|Publication number||US3512540 A|
|Publication date||May 19, 1970|
|Filing date||May 27, 1968|
|Priority date||May 27, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3512540 A, US 3512540A, US-A-3512540, US3512540 A, US3512540A|
|Inventors||Hughes Wayne L|
|Original Assignee||Hughes Wayne L|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (14), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
May19, 0 w. 1.. HUGHES 3,512,540
APPARATUS FOR, CLEANING SWIMMING POOLS Filed May 27, 1968 f -3 INVENTOR. WA rm? 1. flue/ems A TTORNEY United States Patent 01 fice 3,512,540 Patented May 19, 1970 3,512,540 APPARATUS FOR CLEANING SWIMMING POOLS Wayne L. Hughes, 468 Rocksville Road, RD. 1, Langhorne, Pa. 19047 Filed May 27, 1968, Ser. No. 732,466 Int. Cl. B0811 3/02, 9/08 US. Cl. 134-167 1 Claim ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A flexible hose, at least about three feet long, and preferably not exceeding about 50 feet, having a reaction nozzle at one end has been adapted for automatically cleaning a pool by stirring up dirt and sediment in a swimming pool, then passing the water through a filter and back into the pool. An antifriction type swivelled connection between said hose and said source greatly reduces the danger of kinking when the hose is free to rotate about the axis of such connection, said connection including either a ball or roller bearing.
BACKGROUND Swimming pools go back into antiquity. Half a century and more ago it was common practice to clean pools seldom more often than once a week, with the result that dirt and sediment collected on the bottom of the pool and was conspicuously visible when the pool was not in use. All the water was Withdrawn from the pool and the sides and bottom cleaned before the pool was refilled. Considerable time was consumed for both the cleaning and filling of the pool in addition to the time required for emptying the pool. All such time was often more than 24 and even 36 hours before the pool could be used again. No such period of inactivity is necessary with this invention.
Pansini 2,975,791 dated Mar. 21, 1961 for Automatic Swimming Pool Cleaner illustrates an apparatus that was cumbersome consisting of both rigid overhead piping and a flexible hose to stir the dirt and sediment n the bottom of a pool.
Ruston 3,217,886 dated Nov. 16, 1965 exemplifies more elaborate piping that is more diflicult to install and remove and is objectionably in the way of users if not removed during use. This also shows the common expedient of filtering some portion of the pool water.
Possibly the closest prior art may be Varian 3,074,078 using a single piece of flexible hose extending from a side wall of a pool and simulating a reptile while only incidentally stirring dirt before some of the water is pumped through a filter. The major portion of this hose is not adapted to be adjacent to the bottom of the pool and the problem of the hose kinking was not appreciated.
DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION The present invention has substantially reduced any tendency for the length of flexible hose at the bottom of a pool betweena source of incoming water and the reaction nozzle to become kinked as it is moved around the bottom of the pool under influence of said nozzle. Since many and probably most pools today have a filter system, this invention may be used for a few hours during a period of non-use of the pool. It has been discovered the variable path taken by the nozzle and hose at the bottom of the pool can be effective in stirring up dirt and sediment at the bottom to such an extent that the usual filter will remove much of that dirt and sediment without the necessity for the inflexible and bothersome overhead piping that has characterized previous efforts with this type of automatic cleaning of swimming pools. The reaction nozzle is preferably of the sort having a discharge orifice adjustable in size to conform to a particular pool and the pressure on the incoming water.
Referring to the single sheet of drawing:
FIG. 1 illustrates one embodiment of this invention for cleaning a swimming pool.
FIG. 2 exemplifies one type of swivelled connection between a source of water supply and a length of flexible hose.
The pool 10 shown as a cross section in FIG. 1 of a conventional form having side walls 11 and 12 and bottom 13 which is usually sloping to provide a deeper portion at one end than at the other. A source 14 of Water supply is connected to a length of flexible hose 15 provided with a reaction nozzle 16 at the discharge end whereby a jet action of said nozzle is able to move hose 15 around the bottom of the pool stirring much of any dirt and sediment into the water being drawn out of the pool through a usual outlet passageway 17 leading through a usual pump 20 and filter 21 before being returned to the pool.
Instead of an ordinary connection to a first source 14 of water supply, a preferred type of such connection is shown in FIG. 2 as comprising an antifriction connection 18 whereby the end of hose 15 opposite said nozzle 16 is free to rotate about the axis 37-37a of such connection with the flexible hose 15.
