|Publication number||US3528664 A|
|Publication date||Sep 15, 1970|
|Filing date||Jan 16, 1969|
|Priority date||Jan 16, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3528664 A, US 3528664A, US-A-3528664, US3528664 A, US3528664A|
|Inventors||George Gunn Jr|
|Original Assignee||Golf Pauz Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (12), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 15, 1970 GUNN, JR 3,528,664
GOLFER'S STROKE TIMING AID Filed Jan. 16, 1969 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 ATfOR/YEY Sept. 15, 1970 e. GUNN, JR 3,528,664
GOLFER'S STROKE TIMING AID Filed Jan. 16, 1969 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 //Yl E/Y 70A 650/6 65 GUN/V JR ATTORNEY United States Patent 3,528,664 GOLFERS STROKE TIMING AID George Gunn, Jr., Seattle, Wash., assignor to Golf Pauz, Inc., Seattle, Wash., a corporation of Washington Filed Jan. 16, 1969, Ser. No. 791,628 Int. Cl. A63b 69/36 US. Cl. 273-183 4 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The invention relates to a golfers stroke timing aid and follow through indicating device to be worn on a golfers wrist. A preferably metallic, tubular member has a longitudinally extending passageway in which a metallic ball may be mounted to travel. The tubular member is mounted to one side of the longitudinal center thereof by a cup-shaped mounting means and with the open end of the cup-shaped mounting means directed toward the wrist of the golfer. The impact of the ball in contacting an end portion of the tubular member may be sensed by sound and feel by the golfer. Also, by the off-center mounting, the angular position of the tubular member is responsive to cocking of the wrist of a golfer.
My invention relates to a golfers stroke timing aid and follow through indicating device for monitoring a golfers swing of a golf club (both wood and iron clubs) and which device will provide signals to indicate conditions existing during such swing of the golf club.
More particularly, my invention relates to such a device to be worn on a golfers wrist (on the right and left wrists, respectively, of rightand left-handed golfers, but being described herein in the interest of brevity only on the right wrist of a right-handed golfer) and which device will provide the signals during the golfers swing and which signals may be sensed by the golfer by ear and/or by feel.
It has been long recognized that better golf requires a set rhythmic pattern in swinging a golf club. This pattern includes, inter alia, the proper execution and integration of the various components of the golf swing, such as: addressing the ball, the back swing, the down swing of the club head into contact with the ball, and the follow through.
With due consideration of the foregoing, it is an object of this invention to provide a device which will provide signals from which golf stroke errors may be detected,
such as an abbreviated back swing, a failure to cock ones wrists at the top of the back swing, a failure to pause at the top of the back swing, and a failure to follow through after hitting the ball.
A more specific object of my invention is to provide a metallic tubular member mounting a metal ball for travel lengthwise thereof to provide for an enhanced audible signal when the ball strikes either end of the tubular member.
A further object is to provide a cup-shaped mounting means having the closed end portion thereof rigidly secured to the tubular member and having the open end portion thereof adapted to contact the wrist of a golfer. Thus, as a ball travels from one end to the other of said tubular member, and strikes the said other end, a signal is provided which may be sensed by the golfer both by ear and by feel.
A further object is to connect said tubular member to said mounting means at an area longitudinally offset of its length so that when said mounting means in strapped to the wrist of a golfer, the tubular member will extend longitudinally of the wrist of the golfer and the tubular member may be tilted upon the breaking of the wrists of the golfer.
A further object is to provide a tubular member having each of the inner central end portions thereof extending or indented inwardly thereof to ensure that each of such portions will be contacted by a ball traveling in said passageway in one direction, thus providing for enhanced audible indication and enhanced vibration as the traveling ball engages an end portion of said tubular member.
The foregoing general objects of my invention, together with others explicit as well as implicit in the same, will appear as the detailed description of my invention proceeds in connection with the drawings, wherein my invention is illustrated in connection with golf wood clubs. However, as will appear, my invention may be used in connection with golf iron clubs. Also, in said drawings, like reference numerals indicate like parts, and in said drawings:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a device of my invention secured to the wrist of a golfer, as the right hand of a right-handed golfer;
FIG. 2 is a detached perspective view, on an enlarged scale as respects FIG. 1, and being approximately of full size, of my device;
FIG. 3 is a plan view thereof;
FIG. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view, with parts in elevation, and taken substantially on broken line 4-4 of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view, with parts in elevation, and taken substantially at right angles to the showing of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a view of a golfer addressing a ball and with the device of my invention shown detached and enlarged and in the relative position in which it would be during such addressing of the ball;
FIG. 7 is a view similar to FIG. 6, but an intermediate view, showing the relative positions at the top of the back stroke;
FIG. 8 is a view showing the relative position after the breaking of the Wrists and at the end of the back stroke;
FIG. 9 is another similar view and showing relative positions at substantially the time of hitting of the ball; and
FIG. 10 is a similar view at the time of the end of the follow through after the hitting of the ball.
