|Publication number||US3506027 A|
|Publication date||Apr 14, 1970|
|Filing date||Sep 20, 1967|
|Priority date||Sep 20, 1967|
|Publication number||US 3506027 A, US 3506027A, US-A-3506027, US3506027 A, US3506027A|
|Inventors||Dunton John T|
|Original Assignee||Dresser Ind|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (8), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
J. T. DUNTON FIRE HYDRANI April 14, 1970 I 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 Original Filed Jan. 18, 1965 INVENTOR. JO/l/V 7. .OU/VTO/V BY My;
firm/1w April 14, 1970 J. T. DUNTON 3,506,027
FIRE HYDRANT Original Filed Jan. 18, 1965 :5 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTOAP/VIFX J. T. DUNTON FIRE HYDRANT April 14, 1970 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Original Filed Jan. 18, 1965 INVENTOR. JOH/V 7. DUN 7'0/V BY 2 a ATTOP/VEX United States Patent Int. Cl. E03b 9/14 US. Cl. 137307 7 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A fire hydrant having a drain valve operable to permit casing drainage when the hydrant is closed. Water pressure acting when the hydrant is open urges flexible rubber strips against drain ports to render the drain valve selfsealing in preventing drainage while the hydrant is in use.
This is a division of application Ser. No. 421,5 80, filed Jan. 18, 1965 now abandoned. I
The present invention relates to a fire hydrant and is concerned primarily with certain improvements which result in improved utility of such hydrants.
In accordance with present day standards and conventions, a fire hydrant includes a casing comprising two cylindrical parts and a shoe with two cylindrical parts being joined by a bolted flange connection. When the hydrant is installed at its place of usage, this connection is close to the ground surface. It is now recognized as desirable if not absolutely necessary, that the connection between the casing parts be frangible. Thus, if the hydrant is struck by a vehicle, the top part of the casing will come free at the frangible connection without damage to functional parts of the hydrant.
An important object of the present invention is to provide a new and improved frangible connection between the casing parts. This improved connection consists essentially of a wide flange at the lower end of the upper casing part having' a depending skirt and formed with bolt holes, a short flange on the upper end of the lower casing part opposite the said skirt, the lugs aligning with said holes in the upper casing flange. Each of these lugs carries an inwardly extending projection which engages the short flange, with the connection between the projection and the lug weakened. Thus, when the upper casing part is struck, the connection is broken at this weakened lug construction. Moreover, this arrangement presents the advantage of permitting assembly between the casing parts through any angular adjustment of the casing parts throughout the full 360".
The casing encloses a valve stem which extends from the operating mechanism at the top to the main valve at the bottom. This valve stem also should be of two parts which are joined by a frangible connection.
Another important object of the present invention is to provide a new and improved frangible connection between the two parts of the valve stem. The improvement consists essentially of providing a sleeve which establishes the driving relation between the stem parts and which is pinned to the respective stem parts, being weakened by an annular groove that is offset from the meeting ends of the stem parts.
In accordance with conventional practice an intake shoe is connected to the lower end of the lower casing part. The intake is provided with a valve seat and houses a main valve which is normally urged against the seat by pressure of water in the main. The valve is opened by being moved downwardly against the water pressure.
It is now recognized as standard practice to provide a drain valve about the valve seat so that after the valve is closed, any water which remains in the casing will be drained to the exterior thereof. However, when the intake valve is opened, it is desirable that the drain valve be closed so that all the water coming from the intake will pass upwardly to the discharge nozzle at the top.
Another important object of the present invention is to provide a new and improved closure for the drain valve. This improvement consists essentially of a pair of diametrically opposed rubber strips that are mounted on the structure which carries the intake valve and which rubber strips are formed with backing ribs which afford increased flexibility and which permit water to get back of the strips and thus, incorporate self-sealing properties thereinto whereby, Water pressure urges the rubber strips against the drain ports.
The upper end of the valve stem is threaded and is received in a threaded stem actuator which when rotated moves the stem longitudinally either upwardly or downwardly. In order for this operation to take place a pressure plate which is integral with the bonnet closes the upper end of the casing. This pressure plate is formed with a shoulder that is engaged by a flange on the actuator and another object of the invention is to provide a selflubricating thrust bearing such as a Teflon ring between the retaining nut and the flange.
