving operation.

ln general7 a piston actuated fastening tool incorporating the features of the present invention may include an outer housing 2 in which a barrel assembly 4 is mounted for relative reciprocal movement. The barrel assembly may include a barrel 6, a liner member 8 positioned therein and a barrel plug 10 having a reduced bore 12 attached to the forward end of the barrel member 6. A fastener driving member 14 in the form of a piston or the like is mounted for reciprocal movement within the barrel assembly with its shank end being supported in the bore 12 of the barrel plug 10. .The fastener driving member may be driven by explosive cartridge means mounted in a breech assembly such as shown in U.S. Patents Nos. 3,066, 302 and 3,172,118 or any other suitable breech assembly, or by any other suitable source of power such as liquid propellants, combustible mixtures of oxygen and a fuel, etc.

A housing insert 16 is mounted in the internal surface of the housing 2 and includes a plurality of circumferentially spaced lugs 18. A retainer member 20 is mounted between the barrel assembly 4 and housing insert 16 and includes spaced lugs 22 which coact with lugs 18 on the housing insert 16 to prevent axial withdrawal of the retainer member 20. The retainer member 20 further includes an eyelet 24 extending outwardly from the forward end of the housing 2.

A muzzle bushing 26 is mounted within a muzzle bushing housing 28 which is attached to housing 2 by means of a pivot pin 30 passing through the eyelet 24 which is received within a slot 32 in the bottom of housing 28. A suitable spring member 34 may be wrapped around the pivot pin 30 and have one end in engagement with the retainer member 20 and the other end in engagement with the forward end of slot 32 to bias the muzzle bushing housing into its closed position.

The muzzle bushing 26 includes a forward elongated portion 36 and a rearward enlarged head 38 having a circumferential groove 40 extending theerabout. The `bore 42 of the muzzle bushing is slightly larger than the diameter of the shank portion of the driving member 14 to provide suitable clearance for movement.

The rearward face of the head 38 of the muzzle bushing 26 is provided with a vertically extending slot 44 which tapers to its greatest depth from bottom to top. As can be seen in FIGURE 1, the bottom end of the slot 44 intersects the rear face of the head portion at a point above the outer edge of the rear face. The top end of the slot 44 intersects the forward face at a point slightly above the outer surface of the forward elongated portion 36 ofthe muzzle bushing 26.

The outer circumferential edge of head 38 of the muzzle bushing 26 is provided with two opposed axially extending slots 45 and 46, the depth of each of said slots 45 and 46 being slightly greater than the depth of the circumferential groove 40. The slots 45 and 46 are so positioned that a plane passing through the midpoint 3 between their sides is perpendicular to a plane passing through the midpoint between the sides of the slot 44.

A cylindrical bore 48 extends radially through the head 38 of the muzzle bushing 26. The ends of the bore 48 communicate with the slots 45 and 46 and the diameter of the bore 48 is substantially the same as the width of the slots 45 and 46 which in turn is substantially the same as the diameter of the axial bore 42 in the muzzle bushing 26. The axis of the bore 48 lies in a plane passing through the axial midpoint of the head 38 of the muzzle bushing 26.

A pair of escapement keys 50 and 52 are mounted on the bore 48 on opposite sides of the axial bore 42. Each of the escapement keys 50 and 52 includes a cylindrical body portion 54 so dimensioned as to have a sliding tit within the bore 48, and outer oppositely disposed flanges 56 and 58 extending in the direction of the axis of slots 45 and 46, respectively. The flanges 56 and 58 form a pair of stop shoulders 60 which abut against the bottom of a respective slot 45 and 46 to limit the movement of the keys 50 and 52 toward the axis of the bore 42.

The keys 50 and 52 are biased into their inner position wherein the shoulders 60 abut against the bottom of a respective slot 45 or 46 by spring means 62. In the preferred embodiment, the spring means 62 comprises a band of elastomeric material extending about the head 38 of the muzzle bushing 26 in the circumferential groove 40 and engaging the outer surface of each of the keys 50 and 52.

As shown in FIGURE 3, the inner surface of each of the keys 50 and 52 is generally arcuate, the radius of the arc being the same as or slightly larger than the radius of the bore 42 through the muzzle bushing 26. As shown in FIGURE 2, the inner face of the escapement keys 50 and 52 includes, in cross section, a rear forwardly and inwardly tapering portion 64, a straight portion 66 generally parallel to the axis of bore 42, and a forward forwardly and outwardly tapering portion 68. The straight portion 66 is provided with a slot 70 which is wide enough to receive the head of a fastener.

When the keys 50 and 52 are in their innermost position, both tapering portions 64 and 68 taper to a point substantially flush with the wall of the bore 42 in the muzzle bushing 26. The slot 70 has a at bottom. The depth of the slot 70 is such that when the keys 50 and 52 are in their innermost position, the bottom surface is substantially tangential with the wall of the bore 42 of the muzzle bushing 26.

