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Publication numberUS3518098 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 30, 1970
Filing dateJun 23, 1964
Priority dateJun 25, 1963
Also published asDE1519159A1
Publication numberUS 3518098 A, US 3518098A, US-A-3518098, US3518098 A, US3518098A
InventorsCox Bernard Carlton, Ford Ian Alastair Moncrieff, Thornton James Coward
Original AssigneeGoddard & Sons Ltd J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Metal protecting preparations
US 3518098 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 3,518,098 lVIETAL PROTECTING PREPARATIONS Ian Alastair Moncrietf Ford, West Hagley, Bernard Carlton Cox, Oadby, and James Coward Thornton, Mountsorrel, England, assignors to J. Goddard & Sons Limited, Leicester, England No Drawing. Filed June 23, 1964, Ser. No. 377,391 Claims priority, application Great Britain, June 25, 1963, 25,235/63 Int. Cl. C09g 1/02 U.S. Cl. 1063 13 Claims This invention is for improvements in or relating. to metal protecting preparations and is concerned more particularly with a metal treating preparation which incorporates a medium by which a cleaned metal surface is protected so as to retain its cleaned state for a prolonged period. The invention is particularly concerned with preparations for cleaning metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel, and has for one of its objects to provide an effective preparation which is capable of being prepared in a simple manner and incorporates relatively inexpensive ingredients.

A preparation for polishing silver has already been proposed which comprises a mild abrasive and an antitarnish agent, with the latter constituted by a mercaptan consisting of a straight chain alkyl primary thiol containing 12 to 20 carbon atoms. Such a preparation when used for cleaning and polishing silver causes an invisible protective coating to be formed on the cleaned metal surface which confers substantial protection against tarnishing as long as .the coating remains intact reducing the frequency with which the silver requires to be cleaned. The anti-tarnishing component of the previously proposed preparation is in some respects lacking in desirable properties and the invention seeks to produce a metal treating preparation which employs as its protective ingredient a medium which besides being economical in cost offers the advantages of low toxicity, great stability resulting in a durable protection for the metal, and having a less objectionable odor than the mercaptan of the previous proposal.

In accordance with the invention in one form there is provided a cleaning or polishing preparation for metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel, comprising a cleaning or polishing medium in admixture with a protective medium consisting of an ester of a mercapto carboxylic acid. It is found that such a preparation is very effective in use and relatively economical to pro duce besides offering other advantages referred to herein.

The protective medium may be admixed with a cleaning medium consisting of a physically acting abrasive or one consisting of or comprising a chemically reactive tarnish remover. The cleaning or polishing preparation may take the form of a liquid preparation adapted for application in the manner of a metal polish or a complex forming detarnishing solution or it may be in the form of a paste or cream. Further if desired the cleaning or polishing preparation may be provided in the form of a powder or a semi-solid block suitable for application to a bufling wheel, or it may be impregnated into fiber, fabric or braid normally used for cleaning or polishing operations being held therein either as a powder or as a semi-solid.

The invention also comprises a metal treating preparation for acting on metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel comprising a surface treating medium in admixture with a protective medium consisting of an ester of a mercapto carboxylic acid. Such metal treating preparation may consist of a pickling, detarnishing, brightening, de-scaling or etching bath. Thus by the incorporation of the protective medium any such bath may be caused to have tarnish inhibiting properties.

Patented June 30, 1970 The invention further comprises a metal treating liquid protective preparation suitable for addition to a treatment bath for acting on surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel to impart tarnish inhibiting properties, such preparation consisting of a solution in an organic solvent of an ester of a mercapto carboxylic acid.

In practising the invention the substance used to form the protective medium may be any ester of a mercapto carboxylic acid within an appropriate range of such esters. The general formula for such an ester is where R is a group derived from an alcohol of the general form C H OH (aliphatic alcohol) or one derived from an aromatic phenol or aromatic alcohol or from a glycol. The most effective ones of the compounds in which R is derived from an aliphatic alcohol are those having from 8 to 22 carbon atoms in the group R. One such compound found to be particularly useful is stearyl thioglycollate.

Particular examples illustrating how the invention can be carried into effect will now be given, the proportions of the constituents indicated being reckoned by weight.

EXAMPLE 1 A liquid polishing preparation suitable for use on surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel contains the following substances in admixture:

Polishing powder Percent for example diatomaceous earth 20 Ethyl alcohol 20 Stearyl thioglycollate 2.5 Phosphoric acid (as stabiliser) approx. 0.2

Water up to In preparing the preparation according to this example the stearyl thioglycollate is melted and heated to a temperature of approximately 100 C. and is then added to the alcohol. Sufficient of the polishing powder is then added with vigorous stirring until a fairly viscous mixture is obtained. Continuous stirring with a high shear action some water is added and then alternate additions of pol ishing powder and water are made until the mixture is complete. The resultant mixture has a dispersion of thiogly-collate on the surface of the polishing powder which is in turn homogeneously dispersed in the aqueous alcoholic liquid. The phosphoric acid is then stirred homogeneously into the mixture which is thereupon ready for bottling. Advantageously, to improve the stability of the suspension, bentonite may be incorporated in the proportion of about 2 to 4% by Weight. The bentonite may be incorporated by forming it to a gel with part of the water. This gel may be added to the viscous mixture aforesaid before the addition of water thereto.