In FIG. 1 of the drawings, the wrist 12 of a golfer is encircled by the strap 14. The strap 14 is connected, in any conventional manner, to a cup-shaped and preferably metallic, mounting means 16. The strap 14 is preferably of the non-elastic type and is provided with a conventional buckle means 18 so the strap 14 and the parts carried thereby may be attached to or removed from the wrist of a golfer. As previously indicated, the showing in FIG. 1 is the attachment of the device to the right wrist of a right-handed golfer. The same device may be used on the left wrist of a left-handed golfer and the parts will be positioned relatively the same.
The cup-shaped mounting means 16 has its open end portion extending toward the wrist 12 of the golfer and has its closed end portion extending toward and is rigidly secured to the tubular member 20. The contacting areas of the mounting means 16 and the tubular member 20 (both are preferably metallic) are accurately interfitted so that the two members may be rigidly secured together such expedients as adhesives, welding, soldering, or the 1 e.
The tubular member 20 is hollow and provides for a longitudinal passageway in which a preferably metallic ball 22 may freely travel from one end to the other end thereof. Preferably, the end portions of the tubular member are half spheres and with the central inner end portions 24 thickened to provide inwardly indented or extended portions, as best shown in FIG. 5, to ensure contact by the metallic ball 22 with a minimum area of the tubular member 20 as the ball 22 travels from one end of the tubular member 20 to the other end thereof, such as from the dot-and-dash line position to the full line position shown in FIG. of the drawings. I have found that such construction provides for maximum audible indication and maximum vibration response to the travel of the ball from one of said positions to the other.
The tubular member 20 is fabricated from two pieces (as best shown in FIG. 5). The ball 22 (for example, a ball bearing) is inserted in place and then the two pieces of the tubular member are secured together by appropriate procedures, such as including adhesives, welding, soldering, or the like. The juncture or seam 21, between the two parts of tubular member 20, may be a butt joint or may be a shiplap joint. However, the joint should be located to be spanned by the mounting means 16. Thus, when the mounting means 16 is secured to the two parts of the tubular member 20, the mounting means 16 functions to reinforce the connection between said two parts.
The tubular member 20 is secured to the cup-shaped mounting means 16 at an area longitudinally offset relative to the center of its length, thus providing a greater length of said tubular member on one side of said cupshaped mounting means over the part extending to the other side thereof. In other words and with reference to FIG. 5, the end portion 26 (hereinafter called the longer end portion) of the tubular member 20 extends further from the longitudinal center of the mounting means 16 than does the other end portion 28 (hereinafter called the shorter end portion) of the tubular member 20. A so, the tubular member 20 extends substantially at right angles to the strap 14 and thus may be extended substantially longitudinally of the wrist of a wearer, as a wrist 12. The longer end portion 26 is preferably positioned in the direction of the fingers of the wearer, so that as the hand of the wearer is bent backwardly at the wrist or the wrist is broken, the back of the hand of the wearer will engage the longer end portion 26 of the tubular member 20 and cause a tilting motion of the tubular member 20 about the mounting means 16 as a center whenever the wrist of the wearer is broken. Thus, whenever the wrists of the golfer and the tubular member 20 are in the appropriate positions, just prior to assuming the position shown in FIG. 8 of the drawings, and the wrists of the wearer are thereafter broken or the hand is turned at the wrist 'backwardly as the wrists are broken so as to assume the position shown in FIG. 8 of the drawings, then the tubular member 20 will be tilted and the ball 22 will move from the position in which it is shown in FIG. 7 of the drawings to the position in which it is shown in FIG. 8 of the drawings.
FIGS. 6 to 10 depict a golfer using a wood rather than an iron golf club and the discussion thereof, therefore, will be primarily applicable to woods. However, variations applicable to irons will be discussed later.
