|Publication number||US3507583 A|
|Publication date||Apr 21, 1970|
|Filing date||Oct 4, 1967|
|Priority date||Oct 4, 1967|
|Publication number||US 3507583 A, US 3507583A, US-A-3507583, US3507583 A, US3507583A|
|Inventors||James John E V|
|Original Assignee||Gen Aniline & Film Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (13), Classifications (7), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April J. E. v. JAMES 3,507,583
PUMP FOR LIQUIDS Filed Oct. 4:. 1 967 INVENTOR.
JOHN E. V. JAMES ATTORNEY- United States Patent 3,507,583 PUMP FOR LIQUIDS John E. V. James, Totton, England General Aniline & Film Corporation, 140 W. 51st St., New York, N.Y.
Filed Oct. 4, 1967, Ser. No. 672,789 Int. Cl. F04b 17/00; F42b 5/26 US. Cl. 417389 1 Claim ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A displacement pump is provided for submersion in the ammonia liquid bottle or reservoir of ammonia liquor for pumping the liquid ammonia from the reservoir to an elevated evaporator in diazo printing and developing machines, so that vapor lock is avoided. The device includes a slave pump inserted in the liquid and coupled by a conduit to a master pump which is remote from said liquid. The slave pump comprises a hollow expandable and contractile member filled with a fiuid supply which is adapted to be withdrawn and supplied thereto by the master pump and thereby change the volume in the bottle or reservoir.
In printing and developing machines using the diazo process it is required ot develop the latent image carried by the sensitized sheet material after exposure, and this may be performed by several methods, the most common being the moist or semi-dry process of development by liquid application, or by the dry or ammonia gas process of development. In the latter, the ammonia may be introduced into the development apparatus in the form of an anhydrous gas, or the required ammonia gas may be generated either within or external to the development apparatus by heating aqueous ammonia liquor which is a solution of ammonia gas in water.
In constructing such machines using aqueous ammonia liquor it is a usual requirement to position the supply bottle or reservoir in the lower portion of the machine for reasons of convenience and safety and to pump the liquor to the evaporating means which is usually situated in the upper portion of the machine. A common arrangement of this kind as hitherto employed in a diazo printing and development machine comprises a pump embodying a bellows or diaphragm driven by a cam actuated mechanism which may be continuously driven or intermittently driven, and may embody means for varying the length of the stroke or the speed of the cam or the frequency or period of operation so as to control the delivery of ammonia liquor automatically or manually to suit the speed of passage and chemical characteristics of the exposed sensitized sheet material to be developed. The inlet to the pump is connected to the ammonia supply bottle or reservoir by a conduit including a non-return valve.
One of the problems of pumping such a liquid as aqueous ammonia liquid is that if the liquid is subjected to partial vacuum, heat or agitation, the gas tends to be released and the system may fail to function properly because of an accumulation of gas in the conduit between the ammonia supply bottle or reservoir and the pump and the inlet valve. This condition is known as a gas lock. Gas locking tends to occur in machines operated at high altitudes, in hot climates and when strong ammonia liquor is used. Because of this difiiculty liquor of higher specific gravity may have to be employed. Gas locking tends to occur when the machine is operated at high speed because of the agitation of the liquor by the pumping action. Gas locking also tends to occur at low speeds or pumping because the column of liquor supported below "ice the pump has time to gas oil under the reduced pressure within the conduit.
Therefore, in accordance with the present invention there is provided, a displacement pump for insertion in a supply bottle or reservoir which includes a chamber, nonreturn inlet and outlet valves to said chamber, a hollow expandable and contractile member in said chamber and means for causing said member to expand and contract, said means including a master pump for supply and withdrawing of fluid to and from said expandable and contractile member, whereby the contents of the reservoir are drawn into the chamber through the non'return inlet valve and discharged through the non-return outlet valve. The master pump may also include a second hollow expandable and contractile member, the expandable and contractile members being coupled by a fluid conduit to form a closed system, whereby any change in volume produced in the master member produces an inverse and corresponding change in the volume of the first or slave member.
Accordingly, it is a primary object of the present invention to provide an improved pumping apparatus for diazo machines which prevents the formation of a gas lock.
Another object of the invention is to provide a pumping apparatus which improves the reliability of ammonia developing machines.
Still another object of the invention is to provide improved pumping apparatus which permits a large freedom of choice as to the relative positions of reservoir and pump in a diazo printing machine.
These and other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic part sectional view of one form of a pump made in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a diagrammatic sectional view of a diazo printing and development machine showing the general arrangement to a reduced scale of the pump and associated parts involved in the use of ammonia liquor and omitting those parts of the machine not necessary to understanding the working of the present invention; and
FIG. 3 is a diagrammatic section of an alternative form of an expandable and contractile member embodying a diaphragm instead of a bellows.
Referring noW to the drawings, wherein like reference characters designate like or corresponding parts throughout the several views, there is shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 a chamber 2 which has at its base an inlet pipe 4, fitted with a non-return ball valve 6, the end of the inlet pipe 4 being cut off at an angle to prevent its terminal aperture 4a being occluded by contact with the interior of the base of a bottle 8, of which only a small fragment is shown. If desired, a filter (not shown) may be positioned between the ball valve 6 and the terminal aperture 4a. At the top of the chamber 2 is an outlet pipe 10, in which is located another non-return ball valve 12.