To enable the water from the filter 21 to be either returned to the pool or to be mixed with drinking water to make up for loss of water through evaporation and splash from the pool, it is passed from filter 21 and pump 20 through a shut-off valve 22 to valve 23. This valve is of the type shown enabling perhaps a major portion of the filtered water to pass from filter 21 into the pool 10 through passageway 32. The rest of the filtered water 'is passed into the jet type mixer 26 and mixed with drinking water usually under higher pressure from a pipe 30 through a check valve 29, pipe 24 and shut-off valve 25. Turning valve 23 in a clockwise direction about 45 cuts off all flow from the filter 21, thus duplicating the function of valve 22. Where all flow through the valve 23 is desired to be passed through hose 27, something rarely needed, a shut-off valve, not shown, may be located in the passageway 32. Inasmuch as the volume of drinking water is usually small in quantity compared to the volume of drinking water is usually small in quantity compared to the volume of filtered water, the jet type mixer 26 will usually have the drinking water jet in the center of the filtered water for mixing as shown. From mixer 26 the Water passes through a shut-off valve 28 to swivelled connection 40 similar to connection 18 in FIG. 2 and at tached to a second source 31 to which flexible hose 27 of considerable length is connected. The break in hose 27 merely indicates that it may lead a substantial distance across a lawn or other ground to some house having drinking water therein.
To avoid some unforeseen contingency in which the drinking water pressure may drop below the pressure of the filtered water in the mixer 26 with danger of the filtered water getting into the drinking water supply pipe and getting mixed with the drinking water, the check valve 29 is of a usual type to close promptly and prevent that contingency from happening by precluding the filtered water from passing that check valve.
Referring to FIG. 2 of the drawing some of the flexible hose portion 27 is free to lie adjacent the bottom of the pool and connect the first source of water supply 14 for the pool with second source 31. The metal end 14 is preferably threaded on its outer surface to hold the metal connection cover 18 in place for ball bearings 19 and 19a. rA compressible washer or gasket 33 is clamped in position between the end 14 and a radially inwardly extending flange 34 on connection cover 18. A metal radially outwardly extending flange 35 is secured to flexible hose portion 15 in any well known manner to allow swivelling. Thus anti-friction bearings are provided between metal ends 14 and 35 and their flanges. The flanges 34 and 36 for cover portion 18 for the ball bearings are provided with some known type means to prevent the water from having free access to the ball bearings from either the inside or outside of the hose portions, inasmuch as the water though filtered nevertheless is believed to con tain enough dirt and sediment to prevent the best operation of said bearings for their. intended use without such means. One such means contemplates a thin but heavy metal foil cylinder 38 being provided with a radially outwardly extending flange clamped between flange 34 and gasket 33 and extending axially to adjacent the metal end 35 on flexible hose 15 and having on its radially outer surface a small smooth pad of Teflon or nylon 39. The pressure of water within this cylinder 38 keeps water from getting into the bearings 19 and 19a. A somewhat similar pad 39a at the radially inner end of flange 36 functions to keep out water but allow free sliding of flange 36 longitudinally.
In event the connection between the first source 14 of water and flexible hose 15 may not allow rotation of hose 15 about the axis 37-37a of said connection as freely as desired, hose connection 27 should be capable of receiving and absorbing some torque between said first and second sources 14 and 31, the end of hose 27 secured to the second source 31 should also be similar to the antifriction hearings in FIG. 2. Thus two antifriction type bearings are provided to reduce the danger of kinks forming in a flexible hose anywhere. Should hose 15 not be able to swivel freely about the source 14, hose 27 should be capable of turning about the axis of the second source 31 when the connection 40 to such second source is of the general type shown in FIG. 2. One factor of diiference between these two connections may be due to the greater length of hose section 27 and the fact that its greater length results in greater friction between it and the ground opposing any torque in it. As long as hose section 15 is free to swivel about metal end 14, there should be no need for hose section 27 to swivel about said second source 31.
By closing valve 22 in the filter line, it is possible to feed only drinking water into the pool, something rarely needed. On closing valve 25 and opening valve 22 only the filtered water can be supplied to the pool. By keeping all three valves 22, 25 and 28 open, a mixture of both drinking and filtered water will be supplied to the pool.
What is claimed is:
1. A flexible hose line for cleaning a swimming pool having at one end of said hose line a reaction nozzle, a
swivelled connection about which said hose line may rotate, a source of water supply and a second hose line connected to said source and to said swivelled connection, and means for enhancing the antifriction and leakproof character of said swivelled connection, said means including at least two pairs of ball bearing raceways, and means securing said pairs of raceways together, said means including a radially outwardly extending flange secured to one hose line and located between said pairs of raceways, two radially inwardly extending flanges, longitudinally spaced and serving as clamping abutments for said raceways, one of said last mentioned flanges being longitudinally adjustable by being threaded to a cover enclosing said pairs of raceways, a foil cylinder radially within said pairs of raceways and having a clamped flange on an upstream end portion of said cylinder extending toward said hose line leading to said nozzle, and plastic packing material around a downstream end of said cylinder.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,074,078 1/ 1963 Varian 151.7 X 3,146,783 9/1964 Aultman 151.7 X 3,168,896 2/1965 Berg 15-1.7 X 3,392,738 7/1968 Pansini 15-l.7 X 2,812,960 11/1957 Walsh 28598 XR 3,032,044- 5/1962 Pansini l34168 XR 3,289,216 12/1966 Anthony et a1. 134-l 67 XR 3,372,948 3/ 1968 Arneson 28598 ROBERT L. BLEUTGE, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 28598, 276
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|U.S. Classification||134/167.00R, 285/98, 285/276|
|International Classification||E04H4/16, E04H4/00|