Now, considering the relative position of metallic ball 22 in the tubular member 20 and the various positions of the golfer and the golf club as shown in FIGS. 6 to 10, inclusive, a player 30 may be addressing the golf ball 32 with a golf club 34, all as indicated in FIG. 6 of the drawings. At this time, the metallic ball 22 is in the longer end portion 26 (then the lower end) of the tubular member 20. As the golfer 30 makes his back swing in moving the golf club 34 and head 36 thereof from the position shown in FIG. 6 of the drawings to the position shown in FIG. 8 and through the position shown in FIG. 7 thereof, the metallic ball 22 will remain in the same end portion 26 of the tubular member 20 by reason of the centrifugal force involved even though said longer end portion 26 moves through a position where it is upward instead of downward. The position shown in FIG. 7 is a position which should not be assumed as a stop position by a golfer (when swinging a wood club) but is a position through which the golfer moves in the continuous swing from the position shown in FIG. 6 to that shown in FIG. 8. However, if a golfer should stop or pause at the top of the back swing or in the position shown in FIG. 7, the metal ball 22 will drop from the longer end portion 26 to the shorter end portion 28 of the tubular member 20 and the 'ball 22 will contact an end portion 24 of the tubular member 20 with a resulting sound and vibration. Thus, indicating the flaw in technique (when swinging a wood club) by sound and vibration which may be sensed by the golfer.
It is highly desirable that there be a pause between the finish or end of the back stroke and the start of the down stroke. The design of my device has this pause or delay built in. Centrifugal force holds the ball 22 in position as shown in FIG. 7 until the wrist action, in moving to the position shown in FIG. 8, causes ball 22 to move to position shown in FIG. 8, at which time there is the signal heard and felt by the golfer. The signal occurs at the end of the pause that started at the moment of wrist cooking and this very small moment of time elapse indicates the time to start the down swing by the golfer.
A golfer may wear my device and practice a swing under the supervision of a golf pro and thus become acquainted with the signal sequences occurring in relation to his supervised positions during swinging of the golf club. Then when the golfer is swinging the golf club and the pro is not present, any variations from the signal occurrence sequence during supervised practice will serve as a basis for correction of the golfers stroke.
As the golfer 30 swings the club 34 from the position of FIG. 8 to and through the position shown in FIG. 9, metallic ball 22 will first move outwardly and into the longer end portion 26 of the tubular member 20 and stay there through the influence of centrifugal force. Thus, the ball 22 is shown in the longer end portion 26 in FIG. 9. Upon completion of the follow through to the position shown in FIG. 10 and after reaching such position, the ball 22 will fall by gravity to the shorter end portion 28 as shown in FIG. 10 of the drawings and the completed follow through metallic signal will be heard and felt by the golfer.
While the foregoing description has been made in connection with the illustration of golf club woods, the pertinency to golf club irons will be readily understood by golfers. Most golfers use a full swing with wood clubs in the sense of a full back swing (e.g., to the position shown in FIG. 8) and a full down swing and follow through (e.g., to the position shown in FIG. 10). When the distance to the cup is such that less club and less swing is called for, then the golfer will use an iron of desired pitch and he will use an abbreviated back swing and follow through. Thus, as long as the extent of the back swing is sufiicient to move the longer end portion of the tubular member 20 higher than the shorter end portion 28 (a position in part illustrated by FIG. 7), then with a pause before the downstroke, the ball 22 will fall by gravity and the pause will be indicated. Regardless of the type of golf club (wood or iron), it is my experience, and that of pros with whom I have conferred, that there should be a pause at the top or end of the back swing and before starting the downswing of a golf club. This is true even in connection with a putter. Thus, with my device being employed and if the back swing is at least to the extent of raising the longer end portion 26 of the tubular member 20 higher than the shorter end portion 28, the ball 22 will fall (either upon the breaking of the wrists as in FIG. 8 or by gravity as in FIG. 7) to the end portion 28 and the golfer will sense such falling and the pause by feeling or hearing.
From the foregoing it will now be obvious that I have provided a golf stroke timing aid comprising a tubular member 20 having an internal longitudinal passageway extending from end to end thereof. Within said passageway a spherical ball 22 is disposed and is of a diameter to travel from end to end of said passageway in said tubular member 20. Next, a cup-shaped mounting means 16 is provided and the closed end thereof is rigidly secured to said tubular member 20, as by adhesives, welding, soldering, or the like. The tubular member 20 is preferably formed of two pieces and with the seam or joint 21 aligned to be intermediate the cup-shaped mounting means 16. Thus, the securing of the mounting means to the parts of the tubular member 20 also secures such parts together. The open end portion of said cup-shaped mounting means 16 is adapted to contact the wrist of a golfer 30. Conventional wrist strap means 14 is provided to mount the device on the wrist of a golfer and engage the cup-shaped mounting means 16 to extend the tubular member 20 at right angles to said strap means 14 and with the tubular member 20 extending longitudinally of the wrist 12 of a golfer and toward his hand.
