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Publication numberUS3504172 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 31, 1970
Filing dateJun 15, 1967
Priority dateJun 15, 1967
Publication numberUS 3504172 A, US 3504172A, US-A-3504172, US3504172 A, US3504172A
InventorsMilton Liberman
Original AssigneeMilton Liberman
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Lighting fixture supporting and wiring channels
US 3504172 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

March 31, 1970 M. LIBERMAN LIGHTING FIXTURE SUPPORTING AND WIRING CHANNELS Filed June l5. 196'? 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 l BY I y,

March 31, 1970 M. LIBERMAN 3,504,172

LIGHTING FIXTURE SUPPORTING AND WIRING CHANNELS Filed June l5. 1967 5 Sheets--Sheei'I 2 March 31, 1970 M. LIBERMAN 3,504,172

LIGHTING FIXTURE SUPPORTING AND WIRING CHANNELS Filed June l5. 1967 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 United States Patent Onee 3,504,172 Patented Mar. 31, 1970 3,504,172 LIGHTING FIXTURE SUPPORTING AND WIRING CHANNELS Milton Liberman, 65 Sewane Road, East Rockaway, N.Y. 11518 Filed June 15, 1967, Ser. No. 646,379 Int. Cl. F21s 1/06, 3/06 U.S. Cl. 240-78 10 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A wiring channel member for supporting light fixtures consists of two integrally formed coextensive wiring channels disposed one above the other. The upper channel accommodates wiring for energizing a plurality of electric outlets while the lower channel accommodates the wiring of the fixtures supported by the channel. An elongated plate is removably supported by the sdie walls and separates the upper and lower channels while providing a positive retaining force to prevent spreading of the side walls. Inwardly extending flanges at the bottom of the lower channel support a plurality of elongated closure elements and pendant lighting fixtures while outwardly extending flanges are provided for supporting ceiling tiles.

This invention relates to a lighting fixture supporting and wiring channel and more specifically to a novel and improved channel readily adaptable for ceiling -mounting which facilitates the support and removal of lighting fixtures for display and other purposes. The channels are also arranged to support ceiling tiles and grids therebetween to acommodate recessed lighting fixtures.

The structure in accordance with the invention is arranged with two integrally formed coextensive wiring channels disposed one above the other. The upper channel accommodates wiring for energizing a plurality of electric outlets while the lower channel accommodates the wiring of the `fixtures supported thereby. The novel and improved arrangement of the channels facilitates installation of the primary wiring and outlets and installation and removal of the fixtures supported and energized by said outlets.

Another object of the invention resides in the provision of a novel and improved dual channel wireway and fixture support structure including a removable plate in sliding interlocking relationship with said structure to isolate the channels one from the other.

Still another object of the invention resides in the provision of novel and improved fixture mounting means removably carried by and closing the lower channel. The fixture mounting means is arranged to accommodate a wide variety of fixtures and facilitates installation and removal of fixtures for display and other purposes.

A still further object of the invention resides in the provision of improved fixture supporting and wiring channels that can be arranged in parallel relationship and support ceiling elements therebetween as for instance ceiling tiles of wood or `other materials, louvers and the like. In this way recessed lighting fixtures can be readily mounted in the ceiling tiles and connected with the wiring in an adjoining channel for illumination of the fixture.

Still another object of the invention resides in the novel and improved display device for lighting fixtures that may be arranged in the form of a separate unit adapted to be supported from a ceiling or may be arranged to cover an entire ceiling area.

The above and other objects of the invention will become more apparent from the following description and accompanying drawings forming part of this application.

In the drawings:

FIGURE 1 is a perspective view of a lighting fixture display unit in accordance with the invention.

FIGURE 2 is a cross sectional view of FIGURE 1 taken along the line 2 2 thereof.

FIGURE 3 is a cross sectional view of FIGURE 1 taken along the line 3 3 thereof.

FIGRUE 4 is an exploded perspective view of a fragmentary portion of the structure shown in FIGURE 1 with parts broken away to show the constructional details.

FIGURE 5 is a cross sectional view of FIGURE 3 taken along the line 5 5 thereof and illustrating the lighting fixture support in position in the wiring channel.

FIGURE 6 is a cross sectional view similar to FIG- URE '5 illustrating the manner in which the light fixture support is engaged with and removed from the wiring channel.

FIGURE 7 is a cross sectional view of FIGURE 5 taken along the line 7 7 thereof.

