|Publication number||US3505628 A|
|Publication date||Apr 7, 1970|
|Filing date||Mar 4, 1968|
|Priority date||Mar 4, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3505628 A, US 3505628A, US-A-3505628, US3505628 A, US3505628A|
|Inventors||Allen Perry E|
|Original Assignee||Allen Perry E|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (11), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 7, 1970 P. E. ALLEN 3,505,528
SOLENOID PLUNGER WITH LIMITED FREE TRAVEL Filed March 4, 196a F/GJ fi+ a 30 29 /a Jig 5 2 25 Jig/o PERPYE KILLf/V I N VEN TOR.
BY umul 74 1 3,505,628 Patented Apr. 7, 1970 3,505,628 SOLENOID PLUNGER WITH LIMITED FREE TRAVEL Perry E. Allen, 4644 Round Hill Road, Birmingham, Mich. 48010 Filed Mar. 4, 1968, Ser. No. 710,039 Int. Cl. H0115 7/08 US. Cl. 335-255 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An improved solenoid which has a substantially high torque ratio with respect to size and weight is constructed with a U-shaped frame, having a frusto-conical core, and a plunger slidable in said frame. The plunger has a' conical recess therein for receiving the frusto-conical core.
The plunger also has an enlarged head mounted exteriorly of the frame, the head having a slot for receiving a connecting linkage. The slot is traversed by a pin which provides means for anchoring the plunger to any connecting linkage, whereby there is delayed motion between the plunger head and the pin, and the connecting linkage upon actuation of the solenoid.
There is a spring concentric with the plunger and positioned between the solenoid frame and the head of the plunger to return the plunger to a position of rest after the solenoid has been actuated.
. solenoids and to provide a solenoid which is simple in construction, economical to manufacture and install in a limited space, and one which will provide maximum torque with respect to its weight and size.
Another object of the invention is to provide a solenoid which is constructed with a frame which is easily mounted within the confines of another structure, such as a lock housing, and arranged so that the lock housing, or any other carrier member, improves the flux pattern of the solenoid, and provides a flux pattern on all four sides of the solenoid, whereby to provide maximum pulling torque with a minimum of electric windings and core.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a solenoid which has a frusto-conical core and a reciprocating plunger with a conical recess therein for receiving said core to effect an increasing pull on the plunger as the solenoid is actuated.
Another object of the invention is to provide a solenoid having a reciprocable plunger with an enlarged external head thereon, which head is bi-furcated and provided with a transverse pin for connecting the head to other linkage, and to provide free travel of the head after the solenoid is actuated, and before the head mechanically actuates the connecting linkage.
Another object of the invention is to provide a solenoid of the character indicated which has a spring concentrically mounted on the plunger between the solenoid frame and the head of the solenoid to return the plunger to a position of rest after actuation of the solenoid.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a solenoid which is constructed and arranged to give a hammer action to linkage which is connected to the plunger.
Another object of the invention is the provision of a solenoid having a U shaped frame, with a core mounted on the closed end of said frame and having an integrated flange which abuts one face of said frame and an ex tension which is received in a bore formed in the closed end of the frame.
Another object of the invention is to provide a solenoid having a U-shaped frame which is suitable for mounting on the interior of a lock assembly, or the like, so that there is a positive ground connection between the solenoid and the lock assembly when the latter is installed on a vehicle body, or the like.
The foregoing and other objects and advantages of the invention will become more apparent as the description proceeds, reference being made from time to time to the accompanying drawing, forming part of the within disclosure, in which drawing:
FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a device embodying the invention.
FIG. 2 is a section taken substantially on the line 2-2 of FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a section taken substantially on the line 3--3 of FIG. 2.
FIG. 4 is a section taken substantially on the line 4-4 of FIG. 2.
Referring now more particularly to the drawing, it will be understood that in the embodiment herein disclosed, the reference character 7 indicates, in general, the frame of the solenoid, which in this embodiment is substantially in the form of an elongated, tensioned U. The open end of the frame 7 is closed by means of an end plate 8, which is notched as at 9 (FIG. 3), which are received in notches 10 formed in the edges of the frame 7.
The closed end 12 of the frame has a bore 13 therein, in which is received the reduced end 14 of a core member 15. The core member 15 has a flange 16, which abuts the inner face of the end 12 and serves as a retainer for one end of a brass sleeve 17, which is retained at the other end by means of the closure member 8.
Mounted on the outside of the brass sleeve 17 are the solenoid windings 18, which are insulated from the sleeve 17 and the frame 7 by means of a suitable insulating material 19.
