|Publication number||US3508024 A|
|Publication date||Apr 21, 1970|
|Filing date||Jun 17, 1968|
|Priority date||Jun 17, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3508024 A, US 3508024A, US-A-3508024, US3508024 A, US3508024A|
|Inventors||Cannon John W|
|Original Assignee||Gen Electric|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (10), Classifications (9), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 21, 1970 J. w. CANNON DUAL INDUCTANCE INDUCTION HEATER Filed June 17, 1968 nun whim
JOHN \M CANNON BY J n, 3.
3,508,024 DUAL INDUCTANCE INDUCTION HEATER John W. Cannon, Roanoke, Va., assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Filed June 17, 1968, Ser. No. 737,589 Int. Cl. H05b 5/00, 9/06 US. Cl. 21910.61 1 Claim ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A rotatable induction type heater roll in the form of a hollow, metallic cylinder having internal windings upon independently supported stationary magnetic cores within the cylinder coacting with it to induce heating currents in its wall, each of the windings being energized with alternating current and controlled independently of the other to compensate for heat losses at the ends of the cylinder and to provide for a predetermined heat distribution over the lateral surface of the cylinder.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Electric heaters of the roll type are useful in many industrial applications such as the heating of synthetic fibers in the processing of threads and the like. Careful attention is necessary to accurate regulation of heating of these fibers; consequently, it has been found that induction type heaters lend themselves to such use. Normally the induction type roll heater includes a metallic, hollow cylinder which rotates around a magnetic core arrangement within the cylinder, the core having windings excited by alternating current and the resulting magnetic flux inducing heating currents in the cylinder.
Heat losses at the ends of the cylinder, however, present a problem, and to compensate for these losses internal sleeves, rings, and the like are introduced to provide additional heat at the ends of the cylinder as illustrated, for example, in copending application Ser. No. 731,952 filed May 24, 1968, now abandoned. These supplemental heating components are economical; however, where extreme accuracy is required in heat regulation other means may have to be resorted to.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION of the roll.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIGURE 1 shows a sectional view of a roll type heater having two independent magnetic flux sources.
FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectional view of FIGURE 1 along the line 2-2.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIGURES 1 and 2 a cylinder 10 composed of steel or other conductive metal having a flange 11 represents the form of a conventional induction heater roll. The roll 10 is supported by a shaft 12 attached to the inner end of the cylinder at 13, the shaft 12 being supported in a bearing 14 carried by a support 15 and being rotated by some means such as an electric motor (not shown). Supported within the cylinder 10 are cores 160 United States Patent O 3,508,024 Patented Apr. 21, 1970 and 16b having similar windings 17, the cores being supported by a member 18 cleared by the shaft 12 and the member 18 being bolted to the support 15 via bolts 19. Leads from the windings 17 of the cores 16a and 16b, respectively, are brought out to rheostats 20a and 20b, and the common lead of the windings, together with the common lead of the rheostats 20a and 20b, is connected to an alternating current source 21. l
The cores 16a and 16b are identical and may be of multi-pole construction (four poles being shown); however, the number of poles is not important. Clearance between the inner surface of the cylinder and the ends of the pole pieces of the cores 16a and 16b, however, should be at a minimum consistent with the expansion of these members under heated conditions. The cores, however, may be spaced along the axis of the cylinder either symmetrically, as shown in FIGURE 1, or concentrated near the ends of the roll to permit compensation for heat losses. In other words, the flux sources provided by these plural cores (and their windings) may be spaced within the cylinder 10 to accommodate the heating requirements. However, since each of the flux sources (core and winding) has a limited range of variation of flux via their respective control rheostats 20a and 20b, the spacing of these flux sources along the length of the cylinder must be such that their axial separation along the cylinders length is no more than will permit the desired heat pattern to be obtained at the overall lateral surface of the cylinder. Otherwise a cool area might be obtained near, or at the center of, the length of the cylinder, in the event these flux sources were concentrated too near the ends of the cylinder, or cool areas at the ends of the cylinder, were these flux sources concentrated too near the center of the length of the cylinder.
