|Publication number||US3507338 A|
|Publication date||Apr 21, 1970|
|Filing date||Dec 9, 1968|
|Priority date||Dec 9, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3507338 A, US 3507338A, US-A-3507338, US3507338 A, US3507338A|
|Inventors||Darnel L Alexander, James M Alexander, William A Mcwaters|
|Original Assignee||Mcwaters Construction Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (21), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
A ril 21, 1970 w. A. M WATERS ETAL 3,507,333
' HOLE-FORMING AND POST-DRIVING APPARATUS Filed Dec. 9, 1968 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 w H M m 2 Z M I n u l a II lNVE/VTORLS. WILLIAM A. McWATERS DARNEL L.ALEXANDERV JAMES M. ALEXANDER BY. I
ATTORNEYS April 21, 1970 w. A. M WATERS ETAL 3,507,333
HOLE-FORMING AND POST-DRIVING APPARATUS Filed Dec. 9, 1968 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 K I ll I- Il INVE'N TORS.
WILLIAM A. McWATERS DARNEL L. ALEXANDER JAMES M. ALEXANDER ATTORNEYS A ril 21, 1970 w. A. M WATERS ETAL 3,507,338
HOLE-FORMING AND POST-DRIVING APPARATUS 4 Sheets-Sheei &
Filed Dec. 9. 1968 M/l ENTORS. WILLIAM A. MCWATERS DARNEL L. ALEXANDER JAMES M. ALEXANDER v I I ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,507,338 HOLE-FORMIN G AND POST-DRIVIN G APPARATUS William A. McWaters, Mesa, and Darnel L. Alexander,
Phoenix, Ariz., and James M. Alexander, Boise, Idaho,
assignors to McWaters Construction Co., Mesa, Ariz.,
a partnership Filed Dec. 9, 1968, Ser. No. 782,181 Int. Cl. E21c 11/02 US. Cl. 17328 2 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A hole-forming and post-driving machine which includes both a novel mechanism for adjusting the angle of the hole and the post with respect to the ground and a novel hole-forming and post-driving mechanism. The apparatus for adjusting the angular position of the hole and the post includes a horizontal platform support carried by and pivotally connected to a ground-supported frame, horizontal platform rotatably mounted on the support member and a slide assembly carried by a track on the platform. Power means are provided to adjust the plane of the support member, the angular position of the platform and the position of the slide on the platform. A hole-forming and post-driving mechanism is pivotally supported on the end of the slide and power means are provided for adjusting the angular position of the holeforming and post-driving mechanism with respect to the ground.
The hole-forming and post-driving mechanism includes a vertical mast, a hollow casing carried by the mast and longitudinally movable thereon, power means for adjusting the longitudinal position of the casing member on the mast, a reciprocating hammer enclosed by the casing and a door for inserting a post within the casing below the hammer.
This invention relates to apparatus for forming postholes and for driving postholes along a predetermined line.
More specifically, the invention relates to a novel system for supporting a hole-forming and post-driving mechanism on a movable ground-supported frame such as a truck chassis, tractor, or the like.
In still another respect, the invention concerns a novel hole-forming and post-driving mechanism especially adapted to rapid and accurate placement of posts along a predetermined line.
In yet another aspect, the invention relates to a novel hole-forming and post-driving mechanism supported in a unique manner on a movable ground-supported frame in such a way as to permit one operator and a helper to rapidly emplace posts along a predetermined line, the overall apparatus being adapted to form a posthole, emplace a fence post in the hole and tamp earth around the emplaced post, all in a series of rapid machine-powered operations.
In many phases of the construction industry, it is necessary to place a plurality of posts along a predetermined line. For example, in the erection of highway guard rails, the erection of decorative or security fences, special utility lines, and the like, it is desired to rapidly and conveniently emplace a plurality of posts along a predetermined line with a minimum of manual labor and with improved accuracy. The art has provided various machines and apparatus for forming postholes and emplacing posts in the ground but, to date, the most effective and widely employed method is to merely drill a series of postholes along a predetermined line by means of an earth auger which drills a hole considerably larger than required to accommodate the post, setting the post into the hole by manual labor, backfilling the hole around the post, and tamping the earth to provide lateral support for the post.
The above-described typical prior art method is uneconomical and time-consuming for several reasons. First, the drilling conditions encountered by the earth auger may vary widely along the predetermined post line, thus requiring several types of auger assemblies to drill the holes. Where rock is encountered, it may be that it is impossible to drill holes with a conventional auger and other drilling methods must be substituted. Secondly, because of the tendency of the earth to collapse into the hole when the auger is removed, the hole must ordinarily be drilled considerably larger than the post. Then, the posts are manually lowered into the holes, the space around the posts is backfilled and then tamped, either manually or with mechanical tamping machines. Aside from the increased labor costs, the backfilling results in a disturbed earth structure supporting the posts, the support strength of which may vary widely and in an unpredictable manner.
