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Publication numberUS3508024 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 21, 1970
Filing dateJun 17, 1968
Priority dateJun 17, 1968
Publication numberUS 3508024 A, US 3508024A, US-A-3508024, US3508024 A, US3508024A
InventorsCannon John W
Original AssigneeGen Electric
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Dual inductance induction heater
US 3508024 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 21, 1970 J. w. CANNON DUAL INDUCTANCE INDUCTION HEATER Filed June 17, 1968 nun whim



3,508,024 DUAL INDUCTANCE INDUCTION HEATER John W. Cannon, Roanoke, Va., assignor to General Electric Company, a corporation of New York Filed June 17, 1968, Ser. No. 737,589 Int. Cl. H05b 5/00, 9/06 US. Cl. 21910.61 1 Claim ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A rotatable induction type heater roll in the form of a hollow, metallic cylinder having internal windings upon independently supported stationary magnetic cores within the cylinder coacting with it to induce heating currents in its wall, each of the windings being energized with alternating current and controlled independently of the other to compensate for heat losses at the ends of the cylinder and to provide for a predetermined heat distribution over the lateral surface of the cylinder.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Electric heaters of the roll type are useful in many industrial applications such as the heating of synthetic fibers in the processing of threads and the like. Careful attention is necessary to accurate regulation of heating of these fibers; consequently, it has been found that induction type heaters lend themselves to such use. Normally the induction type roll heater includes a metallic, hollow cylinder which rotates around a magnetic core arrangement within the cylinder, the core having windings excited by alternating current and the resulting magnetic flux inducing heating currents in the cylinder.

Heat losses at the ends of the cylinder, however, present a problem, and to compensate for these losses internal sleeves, rings, and the like are introduced to provide additional heat at the ends of the cylinder as illustrated, for example, in copending application Ser. No. 731,952 filed May 24, 1968, now abandoned. These supplemental heating components are economical; however, where extreme accuracy is required in heat regulation other means may have to be resorted to.


BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIGURE 1 shows a sectional view of a roll type heater having two independent magnetic flux sources.

FIGURE 2 is a cross-sectional view of FIGURE 1 along the line 2-2.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring to FIGURES 1 and 2 a cylinder 10 composed of steel or other conductive metal having a flange 11 represents the form of a conventional induction heater roll. The roll 10 is supported by a shaft 12 attached to the inner end of the cylinder at 13, the shaft 12 being supported in a bearing 14 carried by a support 15 and being rotated by some means such as an electric motor (not shown). Supported within the cylinder 10 are cores 160 United States Patent O 3,508,024 Patented Apr. 21, 1970 and 16b having similar windings 17, the cores being supported by a member 18 cleared by the shaft 12 and the member 18 being bolted to the support 15 via bolts 19. Leads from the windings 17 of the cores 16a and 16b, respectively, are brought out to rheostats 20a and 20b, and the common lead of the windings, together with the common lead of the rheostats 20a and 20b, is connected to an alternating current source 21. l

The cores 16a and 16b are identical and may be of multi-pole construction (four poles being shown); however, the number of poles is not important. Clearance between the inner surface of the cylinder and the ends of the pole pieces of the cores 16a and 16b, however, should be at a minimum consistent with the expansion of these members under heated conditions. The cores, however, may be spaced along the axis of the cylinder either symmetrically, as shown in FIGURE 1, or concentrated near the ends of the roll to permit compensation for heat losses. In other words, the flux sources provided by these plural cores (and their windings) may be spaced within the cylinder 10 to accommodate the heating requirements. However, since each of the flux sources (core and winding) has a limited range of variation of flux via their respective control rheostats 20a and 20b, the spacing of these flux sources along the length of the cylinder must be such that their axial separation along the cylinders length is no more than will permit the desired heat pattern to be obtained at the overall lateral surface of the cylinder. Otherwise a cool area might be obtained near, or at the center of, the length of the cylinder, in the event these flux sources were concentrated too near the ends of the cylinder, or cool areas at the ends of the cylinder, were these flux sources concentrated too near the center of the length of the cylinder.

While the invention has been explained and described with the aid of particular embodiments thereof, it will be understood that the invention is not limited thereby and that many modifications retaining and utilizing the spirit thereof without departing essentially therefrom will occur to those skilled in the art in applying the invention to specific operating environments and conditions. It is therefore contemplated by the appended claim to cover all such modifications as fall within the scope and spirit of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A single phase induction heater for a rotating metallic cylinder comprising a plurality of H-shaped, independent magnetic cores axially arranged therewithin with the poles of said cores adjacent the internal lateral surface of said cylinder, a single winding upon each said core, a common source of alternating current connected to each said winding for generating magnetic flux in the core thereof, and a separate rheostat in series with each said winding for controlling the flux of said winding independently of that of any other winding.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,273,423 2/1942 Somes 2l910.49 2,452,197 10/1948 Kennedy 21910.79 X 2,847,584 8/1958 Tudbury 219l0.79 X 3,187,150 6/1965 France 21910.6l X 3,200,230 8/1965 De La Bretoniere 219-1049 3,278,723 10/ 1966 Van Toorn 219-471 JOSEPH V. TRUHE, Primary Examiner L. H. BENDER, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2273423 *Jun 23, 1939Feb 17, 1942Budd Industion Heating IncElectrically heated roll
US2452197 *Mar 22, 1945Oct 26, 1948Ajax Electrothermic CorpInduction furnace for variable heat patterns
US2847584 *May 6, 1955Aug 12, 1958Int Standard Electric CorpRegulated power supply equipments
US3187150 *Sep 25, 1962Jun 1, 1965Tmm Research LtdHeating arrangements
US3200230 *Jan 7, 1963Aug 10, 1965American Enka CorpApparatus for the heating of travelling thread or tape-shaped products on a transport roller
US3278723 *Oct 25, 1963Oct 11, 1966B F Perkins & Sons IncElectrically heated roll
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5159166 *Jun 28, 1989Oct 27, 1992Rieter Machine Works, Ltd.Drawroll unit
US5362945 *Apr 24, 1992Nov 8, 1994Barmag AgGodet for heating an advancing yarn
US5421070 *Dec 3, 1993Jun 6, 1995Barmag AgGodet for guiding and heating an advancing yarn
US5665043 *Nov 9, 1995Sep 9, 1997Barmag AgGodet for heating and advancing yarns
US5970592 *Jun 16, 1997Oct 26, 1999Barmag AgGodet for heating a running synthetic thread
US6861627 *Mar 24, 2004Mar 1, 2005Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaInduction heat fixing device
US7161123Sep 20, 2004Jan 9, 2007Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaInduction heat fixing device
US20040188422 *Mar 24, 2004Sep 30, 2004Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaInduction heat fixing device
US20050040159 *Sep 20, 2004Feb 24, 2005Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaInduction heat fixing device
EP0349829A2 *Jun 20, 1989Jan 10, 1990Maschinenfabrik Rieter AgRoller with a large rotating speed range
U.S. Classification219/619, 219/670
International ClassificationH05B6/36, H05B6/40, H05B6/14
Cooperative ClassificationH05B6/145, H05B6/40
European ClassificationH05B6/40, H05B6/14R
Legal Events
Nov 28, 1980AS02Assignment of assignor's interest
Effective date: 19800714