Automatic electric liquid-level indicator
US 352647 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
AUTOMATIC ELECTRIC LIQUID LEVEL INDIGATOR.
No. 352,647. Patented Nov. 16,1886.
INVENTO R: John JG/zeywa ATTEST:
wail 077W STATES PATENT OFFicE.
JoHuJ. "GHEGAN, or NEWARK, New JERSEY.
AUTOMATIC E LE CTRlC LIQUID-LEVEL mole/iron.
, srscrrrcA'r-r'on forniingpartoi' Letters Patent 'No. 352,647 dated November 1c. 1886.
Application tiled May 29, 1886.
IO My invention relates to indicatorsor alarms for low water in tanks-such as reservoirs,
' boilers, and similar containing-vessels,
The object is to provide a device operating entirely by means located without the vessel containing the water, and yet being of. such a nature asto beindependent of jars vibrations, or shocks communicated to the vessel.
It consists in the application of a piece of selenium to liquid-level indicators or alarms,
so that when the water becomes low rays of light will fall upon the selenium, which by electrical means causes a signal to be given. In order to illustrate the practical manner of. carrying out the invention, and to enable others to construct and use the same, a drawing is hereunto annexed and described, in which similar characters of reference represent corresponding elements.
The liquid-level indicator consists of the 0 combination of a source of,.lightsuch, for
instance, as a lamp'A, a shield or screen, B, in whose opening is a condensing-1ens, C, a containing-tube, l), of glass, which may be considered as having liquid or pipe connect-ions E with a boiler or tank, F, a .float, G, made of opaque material-such as sheet metalor of a'cork or piece of wood, said floatbeing within the tube, and a piece; ofselenium, H-,
upon the opposite side of the tube .fromthe- 0 lamp, and in thesame horizontal line with the flame -ofthe lamp, the'selenium beingin an electric circuit of, constant and preadjusted qresistance, andincluding an electric bell, I.
A funnel or ray-collector, L, is provided op-" 5 posite the." lens 0. .-In the normal condition the water J in the tube is of such a depth that the float cuts off the rays K of light from falling upon the selenium, sothat thecircuit remains practically ofuniform resistance; but
W-hen the water sipks the float also sinks and Serial No. 203,614. (No model.)
the rays fall upon the selenium, diminishing the resistance so much that the current in the circuit becomes strong enough to ring the bell or to operate any similar translating device.
I The invention is not limited to the precise con-' structior hereinbefore described and shown,
as stated in'S'pragues Electricity, its Sources and Applications, page '10, the resistance of a piece of selenium varied through four hundred megoh ms in being taken 'from a dark room into a gaslightedroom. '1
Having now stated the object of the said invention, having described its praoticalrealizationbyreference to the accompanying drawing, andhaving particularly ascertained the Y manner in which the same operates to accom- 1 plish the said object,what I consider to be novel and original, and therefore claim as 'myinven 'tion, is
1. The'combinatiouof a source of light, a
translucent vessel containing a liquid, and a piece of selenium forming part of an electric circuit, including a translating device, suba described.
2. In-an automatic liquid-indicator, the combination' of a source of light, a condensinglen's, a liquid translucent containing' vessel, an
stantially for the purpose and in the manner opaquefloatin said vessel,,a piece of selenium,
and an electric circuit including a translating devicefsuch as anelectric signal, said source of light, lens, float, and selenium lying nor mally in an approximately straightline.
3. Inan automatic liquid-level indicator, the combination of a source of light, a liquid translucent containing-vessel, an opaque float therein, and a piece of selenium forming'part device, such as an electric signal,'-'s'aid'float being normally between said source of light and said selenium;
4. In a liquid-levelindicator,the combina- Eco of an electric circuit containlng a translating I tidn of a lamp, 0. double convex lens attached Witness my signature and seal this 24th thereto, a liquid-containing vessel, a. funnelof May,'1886.
shaped month fixed upon the side of said vessel, an opaque float. in said vessel, 9. piece of JOHN J. GHEGAN. [L. s.] 5 selenium, and an elebtsiqcircnit containing an f j elctric bell, said lamp,'lens, funnel, float, and Witnesses: selenium being normally inan approximately" EDWARD P. THOMPSON, straightline, asand for the purpose described. M. H. Torrme.