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Publication numberUS3527005 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 8, 1970
Filing dateNov 12, 1968
Priority dateNov 12, 1968
Publication numberUS 3527005 A, US 3527005A, US-A-3527005, US3527005 A, US3527005A
InventorsBert M Slavens
Original AssigneeBert M Slavens
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Wall construction with compressible splines
US 3527005 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. 8,- 1970 B. M. SLAVE NS 3,527,005


W ALL CONSTRUCTION WITH COMPRESSIBLE SPLINES Filed Nov. 12, 1968f I 3 Sheets-Sheet I F 5. W lfll W JHH I {I2 Q INVENTOR BERT M. SLAVENS Sept. 8, 1970 B. M. SLAVENS WALL CONSTRUCTION WITH COMPRESSIBLE STLINES Filed Nov. 12, 1968 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 4 u 2 D U o, d 0 o o o INVENTOF? BERTMISLAVENS United States Patent US. Cl. 52-227 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Wall construction composed of substantially parallel timber members having opposed dados and a spline in the form of a compressible insulating member in compressed sealing engagement with adjacent opposed dados.

This application is a continuation-in-part of my copending application Ser. No. 586,602, filed Oct. 10, 1966, now abandoned.

The invention relates to improvements in wall construction, preferably utilizing timber members, logs for example, and is concerned, more particularly, with improvements in spline sealsfor interconnecting such members.

The principal object of the invention is to provide a wall construction which features a novel spline for interconnecting the substantially parallel Wall forming members, the spline being formed of compressible insulating material compressed in engagement with opposed dados provided in adjacent wall forming members for forming a pressurized interconnecting insulation shield. The spline, as contemplated by the invention, also provides adjustment for any lack of precision in the form of the dados or positioning of the wall forming members and eliminates the necessity of chinking and caulking or shrinkage and slippage of standard wood splines heretofore employed.

Another and more specific object of the invention is to provide a spline of compressible material which is cut longer than the depth of the dados with Which it is to be engaged so that lengthwise compression of the spline by tightening of lag bolts or manual or other means of pressure will form the desired pressurized seal.

The invention also contemplates the provision of rigid board members at opposed sides of the compressible spline engagable with shoulders extended outwardly of the dados to fit the spline within the dados and also to limit the lengthwise compression of the spline into the dados.

Such board members control the spacing of the wall forming members and add firm cross-wise pressure on the compressible spline core. Also, the board members, being the only exteriorly exposed part of the spline connection, may be surfaced in any manner to provide the interior and exterior appearance desired for the wall construction.

Another object of the invention is to provide wall forming members and interconnecting spline wall construction having a pleasing appearance in accordance with modern architectural concepts particularly when employed with logs or other timber members.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary horizontal sectional view through a corner portion of a wall construction utilizing logs or log cores and embodying the invention;

FIG. 2 is a view similar to FIG. 1 but of a wall construction utilizing logs and milled timbers;

3,527,005 Patented Sept. 8, 1970 FIG. 3 is an enlarged sectional view of a spline constructed in accordance with the invention;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary elevational view of a Wall construction in accordance with the invention with a Window assembly;

FIG. 5 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view of a wall before insertion of the splines but showing the lag bolts or through rods in section and one form of milled top and bottom plates for the wall;

FIG. 6 is a fragmentary view similar to FIG. 5 but taken through an A-frame or chalet type building wall and showing one form of ridge board and ridge shake assembly; and

FIG. 7 is an enlarged sectional view of another form of spline construction in accordance with the invention.

Referring more particularly to the drawings, wherein like numerals refer to like parts, the fragmentary horizontal sectional view of FIG. 1 illustrates a Wall construction utilizing logs or log cores, such as after peeling of the logs for plywood, 10 and a top or bottom cap or base 12 for the wall. Dados 14, as shown, are cut into opposed portions of the log members 10 and the dados 14 are each provided with inwardly extending shoulders 16 for a purpose to be hereinafter described.