Another object of the invention is to provide a new and improved bonnet which is secured to the upper casing part. This bonnet has an externally threaded skirt that is screwed into the upper casing part and the pressure plate aforesaid is integral with said skirt.
The pressure plate is formed with a sleeve which depends from the shoulder aforesaid and which receives the valve stem in spaced relation. The lower end of this sleeve is formed with an inwardly extending flange which snugly receives the valve stem. 7
A bonnet or dome is formed with a central opening over the stem actuator and retaining nut. An object of the invention is to provide a closure for this opening in the form of a dust cap that is held in position by a screw bolt passing through the cap and screwed into the stem actuator. This bolt may be removed to permit the introduction of lubricant into the actuating mechanism at the top.
In accordance with conventional practice the upper end of the casing is provided with a pair of discharge nozzles in right angular relation. Each of these nozzles consists essentially of a short sleeve having a central abutment flange. On the inner side of this flange, the sleeve is threaded and screwed into an internally threaded nipple on the casing. On the outer side of the flange, the nozzle is provided with threads which receive either a cap during a period of non-usage or a hose connection when the hydrant is being used. An important object of the present invention is to provide a new and improved means for locking the discharge nozzle in the nipple aforesaid. To accomplish this, the nipple and nozzle are drilled after assembly to form aligned openings which receive a lock pin. When it is desired to remove the nozzle all that is required is to drive the pin inwardly and unscrew the nozzlefrom the nipple.
The invention therefore comprises a fire hydrant in cluding a casing and a valve stem having new and improved frangible connections, an improved drain valve, a stop at the top for limiting movement of the intake valve, an integral dome and pressure plate, a Teflon bearing between the stern actuator and retaining nut, and an improved lock arrangement for discharge nozzles.
For a full and more complete understanding of the invention reference may be had to the following description and accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIGURE 1 is a side view partly in section and partly in :levation and with parts of the casing broken away, of a ire hydrant embodying the improvements of this inven- FIGURE 2 is a sectional view on an enlarged scale of :he upper end of the hydrant.
FIGURE 3 is a detailed sectional view of the lock for ;he nozzle being taken about on the plane represented by :he line 3-3 of FIGURE 2.
FIGURE 4 is another detail partly in section and partly in elevation showing the stop nut on the valve stem in one .imit.
FIGURE 5 is a detailed section through the frangible :onnection of the valve casing being taken about on the plane represented by the line 5-5 of FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 6 is another detail section taken on an enlarged scale of this frangible connection being taken about an the plane represented by the line 6-6 of FIGURE 5.
FIGURE 7 is still another detail of this connection being taken about on the plane represented by the line 77 of FIGURE 6.
FIGURE 8 is a sectional view through the intake end 3f the hydrant.
FIGURE 9 is a horizonal section through the intake being taken about on the plane represented by the line 9-9 of FIGURE 8.
FIGURE 10 is a detail illustrating one of the rubber strips which closes the drain port in elevation being taken on line 10-10 of FIGURE 8.
FIGURE 11 is a sectional view on an enlarged scale of the drain valve which closes the drain portion (Shown in one limit position), and
FIGURE 12 is a section view similiar to FIGURE 3 of an alternative form of locking pin for the nozzle.
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY A fire hydrant embodying the improvements of this invention comprises a casing which is referred to in its entirety by the reference character C. This casing C comprises an upper casing part 10 and a lower casing part 11. The parts are secured together by a frangible connection to be later described in detail. Secured to the lower end of the lower casing part 11 by a bolted flange connection 12 is an intake shoe I. The shoe I includes an intake opening at 13 which is connected to a water main and has a cylindrical bore 14 which receives a valve seat which will be later described.
The upper casing part 10 carries a plurality of discharge nozzles, each of which is referred to in its entirety by the reference character N and N which are in right angular relation. Secured to the upper end of the upper casing part 10 by a threaded connection 15 is a dome D which in turn carries a dust cap A.
THE FRANGIB-LE CONNECTIONS Referring now more particularly to FIGURES 5, 6, and 7, integrally formed with the upper casing part 10 and at lower end thereof is a comparatively wide outwardly extending flange 16 which in turn carries a depending skirt 17. The flange 16 is formed with a series of bolt holes 18. The lower end face of the casing part 10' has an annular groove 19 which receives an O-ring packing member 20 that engages the upper end face of the lower casing part 11.
