US 3523645 A
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Aug. 11, 1970 Filed Sept. -235 E. N. BEAUCHAMP INSEGT REPELLANT DEVICE 3 Sheets-Sheet l Aug. 1l, `1.970 E. N.BEAUCHAMP INsEoT REPELLANT DEVICE 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Sept. 23, 1968 u En Q d z/na/V':
Aug, 11; 1970 E, N. BEAUCHAMP 3,523,645
INSECT REPELLANT DEVICE Filed Sept. 23, 1968 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 United States Patent O 3,523,645 INSECT REPELLANI` DEVICE Earl N. Beauchamp, 7213 S. Sawyer Ave., Chicago, Ill. 60629 Filed Sept. 23, 1968, Ser. No. 761,571 Int. Cl. Bb 9/08 U.S. Cl. 239-154 10 Claims ABSTRACT 0F THE DISCLOSURE Means for dispensing an aerosol, such as an insect repellant, from an aerosol bomb at a point remote therefrom comprising a body harness including a belt adapted to be engaged about the body of a wearer, and a springloaded size-adjustable bomb holder clamp means anchored to said belt and to dispense therefrom said insect repellant through manually operable pump means anchored to said belt and leading to either a hand-held jet on an elongated conduit, or to jets mounted on shoulder pieces of said body harness, or both.
Means for dispensing an aerosol from an aerosol bomb at a point remote therefrom comprising a body harness including a belt adapted to be engaged about the body of a wearer, spring-loaded bomb holder adapter clamp means anchored to said belt and adapted to engage bombs of different size, an aerosol bomb including a spring pressed dispensing valve engaged thereby, said adapter including a housing embracing spring loaded detent means disposed above said dispensing valve and adapted to cause said valve to be selectively disposed in opened and closed position, an inlet conduit leading from said housing to a cylinder of a manually operable pump means anchored to the belt of said wearer, and an outlet conduit leading from said pump whereby to discharge under the influence of said pump aerosol discharged thereto from said bomb.
More particularly, the present invention relates to a convenient, effective way of keeping mosquitos and other biting and bothersome insects from a person without touching or holding a can of pressurized insect repellant, i.e., an aerosol bomb, in their hands, especially fishermen, woodsmen or any person engaged in work.
The invention is particularly adapted for use with any pressurized can of spray insect repellant commercially available that can be used on the skin of the person regardless of the size of the can. As is well known, an aerosol is a system of collodial particles dispersed in a gas, smoke or fog, i.e. a liquid substance sealed in a metal container under pressure with an inert gas and released through a push button or nozzle. The metal container or bomb sprays the insect repellant, insecticide, disinfectant or the like when its gas pressure is released by manual pressure or tilting of the spray nozzle in well known manner.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a harness including a belt which ts about the body of a wearer in which an aerosol bomb may be engaged and the aerosol dispersed therefrom under an increased velocity at a remote point such as at the shoulders of the wearer so that the insect repellant may be sprayed about the area of the head of the wearer. In the alternative, or at the same time, a similar valve or pump may be suspended from the belt of the aforesaid harness and insect repellant propelled therefrom at increased velocity through an elongated conduit at points of the wearer such as feet, ankles and the like remote points.
I have in general found that the pressure of aerosol bombs commercially available while propelling a disseminated spray to a reasonable distance are not adequate for the purposes hereinabove mentioned and to that end I first conduct the spray from the aerosol bomb to a manually operated plunger type booster valve or pump from which the aerosol may then be propelled at increased velocity to the desired points or areas.
Other objects and advantages of the present invention, its details of construction, arrangement of parts and economies thereof will be apparent from the following specification and accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1 diagrammatically illustrates harness about the body of a wearer illustrating my present invention.
FIG. 2 is a side elevational view with parts in section of an aerosol bomb engaged by a size adjustable adapter therefor.
FIG. 3 is a sectional detail on line 3-3 of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary vertical section of an aerosol bomb engaged by the variable size adapter and illustrating details of means for adapting the contents thereof to one or more booster valves or pumps as they will be hereinafter termed.
FIG. 5 is a `modified detail of the top of an aerosol bomb and means for releasing the contents thereof.
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of one of the pumps of the present invention.
FIG. 7 is a section on line 7-7 of FIG. 6` in relative enlargement.
FIG. 8 is a longitudinal sectional view of one of the shoulder nozzles illustrated in FIG. l.
FIG. 9 is a perspective view of a modied form of pump.
FIG. l0 is an enlarged vertical section taken on the line 10--10 of FIG. 9.
Referring to the drawings, the adjustable size holder for the aerosol bomb 10 comprises an elongated flat plate 11 terminating at its upper end in hook 12 which is engaged about the shouldered portion 13 of the bomb 10. There are two members slidably engaged thereto, one being the lower member 14 terminating in the hook 15 which goes around the bottom corner or lip 16 of the bomb 10. A stud 17 is engaged to the plate 11 adjacent the upper portion thereof and a coil spring 18 extends between the stud 17 and the lower stud 19 on the slidable member 14. The slidable member 14 is further retained in slidable engagement with the fixed plate member 11 by means of the studv 20 and slot 21 or in any other suitable manner.