Acids other than phosphoric acid (for example acetic acid or hydrochloric acid) may be used in place of phosphoric acid to form a stabiliser, although phosphoric acid is preferred for this purpose. The stabilising effect is employed to prolong the shelf life of the liquid product.

EXAMPLE 2 A polishing paste for metal surfaces as aforesaid is made up as follows:

Percent Polishing powder 20 Detergent paste 40 Stearyl mercapto-propionate 2.5 Phosphoric acid (as stabiliser) approx. 0.2

Water up to 100%.

In preparing the paste the mercapto-propionate is first warmed with an equal weight of detergent paste and the resulting liquid is added to the dry ingredients whilst being stirred. The formation of the stiff paste ensures homogenising of the final product. Afterwards the liquid content is added slowly whilst the mixture is stirred.

EXAMPLE 3 An emulsion polish for metal surfaces as aforesaid is made up from the following ingredients:

The emulsion polish is prepared substantially as in the Example 1 above.

EXAMPLE 4 A solvent based paste polish (as opposed to a water based paste polish such as in Example 2) is made up from the following ingredients:

Percent Stearyl thioglycollate 3 Diatomaceous earth 15 Alcohol 4 Hydrocarbon solvent 66 Gelling agent 12 The stearyl thioglycollate is dissolved in the hydrocarbon solvent together with the gelling agent and thoroughly mixed. The alcohol is then added and homogeneousl mixed. Finally the diatomaceous earth is stirred into the mixture.

EXAMPLE 5 A cleaning and polishing powder for use on metal surfaces as aforesaid comprises the following:

Grams Polishing powder e.g. kieselguhr, aluminum oxide '98 Stearyl thioglycollate 62 These constituents are thoroughly blended by grinding. The resulting preparation may be used as such or may be incorporated into a suitable polishing cloth or braid etc.

EXAMPLE 6 A liquid protective preparation which may be added in a small proportion to a pickling, detarnishing, brightening, de-scaling or etching bath for acting on surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel, to impart tarnish inhibiting properties is formed by dissolving stearyl thioglycollate in isopropyl alcohol in the proportion of 2.5% by weight.

EXAMPLE 7 An emulsion type dipping solution being a protective preparation suitable for treating metal surfaces as above mentioned by immersion therein or for adding in a small proportion to various kinds of baths as in Example 6 is made up of the following constituents:

Parts Stearyl thioglycollate 3 Ethoxylated fatty alcohol (fatty alcohol/ethylene oxide condensate) 3 Phosphoric acid 0.2

Water 94 EXAMPLE 8 A dipping solution of organic solvent type suitable for use in similar manner to Examples 6 and 7 is prepared by dissolving stearyl thioglycollate in a hydrocarbon solvent in the proportion of 2% thioglycollate to 98% solvent.

4 EXAMPLE 9 A solid polishing composition suitable for mechanical application comprises the following:

Parts Higher fatty acid (e.g. stearic acid) 19 Microcrystalline wax 8 Triethanolarnine l Polishing powder, e.g. tripoli powder 8O Lauryl thioglycollate 12 What we claim is:

1. In a cleaning, polishing or coating composition for protecting metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel, the improvement which comprises the addition of an ester of a mercapto carboxylic acid of the formula HSC H COOR wherein n is 1 or 2 and R is C H wherein n is 8 to 22, in an amount sufficient to protect the metal surface against tarnishing.

2. In a cleaning, polishing or coating composition for protecting metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel and which contains an abrasive, the improvement which comprises the addition of an ester of a mercapto carboxylic acid of the formula HSC H -COO-R wherein n is l or 2 and R is C H wherein n is 8 to 22, in an amount sufficient to protect the metal surface against tarnishing.

3. In a cleaning, polishing or coating composition for protecting metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel and which contains a tarnish remover, the improvement which comprises the addition of an ester of a mercapto carboxylic acid of the formula wherein n is 1 or 2 and R is C H wherein n is 8 to 22, in an amount sufficient to protect the metal surface against tarnishing.

4. In a cleaning, polishing or coating composition for protecting metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel and which contains a pickling, detarnishing, brightening, descaling or etching agent, the improvement which. comprises the addition of an ester of a mercapto carboxylic acid of the formula HSC H -C-OOR wherein n is 1 or 2 and R is C H wherein n is 8 to 22, in an amount sufficient to protect the metal surface against tarnishing.