The apparatus in accordance with the invention comprises an elongated channel generally denoted by the nu- Imeral 10 and a number of such channels may be arranged in spaced relationship extending the length of an entire ceiling or a plurality of rows of channels may be included within a frame 11 as shown in FIGURE 1 to form a unitary structure that can be supported from the ceiling. Each of the channels 10il is divided into upper and lower channel sections generally denoted by the numerals 12 and 13 and the bottom channel 13 is closed by a series of closure elements 14 which may either be blank or be provided with means for receiving and supporting a light fixture such as the fixture 15 as will be described. The channels are further arranged with outwardly extending llanges 16 and 17 to support bridging tiles of Cellotex, wood, louvers or the like to close the intervening areas between successive rows of channels 10. These bridging elements are generally denoted by the numeral 18, and if desired, recessed fixtures such as the recessed `fixture 19 may be mounted in one or more of the tiles 18 for display purposes.

Referring specifically to the individual channels 10, each channel includes a top plate 20 and a pair of downwardly extending side walls 21 forming the upper channel section 12. The lower channel section 13 has a pair of sides walls 22 each of which terminates at its upper end in a narrow horizontal shoulder 23 which rnay be integrally joined to the adjoining side wall 21. The lower ends of the side walls 21 each include an inwardly extending flange 24 and a downwardly extending ridge 25 which is curved outwardly at 25'.

The lower channel section 13 terminates in a pair of horizontally disposed flanges 26 with a portion of each flange extending inwardly of its associated wall and a portion thereof extending outwardly for the support of the ceiling tile 18 as previously described. The outwardly extending portions of the flanges 26 are denoted by the numerals 16 and 17. One of the side walls 22 is also provided with a U-shaped channel portion 27 to facilitate installation of the plates 14 as will be described more completely in connection with FIGURES 5 and 6.

The top plate 20 of the channel extends beyond the side walls 21, 21 and is provided with openings 28 for attachment to supporting channels 29 or T-bars as may be desired. In addition, the top plate includes a plurality of spaced openings 30 for receiving upwardly facing outlets 31 as may be observed more clearly in FIGURE 2 as well as circular openings 32 for attachment of BX connectors 33 for feeding electrical energy into the upper channel 12 as may be observed in FIGURE 7.

The upper channel section 12 is closed by elongated plates 34 having a base 35 and upwardly extending side flanges 36. Each flange has an inwardly formed portion 36 at its upper edge and these flanges interlock with the 3 flanges 25 extending below the upper channel section 12 as illustrated more clearly in FIGURES 5 and 6. The plates 34 are provided with spaced openings 37 for receiving outlets 38.

With the arrangement thus far described, the upper channel 12 contains the basic electric wiring for the upwardly facing series of outlets 31 and the downwardly facing series of outlets 38 and the channel is completely closed to provide adequate protection for the wiring.

The lower channel portion 13 is closed by a series of elongated channel-like elements 14, some of which are blank as denoted by the numeral 14a while others such as 14b include provision for the attachment of lighting fixtures to be supported thereby. The cross sectional configuration of both types of closures 14a and 14b are identical and may be observed more clearly in FIGURES 5 and 6. Each closure 14a and 14b includes a bottom plate 39, a pair of upwardly extending parallel walls 40 spaced inwardly from the longitudinal edges of the plate 39 and a pair of outwardly extending flanges 41. The distance between the outer edges of the fianges 41 is equal to the Width of the lower channel section 13. In addition the depth of the recessed portion 27 in the wall 22 is ap proximately equal to or greater than the length of the portion 26 of the bottom plate 26. With this arrangement the plates 14a or 14b, as the case may be, can be inserted in position in the lower channel section 13 by moving one flange 41 into engagement with the recessed portion 27 as illustrated in FIGURE 6. This permits the opposing fiange 41 to clear the inner edge of the plate 26 whereupon the closure can be moved to the right as shown in FIGURE 6 so that it will be supported in position in the lower channel 13 as illustrated in FIGURE 5. It will be noted that the closure member 14h of FIGURE 5 rests on the inwardly extending portions 26 of the face plates 26.

