|Publication number||US3504140 A|
|Publication date||Mar 31, 1970|
|Filing date||Nov 12, 1968|
|Priority date||Nov 12, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3504140 A, US 3504140A, US-A-3504140, US3504140 A, US3504140A|
|Inventors||Atkinson Howard R|
|Original Assignee||Standard Kollsman Ind Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (5), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
" Mairh 31 1970 H. R. ATKLNSOJN 3,504,140
7 HEATER AND AIR CONDITIONING SWITCH 7 Filed Nov. 12, 1968 I 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 W I fnz/erz 5'07 1%MdfidEAibadM .Wwmf
United States Patent 3,504,140 HEATER AND AIR CONDITIONING SWITCH Howard R. Atkinson, Villa Park, Ill., assignor to Standard Kollsman Industries Inc., Melrose Park, Ill., 21 corporation of Illinois Filed Nov. 12, 1968, Ser. No. 774,886
Int. Cl. H01h /00 US. Cl. 200-16 10 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A multi-position electrical selector switch is illustrated wherein one piece copper inserts are molded in situ in the base wall of a box-shaped plastic mounting in a configuration defining a set of four side-by-side treadways. Each treadway is defined in part by contact surface portions of the copper inserts and by insulated guide surface Background of the invention This invention relates to multi-position electrical selector switches wherein a contactor in the form of a slider is movable along a guide track to provide switching control'between contact surfaces disposed along such track. More particularly, the invention is concerned with a slider and guide track type of selector switch for use in the control of the conventional heater and air conditioning circuits of automobiles.
In the automobile application, the switch has several operating positions including an OFF position and separate positions for each of a set of different speed control circuit paths, there being a further circuit which is ON for each separate switch position corresponding to one of the speed control circuit paths. A switch suited for this typical automobile circuit application is shown in Hoy et a1. Patent No. 3,223,794. The particular switch disclosed therein utilizes multi-piece riveted terminal and contact structures which are anchored in an insulated mount so that the terminal portions are connected to the external circuit paths and so that the contact portions serve both as conductive rails of a guide track and as stationary contacts for cooperation with a slider at selected positions along the track. The insulated mount is formed with bosses to also assist in stabilizing the slider. Riveted constructions can result in high resistance current paths between the contacts and terminals causing excessive heat that may damage the unit.
Summary of the invention In accordance with the present invention there is provided an electrical selector switch having a guide track including stationary contact portions to cooperate with selector means having a slider operable along the track to establish circuit connections between the contact portions, the switch being comprised of mounting structure including a base wall of molded plastic material having a plurality of conductive inserts embedded by being molded in situ therein, the base wall and the inserts having endwise aligned raised surface portions presenting a pair of treadways of uniform lengthwise surface profile to constitute the guide track. Each of the conductive inserts is a one-piece element having an integral terminal portion projecting through the mounting structure in positively 3,504,140 Patented Mar. 31, 1970 interlocked relation, each insert being free of high resistance joints and free of vibration problems.
The conductive inserts present contact surfaces flush with and aligned with contoured guide surfaces on the base wall in an arrangement constituting a set of four side-by-side treadways along which the slider is operable.
In the particular multi-position selector switch illustrated for purposes of disclosure, a detent plate overlies the slider and presents spaced detent lobes to positively locate the slider at each predetermined intermediate position and the selector means includes a cantilever actuator arm resiliently engageable with the slider in a manner to absorb and release the energy necessary to advance the slider past the crests of the detent lobes. Thus, the actuator arm 20 acts with a snap movement to make it impossible for the slider to stop between the intermediate rest positions. The actuator arm is comprised of spring wire and is rotatable about an axis location intermediate of the ends of the guide track.
Thus, while preferred constructional features of the invention are embodied in the structure illustrated herein, it is to be understood that changes and variations may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
Brief description of the drawings In the accompanying drawings forming a part of the specification, and in which like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the same:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a multi-position selector switch in accordance with the present invention and specifically adapted for use as a heater and air conditioning switch for automobiles;
FIG. 2 is a lengthwise section taken approximately as indicated on the lines 2-2 of FIGS. 1 and 4;
FIG. 3 is an inverted plan section through the switch and is taken as indicated on the line 3-3 of FIG. 2 to show the relationship of the slider to the detent plate;
FIG. 4 is a top plan section through the switch taken as indicated on the line 4-4 of FIG. 2 to show the contact and guide surface arrangement; and
FIGS. 5 and 6 are transverse sectional views taken, as indicated, on the lines 5-5 and 6-6 of FIG. 4.
Description of preferred embodiment Referring now to the drawings, a multi-position electric selector switch as shown at S in FIG. 1 hereof is intended to perform a multi-step operating sequence for controlling the conventional heater and air conditioner circuitry utilized in automobiles, this sequence being old and well known and forming no part of the present invention. In general, the sequence requires an OFF position and a set of four different ON positions, there being one circuit which is ON at all four of the intermediate positions and there being three separate circuits each individually associated with a different intermediate position.
