US 3514969 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 2, 1970 R. D. HARZA 3,514,969
FREEZING APPARATUS FOR GARBAGE DISPOSAL Filed 001.. 25, 1967 2 SheCeLS-Sheze(l 1 June 2, 1970 R. D. HARZA 3,514,969
FREEZING APPARATUS FOR GARBAGE DISPOSAL Filed 0G11. 25, 1967 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 United States Patent O FREEZING APPARATUS FOR GARBAGE DISPOSAL Richard D. Harza, 400 W. Madison St., Chicago, lll. 60606 Filed Oct. 23, 1967, Ser. No. 677,206 Int. Cl. B30b 15/34 U.S. Cl. 62-341 11 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A garbage disposal unit including means for moistening refuse received therein with a freezable substance, means for compressing the moistened refuse, and means for freeezing the moistened, compacted refuse into solid pellets.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The present invention relates genertlly to the disposal of refuse or garbage, and more particularly to the initial collection or disposition of garbage or refuse prior to its ultimate disposition.
Presently, when a housewife, etc., wants to deposit garbage, she does so in a garbage can or container located on the premises. Because the garbage is exposed to the atmosphere, in not too long a period after Ibeing placed in the can it begins t decay and becomes rancid. As the garbge decays an offensive odor is given off thereby and vermin tends to collect about the garbage and in turn causes the possible breeding of bacterial and the spread of disease. Furthermore, the garbage gathered in these cans or containers is most commonly removed by trucks into which loose or partially Wrapped garbage is placed. Often these trucks have an offensive odor, and as they travel from pick-up to pick-up sometimes lose particles of garbage on the public thoroughfares.
If the housewife is more fortunate she may have a garbage disposal of the type which grinds the garbage into small finely cut pieces and which then flushes these pieces into the drain pipe. This type of garbage disposal also has its drawbacks, namely, the fact that the disposal -Will not accommodate bones, stringy meat particles, plas- Accordingly, it is a general object of this invention to provide a method and apparatus for disposing of garbage which avoids the disadvantages of the prior art garbage collection of disposing methods and apparatus mentioned above.
It is a more specific object of this invention to provide a garbage disposal to be used in a home, restaurant, etc., that receives practically all forms of garbage `and renders it into a dense, stable and non-offensive condition.
It is still another object of this invention to provide garbage disposal apparatus in which garbage may be stored without giving off an offensive odor or becoming rancid, and after which may be easily transported to its .ultimate disposition.
It is yet another object of this invention to provide a method and apparatus for changing loose garbage into a compact, compressed, solid article which may be easily disposed of as land fill or through incineration, and from which usable materials may be reclaimed.
Briefly, a preferred embodiment of the garbage disposal unit according to the invention comprises a housing into which garbage is placed. Included in the housing are means for spraying the garbage with a freezable solution and further means for compressing the garbage into a 3,514,969 Patented June 2, 1970 lCC DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS A better understanding of the invention kand its organization and construction may be had by referring to the description below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, of which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a garbage disposal apparatus according to the invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of the apparatus of FIG. 1, taken along the line 2 2 thereof;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the garbage disposal unit of FIG. 2, taken along the line 3-3 thereof;
FIG. 4 is a portion of a side section view of an alternative embodiment of a garbage disposal unit according to the invention; and
FIG. 5 is a side section view of the apparatus of FIG. 4 showing the compressing means in its operated state.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION Referring now to the drawings more in detail, FIG. 1 thereof shows a garbage disposal unit 10 according to the invention. The unit comprises a housing portion 12 which includes a top wall 14 having a door therein, two sidewalls 20 and 24 and two endwalls 18 and 22. Attached to wall 24 is an additional portion 43` provided to enclose a motor hereinafter to be discolsed. Door 16 in top wall 14 is provided to receive in compartment 42 of unit 10 refuse and garbage of practically any kind, including food wastes, tin cans, metal bottle tops, paper boxes, glass, plastic, small metal objects, and the like, which is to be compressed and made into frozen pellets such as 28, shown in the lower portion 30 of unit 10. Outlet door 26 located in endwall 22 is provided so that the stored frozen garbage pellets 28 may be removed from the lower freezer section 30 of the unit when they are to be ultimately disposed of. A looped conveyor belt 32 which runs on rollers 34 in the freezer compartment 30 of the garbage disposal unit is provided to move the frozen garbage pellets 28 from a point in the freezer compartment adjacent the endwall 18 to the other endwall 22 near the outlet door 26 for removal therefrom.