Each of the closures 14h is provided with suitable openings for attachment of a fixture such as the fixture 15 to be supported thereby. In the instant embodiment of the invention each element 14b is provided with a central opening 42 and a pair of elongated openings 43. The central opening 42 is to accommodate fixtures wherein the mounting means comprises a threaded tubular member while the slots 43 are for accommodation of fixtures requiring a conventional elongated strap having threaded openings for attachment of the fixture. In addition each of the plates 14b is provided with an opening for accommodation of a suitable switch 44 and which may include a pull chain 45 so that the fixture can be individually operated. When a fixture is secured to a plate 14h, it is connected through the switch 44 to a plug 46 which plug can be engaged with an outlet 38 prior to insertion of the closure 14b in engagement with the channel 13 as previously described. In order to prevent accidental disengagement of the plate 43 from the lower channel section 13, a pair of bolts 47 may extend upwardly through appropriate openings in the closure 141: and engage cooperating threaded openings in the intermediate closure member 34 as illustrated more clearly in FIGURE 4.

It is evident from the invention thus far described that the channels can be arranged at spaced intervals to cover an entire ceiling and the spaces between the channels can be closed by suitable tiles of wood Cellotex, and the like. If desired, the tiles 18 can be in the form of louvers with suitable lighting means located behind the louvers for general illumination. Recessed fixtures such as fixtures 19 can be displayed by mounting them on tiles 18 as illustrated in FIGURES 1 and 2 and connecting them with the upwardly facing outlets 31 as previously described.

The channels 10 in accordance with the invention may also be arranged in the form of small units adapted to be suspended from a ceiling. Such a unit is shown in FIG- URE 1 and denoted by the numeral 11. In this case three spaced channels 10 are provided and are supported by a peripheral frame structure generally denoted by the numeral 48. The frame structure is more clearly shown in FIGURE 4 and comprises a pair of side sections each consisting of a vertical wall 49, an inwardly extending horizontal wall 50 and a bottom face plate 51 having a portion extending inwardly of the wall 49 and a second portion extending outwardly therefrom. The outwardly extending portion carries an upwardly extending lip 51 to accommodate and support an outer facing material 52 of wood or other suitable material.

The end frame sections are similar in configuration to the side sections and include a vertical wall 53, an inwardly extending horizontal wall 54, and a bottom face plate having portions extending inwardly and outwardly from the wall 53. The outwardly extending face plate portion carries a lip 56 to accommodate and support a piece of facing material 52. Each end frame section has a height slightly greater than the height of the side wall sections so that the top wall 54 of the end section will overlie the top wall 50 of the side wall section and similarly the bottom facing 55 of the end wall section will overlie the bottom facing 51 of the side wall section. The side and end sections may be fastened together in any suitable manner as by rivets or bolts 57. When a series of channels 10 are carried by a frame 48, a series of .U-shaped channels 29 which carry the wiring channels 10 are secured to the side wall sections as illustrated in FIGURE 4.

While only one embodiment of the invention has been illustrated and described, it is apparent that alterations, modifications and changes may be made without departing from the true scope and spirit thereof as defined by the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A lighting fixture support and display device comprising an elongated channel having a top wall, vertically disposed side walls and a downwardly facing opening, said channel having an upper channel section and a lower channel section, an elongated plate disposed within said channel closing the upper channel section, means carried by said vertically disposed side walls engaging and supporting said plate, engagement of the last said means and said plate preventing outward displacement of said side walls, said plate having a plurality of openings spaced along its length and downwardly facing electric outlets carried in said openings, said upper channel retaining electric wiring for connecting said outlets to a source of electric energy, inwardly formed lianges carried by the lower edges of the side walls of said lower channel section, and a plurality of elongated closure elements removably carried in end to end relationship by said inwardly extending flanges to close said lower channel section, at least certain of said closure elements having openings for attachment of a pendant lighting fixture and switch means thereto, said 4fixture being provided with a plug for engaging one of said outlets to energize said fixture.

2. A lighting fixture support and display device according to yclaim 1 wherein said lower edges of said side walls include outwardly formed flanges coplanar with said inwardly formed flanges said outwardly formed flanges being adapted to support tile elements.

3. A lighting fixture support and display device according to claim 1 wherein the top wall of said upper channel section includes upwardly facing electric outlets.

4. A lighting fixture support and display device according to claim 1 wherein said upper and lower channel sections are defined by a pair of opposing longitudinal ridge like members, said plate is provided with upwardly extending longitudinal ilanges and the last said flanges and said ridge like elements include cooperating interlocking means to hold said plate in position to close said upper channel section.