Therefore, it would be highly advantageous to provide a hole-forming and post-driving mechanism which could be effectively employed in widely varying soil conditions with a minimum of manual labor and which would emplace the posts with improved convenience and accuracy along a predetermined line.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an improved hole-forming and post-driving machine.
Another object of the invention is to provide an im proved support system for a hole-forming and post-driving machine, by means of which the machine is accurately positioned in the desired angular relationship to the earth and in such a position as to emplace the post accurately along a predetermined post line.
Still another object of the invention is to provide an improved hole-forming and post-driving mechanism which either directly emplaces the post or which forms a posthole only very slightly larger than the post, avoiding the majority of the back-filling and tamping labor and time encountered in connection with prior art methods.
Yet another object of the invention is to provide a ho eforming and post-driving mechanism which includes means integral with the machine to tamp the small amount of earth required to fill the space between the emplaced post and the walls of the hole.
These and other, further and more specific objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the drawings, in which:
FIG, 1 is a perspective view of a truck-mounted, holeforming and post-driving mechanism embodying the several features of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of the apparatus of FIG. 1 taken along section line 22 thereof;
FIG. 3 is a plan view of the apparatus of FIGS. 1-2, partially cut away to show details of the mechanism for accurately positioning the hole-forming and post-driving machine; 4
FIG. 4 is a sectional view of the apparatus of FIG. 3 taken along section line 4-4 thereof;
FIG. 5 is a sectional view of the hole-forming and post-driving machine assembly of FIG. 3 taken along section line 5-5 thereof;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing the method of insertion of the posts into the machine of FIGS. 1-5; and
FIG. 7 is a perspective view illustrating how the post of FIG. 6 is emplaced by the apparatus of FIGS. 1-5.
Briefly, in accordance with our invention, we provide 3 position of the post as the ground-supported frame moves along a predetermined postline, We also provide an improved hole-forming and post-driving mechanism especially useful when mounted as previously described and which is especially adapted to permit rapid and economical emplacement of posts along a predetermined line.
According to one broad aspect of our invention, we provide improvements in post-driving machines which include power means for adjusting the angular position of the post-driving mechanism with respect to the ground and for adjusting the horizontal placement of the postdriving mechanism with respect to the ground-supported frame, the power means including a substantially horizontal platform support member carried by and pivotally connected to the ground-supported frame, a substantially horizontal platform rotatable mounted upon the platform support member, and a substantially horizontal slide assembly having an inboard end and an outboard end, the slide assembly being carried by a track on the rotatable horizontal platform. Power means are provided for adjusting the plane of the platform support member with respect to the ground-supported frame by tilting the support member around its pivotal connection with the ground-supported frame. Power means are provided for adjusting the angular position of the horizontal platform with respect to the platform support member by rotating the platform and its rotatable mounting on the support member, and power means are provided for moving the slide assembly along its track to vary the horizontal distance between the outboard end of the slide and the ground-supported frame. A hole-forming and post-driving mechanism is supported by the outboard end of the slide and includes a mast pivotally attached to the outboard end of the slide assembly, power means for adjusting the angular position of the mast with respect to the slide assembly by tilting the mast around its said pivotal connection, an elongate hollow casing carried by the mast, a hammer disposed within the casing, and means for reciprocating the hammer longitudinally within the casing.
The novel hole-forming and post-driving mechanism, in a preferred embodiment of our invention, includes an elongate mast member adapted to be positioned at a predetermined angle with respect to the ground, an elongate hollow casing having an upper end and a lower end carried by the mast member and movable longitudinally with respect to the mast, the casing being shaped and dimensioned to receive one of the posts coaXially therewithin. Power means are provided for adjusting the longitudinal position of the casing member with respect to the mast between a raised position in which the lower end of the casing is above ground level, and a lowered position in which the lower end of the casing is below ground level. Door means are provided for inserting a post within the :asing when the casing is in lowered position, a hammer is disposed within the casing, and power means are provided for reciprocating the hammer longitudinally coixially within the casing from a raised position above he door means to a dropped position.