The similar view of FIG. 2 illustrates the same construction but utilizing milled timbers 18 in combination with the logs 10. It is to be understood, however, that the invention contemplates the use of any kind of timber or timber-like members or other wall forming members capable of being interconnected to form a wall. Such timber or other wall forming members form no part of the present invention except as they may be employed in combination with the novel spline and dado connecting means to be more fully described.

FIG. 4 illustrates in front elevation the wall construction of FIGS. 1 and 2 in assembly with a window indicated in its entirety at W.

The novel connecting spline of the invention, as best shown in the enlarged sectional view of FIG. 3, is indicated in its entirety at 20. The spline 20 comprises a central rigid compressible insulation core or member 22 of foam or cellular material, polystyrene foam, for example. Such material is known in the building trades as' rigid insulation, its rigidity being a contrast between its board type and other blanket or poured types. However, the cellular structure of such material enables it to be forced into a space smaller than the normal size of the uncompressed material and compressed within such space to form a pressurized tight seal. Such is the waterproof sealing effect of the member 22 when it is compressed Within the dados 14 in accordance with the present invention.

The central member 22 of the spline may be formed of a plurality of laminated sheets of compressible plastic foam material as shown in FIGS. l-3 or it may be formed of a single sheet 24 as shown in FIG. 7. In either form, the central compressible insulating member has extended end portions of greater length than the depths of the dados so that the insulating member is compressed lengthwise in the dados.

For controlling the spacing of the wall forming members and limiting the insertion of the central core members 22 or 24 in the dados 14, hardboard members 26 are secured to opposed outer surfaces of the central core members intermediate their length. The hardboard members also apply firm cross-wise pressure against the central compressible cores when the splines 20 are seated in the dados 14 with their end wall portions 28 against the shoulders 14.

The hardboard members 26 may be formed of any suitable rigid material such as wood flooring or plywood 3 strips or plastic material, Masonite for example. The hardboard members 26 may be a laminated strip structure as illustrated or in single strip sheets.

The outer surfaces of the members 26 are adapted for selected coloring, enameling, for example, or the application of any other ornamental matter to provide any desired decorative or architectural appearance to the exposed interior or exterior of the wall construction.

FIG. 6 illustrates a modified form of wall construction in an A-frame or chalet type building having a ridge board 32 and ridge shakes 34. No other roofing is required because when the adjacent wall forming members 10 are interconnected by the splines 20 and the splines fitted and compressed in the dados 14, such as by tightening of the bolts 30, the completed structure is a combined waterproof wall and roof.

In assembling the Wall construction, as contemplated by the present invention, a spline 20 is inserted in the opposed dados 14 of adjacent substantially parallel wall forming members 10. Pressure is applied to thrust the adjacent wall forming members toward each other by the lag bolts 30, manually or by any other means, and the end wall portions 28 of the relatively rigid outer board members 26 are seated against the shoulders 16 formed in the dados 14. The extended ends of the central cores 22 or 24, which are greater length than the depth of the dados, are sealed against the end walls of the dados 14 and the cores are compressed transversely or in the direction of their length. Such compression exerts outward pressure against the board members 26 toward their seating areas in the dados and the rigidity of the board members when seated in turn exerts cross-wise pressure against the central cores to complete full compression of the spline 20 in the opposed dados 14 to form a permanent insulating, waterproof, rot-proof and vermin-proof connection.

It is to be understood that the present invention is not confined to the precise construction or arrangement of parts as herein illustrated and described but embraces all such modifications thereof as may come within the scope of the following claims.

I claim:

1. In wall construction,

adjacent substantially parallel wall forming members;

opposed dados in said wall forming members;

a spline engaged in said opposed dados;

the said spline comprising;

a central elongated compressible core member;

relatively rigid board members at opposed sides of said central core member;

the opposed ends of said core member extending outwardly beyond the ends of said board members;and

the said core member being compressed between said opposed dados and between said board members to form a seal between said adjacent wall forming members.