The stud 17 also holds in slidable manner, through the slot 22, the upper slidable member 23, there being a further spring 2-4 between the stud 17 and the stud 25.
The assembly of the xed member 11 and the slidable members 23 and 14, and the springs 18 and 24 are suitablyv enclosed in a U-shaped or channel-like casing 26 as shown in FIG. 3 as a protective casing. At the upper end of the casing 26 there is provided a hook member 27 which is adapted to be engaged about the belt 28 of the harness about the body of the wearer shown in dotted lines in FIG. l.
At the upper end of the slidable member 23 there is an inclined arm 29 which may be integral therewith, and is attached to the hood assembly generally indicated as 30 which fits over the nozzle 9 of the aerosol bomb 10. The assembly 30 has an annular hook portion 31 which seats beneath the upper rim of the aerosol bomb can portion 32 and forms a locked assembly with the aid of the springs 18 and 24. In this manner and particularly in view of the slidability of the parts 23 and 14 and under the influence of the springs 18 and 24, the adapter may engage, within reason, aerosol bombs of varyings-izes and capacity.
stance a part of the assembly comprises the sleeve 33 which seats within the annular well defined by the bomb portion 32 to embrace the nozzle 9. Disposed within this sleeve 33 there is a slidable tube 34 which has a conical bottom portion 35 which is adapted to tightly seat over and embrace the nozzle 9 when the tube 34 is pressed downwardly over it and against the conventional spring 36 of the aerosol bomb nozzle leading to the tube contents in tube 37. The tube 34 is normally under the influence of the spring 38 disposed in the well 39 and which tends to normally urge the tube 34 upwardly out of contact with the aerosol bomb nozzle 9.
A cap 40 is secured to the tube 34 and normally by turning it 90 its bayonet slot or thread component 41 may be caused to engage with the fiange or thread components 42 on the member 33 so as to cause aerosol from the can 10 to be delivered upwardly through tube 37, nozzle 9 and tube 34 outwardly to the T generally indicated as 43. While the T is shown in FIG. 5, in the alternative it will be understood that when a single bomb as hereinafter explained is employed it may be in the form of an L, but as indicated herein desirably two pumps can be attached to the belt 28 of the wearer and in such case a conduit 44 is attached to the branch 45 and a conduit 46 is attached to the branch 47. Even though a T may be employed, if a single pump is desired to be attached to the belt 28, one of the branches 47 or 45 can be plugged up, in a readily understood manner.
The modication in FIG. 5 is similar to the arrangement shown in FIG. 4, except that it may be employed with an aerosol bomb nozzle 9' in which event the tube 34 is here employed as a tube 34 with its aperture eccentric so that when the tube 34 is brought down by means of the knob 40 the nozzle 9 may be pressed to one side instead of pressed down against the spring 36 and the contents permitted to be ejected.
As above indicated, the T 43 leads in at least one direction for remote control and for the present one path therefrom will be considered, namely the branch to which there is connected the conduit 44, which leads to the pump generally indicated as 48. This pump comprises an elongated chamber 49 which is closed at its bottom 50 except for an opening 51 providing a seat for the head 52 of the poppet valve 53 urged closed by the spring 54 acting between the head 52 and the transverse disc 55. Fixed to the apertured disc 55 at one end is the valve rod 56 having a head 57 which seats against the annular seat 58 disposed between the vertically slidable tube 59. The upper end of chamber 48 is closed by the plug member 60. Slidably disposed within the plug member 60 is the tube 61 which as previously indicated carries the valve seat 58 intermediate its length and at its lower end has secured thereto the plunger 62 which tightly fits within the chamber 49 of pump 48 and preferably has a conical shaped bottom wherein there is seated one end of spring 63, the other end of the said spring being seated against the disc 55 previously referred to.
When the contents of the aerosol bomb are received into chamber 49 of pump 48 through the intermediaries previously explained and the conduit 44 leading to inlet 64, the aerosol may become partially condensed by discharge of the air thereof so that there is a concentration of liquid within the chamber 49. By manually forcing down the tube 61 by the handholds 65, 65 the aerosol and/or liquid within chamber 49 is caused to elevate by compression thereof through the valve head 62. This same action presses spring 63 and unseats valve head 57 from its seat 58 permitting liquid to pass therethrough and outwardly into the conduit 66 and branch conduits 70 leading to shoulder nozzles generally indicated as 69, 69. These shoulder nozzles 69 are secured to the shoulder pads 71 of the body harness and connected to the belt 28 through the portions 72, 72.
Although action of the pump by manipulation of the hand-holds causes sprays 73, 73 to be ejected adjacent 4 the head of the wearer, in the event that it is desired to obtain a small portion of the liquid for rubbing on the hands and face and other parts of the body, one may merely manipulate the poppet valve 53 which will release some of the liquid or aerosol contents from the pump 48.