A snap ring 72 is mounted in a suitable groove 74 in the barrel plug and includes a forwardly extending portion which terminates in a downwardly extending hook 76 which is normally positioned within the vertically extending slot 44 in the head 38 of the muzzle bushing 26. When the muzzle bushing 26 is closed as shown in FIGURE 1, the hook terminates adjacent the bore 42 in the muzzle bushing 26.

To load a fastener 78 in accordance with the described embodiment, Athe tool is broken open between the muzzle bushing 26 and housing 2 by pivoting the muzzle bushing 26 clockwise, as viewed in FIGURE 1, about pivot pin 30. The fastener 78 may then be loaded from the rearward end of the muzzle bushing 26 into bore 42 wherein it will move forwardly until it is stopped by the tapered surfaces 64 of the escapement keys 50 and 52. As the tool is closed by pivoting the muzzle bushing 26 counterclockwise, as viewed in FIGURE 4, the forward surface of the hook 76 contacts the head 80 of the fastener 78 and urges it forwardly within the bore 42 of the muzzle bushing 26, against the tapered surface 64 of the keys 50 and 52, moving the keys radially outwardly away from the bore 48. The forward motion of the fastener 78 will continue until the tool is substantially closed and the head 80 of the fastener 78 becomes aligned with the slots 70 in the keys 50 and 52, whereupon the keys 50 and 52 will 4 move inwardly so that the head of the fastener is contained within the slots 70.

When the tool is actuated and the driving member 14 moves forwardly under the influence of the power source, it can be seen from FIGURE 5 that just as the driving member 14 is about to contact the head of the fastener, it has contacted the tapered surface 64 and the beginning of the straight portion 66 of the keys 50 and 52 and moved the keys 50 and 52 outwardly away from the bore 42. Accordingly, at this point, the fastener is free to move forwardly in the muzzle bushing 26 under the propelling force of the driving member 14.

The provision of the escapement keys 50 and 52 provides a positive retention means for a fastener. This eliminates the counterbore in the muzzle end of the muzzle bushing which is common in piston type tools for receiving an enlarged washer member attached to a fastener. The elimination of the counterbore ensures that the forward end of the shank of the driving member is supported throughout the entire driving stroke as well as providing support for the head of the fastener during the driving stroke thereby preventing bending of the upper portion of the fastener.

The escapement keys 50 and 52 also hold the fastener in proper alignment so that when the driving member contacts the fastener, the head of the fastener will be flat against the forward surface of the driving member ensuring that the axis of the fastener will remain substantially parallel to the axis of the bore so that the fastener enters the work surface perpendicular thereto.

Moreover, since the keys 50 and 52 eliminate the need for special attachments such as washers on the fastener, the cost of an individual fastening operation is greatly reduced.

It is to be understood that the use of the escapement keys, as described above, is not limited to tools wherein the fasteners are loaded by hand, but rather such keys may find use in those cases wherein a fastener magazine is used to automatically feed fasteners into position.

Although reference has been made above to a preferred embodiment of this invention, it will be obvious that various alterations and modifications will readily suggest themselves to those skilled in the art. Accordingly the scope of this invention should be ascertained from the following claims.

What is claimed is:

1. In a power-actuated tool, a barrel, fastener driving means mounted in said barrel, muzzle bushing means attached to the forward end of said barrel and having a bore normally co-axial with said barrel, a plurality of key mounting bores circumferentially spaced in said muzzle bushing means and communicating with said bore, a fastener holding member including a key member mounted in each of said key mounting bores for movement in a direction transverse to the axis of the ybore of said muzzle bushing means, each of said key members having an inner end face movable into and out of said bore of said muzzle bushing means, means biasing said key members inwardly in a direction toward the axis of said muzzle bushing bore, means limiting the amount of inward movement of said key members, and a fastener receiving slot in the inner end face of each of said key members, the inner end face of each of said key members including a tapering portion rearward of said slot, said tapering portion tapering rearwardly of the tool and away from the axis of said bore of said muzzle bushing means so that when said keys are in their innermost position, the rearward edge of said tapering portion is tapered away from the axis of the bore to a point at least flush with the wall defining the bore of said muzzle bushing means.

2. The power-actuated tool of claim 1 wherein said inner end face of each of said keys includes a tapering portion forward of said slot, said tapering portion tapering forwardly and away from the axis of said bore so that when said keys are in the innermost position, the forward edge of said forward tapering portion is tapered away from the axis of the lbore to a point at least flush with the wall means defining the bore of the muzzle bushing.

3. The power-actuated tool of claim 1 wherein said muzzle bushing means includes a muzzle bushing housing attached to said barrel and a muzzle bushing mounted within said muzzle bushing housing and having an enlarged head portion and a reduced forwardly extending portion, a pair of axially extending, oppositely disposed grooves in the outer periphery of said head portion, a key mounting bore associated with each of said grooves, said key mounting bores extending in a direction perpendicular to the axis of said muzzle bushing bore with one end of each communicating with one of said grooves and the other end communicating with said muzzle bushing bore, a pair of said key members mounted in said bores, one said key member being positioned on the opposite side of said axis from the other, and said means for limiting the inward movement of each of said keys comprises at least one stop shoulder adjacent the outer end of each of said key members and extending in the direction of said groove so as to abut the bottom surface of said groove when the key member is in its innermost position.