The illustrated switch assembly includes a molded boxshaped housing 10 serving as a mounting structure for a set of conductive inserts 11 through 15 embedded by being molded in situ therein and presenting contact surface portions 11C through 15C disposed flush with and in aligned relation with guide surface portions of the housing for providing a set of four treadways which are partly defined by the non-conductive surface material of the housing and partly by the conductive contact portions of the inserts. A slider 16, of one-piece construction, is movable along the treadways and includes a central contact nub 1'6N operating in the narrow gauge track defined by the two centermost treadways and a pair of contact wings 16W riding the broad gauge track defined by the outermost treadways to hold the remainder of the slider in elevated bridging relation above the narrow gauge track. The slider 16 has upstanding end flanges 16F that embrace a carrier block 17 of insulating material which is provided with a set of four upstanding detents 17D located adjacent top corner regions thereof. A detent plate 18 covers the open top of the housing and has end flanges 18E, 18F engageable with locking ears 10E, 10F, respectively, that project integrally from opposite ends of the housing to seat the detent plate in a fixed predetermined position. A coiled wire spring 19 (FIG. 2) nests in an annular recess provided in the carrier block 17 and engages the slider 16 normally to hold the slider towards the tracks and to hold the carrier block 17 towards the detent plate 18 to allow the detents 17D to engage in the grooves 186 between the detent lobe 18L on the 'underface of the detent plate.
The carrier block 17 has a central socket 17S to receive the free end of a cantilever actuator arm 20 which is mounted to rotate about an axis disposed intermediately of the ends of the guide tracks. The actuator arm 20 is of spring wire, having a coiled free end 20C for convenient seating within the socket 175 of the carrier block. The arm is free of stress when the slider and carrier block are at the center position along the guide track as illustrated in FIG. 2. When the actuating knob K and shaft S for the wire arm 20 are rotated, the arm partly winds up to act as a spring lever that absorbs and releases the energy necessary to advance the carrier. In cooperation with the detent engagement between the carrier block 17 and the detent plate 18, the arm 20 gives a snap action movement to the travel of the carrier block and slider. The grooves 186 in the detent plate 18 determine a set of five stable positions for the carrier block 17, such positions being determined by the seating of the detents 17D on the block within the detent grooves 18G and also serving to determine the circuit bridging functions of the conductive slider plate. The snap action movement imparted by the wind up of the spring arm 20 assures against the slider plate stopping between detent positions. The snap action provides a fast make and break characteristic for the various electrical circuits associated with the detent positions.
In the illustrated switch arrangement, the inserts 11-15 are pre-formed copper elements embedded in the base wall of the box-shaped mounting housing by being molded in situ therein. The housing 10 is a high impact reinforced thermoplastic material such as styrene acrylonitrile. Each of the one-piece copper inserts 11 through includes an integral spade terminal 11T through 1ST leading directly through the base wall, these terminal portions having intermediate shoulders and side notches which afford positive mechanical interlocking with the base wall material during the molding operation.
The particular configuration of the contact and insulating guide surfaces that constitute the four side-by-side treadways is best shown in FIG. 4. The copper insert 11 has an elongated contact surface 11C of rounded tread profile extending substantially the full length of the left hand treadway as shown in FIG. 4, with there being short guide surfaces 21, 22 at opposite ends. The slider 16 has one of its wing portions 16W engageable with the contact surface 11C with such engagement being maintained at all five switch positions. The copper insert element 12 has a contact surface 12C exetnding approximately one-half the length of the right hand outer treadway, with there being a short guide surface 23 at one end and an elongated guide surface 24 at the other end flush with and aligned with the contact surface 12C to present a uniform lengthwise profile. The surfaces 23, 24 are correspondingly rounded and cooperate to provide mechanical guidance to the wing portion of the slider.
Contact between the wing portion 16W and the contact surface 12C is established at all positions other than the OFF position. As viewed in FIG. 2, the OFF position for the slider is shown in phantom lines at the left end of the housing. The outer treadways which have. the contact surfaces 11C, 12C of inserts 11 and 12 interposed therein constitute a wide gauge track which is bridged by the wings of the slider with the forward end of the slider normally being held elevated above the center treadways.
The conductive insert 13 has its contact surface interposed in the left center treadway and the conductive in serts 14 and 15 are interposed in the right center treadway spaced apart approximately the length of the contact surface 13C.
The contact nub 16N rides between the center treadways which define a narrow gauge track for its guidance and it has five separate rest position beginning with the top OFF position as shown in FIG. 4, and including "the first ON position wherein the wings bridge the contact surfaces 11C and 12C. The second ON position is established through the slider from the insert 11 to the insert 14, the third ON position is established through the slider from the insert 11 to the insert 13, and the final ON position is established from the insert 11 to the insert 15. The positioning of the contact portions 11C to 15C relative to the slider nub and wings is selected to provide a make before break switch function as the slider is moved between successive positions.