5. A lighting fixture support and display device cornprising an elongated channel having a top wall, vertically disposed side walls and a downwardly facing opening,

said channel having an upper channel section and a lower channel section, an elongated plate carried within said channel closing the upper channel section, said plate having a plurality of openings spaced along its length and downwardly facing electric outlets carried in said openings, said upper channel being adapted to retain electric wiring connecting said outlets to a source of electric energy, inwardly formed flanges carried by the lower edges of the side walls of said lower channel section, and a plurality of elongated closure elements removably carried in end to end relationship by said inwardly extending anges to close said lower channel section, at least certain of said closure elements having openings for attachment of a pendant lighting fixture and switch means thereto, said fixture being provided with a plug for engaging one of said outlets to energize said fixture, said lower edges of said side Walls including outwardly formed flanges coplanar with said inwardly formed anges said outwardly formed iianges being adapted to support tile elements, at least one of said side walls of said lower channel section including an outwardly formed longitudinal channel and each of said closure elements includes a flat plate and a pair of spaced upwardly extending longitudinal flanges each terminating in an outwardly formed flange, the distance between the outer edges of said outwardly formed anges being equal to the inner width of said lower channel section, said closure elements being placed in position to close the lower channel section by placing one outwardly formed flange into said longitudinal channel then pivoting said elements upwardly to clear the inwardly extending ange on the lower channel section and then laterally displacing said closure and lowering it into engagement with said inwardly formed anges.

6. A lighting iixture support and display device according to claim 5 wherein said upper and lower channel sections are defined by a pair of opposing longitudinal ridge like members, said plate is provided with upwardly extending longitudinal anges and the last said flanges and said ridge like elements include cooperating interlocking means to hold said plate in position to close said upper channel section.

7. A lighting fixture support and display device according to claim 6 wherein the top wall of said channel includes upwardly facing electric outlets. I

8. A lighting fixture support and display device according to claim 5 wherein the top wall of said channel extends beyond the side walls thereof to form supporting means for said structure.

9. A lighting fixture support and display device according to claim 1 wherein a plurality of said channels are arranged in parallel relationship one to the others and said device further includes a rectangular frame, bridging elements extending between at least one pair of opposing edges and means securing said channels to said bridging elements to form a unitary structure.

10. A lighting fixture support and display device comprising an elongated channel having a top wall, vertically disposed side walls and a downwardly facing opening, said channel having an upper channel section and a lower channel section, an elongated plate carried within said channel closing the upper channel section, said plate having a plurality of openings spaced along its length and downwardly facing electric outlets carried in said openings, said upper channel being adapted to retain electric wiring connecting said outlets to a source of electric energy, inwardly formed fianges carried by the lower edges of the side walls of said lower channel section, and a plurality of elongated lclosure elements removably carried in end to end relationship by said inwardly extending flanges to close said lower channel section, at least certain of Said closure elements having openings for attachment of a pendant lighting fixture and switch means thereto, said fixture being provided with a plug for engaging one of said outlets to energize said fixture, said lower edges of said side walls including outwardly formed flanges coplanar with said inwardly formed anges said outwardly formed flanges being adapted to support tile elements, said fixture further including a plurality of said channels arranged in parallel relationship one to the others, a rectangular frame, bridging elements extending between at least one pair of opposing edges of said frame and means securing said channels to said bridging elements to form a unitary structure, each edge of Said frame comprising an elongated element having a vertical wall having a height approximately equal to the height of said` channel, an inwardly formed flange on the top edge of said side wall a face plate carried by the lower edge of said side `wall and forming inwardly and outwardly extending flange like elements, and an upwardly extending sfiange on the outer edge of said face plate, said inwardly extending face plate portions on said frame and said outwardly formed flanges on said channels supporting tile elements to close the areas between said channels and between said frame and said channels and said out- Wardly extending face plate portions on said frame supporting decorative panels about the outer edge of said frame.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,090,239 8/1937 Strang Z110-51.11 X 2,678,380 5/1954 Westby 240-78 X 2,951,147 8/ 1960 Gilbert 240-9 3,272,978 9/1966 Jackson 240-78 3,354,301 11/1967 Bobrick 240-78 X 3,377,488 4/ 1968 Lorenzo 240-78 X NORTON ANSHER, Primary Examiner MONROE H. HAYES, Assistant Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R. 24U-9, 51.11

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Classifications
U.S. Classification362/150, 362/362
International ClassificationE04B9/00, F21S2/00, F21S8/06, F21V21/35, F21V21/02, H02G3/00, F21V21/34
Cooperative ClassificationH02G3/281, F21S2/00, F21V21/02, F21S8/06, E04B9/006
European ClassificationF21V21/02, F21S2/00, H02G3/28C, E04B9/00D