|Publication number||US3505683 A|
|Publication date||Apr 14, 1970|
|Filing date||May 12, 1965|
|Priority date||May 12, 1965|
|Publication number||US 3505683 A, US 3505683A, US-A-3505683, US3505683 A, US3505683A|
|Original Assignee||Wright Janine|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (9), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 14, 1970 J. WRIGHT 3,505,683
HEAD COVERING Filed May 12, 1965 43 INVENTOR.
V Jan/n6 Wr/ghf BY her affomeys F/G. a W
United States Patent 3,505,683 HEAD COVERING Janine Wright, 22 Warner Road, Maplewood, NJ. 07040 Filed May 12, 1965, Ser. No. 455,125 Int. Cl. A42b 1/02 US. Cl. 2-498 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A head covering for flexibly covering a wearers head including downwardly depending prongs on the inner surface thereof for engaging the scalp and spacing the head covering from the head to avoid crushing the coiffure of a wearer.
The invention relates especially to head coverings for girls and women.
It has long been a disadvantage in known head coverings for girls and Women, that the head covering tends to crush and thus to damage the coiffure. This is not only a blow to the natural pride of the individual. It also has a serious economic effect, as continuing expenditures for hair dressing require a substantial financial outlay for most women.
The object of the present invention is to provide a head covering which will not crush the coiffure.
The invention provides a novel head covering which has prongs on the inside substantially perpendicular to the head covering and to the scalp of the wearer so that the head covering is spaced from the scalp and thus avoids crushing the coiffure of the wearer.
Wlu'le the invention can be adapted to various sorts of head coverings with a portion substantially parallel to the scalp of the wearer, it is particularly useful in a head covering comprising a flexible sheet adapted to conform to the shape of the head of a wearer and lie substantially parallel to the wearers scalp. Typical examples of such coverings are the scarf, mantilla, wedding veil, rain bonnet and the like.
The preferred form the head covering is a flexible sheet such as netted or woven fabric, lace or plastic of the sort used a rain covering for the head. The prongs are attached to the head covering substantially perpendicular thereto, and the free end of each prong is preferably rounded or at least not sharp, so that if it rests directly upon the scalp it will not cause discomfort.
The prongs may be attached to the head covering in any suitable manner. For example, they may be plastic prongs hot pressed to the flexible sheet. Each prong may be attached individually to the head covering by any suitable method, as by sewing, electronic welding, riveting or the like.
In the preferred form the prongs are attached to a strip which in turn is attached to the head covering. The strip may be wholly flexible such as fabric or plastic, or it may be a shaped strip, curved and spring yielding rather than wholly flexible. The strip may if desired be attached directly to a single layer of flexible sheet forming a head covering.
In a preferred form the head covering has a lining or inner layer and an outer layer. The prong bearing strip is inserted between them and attached to the lining, and the prongs pass through the lining.
In the drawings:
FIGURE 1 is a plan view of a preferred type of scarf or head covering embodying the invention.
FIGURE 2 is a cross section along lines 22 of FIGURE 1, showing a prong arrangement.
3,505,683 Patented Apr. 14, 1970 FIGURE 3 is a transverse cross-section of a scarf applied to a head.
FIGURE 4 shows a prong bearing strip attached to a single layer head covering, which is shown in crosssection.
FIGURE 5 is a front elevation of a plastic strip with integral prongs.
FIGURE 6 is a portion of a plan view of FIGURE 5.
FIGURE 7 is a portion of a plan view of modified strip having 2 rows of prongs offset from each other.
FIGURE 8 is a view similar to FIGURE 3 with a plurality of rows of prongs of different lengths, alternately longer and shorter.
FIGURE 9 shows a modified form of prong bearing strip in which the prongs and the supporting strip are made of a unitary wire or plastic thread.
The head covering shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 is a scarf having an outer layer which is a flexible sheet of fabric 1 and an inner sheet or lining 2. The scarf includes ends 3 which constitute tie means for holding it on the head of the wearer substantially parallel to the wearers scalp.
Prongs 4 are attached to the scarf and are substantially perpendicular to it and also to the scalp of the wearer as illustrated in FIGURES 3 and 8. The prongs are rounded on their free ends 5.
The prongs may be of any suitable substance such, for example, as plastic, lightweight spring metal or wire. In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 2 through 8 the prongs are of molded plastic and are substantially V-shaped. The prongs are secured to a strip 6 and in these figures are unitary with it. As shown particularly in FIGURE 2 strip 6 in relaxed position in a curve analogous to the curve of the head of a wearer from side to side. Being of resilient, yielding, spring-material, whether plastic or metal the curve of the strip can be increased or decreased to conform to the shape of the head of the wearer. The strip, preferably, has passages 7 through which it can be secured by any suitable means such as stitches 8 to the head covering.
In the embodiments shown in FIGS. 1, 2, 3 and 8 the strip is placed between the lining 2 and the outer layer 1 of the head covering, the prongs 4 are passed through the lining layer 2 and then the strip is secured to the lining.
Other means for attachment may be used. For example, if the head covering comprises a single sheet, the prongs on the prong bearing strip 6 may be attached on the inner side of the sheet in any suitable manner. FIG. 4 shows a single flexible plastic sheet of the sort used as a rain bonnet in which the strip 6 bearing the prongs has been electronically welded directly to the plastic of the head covering.
If the prongs or the strip are sewed to the single sheet, the stitches can be hidden in any suitable manner as by covering them by ornamental material such as flowers or bows of ribbon.