Turning now to the drawings in which the presently preferred embodiment of the invention, chosen for purposes of illustration, is depicted and in which like refer- :nce numerals identify corresponding parts, FIGS. 1-5 illustrate a machine embodying the invention mounted on 1 truck chassis. The truck chassis and its associated avheels 11 comprise a movable ground-supported frame which can be intermittently propelled along a predeternined postline. The mounting apparatus includes a platform support member 12 pivotally attached by means of a. flange 13 and a pivot pin 14 to the longitudinal chassis nember 10. The platform support member 12 is provided with rollers 15 near its periphery and an upstanding ihaft 16 located at the center thereof. A horizontal platform 17 is rotatably supported by means of the rollers 15 for rotation about the shaft 16. The platform support member 12 is adjusted by means of a hydraulic jack 18 which tilts the platform support member 12 (see double headed arrow A) around its pivotal connection 14 with the truck frame. The angular position of the horizontal platform 17 (see double-headed arrow B) is adjusted by means of a hydraulic jack 19 extending between a connection 20 with the support member 12 and a connection 21 with the horizontal platform 17. A slide assembly 22 carried by a track 23 which, in turn, is supported by the platform 17 has an inboard end 23 and an outboard end 24. A hydraulic jack 25 is provided to adjust the distance between the outboard end 24 of the slide 22 and the frame 10. A mast assembly comprising a pair of vertical channel members 26 and spaced horizontal frame members 27 secured together by stringers 28 is pivotally attached by means of a pair of angle brackets 29. A pair of hydraulic cylinders 30 are provided to adjust the angular position of the mast assembly with respect to the horizontal slide 22.
An elongate hollow casing 31 having projecting lugs 32 registering with the channel members 26 is movable longitudinally with. respect to the mast member in the directions of the double-headed arrow C, the vertical position of the casing 31 with respect to the mast being adjustable by means of a hydraulic jack 33. The casing 31 is provided with a door 34 which swings outwardly on hinges 35 and which may be Secured in closed position by means of a latch assembly 36. The door is sized to permit one to insert a post within the casing 31, as more fully explained in connection with the description of FIGS. 6 and 7.
A weighted elongate hammer or ram 37 is positioned coaxially within the casing 3.1 and is adapted to reciprocal movement by means of a cable 38 operating over sheaves 39 and 40 and connected to the reel 41 of a power winch which is adapted to raise the ram 37 upwardly in the casing 31 to a position above the door 34 and then to be released, dropping the ram 37 downwardly through the casing 31.
Hydraulic power to operate the various jacks 18, 21, 25, 30 and 33 and the winch 41 is supplied by a hydraulic pump 42 carried by the platform 17. Controls for the jacks and the winch as well as remote controls 43 for positioning the truck along the postline are centrally located at an operators station 44.
The operation of the apparatus may be described as follows. The truck, operated from the rig cab 45, is positioned substantially parallel to the predetermined postline and the hydraulic jacks 18, 19 and 30 are operated to adjust the post-driving mechanism to its preselected angular position with respect to the ground. The jack 18 is used to level the platform support 12 and the platform 17 by tilting the assembly around the pin 14. The angular position of the platform 17 is adjusted with respect to the platform support 12 by means of the jack 19, and the mast assembly is adjusted to its proper angular position by means of the jacks 30. In practice, it will normally be the objective of the equipment operator to position the post-driving mechanism is such a way as to emplace the posts in a substantially vertical position although, on occasion, it may be necessary to emplace the posts in a slanted position and this can be conveniently accomplished with the apparatus of the invention.
When the post-driving machine is properly positioned as described above, the operator may use one of several techniques to emplace the posts. In one method of operation, the casing 31 is lowered to ground level and the hammer 37 is repeatedly raised to a position above the ground and then dropped, in which case the impact force of the hammer forms a hole in the ground which is only slightly larger than the post to be emplaced. As the hole is deepened by successive hammer blows, the operator adjusts the vertical position of the casing 31, moving it downwardly to prevent the walls of the hole from collapsing inwardly. As soon as the hole has been formed to the required depth, the hammer is then raised and held above the door 34, the door is opened, and a post 46 is inserted into the casing 31, as shown in FIG. 6. A steel bearing plate 47 is then placed on top the post 46, the door 34 is closed and operation of the reciprocating hammer 37 is commenced and continued until the post is driven downwardly into its hole to the required depth. After the post is driven to its final depth, the casing 31 is forced upwardly by the jack 33, withdrawing the casing from the hole. A small amount of earth, corresponding to the volume of the hole which is not filled by the post 46, may then be placed around the periphery of the hole and tamped into place by forcing the casing 31 downwardly by means of the jack 33.