The windings 18 are grounded to the frame 7, which in turn is grounded as at 20. The windings 18 are electrically connected through a wire 21 to a suitable source of electrical energy, such as a storage battery, or the like.
The electrical wire 21 extends through a suitable opening 22 formed in the solenoid frame 7.
The core 15 of the solenoid has a frusto-conical extension 23, which is received in a conical bore 24 formed in one end of the solenoid plunger 25, which is reciprocable in the brass sleeve 17. This arrangement gives an increasing torque to the pull on the plunger 25 as the solenoid is actuated.
The plunger 25 extends through a suitable bore 26 formed in theend closure member 8 and its external end is provided with an enlarged head 27, which is bi-furcated, as shown in FIG. 1.
A drive pin 28 traverses the bi-furcated head 27 so that the open area 29, between the drive pin 28 and the base 30 of the head, serves as a delayed action facility between the plunger 25 and any linkage which is connected thereto, by the pin 28, so that the delayed action coupled with the increasing torque exerted on the plunger 25 during the travel of the plunger 25 and the recess '24 in its reception of the truncated core 23, there is a terrific impact force developed in the solenoid plunger 25 before the pin 28 actually exerts pulling force on the connecting linkage.
The plunger 25 is provided with a concentric compression spring 31, which is mounted between the end closure member *8 and the base 30 of the head 29, which after actuation of the solenoid, will return the plunger 25 to a position of rest and to provide the next cycle with the delayed action facility, as previously explained.
It is believed that the operation of the device is obvious from the foregoing description.
Having described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A solenoid having its winding supported in an elongated, tensioned, U-shaped frame with a removable end closure member, press fitted therein, an opening in said end closure member, a plunger reciproable in said opening, a'core having at one end a short extension received in an opening in the permanently closed end of said U- shaped frame, and a flange which abuts said closed end, and stabilizes said core, said core having a substantially long frusto-conical extension at the other end, said plunger having an elongated conical bore at one end for progres sively receiving the frusto-conical extension of said core, and said plunger having 'at the other end an enlarged bi-furcated head, of substantial mass, and a drive pin traversing said bi-furcated head in spaced relation to the base of said head, said elongated conical core, said elongated recess, said enlarged head and said spaced pin being arranged to increase the acceleration of said plunger to effect a hammer action upon receiving a load.
2. The structure of claim 1, including a spring concentrically mounted on said plunger between said enlarged head and the press fitted end closure member of said frame.
3. The structure of claim 1, in which said plunger slides in a brass sleeve, which is retained between said core flange and said removable end closure member.
4. The structure of claim 1, in which one end of the winding of said solenoid is grounded to said frame, the opposite end of said winding being extended through a bore in said frame.
5. The structure of claim 1, in which the winding of the solenoid is grounded at one end to said frame, and said frame is provided with at least two substantially long co-extensive flat faces for carrying the magnetic flux of the solenoid over an increased area.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 6/1917 Kuntz 335255 XR 2,856,569 10/1958 Birge 335-262 XR 2,919,324 12/1959 Schuessler 335255 XR 3,303,445 2/1967 Flentge 335255 US. Cl. X.R. 335262
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3735302 *||Jan 3, 1972||May 22, 1973||Bosch Gmbh Robert||Electromagnet|
|US3805204 *||Apr 21, 1972||Apr 16, 1974||Polaroid Corp||Tractive electromagnetic device|
|US3916362 *||Jul 29, 1974||Oct 28, 1975||Schantz Spencer C||Solenoid|
|US3950721 *||Sep 11, 1974||Apr 13, 1976||Electro-Matic Staplers Inc.||Nested bobbins for an electro-magnetic stapling machine|
|US4149132 *||Oct 5, 1977||Apr 10, 1979||U.S. Philips Corporation||Method of manufacturing an electromagnet|
|US4166991 *||Oct 19, 1977||Sep 4, 1979||Acme-Cleveland Development Company||Solenoid|
|US4306207 *||May 7, 1980||Dec 15, 1981||Hosiden Electronics Co., Ltd.||Self-sustaining solenoid|
|US4399421 *||Feb 12, 1981||Aug 16, 1983||Electro Switch Corp.||Lock-out relay with adjustable trip coil|
|US5349319 *||Mar 8, 1993||Sep 20, 1994||Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha||Starter|
|US20150027824 *||Aug 18, 2014||Jan 29, 2015||Invacare Corporation||Electric motor and brake assembly|
|DE2318509A1 *||Apr 12, 1973||Oct 31, 1973||Polaroid Corp||Elektromagnetische vorrichtung|
|U.S. Classification||335/255, 335/262|
|International Classification||H01F7/08, H01F7/16|