The prongs need not be carried by a strip. They can be attached directly to the fabric of the head covering by any suitable means.
In the preferred form, the prongs may suitably be three quarters of an inch or more in length, and they are preferably spaced from about half an inch to an inch and a half from each other.
FIGURES 2, 4 and 5 show a single row of prongs. In FIGURE 7 the are two rolls of prongs 4, staggered.
In FIGURE 3 there are three rows of prongs and in FIGURE 8 there are four rows of prongs on strip 6. Different arrangements of prongs can also be used.
FIGURE 9 shows an embodiment in which the prongs 40 are formed of a continuous wire or plastic thread bent into V-shaped prongs spaced apart by steps 41. The side of 42 of a prong at one end the row of prongs is continuous with leg 43 of a prong-supporting strip which continues back over the entire row of prongs and at the other end makes a U-turn 44 and continues forward again as a leg 45 parallel to leg 43. In attaching this prong bearing means to a head covering the U-end 44 may be inserted between the other sheet 1 and the inner sheet 2 leaving all the prongs and their intermediate steps 41 below the lining. If desired the legs 43 and 45 and the U-tum 44 may be attached by any suitable means, as stitches, to the lining 2. If preferred the stitches may include a leg 43 or 45 and one or more of the steps 41 between prongs.
In the drawing the length of the step between prongs under leg 45 is greater than between prongs under leg 43. If desired, prongs under one of the legs can be omitted, so that there is only one row of prongs.
Other embodiments of the invention will occur to those skilled in the art.
1. A head covering for the prevention of crushing a wearers coiifure comprising inner and outer flexible sheets secured together and being dimensioned to cover a wearers head, a curve yielding strip disposed between said inner and outer sheets having a plurality of rows of downwardly depending elongated prongs passing through said inner sheet adapted to engage a wearers scalp to space, the inner and outer sheets from the wearers head, and tie means for securing said head covering on a Wearers head.
2. A head covering as claimed in claim 1 wherein said strip is plastic.
3. A head covering according to claim 1 wherein said strip is disposed near an edge of the head covering.
4. A head covering as claimed in claim 1 wherein the prongs are spaced at least half an inch from each other.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,523,979 l/1925 Ryan et al 1329 1,692,719 11/1928 Busey 13259 2,507,386 5/1950 Spiegel 1329 2,848,001 8/1958 Long l32--49 2,944,556 7/1960 Olsen 13246 2,997,792 8/1961 Straus 13249 X 3,211,160 10/1965 Miller 132-47 3,200,827 8/1965 Hill l3249 MERVIN STEIN, Primary Examiner G. H. KRIZMANICH, Assistant Examiner UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent N D d 14,
Inventor) Janine Wright It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Column 1, line 46 of the patent, after "used" insert for Column 2, line 66 after "Figure 7" change "the" to there Column 3, line 1 after "end" insert of Column 3, line 7 change "other" to outer Column 3, line 23, (i.e. Claim 1 Line 4) change "curve" to curved x n SIGNEB AN hffiitfi sea-3m Anew Edward MFletcher, It.
Attesting Officer mm JR.
Commissioner of Patents FORM PO 105 l USCOMM-DC 60376-F'69 a U.5 GOVERNMENT HUNTING OFFICE: I969 D-366-334
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1523979 *||Sep 24, 1921||Jan 20, 1925||Thompson Barlow Company Inc||Scalp-massage apparatus|
|US1692719 *||Jan 3, 1928||Nov 20, 1928||Ruth Busey||Cap fastener|
|US2507386 *||Dec 23, 1948||May 9, 1950||Spiegel Yetta B||Head treating apparatus|
|US2848001 *||Jun 17, 1955||Aug 19, 1958||Douglas T Corbin||Attachment for hair nets|
|US2944556 *||Oct 8, 1958||Jul 12, 1960||Olsen Helen N||Hair covering cap with spacer|
|US2997792 *||Jan 17, 1958||Aug 29, 1961||Reed Francis C||Hair drying device|
|US3200827 *||Aug 30, 1962||Aug 17, 1965||Hill Dorothy G||Hair set protector|
|US3211160 *||Jan 31, 1963||Oct 12, 1965||Miller Joe W||Hairband with detachable cover|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5625901 *||Oct 4, 1995||May 6, 1997||Healy; James W.||Ventilating hat band|
|US5657490 *||Aug 7, 1995||Aug 19, 1997||Edmark; Tomima L.||Hat for maintaining a wearer's hairstyle|
|US5787507 *||Mar 28, 1997||Aug 4, 1998||Sullivan; Lorraine June||Headgear stabilising and ventilating apparatus|
|US5822797 *||Mar 3, 1997||Oct 20, 1998||Edmark; Tomima L.||Hat for maintaining a wearer's hairstyle|
|US5857219 *||Apr 4, 1997||Jan 12, 1999||Edmark; Tomima L.||Collapsible hat for maintaining a wearers hairstyle with structure to reduce wrinkling|
|US8985123 *||Feb 19, 2013||Mar 24, 2015||Amber A. Green||Cap for brushing hair into a wrap style|
|US20080172770 *||Jan 22, 2007||Jul 24, 2008||William Manson Clark||Sun shawl|
|US20140230836 *||Feb 19, 2013||Aug 21, 2014||Amber A. Green||Cap for brushing hair into a wrap style|
|EP0688171A1 *||Oct 27, 1993||Dec 27, 1995||SULLIVAN, Lorraine June||Headgear stabilising and ventilating apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||2/204, 2/182.1, 2/182.6, 2/200.1|