4. The power-actuated tool of claim 3 wherein said biasing means comprises a peripheral groove extending about the head portion of said muzzle bushing, the axis of which lies in the same plane as the axis of the key mounting bore, and a band of resilient material positioned in said groove and abutting the outer end of each of said key members.

5. In a power-actuated tool, a barrel, fastener driving means mounted in said barrel, muzzle bushing means attached to the forward end of said barrel, said muzzle bushing means including a muzzle bushing housing pivotally attached to said housing and a muzzle bushing mounted in said muzzle bushing housing and including an enlarged head portion, a reduced forwardly extending portion, and a bore extending therethrough, said muzzle bushing means being pivotable between a closed position wherein said bore is axially aligned with said barrel and an open position wherein the rearward opening of said bore is exposed for the loading of a fastener, a slot in the rearward face of said muzzle bushing intersecting said muzzle bushing bore, fastener holding means mounted in said muzzle bushing, said fastener holding means including a plurality of key members peripherally spaced about said muzzle bushing means and mounted therein for movement in a direction transverse to the axis of the bore, each of said keys having an inner end face movable into and out of said bore, means biasing said key mem-bers inwardly, means limiting the amount of inward movement of said key members, a fastener receiving slot in the inner end face of each of said key members, the inner end face of each of said key members including a tapering portion rearward of said slot, said tapering portion tapering rearwardly relative to the tool and away from the axis of said bore so that when said keys are in their innermost position, the rearward edge of said tapering portion is tapered away from the axis of the bore to a point at least flush with the wall deiining the bore, and fastener cam means attached to said barrel and extending in said muzzle bushing slot for urging the head of a fastener into the fastener receiving slots in said key members as the muzzle bushing means is moved into its closed position.

6. The power-actuated tool of claim S wherein said cam means includes a snap ring secured to the forward end of said barrel, said snap ring including a forward and inwardly projecting hook portion, the end of said hook portion terminating at a point ilush with the wall means defining the bore in said muzzle bushing means and the forward edge thereof being substantially co-planar with the rearward wall of the fastener receiving slots in said key members when said muzzle bushing is in the closed position.

7. The power-actuated tool of claim 6 wherein said muzzle bushing includes a pair of axially extending, oppositely disposed grooves in the outer periphery of said head portion and a key mounting bore passing through the head portion of said muzzle bushing in a direction perpendicular to the axis of said muzzle bushing bore with the ends thereof communicating with said grooves, a pair of said key members mounted in said bore, one said key member being positioned on the opposite side of said axis from the other, and said means for limiting the inward movement of each of said keys comprises at least one stop shoulder adjacent the outer end of each of said key members and extending in the direction of said groove so as to abut the bottom surface of said groove when the key member is in its innermost position.

8. The power-actuated tool of claim 7 wherein said biasing means comprises a peripheral groove extending about the head portion of said muzzle bushing, the axis of which lies in the same plane as the axis of the key mounting bore, an-d a band of resilient material positioned in said groove and abutting the outer end of said key members.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 536,427 3/ 1895 Hayes 227--149 853,931 5/1907 Milliken 227-149 916,026 3/ 1909 Sasseman 227-149 1,634,226 6/1927 Alibert 227-149 3,409,197 1l/1968 Brack 227-10 GRANVILLE Y. CUSTER, JR., Primary Examiner U.S. C1.X.R.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US536427 *Sep 19, 1894Mar 26, 1895 Box for nail-driving machines
US853931 *May 28, 1903May 14, 1907Amboy Machine CompanyNail-chuck.
US916026 *Feb 8, 1908Mar 23, 1909F H Smith Mfg CompanyRivet holding and driving chuck.
US1634226 *Dec 12, 1925Jun 28, 1927Emile AlibertNail box for nailing machines
US3409197 *Mar 4, 1966Nov 5, 1968Etem Tablissements De Tech ModExplosively actuated pusher power tool
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4239143 *May 21, 1979Dec 16, 1980Olin CorporationDriver assembly for small-diameter fasteners
US4705201 *Aug 20, 1986Nov 10, 1987Avdel LimitedNosepiece for apparatus for installing fasteners
US4962875 *May 4, 1989Oct 16, 1990Yoshida Kogyo K.K.Parts applying apparatus
US8061000Jun 6, 2008Nov 22, 2011Black & Decker Inc.Anchor installation tool
US8602285Nov 1, 2010Dec 10, 2013Black & DeckerAnchor installation tool
Classifications
U.S. Classification227/149, 227/10
International ClassificationB25C1/00, B25C1/18
Cooperative ClassificationB25C1/18
European ClassificationB25C1/18
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Feb 14, 1986AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Owner name: ILLINOIS TOOL WORKS INC, A CORP. OF DE.
Effective date: 19860131
Owner name: OLIN CORPORATION
Feb 14, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: ILLINOIS TOOL WORKS INC, A CORP. OF DE.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:OLIN CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004511/0377
Effective date: 19860131