FIG. 8 shows one of the nozzles 69 attached to the shoulder pads 71 in a fixed manner. That is to say, the component 74 is fixed to the shoulder pad 71 and has disposed therein the slidable tube 75 which is locked at its rear end 76 to the annular shoulder 77 to limit the movement of the tube 75 in the component 74. The opposed end of the tube 75 is tapered as at 78- for cooperation with the orifice of jet 79 disposed in slidable and rotatable member 80. Thus, liquid leading from the branch conduit connected at 81 to the assembly 69 of the shoulder pad 71 can be adjusted in several ways. First, it can be adjusted the desired distance from the head of the wearer by sliding the tube within the sleeve component 74 to the limits of the components 76, 77. Secondly, the velocity of the stream 72 emanating from the jet 79 may be adjusted by the longitudinal movement ofthe member 80 on the member 75 permitting greater or lesser ow from the hollow of the member around the tapered portion 78 and outwardly through the jet 79. Again, another adjustment may be made for directional purposes by rotating the member about the sleeve 75.
In order to prevent an accumulation of aerosol liquid after it leaves the jet 79 on release of the plunger, I provide a collar 81 embracing the jet 79. Another means of absorbing any such overflow is that the shoulder pad 71 is of absorbent fabric.
As previously indicated, a second or alternative pump may be employed and this is generally indicated as 82 shown in FIGS. 9 and 10. This has a hook 83 similar to the hook 84 of the device in FIG. 6 for engagement to the belt 28 or some other suitable portion of the harness, for example an upright portion thereof 72. The valve or pump of FIGS. 9 and 10 will be referred to as an auxiliary valve or pump and comprises a chamber portion 85 with a lateral lead-in 86 to which there may be connected a conduit 46 shown in FIG. 4. This leads the aerosol and/ or liquid into the chamber 85. The bottom 87 of chamber 85 opens to a tube 88 which has medally disposed therein the transverse valve seat 89 which seats the valve 90 on movable stem 91. The upper end of chamber 85 is closed by the member 92 through which extends the plunger stern 93 having a head 94 by which it may be manually manipulated. To the lower end of the stern 93 there is connected the valve head 95 retained under the compression of spring 96 in chamber 85. Thus, by manualiy pressing the valve or pump head 94 against the spring 96 aerosol and/or liquid is compressed in chamber 85 and directed outwardly through valve seat 89 and outwardly through the orifice 97. The latter may be fitted with jets 98 of various size. The conduit 46 leading to the pump 82 may be elongated and coiled up as shown in FIG. l so that one may grasp the valve 82 manually and by manipulating its stern 93 by the head 94 can project insect repellant to the legs, ankles, etc. of the body of the wearer.
It should also be noted that due to the bevel or taper 78 of jet 79, the jet 79 can be of fairly large orifice size and for such reason it can be easily cleaned by disengaging member 80 from tube 75 and then merely putting it back in place.
It will be understood that in the alternative, it is not essential that the auxiliary pump 82 contain insect repellant but on the other hand it may be employed with insecticides or plant sprays and the like aerosols.
Although I have shown and described the preferred embodiments of my invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that changes may be made in the details thereof without departing from its scope as comprehended by the following claims.
1. Means for dispensing an aerosol from an aerosol bomb at a point remote therefrom comprising a body harness including a belt adapted to be engaged about the body of a wearer, spring-loaded bomb holder adapter clamp means anchored to said belt and adapted to engage bombs of different size, an aerosol bomb, including a spring pressed dispensing valve, engaged by said clamp means, said adapter including a housing embracing spring loaded detent tube means disposed above said dispensing valve and adapted to cause said valve to be selectively disposed in opened and closed position, an inlet conduit leading from the tube means of said housing to a cylinder of a manually operable pump means anchored to the belt of said wearer, and an outlet conduit leading from said pump whereby to discharge under the influence of said pump aerosol discharged thereto from said bomb.
2. The device of claim 1 wherein the outlet conduit from said pump leads to jets secured on opposed shoulder pads comprising portions of said body harness whereby aerosol can be dispensed adjacent the head of a wearer.
3. The device of claim 2 wherein said shoulder pads are composed of absorbent material.
4. The device of claim 2 wherein the jet orifices are embraced by an annular collar to inhibit dripping.
5. The device of claim 2 wherein said jets are comprised of bodies longitudinally adjustable for size.
6. The device of claim 2 wherein said jets are comprised of bodies adjustable for orice opening size.
7. The device of claim 2 wherein said jets are comprised of bodies having rotatable components for controlling the` direction of the streams emitted therefrom.
8. The device of claim 1 wherein the chamber of said pump includes poppet-valve means for discharging aerosol therefrom Without pumping inuence.
9. The device of claim 1 where said detent tube means terminates outwardly in a pair of tubes, and a pair of manually operable pumps engaged to said belt each having an inlet branch connected to one of said tubes.
10. The device of claim 9 wherein one of said pumps has its outlet connected to an elongated flexible tube terminating in a spray nozzle, and the other pump has its outlet connected to size and direction adjustable jets mounted on shoulder pad portions of said body harness.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,223,172 12/1965 Moss 239-l52 X 3,348,741 10/1967 Wooten 222-175 3,445,046 5/1969 Wilson 222-175 X M. HENSON WOOD, JR., Primary Examiner M. Y. MAR, Assistant Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R.