While the invention has been explained and described with the aid of particular embodiments thereof, it will be understood that the invention is not limited thereby and that many modifications retaining and utilizing the spirit thereof without departing essentially therefrom will occur to those skilled in the art in applying the invention to specific operating environments and conditions. It is therefore contemplated by the appended claim to cover all such modifications as fall within the scope and spirit of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. A single phase induction heater for a rotating metallic cylinder comprising a plurality of H-shaped, independent magnetic cores axially arranged therewithin with the poles of said cores adjacent the internal lateral surface of said cylinder, a single winding upon each said core, a common source of alternating current connected to each said winding for generating magnetic flux in the core thereof, and a separate rheostat in series with each said winding for controlling the flux of said winding independently of that of any other winding.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,273,423 2/1942 Somes 2l910.49 2,452,197 10/1948 Kennedy 21910.79 X 2,847,584 8/1958 Tudbury 219l0.79 X 3,187,150 6/1965 France 21910.6l X 3,200,230 8/1965 De La Bretoniere 219-1049 3,278,723 10/ 1966 Van Toorn 219-471 JOSEPH V. TRUHE, Primary Examiner L. H. BENDER, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2273423 *||Jun 23, 1939||Feb 17, 1942||Budd Industion Heating Inc||Electrically heated roll|
|US2452197 *||Mar 22, 1945||Oct 26, 1948||Ajax Electrothermic Corp||Induction furnace for variable heat patterns|
|US2847584 *||May 6, 1955||Aug 12, 1958||Int Standard Electric Corp||Regulated power supply equipments|
|US3187150 *||Sep 25, 1962||Jun 1, 1965||Tmm Research Ltd||Heating arrangements|
|US3200230 *||Jan 7, 1963||Aug 10, 1965||American Enka Corp||Apparatus for the heating of travelling thread or tape-shaped products on a transport roller|
|US3278723 *||Oct 25, 1963||Oct 11, 1966||B F Perkins & Sons Inc||Electrically heated roll|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5159166 *||Jun 28, 1989||Oct 27, 1992||Rieter Machine Works, Ltd.||Drawroll unit|
|US5362945 *||Apr 24, 1992||Nov 8, 1994||Barmag Ag||Godet for heating an advancing yarn|
|US5421070 *||Dec 3, 1993||Jun 6, 1995||Barmag Ag||Godet for guiding and heating an advancing yarn|
|US5665043 *||Nov 9, 1995||Sep 9, 1997||Barmag Ag||Godet for heating and advancing yarns|
|US5970592 *||Jun 16, 1997||Oct 26, 1999||Barmag Ag||Godet for heating a running synthetic thread|
|US6861627 *||Mar 24, 2004||Mar 1, 2005||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Induction heat fixing device|
|US7161123||Sep 20, 2004||Jan 9, 2007||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Induction heat fixing device|
|US20040188422 *||Mar 24, 2004||Sep 30, 2004||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Induction heat fixing device|
|US20050040159 *||Sep 20, 2004||Feb 24, 2005||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Induction heat fixing device|
|EP0349829A2 *||Jun 20, 1989||Jan 10, 1990||Maschinenfabrik Rieter Ag||Roller with a large rotating speed range|
|U.S. Classification||219/619, 219/670|
|International Classification||H05B6/36, H05B6/40, H05B6/14|
|Cooperative Classification||H05B6/145, H05B6/40|
|European Classification||H05B6/40, H05B6/14R|
|Nov 28, 1980||AS02||Assignment of assignor's interest|
Owner name: FYCON INDUSTRIES, 231 SOUTH LAKE HOWELL ROAD, CASS
Effective date: 19800714
Owner name: ROSE INTERNATIONAL ,INC.,231 SOUTH LAKE HOWELL ROA