|Publication number||US3522701 A|
|Publication date||Aug 4, 1970|
|Filing date||May 22, 1969|
|Priority date||May 22, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3522701 A, US 3522701A, US-A-3522701, US3522701 A, US3522701A|
|Inventors||Perry Wesley G|
|Original Assignee||Damon Eng Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (6), Referenced by (9), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
g- 4, 19.70 I w. G. PERRY 3,522,701
AUDIBLE TIMING nnvxcn Filed May 22, 1969 as as FIG. 3 FIG. 4
INVENTOR. WESLEY G. PERRY ATTORNEYS United States Patent Oifice 3,522,701 Patented Aug. 4, 1970 vs. Cl. 58-130 13 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An audible timer including a relatively fiat, enclosed box-like cam having a plurality of internal corners and mounted for rotation in a substantially vertical plane. A ball is contained and is movable freely within the cam so that it will gravitate to the lowermost internal corner. As the box is rotated continually the corners are rotated in succession to the lowermost position, the ball gravitates progressively to the succeeding corners as they are rotated to the lowermost position. An audible click is produced when the ball engages a corner so that continued rotation of the cam results in the generation of a series of audible clicks in a pattern determined by the distance between successive corners and the rotational speed of the cam.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION My invention is directed to an audible timing device for producing a series of repetitive audible clicks in a predetermined, rythmic pattern. It is intended for use as a metronome or as a classroom aid but is adaptable readily to any other environment in which a repetitive audible timing signal is desired. My invention may be incorporated in a number of specific embodiments, some of which are described below, which are relatively simple and inexpensive to construct. Thus, it is among the objects of my invention to provide an audible timer which is highly accurate yet is of simple, inexpensive construction.
In brief, my timer produces a series of repetitive, audible clicks by repeatedly elevating a striker ball and then permitting it to roll downwardly along a predetermined path into striking engagement with a plate or other member to produce the audible click. More specifically, one of the embodiments of my invention includes a relatively thin box-like cam mounted for rotation in a substantially vertical plane. The box is enclosed by a sidewall that extends continuously about and defines its perimeter, the sidewall being formed from a plurality of substantially straight sidewall segments which are connected in end to end series and at an angle with respect to each other to form an internal corner at the juncture of adjacent sidewall segments. A ball which acts as a striker, is contained within the box and tends to gravitate to that corner of the box which is in the lowermost position. By rotating the box, successive corners progressively are presented to the lowermost position and the ball will roll to the succeeding corner as soon as that corner is rotated to the lowermost position. When the ball engages the corner an audible click is produced.
The repetition rate of the clicks may be varied either by varying the speed at which the box is rotated or by substituting another box having different internal dimensions between the corners. It will be appreciated further that the box may be constructed so that the path of travel between successive corners varies in such a manner so as to produce a repetitive series of irregular but predetermined audible noises or clicks.
Another aspect of my invention is directed to an arrangement by which the frequency of the audible clicks may be varied by providing some of the internal corners of the box with felt pads or the like so that when the striker ball rolls to a padded corner there will be no audible click, the click being produced only at the unpadded corners.
Other objects and advantages of my invention will be apparent from the foregoing description with reference to the accompanying drawings wherein:
FIG. 1 is a side elevation of one embodiment of my timer;
FIG. 2 is a front view of the device as seen from the line 2-2 of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a substantially diagrammatical view of the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrating the position of the rotating box as the striker ball begins to roll downwardly toward the newly presented lowermost corner;
FIG. 4 is a diagrammatical illustration similar to that of FIG. 3 illustrating the position of the rotated box and striker ball just before the striker ball engages the lowermost corner of the box;
FIG. 5 is an illustration similar to that of FIG. 2 illustrating the use of soft pads in selected corners of the box so that the audible click will be produced only at the unpadded corners of the box;
FIG. 6 is a somewhat diagrammatical view of a triangular timing box; and
FIG. 7 shows an alternative embodiment of my invention wherein the striker ball is movable in an endless tube.
FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate one embodiment of my invention which includes a stand 10 having an upstanding support member 12 that is somewhat inclined from the vertical for a purpose later described. For ease of explanation the support member 12 will be considered presently as extending in a substantially vertical direction. A synchronous motor 14 and a gear reduction box 16 are mounted to the rearward side of the support member 12. The gear reduction box 16 has an output shaft 18 which extends forwardly through the support member 12. The output shaft 18 is received within a hole formed in the hub 20 which is secured, in turn, to a cam 22. The output shaft 18 is preferably splined or provided with a fiat (not shown) to preclude relative rotation between the hub 20 and cam 22, the hole in the hub 20 being shaped to receive the shaft 18.