The upper end of the lower casing part 11 is formed with a comparatively narrow outwardly extending flange 21 that is spaced from the skirt 17 A plurality of lugs 22 are received in this space, the number of lugs corresponding to the number of bolt holes 18. The top face of each lug has an inward draft or incline so that only the radially outer edge of each lug engages the underface of the flange 16. This eliminates the need for accurate machining and insures that the bolts to be later described are not subjected to a bending moment. Each lug 22 has integrally formed thereon an inwardly extending projection 23 with a notch or groove at 24 weakening the connection between the projection 23 and the main body of the lug 22. This projection 23 engages the under face of the flange 21 and is formed with an arcuate recess 8.
Each lug 22 aligns with a bolt hole 18 and in turn is provided with a bolt hole 25. Bolts 26 pass through aligned bolt holes. Each bolt 26 has a head 27 at one end and a nut 28 at the other. When the nuts 28 are tightened, the two casing parts are clamped together in assembled relation and the O-ring 20 provides an effective water seal. It is evident that the casing parts 10 and 11 may be assembled regardless of their angular relation. Thus, there are no bolt holes in the lower casing upper flange because the lugs 22 are movable. When a vehicle or other object strikes the upper part 10 with sufiicient force, the connection will break at the grooves 24 which weaken the connection between each projection 23 and lug 22. When the casing is to be reassembled, all that is necessary is to use new lugs 22.
A valve stem comprises an upper stem part 29 and a lower stern part 30, both of non-circular cross section such as the square shape illustrated. These stem parts have confronting end faces at 31. A connecting sleeve 32 is connected to the upper stem part 29 by a bolt 33 and the lower stem part 30 by a bolt 34. The sleeve 32 has a bore corresponding in cross section to that of the stem. This sleeve 32 is weakened by an annular groove 35 which will be noted is offset from the confronting end faces 31. This offset affords increased operational strength yet provides for the breaking of the stem parts when the set is broken. The non-circular cross section of the stem parts and sleeve establishes the driving relation between the stem parts.
The purposes of the improved frangible connection in the stem are three-fold: First, to connect the two parts of the valve stem to provide upward and downward movement of the main valve under normal operation of the hydrant; second, to transmit rotational torque from the upper stem part to the lower stem part when it is desired to remove the main valve and seat ring from the hydrant, and thirdly, to provide for the breaking at a predetermined load. In order to prevent this torsional thrust from passing through the weakened annular groove, the groove is offset from the meeting ends of the stem thereby permitting the transfer of the torque to be through the solid metal section.
THE DISCHARGE NOZZLES Except for the dilference in diametrical dimension, the nozzles N and N1 are substantially duplicates and only one of them is here described in detail as that is believed to be suflicient for the purposes of this specification.
Referring now more particularly to FIGURES 2 and 3, the upper casing part 10 is shown as formed with an outwardly extending nipple 36 which is internally threaded. A sleeve 37 has a central abutment flange 38 and on the inner side of the latter is externally threaded and is screwed into the nipple 36 with a gasket interposed between the two. On the outside of the flange 38, the sleeve 37 is provided with coarse threads 39 onto which is screwed a cap 40 as shown in the drawing or a hose connection when the cap is removed.
When the sleeve 37 is located in sealing engagement with the nipple by the gasket, a passage 41 is drilled providing an aperture 42 in the nipple 36 with the aperture being counterbored at 43 and the counter-bore receiving an externally threaded plug 44. A lock pin 45 is driven into the apertures 41 and 42 locking the sleeve 37 in the nipple 36. The plug 44 is then secured into the internally threaded aperture 43 providing sealed closure of the aperture 42 and counterbore 43. However,'then occasion arises, the plug 44 can be removed and lock pin 45 may be removed from its locking position by simply driving it inwardly whereupon the sleeve 37 may be unscrewed.
An alternative form of locking device for securing the sleeve 37 in the nipple 36 is shown in FIGURE 12. These THE ACTUATING MECHANISM The dome or bonnet D comprises a skirt 90 that is externally threaded with the threads being received iir'internal threads formed in the upper casing part to achieve the threaded connection 15.
