US 350928 A
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No. 350,928. Patented Oct. 19, 1886.
UNTTBD STATES PATENT Ormes.
lTOHN GRAVES, OF BROOKLYN, NEW' YORK.
BPECFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 350,928, dated October 19,1886.
Application filed January Q5, 1886. Serial No. 189,577. (No model.)
To aZZ whom, t may concern:
Be it known that I, J OHN Gniivns, of Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented an Improvement in Mantels, of which the following is a specification.
Cast-iron has been employed for mantels and fire-places, and in some instances sheet metal has been employed, especially with gas-burning fire-places.
My present invention is made with reference to the use of sheet-metal mantels in imitation of marble or wood mantels and at a much less cost, and possessing greater durability, because they are not liable to crack or become injured in use or detached from the wall.
In the drawings, Figure lA is an elevation ofa mantel. Fig. 2 is a horizontal section at the line :c x, and Fig. 3 is a sectional view at the line y y.
The ornamentation of the mantel and its general shape and configuration do not form a necessary part of this invention, as the form and design will be varied to suit the taste; but the sheet metal is to be pressed up in dies by suitable powermsuch, for instance, as a hydraulic press-and panels, ribs, and beads or other ornaments are to be pressed into or upon the sheet metal, with the twofold purpose of ornamenting the surface and of stift'- ening the same, so as to cause the sheet metal to -retain the form that may be given to it by the dies. The pilaster portion uy ot' the mantel is stiffened by the metal being bent back` wardly to form the profile portion I, and the wall-plates c are bent with return-llanges,tl1at allow for fastening the wall -plates to the chimney. The wall-plates, the profile portions, and the pilasters at each side are all struck up out of one piece ot' sheet metal, so as to avoid joints and render the parts very strong and stiff. The inner border or jambs, Aare adapted to filling the space between the pilasters n` and the fireplace 1', and these jambs are preferably made in one with the pilaster portion a, and vthe returned flanges c allow for thejambs being firmly built in with mason-Work or plaster. In the vertical p0r tions of thejambs bars g are introduced, having lugs t, that project through holes in the sheet metal of thejambs, and upon which the pilasters extend upward and are made in one with the frieze or arch h, and in the middle ofthe frieze the sheet metal on one side will n set into the sheet metal on the other side and be bolted or riveted together, as seen in Fig. 3; or the metal may be united by doubleseamed bends. This construction allows the frieze to be spread more or` less to suit the width of mantel, and the ornamental centerpiece k is bolted on to cover the joint. There is a top flange, t, upon the frieze, bent backwardly to stiften the metal and form a rest for the shelf'. The shelfZ is made with a bentup or rolled front edge to stiften the same, and the back edge is bent either upwardly or downwardly to form a stiiiening-iange that is connected to the chimney-breast. Vhen turned. down,it passes behind the upper parts of the wall-plates c c.'
The summer-piece m lis made of sheet metal with ornamental ribs and eoves in it and with openings in the same for the purposes of ventilation, as usual in summer-pieces; but where the fire-place .is to be closed or to receive a stove-pipe the movable plate m will be made with the flanges as aforesaid, but without openings except such as are required for the stove-pipe.
The angles of the pilasters, especially the outer angles between the profile portions and I the pilasters, are liable to eoncussions from coal-sciittles and otherarticles. rlo stiffen and strengthen the same the edges are rounded and corrugated, as shown at b.
I claim as my invention l. The sheet-metal mantel having the pro file piece, pilaster, and wall-plates at each side in one piece of sheet metal stamped up to a shape in dies, and having stiffening ribs or coves, substantial] y as set forth. y
2. lhe sheet-metal mantel having panels, ribs, or coves pressed into the same, and the two halves setting into each other at the center o'f the frieze and attached together, and havi ug au ornament over the joint at such eentral portion, as set forth.
3. The mantel-front having at each side a pilaster, a, and a profile piece, b, in one piece of sheet metal, with corrugations b at the edges, substantially as set forth.
4. The sheet-metal mantel-front having the grate or summer-piece can be hooked. The i pilaster and frieze portionsin one and pressed up with stiffening ribs and coves, substantially 7. The sheetmetal mantel-shelf having a 1o as Seb forth. downwardly-rolled edge at'rthe front and a 5. The sheet-metal mantel-front having piflange ab the back, substantially as set forth.
lasters and frieze anda backwardly-bent flange Signed by me this 19th day of January, A. 5 at the top edge, in combination with the sheet- D. 1886.
metal mantel-shelf, substantially as set forth. JOHN GRAVES.
6. The sheet-metal mantel-front; having pi- NVitnesses:
laster and frieze and jamb in onepiece at each GEO. T. PINCKNEY,
side of the fire-place, substantially as set forth. WILLIAM G. MoTT.