The cam 22, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, is of a boX- like construction having spaced front and rear walls 24 and 26. A number of sidewall segments 28, 30, 32 and 34 are secured to the front and rear walls 24, 26 and to each other to define a continuing endless sidewall which encloses interior of the cam 22. The interior width of the cam, between the front and rear walls 24 and 26, is relatively small as compared to the other dimensions of the cam 22. A striker 36, which, in the illustrative embodiment of my invention is shown as a ball, is contained within the box and is movable freely therein. The diameter of the ball 36 is less than the space between the front and rear walls 24, 26 to permit freedom of movement of the sphere 36 within the cam 22.
The sidewall segments 28, 30, 32 and 34 are located end to end and in series about the hub 20 so that each juncture between adjacent sidewalls defines the corners or interior cam lobes 29, 31, 33 and 35. Although the illustrative embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 discloses a substantially square cam having right angle interior corners, other geometrical shapes may be used as will be later described.
In the following description of my timing device it will be appreciated that each of the sidewall segments 28, 30, 32 and 34 may be considered as cooperating with the front and rear walls 24 and 26 to define a channel run for guiding the striker 36 as it rolls from corner to corner. For example, the sidewall 30, front wall 24 and rear wall 26 define a channel run which runs between the cornered cam lobes 29 and 31.
The operation of my timer is illustrated, somewhat diagrammatically in FIGS. 3 and 4. In operation, the cam 22 is rotated at a predetermined, constant speed by the synchronous motor 14 and its associated gearings 16. It will be appreciated further that at any given time one of the internal cam lobes 29, 31, 33 or 35 will be in a position that is lower than any of the other lobes. As the cam 22 is continually rotated the next succeeding lobe will be rotated to this lowermost position. For example, assuming the lobe 29 to be at the lowermost position (see FIGS. 1 and 2), continued clockwise rotation of the cam 22 will cause the lobe 29 to rise and the lobe 31 to descend. The lobe 29 remains in the lowermost position until the cam 22 is rotated to the position shown in FIG. 3 at which time the lobe 31 is disposed lower than any of the other lobes. Similarly the lobe 31 will be in the lowermost position until the cam 22 has been rotated to bring the lobe 33 to the lowermost position. Inasmuch as the striker 36 is permitted freedom of movement within the cam it will be biased constantly by gravity and will seek the lowermost possible position within the cam 22, i.e. the lowermost corner lobe. It will be understood that the speed of rotation is selected to be low enough to prevent centrifugal force from interfering with the gravitation of the striker. Thus as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 the striker 36 will rest within the corner lobe 29 until the cam 22 has been rotated to the position shown in FIG. 3 where the lobe 31 is in the lowermost position and the ball 36 begins to roll toward the lobe 31 within the channel defined by the sidewall 30 and front and rear walls 24, 26. FIG. 4 shows the relative positions of the striker 36 and cam 22 just before the striker engages the corner 31 with a. force sufficient to produce the aforementioned audible click.
As used in the description and the appended claims the term lowermost is intended to describe that lobe which is lower than any of the other lobes. This particular lobe is in the lowermost position as soon as it is rotated downwardly below the level of the preceding lobe. The particular lobe remains in the lowermost position until the next succeeding lobe is rotated below the level of the particular lobe.
It should be noted that the angle formed between the adjacent ends of the sidewalls should be small enough to retain the striker 36 within the lowermost lobe until the subsequent lobe is rotated to the lowermost position. This insures that the striker will begin to gravitate toward the next lobe precisely at the intended time.
The cam 22 and striker may be fabricated from any number of materials which will cooperate to produce the desired audible noise. For example a steel or glass striker ball 36 in a plastic cam 22 is satisfactory. Additionally the cam 22 may be of a transparent plastic, such as Lucite, to permit observation of the striker movement within the cam 22.
FIG. 5 shows an arrangement for varying the frequency of the audible clicks generated by the timer, and consists simply of pads 52 or damping material, such as felt, which are glued or otherwise secured at selected lobes within the cam 22. Thus if the unpadded cam 22 shown in FIG. 5 would produce normally a series of clicks having a frequency of two clicks per second, placement of the pads 52 in the opposite corners 29, 33 would change the frequency of the cam to one click per second, because the striker 36 would only generate the audible click in the corners 31 and 35. The damping pads 52 may also be used in an arrangement that would vary the rhythm of the audible clicks as would be the case, for example, if only a single pad were placed in the corner 29. The timer would generate a series of three regularly spaced slicks followed by a blank. The location of the pads 52 may be varied to produce any number of rhythmic patterns or frequencies.
The cam 22 need not be of the rectangular form discussed this far. As shown in FIG. 6 a triangular cam 22 having sidewalls 38, 40 and 44 which alternate with and define the acutely cornered lobes 39, 41 and 43 would be equally effective. Similarly, cams of varying polygonal shapes, both regular and irregular, may be substituted to provide the desired patterns.