FIG. Z of the drawings, as mentioned above, is a sectional view of the unit 10 of FIG. 1 taken along the line 2 2 thereof. As can be seen in FIG. 2, the door 16 into which garbage is placed in the unit 10 is closed and the compression mechanism 35, here shown as a telescoping, hydraulic cylinder unit, is in solid lines in a retracted position and in dotted lines in its extended position; i.e., in a position for compressing the garbage into a densely compacted pellet. A freezer plate 38- located along end wall 18, and against which the compressed garbage 28 is packed, with extension 60, surrounds the garbage on three sides thereof, as shown in FIG. 3 of the drawings. The plate 38 is used to freeze the garbage into a compact solid pellet. Prior to the freezing and immediately after the garbage has been placed into the unit through door 16, sprayers 39, which are embedded 42 of the unit through drain 44 thereof to a nearby sewer, or the like. Plate 40 attached to the compressing mechanism 35 preferably, but not necessarily, includes refrigeration means so that the compressed moistened garbage may be frozen more quickly and thoroughly.
After the freezing of the garbage is accomplished, the refrigeration plates are warmed briefly at a high temperature partially to melt the surface of the frozen pellet so that the frozen pellet will be released therefrom to drop into freezer compartment 30 in the lower portion of unit 10. The warming of the freezer plates 38 and 40 may be provided by heating coils embedded therein, or in some other suitable manner. The dropping of the frozen garbage pellet into the freezer compartment is accomplished by means of a trap door 48 (shown closed in solid lines and open in dotted lines), connected by a hinge member 49 to divider wall 36, shown in FIG. 2. The door, as can be seen therein, is hydraulically operated by means of a hydraulic cylinder unit 50. It may, however, be operated in some other suitable manner. When the door 48 is opened, the pellet 28 descends into the compartment 30 of the unit, tripping a switch 52 located along the inside of endwall 18 of the unit, which in turn closes to operate motor 54 located in the enclosure 43 attached to sidewall 24 to in turn cause conveyor 32 to move toward the outlet door 26 thereof. After the tripping of switch 52 by the descending pellet, conveyor 32 moves for a xed period of time, sufficiently long to move a frozen garbage pellet from beneath the door 48 to a point in front of door 26.
As more garbage is placed into the unit and wetted, compressed and frozen, a number of pellets become lined up along belt 32 of freezer compartment 30 of the unit. Periodically, or when compartment 30 is filled, the pellets are removed therefrom and disposed of. This is accomplished, as explained briefly above, by means of door 26 which when opened, as shown in FIG. 2, allows for the removal of the pellets. The pellets may be tilted and then slid along the inner surface 27 of the door 26. From there they may be placed by means of conventional ice tongs, or similar device, into a refrigerated truck and carried away. This eliminates the need for a conventional type garbage truck which more often than not includes costly apparatus for compressing the garbage into a smaller, denser mass. By eliminating the conventional type garbage truck, the odor and vermin breeding disadvantages mentioned above are also eliminated.
In a preferred embodiment of the garbage disposal unit according to the invention, the dimensions of the pellets are approximately twelve inches by twelve inches by two inches. These dimensions, it has been found, provide for adequate freezing of the moistened garbage. If the pellets are wider than two inches, a problem of freezing them rapidly may arise.
Referring now to FIG. 3 of the drawings, the motor 54, located in enclosure 43 and rwhich is activated for a predetermined length of time by means of switch 52, can be seen attached to one of the rollers 34 which carries the conveyor belt 32, by means of an axle 58. The motor 54 is provided with a slip clutch 62 so that, if a frozen block or pellet 28 is adjacent door 26 of the unit and the belt 32 continues to be propelled, no damage will come to the motor 54 because of the additional forces applied thereagainst. As mentioned previously, freezer plate 38 is preferably U-shaped to wrap about the sides of pellets 28 so that rapid, adequate freezing thereof can be accomplished. The extensions 60 of freezer plate 38, as can be seen, are positioned to make contact with movable plate 40 which also preferably comprises refrigeration coils. Thus, when the two plates are in contact with each other, the entire pellet except for the top and bottom thereof is surrounded by a freezing unit. It should be noted that the walls 18, 20, 22, 24 of the unit, as well as wall 36 which divides compartment 42 and compartment 30, are all adequately insulated, much as in a conventional freezer chest.