Integrally formed with the skirt 90 is a pressure plate 46 formed with an annular shoulder 47. Depending from this shoulder 47 is a sleeve 48 providing a bore 49 and a counterbore 50 separated by the shoulder 47. stem actuator 53 is screwed onto the upper end of the valve stem part 29 which is threaded such as indicated at 54. The stem actuator 53 is formed with an annular groove 51 which receives an O-ring 52. The O-ring 52 provides an effective seal between the stem actuator and pressure plate sleeve 48.
The stem actuator 53 is formed with an outwardly extending flange 55 which engages the shoulder 47. The dome or bonnet is formed with a threaded opening at 56 which receives a retaining nut 57. A Teflon thrust bearing 58 is interposed between the nut 57 and the flange 55. This Teflon thrust bearing is self-lubricating and serves to reduce friction created by upward thrust of the stern actuator.
The Teflon ring provides three advantages over any existing design, namely: (1) It provides low turning torque with a corrosion resistant material. (2) There is no requirement for lubrication. (3) No danger of seizing due to the failure of the material.
The lower end of the sleeve 48 is formed with an inwardly extending flange 59 which defines an opening snugly receiving the valve stem 29. The flange 59 is formed with an annular groove 60 which receives an O-ring packing member 61. The latter provides an effective seal at the lower end of the sleeve 48. The valve stem 29 also carries an abutment nut 62 which is adapted to engage the flange 59 as shown in FIGURE 4 to limit lower movement of the valve stem caused by rotation of the actuator 53.
The actuator 53 is closed at its upper end by a top Wall 63 formed with a threaded opening 64. The dust cap A is removably secured in position on the top of the dome over the opening 56 by a screw bolt 65. This screw bolt 65 may be removed to permit the introduction of lubricant through the opening 64 to the space in the aperture over and about the threaded end of the valve stem 29. The top plate 63 of the actuator 53 is provided with noncircular surfaces at 66 which in turn fit the corresponding surfaces on the dust cap A. The latter is formed with wrench engaging surfaces 9. Thus, the dust cap may be rotated to rotate the actuator.
THE VALVES Referring now more particularly to FIGURES 8-11 inclusive, the bore 14 of the shoe I is threaded. Screwed into this thread bore is a seat carrying ring 67 which is also internally threaded. Screwed into the latter is a valve seat ring 68 formed with a conical valve seat 69.
The intake shoe I is formed with an inwardly opening annular groove 70 which communicates with the exterior of the intake I through the medium of a drainage port 8. The seat carriers 67 and 68 are formed with aligned ports 72 and 73 which communicate with the groove 70. Thus, when the inner end of the port 73 is opened, communication between the interior of the casing and exterior of the intake shoe is provided and any water retained in the casing will be drained off through ports 72 and 73, groove 70, and drainage port 8.
The lower valve stem part 30 is reduced at 74 and the lower end of this reduced portion is threaded at 75. Mounted on this reduced stem part 74 is a main valve 76 which is held in position by a retaining plate 77 and lock nut 78 with a gasket interposed between the latter to prevent corrosion of threads 75.
Carried by the valve stem above the valve 76 is a drain valve comprising two webs 79 (identical) with each web 79 having an end structure 80 which carries a rubber strip 81 having integral backing ribs 82. The rubber strips 81 are reinforced by cross plates 83 at the top and bottom and are rivoted to the end structure 80' by the rivets shown at 84. The ribs 82 are disposed inwardly and permit water to get in back of the strips 81 when the drain valve is in closed position as shown in FIGURE 11. Thus, the drain valve partakes of the characteristics of a self-sealing valve in which the water pressure urges the rubber strips into sealing position. Moreover, the strip 81 with the ribs 82 are rendered flexible and more readily mova ble into port closing position.
It will be understood that when the intake valve is closed with the valve member 76 seated on the seat 69 as shown in FIGURE 8, the drain valve is in its upper position in which the drain ports are open. Thus, water may drain from the casing.
When the intake valve is moved downwardly into open position, the drain valve with the rubber strips 81 also move downwardly into position closing the drain ports.