It may be noted that the terminal portions 11T, 1 2T and 13T lead through the base wall in lengthwise alignment between the outer and left center treadways whereas the terminal portions HT and 15T lead through the base wall in lengthwise alignment between the outer and right center treadways. The molded insert arrangement of this invention is suited for direct plug-in mounting in automobile circuit panels.
Other switch applications are contemplated for the switch construction features shown herein. The stable guidance for the slider movement, as afforded by the uniform tread profile, offers reliable contacting engagement at all positions and allows more positive guidance of slider travel. The one-piece inserts eliminate high resistance joints and the molded in situ insert mounting made possible by the unique configurations of the inserts simplifies manufacture and insures sturdiness of the final product.
Although there has been described a preferred emb0di ment of this novel invention, many variations and modifications will now be apparent to those skilled in the art. Therefore, this invention is to be limited not by the specific disclosure herein but only by the appending claims.
The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive privilege or property is claimed are defined as follows:
1. In an electrical selector switch having a guide track including stationary contact portions and selector means including a slider operable along said track to establish circuit connections between said contact portions, mounting structure including a base wall of molded plastic material having a plurality of conductive inserts embedded therein, said base wall and said inserts having endwise aligned raised surface portions presenting a pair of treadways of uniform lengthwise surface profile to con.- stitute said guide track.
2. In an electrical selector switch, mounting structure including a base wall of molded plastic material having a plurality of conductive inserts embedded therein, each conductive insert including a portion presenting a contact surface flush with and aligned with a contoured guide surface portion of said base wall to constitute, collectively therewith, a treadway of uniform surface profile along its length.
3. In a switch in accordance with claim 2 and wherein each conductive insert is a one-pice element having an integral terminal portion projecting through said housing structure.
4. In a switch in accordance with claim 3 and wherein said base wall and said inserts have guide and contact surface portions, respectively, in an arrangement constituting a set of four side-by-side treadways, each insert having an integral terminal portion projecting through said base wall at a region intermediate an outer treadway and a treadway adjacent thereto.
5. In an electrical selector switch having a guide track including stationary contact portions and selector means including slider means operable along said track to establish circuit connections between said contact portions at intermediate positions therealong and detent plate means engageable with said slider means to provide positive location thereof at said intermediate positions, said selector means including a cantilever actuator arm of flexibly resilient material engageable with said slider means to absorb and release the energy necessary to advance the slider with snap-movement between said intermediate positions.
6. In an electrical selector switch in accordance with claim 5 and wherein said actuator arm is rotatable about an axis location disposed intermediately of the ends of the guide track.
7. In an electrical selector switch in accordance with claim 5 and wherein said actuator arm comprises an elongated resiliently defiectable element rotatable about an axis location disposed intermediately of the ends of the guide track.
8. In an electrical selector switch in accordance with claim 5 and wherein said actuator arm comprises a spring wire element having a coiled free end snugly engageable within said slider means, said spring wire element being swingable about an axis location disposed intermediately of the ends of the guide track.
9. In a switch having spaced stationary contacts, a
movable contactor shiftable therebetween to establish individual circuit connections therewith and detent means intermediate said stationary contacts and engageable with said movable contactor to provide positive location thereof at each circuit connection position and to resist movement thereof between circuit connection positions, said switch having a cantilever actuator arm comprising an elongated resiliently deflectable element terminating in a free end that is engageable with the movable contactor to impart shiftable movement thereto by absorbing and releasing the energy necessary to advance the contactor between circuit connection positions.
10. In a switch in accordance with claim 9 and wherein said actuator arm has a coiled free end snugly engageable with the movable contactor, the actuator arm being swingable about an axis location disposed intermediately of the stationary contacts.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,223,794 12/1965 Hoy ct a1 200l6 3,281,546 10/ 1966 Aquillon 200l6 3,299,226 1/ 1967 Edwards 200l6 ROBERT S. MACON, Primary Examiner J. R; SCOTT, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 20067, 172
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3223794 *||Nov 13, 1963||Dec 14, 1965||Indak Mfg Corp||Multiple position electrical switch with contact rails and dummy contact pressure stabilizers|
|US3281546 *||Oct 20, 1965||Oct 25, 1966||Ark Les Switch Corp||Slide switch contact structure|
|US3299226 *||Oct 22, 1965||Jan 17, 1967||Oster Mfg Co John||Electrical switch for food blender with improved contact detent structure|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3996431 *||Jun 19, 1974||Dec 7, 1976||Cutler-Hammer, Inc.||Multiple circuit slide selector switch having fixed contact retaining band|
|US4283611 *||May 14, 1979||Aug 11, 1981||Nartron Corporation||Electrical switch|
|US4376234 *||May 5, 1981||Mar 8, 1983||Liataud James P||Dip switch|
|US4665291 *||May 17, 1985||May 12, 1987||Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha||Temperature control switch|
|US5858030 *||Sep 23, 1997||Jan 12, 1999||Air Products And Chemicals, Inc.||Diesel fuel composition comprising dialkoxy alkanes for increased cetane number|
|U.S. Classification||200/16.00C, 200/16.00R, 200/329, 200/405|