2. The wall construction of claim 1 wherein the central core member is compressed lengthwise between said opposed dados and is compressed transversely between said opposed board members.

3. The wall construction of claim 1 wherein the dados are provided with inwardly opposed shoulders between their bottoms and open mouths and the end wall portions of the board members are seated against said shoulders.

4. The wall construction of claim 1 wherein the end portions of the compressible core member are of a greater length than the depths of the dados.

5. The wall construction of claim 3 wherein the extended end portions of the compressible core member are of a greater length than the depth of the dados between their bottoms and opposed shoulders.

6. The wall construction of claim 1 additionally including bolt means connected between adjacent wall forming members and the spline is compressed by tightening of said bolt means.

7. The wall construction of claim 1 wherein the central compressible core member comprises a polystyrene foam material.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 180,975 8/ 1876 West 52233 2,289,018 7/1942 Jonsrud 52233 2,961,478 11/1960 Burns. 3,003,810 10/1961 Kloote. 3,175,652 3/1965 Brekell 52586 3,327,441 6/1967 Kelly 52-309 3,256,657 6/1966 Phipps 52227 JOHN E. MURTAGH, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R. S2-233, 309, 586

Patent Citations
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US180975 *Jul 11, 1876Aug 8, 1876 Improvement in portable houses
US2289018 *Apr 15, 1941Jul 7, 1942Robert JonsrudLog house construction
US2961478 *Oct 10, 1957Nov 22, 1960Mcmillan Ind CorpInsulating and shielding enclosure
US3003810 *Feb 2, 1956Oct 10, 1961Evans Prod CoPlastic truck body construction
US3175652 *Dec 13, 1961Mar 30, 1965 Means for interconnecting adjacent wall sections
US3256657 *Jan 30, 1963Jun 21, 1966Idaho Invest CorpWall of interlocked, adhesively secured building blocks and sealing means therebetween
US3327441 *Dec 27, 1963Jun 27, 1967Union Carbide CorpInsulating panel assembly with a resinous impregnated support member
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3998017 *Jul 28, 1975Dec 21, 1976Whitlock Donald MLog building structure
US4250677 *Feb 5, 1979Feb 17, 1981Guy D. MarcocciWall structure
US4688362 *Mar 31, 1986Aug 25, 1987Constro S.A.Set of modular building construction elements
US4742657 *Feb 12, 1986May 10, 1988Veech Robert DWall structure and method of making
US4807413 *Jun 10, 1987Feb 28, 1989John RandallSolid wall construction panel
US4918888 *Feb 29, 1988Apr 24, 1990Hearthstone Builders, Inc.Chinking closure system for log structures
US5020289 *Oct 5, 1990Jun 4, 1991Wrightman Ronald AIn log joint and machine for forming log joint
US5505028 *Nov 22, 1994Apr 9, 1996Hearthstone Builders, Inc.Log fabricating process and log for the construction of log structures
US5687520 *Jun 26, 1996Nov 18, 1997Stranahan; David A.Sealing system for log buildings
US8910454 *Jul 28, 2010Dec 16, 2014Loggo IP Pty. Ltd.Timber structural member
US8973320 *Jun 14, 2011Mar 10, 2015Trinity Post And Panel Inc.Post and panel construction
US20110016824 *Jan 27, 2011Patrick ThorntonTimber structural member
US20130139458 *Jun 14, 2011Jun 6, 2013Trinity Post And Panel Inc.Post and panel construction
US20150089900 *Dec 8, 2014Apr 2, 2015Loggo Ip Pty LtdTimber structural member with embedded web
U.S. Classification52/223.7, 52/309.9, 52/586.1, 52/233
International ClassificationE04B2/56
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2/703, E04B2/56
European ClassificationE04B2/56, E04B2/70B2