In order to enhance the understanding of the invention, an alternative embodiment thereof is set forth in FIG. 4 of the drawings. In this alternative form of the invention, like numerals have been used to designate like parts with the SuX letter a being employed to relate the elements associated with FIGS. 4 and 5 of the drawings to those of FIGS. 1 through 3 thereof. Because itis the compressing mechanism 35a of the garbage disposal unit 10a which has been modified, only this portion of the unit has been shown in FIGS. 4 and 5.
As can be seen in FIG. 4, the top wall 14a of the unit 10a also includes a door 16a through which garbage 37 is placed into compartment 42a thereof. Spray nozzles 39aare likewise implanted in the inside sidewall 24a thereof, and freezer plate or panel 38a is provided adjacent the endwall 18a thereof. It likewise is seen that a hydraulic cylinder 35a is provided to open trap door 48a to allow the frozen pellets 28a, shown in FIG. 5 of the drawings, to descend from compartment 42a' into the freezer compartment below (not shown) The mechanism 35a shown in this embodiment of the invention comprises, like the compressing mechanism 35 of the previously described embodiment, a movable plate 40a for cornpressing the refuse placed into compartment 42a of the unit. The plate as shown here includes freezin-g coils 53 to aid the freezer plate 38a in the freezing of the moistened garbage pellets (not shown).
The compressing mechanism 35a in this version of the invention includes a substantially cylindrically shaped bellows-like inflatable bag member 55 shown in its normal, collapsed position in FIG. 4 of the drawings. Around the bellows section 55 of the mechanism 35a are located spring members 57 and cylindrical tube members 56 which, as shown in FIG. 5 of the drawings, are telescopically elongated upon the inflation of bellows 55. These tube members provide a rigid structure to stabilize and guide the bag member as it is inflated, and springs 57 aid in restoring the bag member 55 to its original, noninflated position. The bag is inflated by a pressure mechanism 58 shown attached thereto. Initially, the bag is filled with water from the municipal water supply through pipe 65 and valve 66 using only the pressure applied by the normal flow of water therefrom. In order that the refuse be compacted very tightly, an additional pumping circuit 63 is provided to apply to the bellows 55 a water pressure of pounds per square inch, which is adequate to cause plate 40a of the unit to press firmly against the refuse in order that it may be compressed into a compact state. When the Water is diverted through pumping station 63, valve 66 is closed and the water passes through pipe 67. After the moistening and compressing of the refuse by means of mechanism 35a, the refrigeration plates 38a and 40a are operated to freeze the moistened, compacted refuse into a frozen pellet, after which the pellets are dropped to the freezer compartment (not shown) and stored just as in the -garbage disposal unit of FIGS. l through 3 of the drawings.
Looking more closely now at FIG. 5 of the drawings, it can be seen that the bellows or inflatable member 55, as well as springs 57, are completely outstretched and the side telescoping cylinders 56 are in an elongated state. After the pellet is dropped to the freezer compartment the liquid is withdrawn from bellows 55 through pipe 68 by means of suction pump 69 or by natural drainage and may be stored for recirculation into the bellows Iat a later time.
The steps of the method of disposing of garbage and the sequence of operation of the respective means included in the garbage disposal unit according to the invention to carry out this method are very important and should for best results be as follows: First, the raw garbage must be placed into compartment 42 of the unit, after which the spray nozzles 39 are turned on to moisten or spray the garbage or refuse placed therein withK a freezable substance. Next, the moistened garbage is compressed and at the same time the excess water used to moisten the garbage is removed therefrom through a drain located in divider wall 36 of the unit. Once the wetted garbage has been compressed sufficiently, the U- shaped refrigerator plate 38 and movable refrigerator plate 40 are chilled to freeze the garbage into a solid state, after which the plates are heated briefly to loosen the pellet therefrom. The pellet is then dropped or removed from the first compartment and stored in the refrigerated compartment below.
Thus, the method and the disposal unit, according to the invention provide for the clean odorless, germ-free collection, storage and disposal of various types of lgarbage in a home, restaurant, apartment house, etc. Furthermore, because the refuse is in a frozen state, it is easy to transport to its ultimate place of disposition, and this in turn eliminates the necessity of expensive, noisy disease-bearing garbage trucks of the type now in use. Furthermore, smaller, less expensive trucks can be used, since the garbage is greatly compacted; i.e., to about one-tenth original volume, and since grinding or shredding in some sort of compacting mechanism can be omitted from the trucks. (Conversely, larger trucks can carry heavier and more efficient loads.)