In an alternate mode of operation, Where drilling conditions permit, a pilot auger may be used to drill a hole slightly smaller than the post, the machine is then positioned as explained above, the casing 31 is lowered until the lower end is slightly below ground level as shown in FIG. 2, the post is inserted within the casing 31 through the door 34, the door 34 is closed and the post is driven home by the reciprocating hammer 37.
As will be observed by those skilled in the art, the apparatus of the present invention avoids many of the practical difiiculties which attend the emplacement of posts by various prior art methods and machines. In particular, the invention provides a way to insert a wallretaining hole casing during the drilling operation, emplace the post, withdraw the casing and tamp earth around the post, all with a single machine controlled by a single operator. Similarly, the apparatus described herein is to be carefully distinguished from prior art machines employing separate hole and guide casings and machines in which the separate hole casing is driven by means of external lugs positioned to receive impact or dead weight of a hammer, all of which prior art apparatus involve additional complexities and require additional maintenance and operating techniques.
Various minor changes in the precise form of the apparatus chosen for purposes of illustration in the drawings will readily occur to those skilled in the art. For example, the hydraulic jacks could be replaced with electric motor devices having appropriate gear trains, the precise physical configuration of the mast frame could be varied considerably, the location of the controls could be varied, and many other features which do not constitute the essence of the invention could be modified or substituted with art-recognized equivalents. To the extent that such changes and modifications do not depart from the spirit of the invention, they are intended to be included within the scope of the invention, which is to be determined only by a just interpretation of the following claims.
1. In a post-driving machine adapted to emplace a plurality of posts in the ground along a predetermined post line, said machine including a movable ground-supported frame,
means for intermittently propelling said frame substantially along said predetermined post line, and
a hole-forming and post-driving mechanism carried by said frame, the improvements in said machine whereby said posts may be rapidly emplaced along said predetermined line with improved convenience and accuracy, said improve ments comprising:
(a) power means for adjusting the angular position of said post-driving mechanism with respect to the ground and for adjusting the horizontal displacement of said post-driving mechanism with respect to said frame to emplace said post at a predetermined distance from said frame and at a predetermined angle with respect to the ground, said power means including a substantially horizontal platform support member carried by and pivotally connected to said ground-supported frame,
power means for adjusting the plane of said platform support member with respect to said ground-supported frame by tilting said platform support member around said pivotal connection with said ground-supported frame,
a substantially horizontal platform rotatably mounted upon said platform support member,
power means for adjusting the angular position of said platform with respect to said platform sup port member by rotating said platform around said rotatable mounting,
a substantially horizontal slide assembly having an inboard end and an outboard end, said slide assembly carried by a track on said platform,
power means for moving said slide assembly along said track to vary the horizontal distance between the outboard end of said slide and said ground-supported frame; and
(b) a hole-forming and post-driving mechanism comprising:
a mast pivotally attached to the outboard end of said slide assembly,
power means for adjusting the angular position of said mast with respect to said slide assembly by tilting said mast around said pivotal connection with said slide assembly,
an elongate hollow casing carried by said mast,
a hammer within said casing, and
means for reciprocating said hammer longitudinally within said casing.
2. A hole-forming and post-driving mechanism for use with a machine adapted to emplace a plurality of posts in the ground along a predetermined post line, said machine including:
a movable ground-supported frame,
means for intermittently propelling said frame substantially along said predetermined post line, and
a post-driving mechanism carried by said frame, said hole-forming and post-driving mechanism comprismg:
(a) an elongate mast member adapted to be positioned at a predetermined angle with respect to the ground,
(b) an elongate hollow casing having an upper end and a lower end, carried by said mast member and movable longitudinally with respect to said mast, said casing being shaped and dimensioned to receive one of said posts coaxially therewithin,
(c) power means for adjusting the longitudinal position of said casing member with respect to said mast between a raised position with said lower end above ground level, and
a lowered position with said lower end below ground level,
(d) door means for inserting a post within said casing when said casing is in lowered position,
(e) a hammer within said casing, and
(f) power means for reciprocating said hammer longitudinally coaxially within said casing from a raised position above said door means to a dropped position.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS Re. 25,060 10/1961 Roland 17523 626,107 5/1899 Starling 17328 X 1,247,634 11/1917 Budgeon et a1. 17343 2,950,603 8/1960 Macek et a1. 17328 3,026,949 3/1962 Eldridge et al 173-28 X 3,400,771 9/1968 Dorn 17343 ERNEST R. PURSER, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R.
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|U.S. Classification||173/28, 173/195, 175/19|
|International Classification||E04H12/34, E04H12/00|
|Cooperative Classification||E21B7/027, E04H12/34|
|European Classification||E04H12/34, E21B7/02S|