It will be appreciated that when the cam has relatively few lobes, as does the triangular cam of FIG. 6, the angles defined at the lobes will be more acute than those of a cam having a greater number of lobes. For example, in the triangular earn shown, each of the lobes defines an angle of 60 whereas in a hexagonal cam each lobe would define an angle of It will be appreciated further that an acutely angled lobe will be more effective to retain the ball 36 than would be a lobe defined by a greater angle. For this reason, when the cam is to be rotated at higher speeds, it is dsirable to provide a cam with relatively acute cornered lobes to insure that the ball 36 will not bounce about the region of the lobes.
Although my invention has been described as utilizing an enclosed, box-like cam there are other equivalent embodiments which may be substituted to produce equally satisfactory results. In this regard it should be noted that when operating in accordance with my invention, although the striker 36 is permitted complete freedom of movement within the cam, the striker 36 moves only within the aforementioned channels defined by the sidewalls 28, 30, 32 and 34 and the front and rear walls 24 and 26. The striker 36 remains in contact with one of the sidewalls at all times. Thus, as shown in FIG. 7, an alternative embodiment of my invention may include a number of tubes 44, 46, 48 and 50, connected, end to end, in series to define the continuous endless channel. Each of the tubes defines one run of the channel and the ends of adjacent tubes meet to define the corner lobes 45, 47, 49 and 51. The tubes may be formed from any number of materials ranging from metal or plastic to paper, the striker 36 being formed from a material, as mentioned above, which will produce an audible noise as it gravitates successively into engagement with the corner lobes.
The tubular embodiment of the cam shown in FIG. 7 may be advantageous particularly when it is desirable to produce the audible clicks at relatively high frequency. It will be appreciated that if the box-like cam shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 were rotated at a relatively high speed there might be a tendency for the striker 36 to bounce around within the cam 22 and not follow precisely the intended path as it rolls from lobe to lobe. By completely confining the channel runs within the tubes 44, 46, 48 and 50 it is insured that when generating high frequency audible clicks by increasing the rotational speed of the cam, the striker will not bounce around and will follow its intended path as it rolls from lobe to lobe.
As described earlier the support member 12 and cam 22 are inclined somewhat to the vertical. Although such inclination is not necessary strictly to enable the timer to function properly it may be desirable to preclude widthwise movement of the striker 36 within the cam 22 as it rolls along the channel from one lobe to the next. Extensive widthwise movement of the striker and the cam 22 might tend to retard movement of the striker to the next lobe. This would be particularly true in longer channel runs. Such widthwise movement, or chattering, will tend to vary the time required for the striker to roll from one corner to the next thereby reducing the accuracy of the timer. Furthermore, widthwise chattering of the striker 36 would also introduce minor, but undesirable, audible clicks as the striker 36 chatters between the front and rear walls 24 and 26. By inclining the cam 22 as shown in FIG. 1, the striker 36 is gravity biased against the rear wall 26 to reduce the tendency to chatter as the ball 36 rolls along the channel runs.
It will be understood that it is not necessary strictly to enclose completely the juncture of adjacent sidewalls which define the interior cam lobes. In some instances it may be easier to construct a cam in accordance with my invention in which the ends of adjacent sidewalls do not meet but are somewhat spaced. As long as the space is not large enough to permit the striker 36 to fall out of the cam or to otherwise hinder the passage of the striker 36 from one lobe to the next, there is no objection to providing such a space.
From the foregoing it will be appreciated that I have provided a timer which produces a repetitive audible noise at predetermined intervals by elevating repeatedly a striker and then permitting the striker to gravitate along a predetermined path into abutment with a stop member to produce the audible noise.
The foregoing is intended merely to be illustrative of my invention and other modifications or alternative embodiments will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from its spirit.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. An audible timer comprising:
channel means defining a non-circular channel adapted to receive and guide said striker along a predetermined path relative to said channel means;
said srtiker being so constructed as to gravitate within said channel means;
said channel means including at least one striker stop means for abruptly terminating gravitational movement of said striker, said striker and said stop means being constructed from materials which will produce an audible noise when said striker engages said stop means; and
means for continually rotating said channel means to cause said striker to engage said stop means at predetermined intervals to produce a series of repetitive audible noises.
2. An audible timer comprising:
channel means adapted to receive and guide said striker said channel means including a plurality of channel runs connected at their ends, in series, to define an endless perimetric channel, the juncture between adjacent channel runs defining a cornered loke whereby each channel run has a cornered lobe at its ends,
said striker being so constructed as to gravitate within said channel means, said endless perimetric channel being disposed substantially in a plane that is inclined to the horizontal;
and means for continually rotating said endless perimetric channel about an axis that is substantially normal to the plane of said endless channel, whereby as said perimetric channel is rotated, the lowermost corner lobe in which said striker is contained will rotate upwardly while the succeeding corner lobe rotates downwardly whereby said striker will gravitate downwardly towards said succeeding lobe when said succeeding lobe has been rotated to said lowermost position.