While no means are shown, it is contemplated that a preferred embodiment of the garbage disposal unit according to the invention will incorporate cycling apparatus to automatically cause the various steps of the disposal operation to take place, much as in the case of the cycling apparatus of a dish washer, washing machine, or the like.
It will be obvious to those skilled in the art that changes and modifications may be made Without departing from this invention in its broadest aspects and therefore the aim of the appended claims is to cover all such changes and modifications as come within the true spirit and scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. A garbage disposal unit comprising; a housing, means feeding nominally heterogeneous and at least partly dry refuse therein, means for moistening said refuse with water, means including a ram and a backup means in said housing for compressing said moistened refuse into a compacted structure, and means in said housing for freezing said compacted refuse into a solid block.
2. A garbage disposal unit as claimed in claim 1 wherein said housing further includes therein a separate freezer compartment for storing frozen refuse blocks.
3. A garbage disposal unit as claimed in claim 1 Wherein said -means for moistening said refuse includes a plurality of outlets located within said housing for spraying water on said refuse.
4. A garbage disposal unit comprising; a housing for receiving refuse therein, means in said housing for moistening said refuse with a freezable substance, means in said housing for compressing said moistened refuse into a compacted structure, and means in said housing for freezing said compacted refuse into a solid block, said housing including a first enclosed compartment for receiving said refuse, said compartment including a pair of end Walls and a pair of adjoining sidewalls, and wherein said moistening means includes a plurality of water spray nozzles located at at least one sidewall of said compartment wherein said freezing means includes a substantially U-shaped freezer plate adjacent a first one of said endwalls with the legs of said U extending along respective sidewalls of said compartment, and wherein said compressing means includes a plate member, and means for moving said plate member within said compartment from a point adjacent a second endwall to a point adjacent the ends of the legs of the U-shaped freezer means, so that upon the compressing of said moistened garbage by said movable plate member against said U-shaped freezer plate, said compacted refuse is surrounded at least on three sides thereof by said freezing means thereby to freeze said moistened refuse into a solid structure.
5. A garbage disposal unit as claimed in claim 4 wherein said movable plate member includes freezing means for a-ssisting said IU-shaped freezer panel in the freezing of said moistened, compacted refuse.
6. A garbage disposal unit as claimed in claim 4 wherein said housing means further includes a second compartment located beneath said first compartment for storing frozen refuse therein and wherein said first compartment includes a base wall having a door therein for transferring newly frozen refuse into said second freezer compartment.
7. A garbage disposal unit as claimed in claim 6 wherein said freezer plate further includes heating means for warming said freezer plate subsequent to the freezing of said compacted refuse, thereby to allow said newly frozen refuse to be separated from said plate prior to being transferred to said second freezer compartment.
8. A garbage disposal unit comprising: a housing having a first compartment for receiving refuse and a second compartment including refrigeration means, said first compartment being located directly above said second compartment, said first compartment including a pair of endwalls, a pair of sidewalls, a basewall and a topwall, door means located in the basewall of said 4first compartment interconnecting -said first and second compartments, water spray means in at least one of the sidewalls of said first compartment for moistening the refuse received therein, a freezer panel adjacent one endwall of said first compartment, a plate member located within said first compartment normally adjacent said other endwall, and means for moving said plate member from said normal position adjacent said other endwall to a position adjacent said freezer panel for compressing said refuse thereagainst subsequent to the moistening thereof, said freezer panel freezing said moistened refuse into a frozen pellet-shaped structure, said pellet being transferred gravitationally to said second compartment from said first compartment upon the opening of said interconnecting door means, for the storage thereof in said second compartment.
9. A garbage disposal unit as claimed in claim 8 wherein said means for moving said plate member includes an elongated inflatable bag member connected to said plate member and located between said plate member and said other endwall, said bag memberpupon the iniiation thereof causing said plate member to move within said housing toward said freezer panel thereby to compress the refuse deposited in said first compartment thereagainst.
10. A garbage disposal unit as claimed in claim 9 wherein said bag member further includes, connected thereto, intiating means comprising an inlet including a pump for inflating said bag to a pressure of one hundred pounds per square inch.
11. A garbage disposal unit as set forth in claim 1 and further including means in said housing for separating a frozen refuse block from said housing.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,881,171 10/1932 Cooley 62--322 X 2,798,814 7/ 1957 Rivoche 99-195 X 3,320,768 5/ 1967 Barrett 62--341 X 3,383,228 5/1968 Rekate et al 106-84 WILLIAM E. WAYNER, Primary Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R.