5. In a cleaning, polishing or coating composition for protecting metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel in cream form, the improvement which comprises the addition of an ester of a mercapto carboxylic acid of the formula HSC H C-OOR wherein n is 1 or 2 and R is C H wherein n is 8 to 22, in an amount sufiicient to protect the metal surface against tarnishing.

6. In a cleaning, polishing or coating composition for protecting metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel in powder form, the improvement which comprises the addition of an ester of a mercapto carboxylic acid of the formula HSC H COO-R wherein n is 1 or 2 and R is C H wherein n is 8 to 22, in an amount sufiicient to protect the metal surface against tarnishing.

7. In a cleaning, polishing or coating composition for protecting metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel in liquid form, the improvement which comprises the addition of an ester of a mercapto carboxylic acid of the formula HSC H COOR wherein n is 1 or 2 and R is C H wherein n is 8 to 22, in an amount sufficient to protect the metal surface against tarnishing.

8. In a cleaning, polishing or coating composition for protecting metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel in paste form, the improvement which comprises the addition of an ester of a mercapto carboxylic acid of the formula HSC H -COOR wherein n is 1 or 2 and R is C H wherein n is 8 to 22, in an amount sufficient to protect the metal surface against tarnishing.

9. In a cleaning, polishing or coating composition for protecting metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel in semi-solid block form, the improvement which comprises the addition of an ester of a mercapto carboxylic acid of the formula HSC H COOR wherein n is 1 or 2 and R is C H wherein n is 8 to 22, in an amount sufiicient to protect the metal surface against tarnishing.

10. In a cleaning, polishing or coating composition for protecting metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel, the improvement which comprises the addition of stearyl thioglycollate in an amount suflicient to protect the metal surface against tarnishing.

11. In a cleaning, polishing or coating composition for protecting metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel, the improvement which comprises the addition of stearyl mercapto propionate in an amount suificient to protect the metal surface against tarnishing.

12. In a cleaning, polishing or coating composition for protecting metal surfaces containing silver, copper or nickel, the improvement which comprises the addition of lauryl thioglycollate in an amount suflicient to protect the metal surface against tarnishing.

13. In a cleaning, polishing or coating composition for treating silver surfaces, the improvement which consists in the inclusion of a proportion of the octadecyl ester of a thiocarboxylic acid having the formula:

HSC H COOH wherein n is 1 or 2, sufficient to inhibit tarnishing of the silver.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,841,501 7/1958 Murphy 106-3 XR 2,947,599 8/1960 Ennis. 3,248,235 4/1966 Pryor 1063 JULIUS FROME, Primary Examiner L. B. HAYES, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2841501 *Apr 17, 1957Jul 1, 1958Murphy James GSilver polish
US2947599 *Jul 5, 1955Aug 2, 1960Little Inc ACorrosion inhibitors
US3248235 *Sep 28, 1961Apr 26, 1966Minnesota Mining & MfgAnti-tarnish composition for coppercontaining surfaces
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4305779 *May 28, 1980Dec 15, 1981The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of EnergyMethod of polishing nickel-base alloys and stainless steels
US4459158 *Sep 29, 1982Jul 10, 1984Phillips Petroleum CompanyThioalkanoic acid derivatives
US4640713 *Nov 19, 1984Feb 3, 1987S. C. Johnson & Son, Inc.Potassium iodide, phosphoric acid; silver, brass and copper polish
US5487792 *Jun 13, 1994Jan 30, 1996Midwest Research InstituteMolecular assemblies as protective barriers and adhesion promotion interlayer
US6361872May 14, 1999Mar 26, 2002Metal Coatings International Inc.Metal surface treatment agents, methods of treating metal surfaces and pre-coated steel substrates
Classifications
U.S. Classification106/3, 106/14.13, 148/271, 106/8, 252/395
International ClassificationC23G1/02, C09G1/00, C11D3/34, C23F11/16, C23F11/10, C09G1/02, C23G1/10
Cooperative ClassificationC23F11/161, C11D3/3427, C09G1/02, C23G1/10, C11D3/3472
European ClassificationC23G1/10, C23F11/16B, C11D3/34H, C09G1/02
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jun 2, 1986AS06Security interest
Owner name: FIRST WISCONSIN FINANCAL CORPORATION, 622 NORTH CA
Owner name: MERTZ EINHORN INVESTORS-I, INC.
Effective date: 19860219
Jun 2, 1986ASAssignment
Owner name: FIRST WISCONSIN FINANCAL CORPORATION, 622 NORTH CA
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MERTZ EINHORN INVESTORS-I, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004565/0689
Effective date: 19860219