As will be seen in FIG. 2, the outlet pipe 10 extends upwards to the ammonia developing tank where the liquor is heated to drive off the ammonia gas in known manner, and brought into contact with the exposed sensitized diazo coated sheet material bearing the latent image which is to be developed. Within the chamber 2 is a bellows 6, constituting the expandable and contractile member of the slave unit, and this is connected by a conduit 18, sealed into the top 2a of the chamber 2, and connected at its upper end to the base 20a, of a second or master bellows 20 which is rigidly supported at its upper end 2015 by a bracket 22. The base 20a of the master bellows 20 rests on one arm 23 of a bell crank lever 24, which is pivoted at 26, the other arm of which is shown in contact with a cam 28 and a return spring 30. An adjustable abutment 32 is positioned above the arm 23 to limit the stroke and thereby the displacement volume of the master bellows 20. Note that the relative positions of the cam 28 and the spring 30 may be reserved in order to make the compression of the master bellows 20 more positive. If this is done, then the adjustable abutment 32 must be moved to the opposite face of the arm 23. Note that the adjustable abutment 23 can alternatively be arranged to contact the other arm of the lever 24. The upper end of the master bellows 20 is connected to a filling pipe 34, fitted with a cock 36, which is used for filling the two bellows and interconnecting conduit 18 with distilled water or other inert liquid and for replacing any loss.
An alternative construction is shown in FIG. 3 where the chamber 2 is formed in two parts between which is secured a diaphragm 16a. The master bellows 20 could be replaced by a similar diaphragm device provided with an operating rod or cam connected to or bearing upon such diaphragm.
In operation, the rotation of the cam 28 causes a reduction in the volumetric capacity of the master bellows 20, and the water displaced expands the slave bellows 16, so that ammonia liquor in chamber 2 is forced up the pipe to the developing tank 14. Further rotation of the cam 28 permits the return of the lever 24 under the action of the spring 30' aided by the elasticity of the master bellows 20 and slave bellows 16, permitting the original water volume to be restored in the master bellows 20 due to the elastic contraction of slave bellows 16 and to a lesser extent by the elastic expansion of the master bellows 20, thus drawing ammonia liquor into the chamber 2 and the pumping cycle may be repeated for every rotation of the cam 28. The elastic efiect of the master bellows 20 and slave bellows 16 may be augmented by the use of springs. The cam 28 may be fitted with two or more lobes to give an increased number of pumping cycles per revolution of the cam driving means. Adjustment of the average quantity pumped per unit of time may be varied by automatic or manual adjustment of the abutment 32 which restricts the return movement of the lever 24, or by varying the speed of rotation of the cam 28, or by operating the cam driving means intermittently or for varying periods of the driven and nondriven states.
With the arrangement above described, the ammonia liquor is pumped under pressure so that gassing off due to the pumping action is minimized and gas locking is avoided. This is particularly important if the diazo printing and developing machine is used at high altitude or in a high ambient temperature as may be met in hot climates or in heated locations. The device also permits the use of ammonia liquor at stronger concentration than was practicable hitherto, and in the design of such machines the employment of the device will permit the ammonia bottle or reservoir and the pump and ammonia tank to be each located within the machine with greater choice of position and dimensions between them than was practicable hitherto.
It should also be understood that the foregoing relates to only a preferred embodiment of the invention, and that it is intended to cover all changes and modifications of the example of the invention herein chosen for the purposes of the disclosure, which do not constitute departures from the spirit and scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. In the combination of a diazo copying machine having a developing section to which is pumped ammonia and other liquids for vaporization, the improvement comprising a pumping apparatus for pumping liquid ammonia from a closed renewable bottle type reservoir to a vaporizer of said developing section including:
a chamber having a non-return liquid ammonia inlet valve and a non-return liquid ammonia outlet valve;
a hollow expandable, contractible member positioned within said chamber; and remote means for causing said hollow member to expand and contract, said remote means including tubing extending through a closure member in said bottle and a master pump for supplying another liquid to and withdrawing such liquid from said hollow member by way of said tubing whereby liquid in said bottle is drawn into said inlet valve and forced out of said outlet valve to said developing section.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,256,127
ROBERT M. WALKER, Primary Examiner I US. or. X.R. -545; 417-385, 395
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|US7464838 *||Mar 16, 2004||Dec 16, 2008||Panasonic Corporation||Viscous material application apparatus|
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|U.S. Classification||417/389, 417/395, 417/385|
|International Classification||F04B43/00, F04B43/10|
|Jun 14, 1982||AS02||Assignment of assignor's interest|
Owner name: GAF CORPORATION
Effective date: 19820526
Owner name: R Q O HOLDING COMPANY INC 111 WEST 2ND ST JAMESTOW
|Jun 14, 1982||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: R Q O HOLDING COMPANY INC 111 WEST 2ND ST JAMESTOW
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:GAF CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004006/0585
Effective date: 19820526
Owner name: R Q O HOLDING COMPANY INC, NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:GAF CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004006/0585