What is claimed is:
1. In a fire hydrant having a casing formed with an inwardly opening annular groove that communicates with the exterior of said casing, a valve seat ring having a face and formed with a port communicating between said face and said groove, a valve stem movable between first and second positions, and a main valve carried by said valve stem and cooperating with said valve seat ring to open the hydrant when said valve stem is in said first position and close the hydrant when said valve stem is in said second position; the improvement comprising: a web structure mounted on said valve stem adjacent to said main valve for movement therewith, and a drain valve in the form of a rubber strip mounted on the exterior of said Web structure to be movable from a position closing the port in said valve seat ring when said valve stem is in its first position to a position opening the port in said valve seat ring when said valve stem is in its second position, the backing surface of said strip being supported when the front surface thereof is in closed position against said port to receive fluid pressure for urging the strip against the port in a direction away from the web structure on which it is mounted, at least one of the engaging web and strip surfaces being contoured to effect interrupted engagement therebetween providing interstices for receipt of fluid pressure.
2. In the improvement according to claim 1 in which at least one of said surfaces has a sinuous contour.
3. In the improvement according to claim 1 in which said interrupted engagement is provided by a plurality of raised ribs extending between said strip and web.
4. In the improvement according to claim 3, in which said ribs are an integral part of said strip.
5. In a fire hydrant having a casing formed with an inwardly opening annular groove that communicates with the exterior of said casing, a valve seat ring having a face and formed with a port communicating between said face and said groove, a valve stem movable between first and second positions, and a main valve carried by said valve stem and cooperating with said valve seat ring to open the hydrant when said valve stem is in said first position and close the hydrant when said valve stem is in said second position; the improvement comprising. a web structure mounted on said valve stem adjacent to said main valve for movement therewith, and a drain valve in the form of a rubber strip mounted on the exterior of said Web structure to be movable therewith from a position closing the port in said valve seat ring when said valve stem is in its first position to a position opening the port in said valve seat ring when said valve stem is in its second position, said strip and web structure having interrupted engaging faces rendering said strip compressible as said valve stem is moved from its said second to its said first position.
6. In the improvement according to claim 5 in which said interrupted engaging faces comprise a plurality of raised ribs extending between said strip and web.
8 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 344,172 6/1886 Denmead 251-175 1,716,896 6/1929 Miller 251175 2,970,803 2/1961 Harza -n 251l75 978,385 12/1910 Lofton 137-307 XR 3,143,124 8/1964 Todd 2515 XR 3,185,171 5/1965 Mueller et a1, 137308 XR 10 WILLIAM F. ODEA, Primary Examiner R. GERARD, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.
7. In the improvement according to claim 6 in which 15 251175, 326
said ribs are an integral part of said strip.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US344172 *||Jun 22, 1886||Rotary valve|
|US978385 *||Aug 30, 1909||Dec 13, 1910||Herbert M Lofton||Fire-hydrant.|
|US1716896 *||Oct 16, 1925||Jun 11, 1929||Erwin E Miller||Mud-pump valve|
|US2970803 *||Jul 22, 1957||Feb 7, 1961||Harza Patents||Valve seal|
|US3143124 *||Dec 19, 1960||Aug 4, 1964||Shell Oil Co||Aiding flow of pseudo-plastics through conduits|
|US3185171 *||Dec 19, 1961||May 25, 1965||Mueller Co||Valving structure for fire hydrant|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3980096 *||Jul 29, 1975||Sep 14, 1976||Mueller Co.||Fire hydrant|
|US3980097 *||Jul 29, 1975||Sep 14, 1976||Mueller Co.||Fire hydrant with drain valve and backflow preventer mechanism|
|US4842008 *||Feb 29, 1988||Jun 27, 1989||Philip Avelli||Fire hydrant|
|US7686031 *||Mar 24, 2009||Mar 30, 2010||Mueller International, Inc.||Hydrant shoe with backflow prevention assembly|
|US9163388 *||Jan 12, 2010||Oct 20, 2015||Nichols-Ip Pllc||Water hammer prevention valve and method|
|US20060016479 *||Jul 25, 2005||Jan 26, 2006||Gonzales Peter D||Backflow prevention valve|
|US20090183783 *||Jul 23, 2009||Mueller International, Inc.||Hydrant Shoe with Backflow Prevention Assembly|
|US20110168265 *||Jan 12, 2010||Jul 14, 2011||Cheney Dale S||Water Hammer Prevention Valve and Method|
|U.S. Classification||137/307, 251/326, 251/175|
|International Classification||E03B9/00, E03B9/14|