3. A timer as defined in claim 2 wherein said striker comprises a sphere.
4. An audible timer comprising:
a rotatable member having a continuous perimetric channel supported thereon, said perimetric channel being defined by a plurality of channel runs connected to each other in series and about the axis of rotation of said member so that the junction of adjacent runs defines a corner whereby said continuous perimetric channel comprises alternating runs and corners; a striker contained within said channel for gravitational movement along and within said channel;
means mounting said rotatable member for rotation about a non-vertical axis whereby as said member is rotated, successive corners of said channel may be rotated progressively to a position that is lower than that of the other corners of said channel so that as said corners are rotated in succession to said lowermost position, said striker may gravitate from the preceding lowermost corner to said lowermost corner along the run disposed between said preceding lowermost and said lowermost corners,
the adjacent runs defining said corners being oriented to define a corner angle sufiicient to retain said striker within said corner until the next succeeding corner is rotated to said lowermost position;
said striker and at least said corner portions of said channel being formed from materials adapted to produce an audible sound when said striker engages said lowermost corner; and
drive means connected to said member to efiect said rotation thereof.
5. A device as described in claim 4 wherein said member comprises an enclosed box-like structure having spacedfront and rear walls and a plurality of sidewalls disposed between and secured to the perimetric portions of said front and rear walls in polygonal orientation, said channel being defined by said sidewalls and said front and rear walls, said corners being defined by adjacent ends of said spacer walls.
6. A device of the type defined in claim 5 wherein said striker comprises a sphere of a diameter less than the spacing between said front and rear walls whereby said sphere may roll along said runs to successive lowermost corners.
7. A device as claimed in claim 4 wherein said runs are straight.
8. A device of the type defined in claim 4 wherein said channel runs comprise tubes connected to each other in series.
9. A device as defined in claim 8 wherein said striker comprises a sphere of a diameter smaller than the internal dimension of said tubes.
10. A device as claimed in claim 8 wherein said tubes are straight.
11. A device as defined in claim 4 wherein said continuous perimetric channel is defined by at least three runs.
12. A device as defined in claim 11 wherein each of said runs is of equal length.
13. A device as defined in claim 4 wherein each of said runs is of equal length.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,704,551 3/ 1929 Buxton 84-484 2,001,366 5/1935 Mittelmann 273-144 2,417,641 3/1947 Fischer 58--1 X 2,729,020 1/1956 Frampton 46-43 2,923,122 2/1960 Inman 58-16 3,230,697 1/ 1966 Ryan et al. 58-144 RICHARD B. WILKINSON, Primary Examiner S. A. WAL, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1704551 *||Dec 20, 1926||Mar 5, 1929||Buxton Ethel Lee||Device for representing time and rhythm|
|US2001366 *||Feb 23, 1933||May 14, 1935||Mittelman Benjamin E||Game|
|US2417641 *||Jan 24, 1945||Mar 18, 1947||Charles Fischer||Timer|
|US2729020 *||Apr 12, 1951||Jan 3, 1956||Frampton William L||Marble runway device|
|US2923122 *||Mar 7, 1955||Feb 2, 1960||Inman Daniel O||Alarm device|
|US3230697 *||Apr 17, 1964||Jan 25, 1966||Mattel Inc||Invertible timing device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4024701 *||Sep 8, 1975||May 24, 1977||Wynne Rinnman Corson||Gravity powered timers|
|US4034554 *||Oct 24, 1975||Jul 12, 1977||International Product Development, Ltd.||Clock with moving colored display|
|US4077198 *||Dec 27, 1976||Mar 7, 1978||Harley Mayenschein||Clock apparatus|
|US4236242 *||Aug 21, 1979||Nov 25, 1980||Barton Lyndon O||Dual timer device|
|US4280211 *||May 25, 1979||Jul 21, 1981||Harley Mayenschein||Clock apparatus|
|US4340947 *||Jan 30, 1981||Jul 20, 1982||Barton Lyndon O||Dual timing apparatus|
|US4701056 *||Jan 28, 1987||Oct 20, 1987||Gordon Barlow Design||Timing mechanism|
|US6279243 *||Oct 22, 1999||Aug 28, 2001||Tranaas Randi Henden||Apparatus for indicating correct or faulty back posture|
|US6877240||Nov 7, 2003||Apr 12, 2005||Randi Henden Tranas||Apparatus for indicating correct or faulty back posture|
|U.S. Classification||84/484, 968/218, 116/67.00R|