US 352296 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) 5.Sheets#Sheet I.
CANDLE LAMP AND GHANDBLIER. Y
Patented Nov. 9, 1886.
N. PETERS. PhQw-Lnhnguyhur. washingwn. D. C.
(No ModeL-j A l 5 sheets-sheet 2.
, CANDLE LAMP lAND GISLAND'EL-IBR. No'. 352,296. Patented NOV. 9, 1886.
(N Modlel.) 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 S. CLARKE.
CANDLE LAMP AND GHANDBLIER, No.. 352,296.
Patented Nov. l9, 1886.
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(No Model.) l
s. CLARKE. CANDLE LAMP AND GHANDELIBR.
5 sheet-sheen 4.
No. 352,296. Patented Nov. 9, 1886.
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(No Modl) l I5 sheets-sheet 5.
GANDLELAMP AND GHANDELIER. v No. 352,296. Patented-Nov. 9, 1886.
` 'UNrrEn STATES rvATENT Erice..
SAMUEL CLARKE, 0E oHILDs HILL VOEKS, COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, ENGLAND.
CANDLE-LAMP AND CHANDELIER.-
SPECIFICATIONv forming part oi' Letters Patent No. 352,296, dated November 9, 1886.
Application filed December 14, 1885. Serial No. 185,606. (No model.) Patented in England September 23,1885, No.11,3513; in France December 4, 1885, No. 172,717; in Germany December 5, 1885, No. 216,679; in Belgium December 7, 1885, No.,71,120, and in Austria May 3, 1886, No. 36/ 795.
To all whom t may concern:
Be it known that I, SAMUEL CLARKE, of Childs Hill Works, in the county ofMiddlesex, England, have invented certain new and useful Improvements :in Candle-Lamps and Chandeliers, (for which I have obtained Letters Patent in England, dated September 23, 1885, N o. 11,353; in France, dated December 4, 1885, No. 172,717; in Belgium, dated December 7, 1885, No. 71,120; in Germany, dated December 5, 1885, No. 36,679, and in Austria, dated May 3, 1886, No. Sti/795,) of which the following is a specification.
The object of my invention, mainly, is to provide candlelamps and chandeliers suitable for burning short candles of largediameter singly or in groups of any desired number; and to this end my improvements consist' in novel constructions and combinations of devices, hereinafter specifically designated by the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 shows a side elevation, Fig. 2 a vertical section, and Fig. 3 ahorizontal section, ot' one of the candle-lamps of the group. Fig. 4 is a side elevation; and Fig. 5 a view partly in plan and partly in section, of a small chandelier. Fig. 6 is a perspective View ofa chandelier consisting of several groups' or clusters cf candle-lamps. Fig. 7 is a similar view of a stand-lamp. Fig. 8 is a sectional view of a delier provided with several clusters or groups modied form of lamp-cup.
Each of the lamps of a group or cluster of any desired number consistsAof an outerlampi cup, A, made of glass, the cavity of which is adapted to receive the short candle in an inner glass cup, D, which is of a capacity suita-- ble for holding the fatty material composing the candle when it becomes melted, as it soon does after lighting the candle. The lamp-cups are provided with horizontal annular ilanges B', upon which rest the glass domes B,having open tops. The annular horizontal flanges B are corrugated upon their upper surfaces, in order that air to supply combustion may be admitted beneath the lower edges of the glass domes.
C are projections standing up from the horizontal flange at its inner surface, to keep the glass domein place, and fora like purpose each lamp'cup Ais provided with an upright annular flange, A,surrounding the corrugated horizontal surface of the ange B'.
The modified form of lamp-cup is shown as provided with .a downwardly-projecting lug, h, by which to engage it with a socket in the outerend of an arm, IL', forming a part of the chandelier or lamp-frame; but instead of forming the lamp-cup to be supported as just described 1 prefer to provide a series of supporting-rings,E,constitutinga part ofthe lamp or chandelier frame, into which rings the lam p-cups are dropped,and supported by their annular shoulders b beneath their corrugated surfaces. Y
As shown in Figs. 4 and 5,the metallic rings E are carried by arms of the lamp or chandelier frame, projecting from a central boss, F, of the frame. A rod, G, with `a ring, H, at its upper end, by which to suspend it, is connected at its lower end by a screwthread and nut with the boss F. The suspending-rod G is reduced in diameter' at its lower end and threaded, so that, as will be readily understood, the nut upon its lower end,together With the shoulder formed in. reducing its size, will hold the boss securely in place. In thisway the suspending-rod may be readily detached from the boss to facilitate packing the articles.
Figs. 6 and 7 represent, respectively, a chanot' lamps and a stand-lamp similarly provided. In Fig. 6 the suspending-rod has the clusters of different diameters and numbers of lamps connected to it by means of their bosses F, screwed in place upon the suspending-rod, and kept at the desired distance apart by tubular distance-pieces J, the screw-nut I serving to clamp the parts together.
The construction represented by Fig. 7 is the same as that shown at Fig. 6, except that a lamp stand or base is provided, and there are two instead of three clusters of candle-f holders. l
By my improvements it will be seen that when the candles are lighted they soon become melted, the glass domes (usually of tinted glass) conning and reflecting heat toward the candles, and light passing through the liquid fatty material and freely'through the glass sides and bottoms of the lamps gives a bright is made for supplying air to the base of the globe or chimney surrounding the candle, and
I do not claim, unqualiiedly, the combination l of a candle-holder and a globe surrounding the candle therein with provision for the admission of air to the globe.
I am also aware that prior to my invention lamps and candle-holders had been supported by arms branching out from a central si em or stand, and I do not broadly claim such con struction.
I claim as of my oWn invention- 1. The combination of theglass lamp-cup A, provided With the horizontal corrugated annular flange B and a vertical annular flange, A', surrounding said corrugated flange, with the glass dome supported upon the corrugated flange Within said vertical flange, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
2. The combination of the glass lamp-cup provided With the horizontal corrugated Han ge and the vertical flange, the inner glass cup, D, and the glass dome, substantially as and ffor the purpose set forth. v
3. The combination of a group of glass lampcups,containing the glass candle-holding cups Dand constructed, as described, each with a horizontal corrugated annular ange and the surrounding vertical flange, with the glass domes, and a rod, G, and the arms radiating from Said rod and supporting the lamp-cups at their outer ends, as and for the purpose set forth.
A. The combination of the series of glass lamp-cups A, each having the horizontal corrugated annular' flange and the vertical 'annular flange, the inner glass cups, D, received in the cavities of the lamp-cups, the glass domes resting upon the horizontal flanges of thelampcups, thelamp or chandelier rod, and the arms connected therewith, and provided with the rings for receiving the 1ampcups and holding them by their annular shoulders, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
Both of 1.7 GmcccmrchStreet, London, E. O.