Further, the said tubular member 20 is connected with said cup-shaped mounting means 16 at an area longitudinally olfset relative to the center of its length and thus providing a greater length of tubular member on one side of said cup-shaped mounting means 16 over the length on the other side thereof, that is, the end portion 26 is longer than the other end portion 28 of the tubular member 20.
Also, the tubular member 20 extends at right angles to the strap 14. Thus, the tubular member 20 may be carried by the wrist of a golfer and aligned longitudinally thereof and with the longer portion or end portion 26 extending in the direction of the fingers of the hand of the golfer.
Also, the tubular member 20 is preferably metallic and has end portions which are substantially half spheres and the central inner portions of each are flattened or indented to provide inner, metallic end portions 24. Such inner, metallic end portions 24 alone will be contacted by the metal ball 22 in traveling to an end of the tubular member 20. The said metallic tubular member 20 is mounted by the cup-shaped mounting means, which is also preferably metallic, and with the open portion thereof adapted to contact a wrist of the wearer. This construction provides for an apparently enhanced audible signal as well as vibrating signal, thus permitting the sensing of the impact of the ball 22 with an end portion 24 of the tubular member 20 by feel and/or hearing.
Obviously, changes may be made in the forms, dimensions, and arrangements of the parts of my invention without departing from the principle thereof, the above setting forth only a preferred form of embodiment of my invention.
1. A golf stroke timing aid comprising a tubular member, having an internal longitudinal passageway extending from end to end thereof; a spherical ball disposed in said passageway and of a diameter to travel from end to end of said passageway; a cup-shaped mounting means having the closed end portion thereof rigidly secured to said tubular member, the open end portion of said cupshaped mounting means extending away from said tubular member and adapted to contact the wrist of a golfer; wrist strap connecting means carried by said cup-shaped mounting means for engaging a wrist strap extending at right angles to the longitudinal axis of said tubular member; and wrist strap means connected with said wrist strap connecting means, said wrist strap means adapted to encircle the wrist of a golfer.
2. The combination of claim 1, wherein said tubular member is connected with said cup-shaped mounting means at an area longitudinally offset relative to the center of its length, thus providing a greater length of said tubular member on one side of said cup-shaped mounting means over the other side and in a direction at right angles to said wrist strap means, whereby said tubular member may be carried by the wrist of a golfer and aligned longitudinally thereof.
3. The combination of claim 1 wherein said tubular member is metallic, has metallic end portions which are substantially half spheres with the central portions thereof inwardly indented ensuring contact therewith by said spherical ball at each end of its travel; and said ball and said cup-shaped mounting means are metallic.
4. The combination of claim 1, wherein said tubular member is formed of two parts and the seam between the two parts is adhered together and the cup-shaped mounting means is secured to said tubular member at the area of said seam and to both of said parts thereof.
2/ 1940 Roberts. 1/ 1967 Jolley.
GEORGE J. MARLO, Primary Examiner
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2191683 *||Sep 27, 1935||Feb 27, 1940||Roberts Thomas James||Signal means usable by golf players|
|US3301559 *||Aug 19, 1964||Jan 31, 1967||Jolley Stanley P||Bowling form indicating device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4364564 *||Dec 10, 1979||Dec 21, 1982||David Lewis||Shock absorber for tennis players|
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|US5607361 *||Nov 18, 1994||Mar 4, 1997||Back Swing Management, Inc.||Electronic device for signaling wrist position during a golfer's swing|
|US5984796 *||Sep 15, 1998||Nov 16, 1999||Myong Chun Mah||Golf swing training device for detecting correct weight shift|
|US6279243 *||Oct 22, 1999||Aug 28, 2001||Tranaas Randi Henden||Apparatus for indicating correct or faulty back posture|
|US6800035 *||Jun 18, 2003||Oct 5, 2004||John M. Couch||Golf club swing trainer|
|US6877240||Nov 7, 2003||Apr 12, 2005||Randi Henden Tranas||Apparatus for indicating correct or faulty back posture|
|US6969257 *||Mar 4, 2004||Nov 29, 2005||Henry Jay Groen||Golf swing timing/training device|
|US7686740 *||Mar 30, 2010||Winshih Chang||Exercise device for the arm|
|US20050192112 *||Jun 1, 2004||Sep 1, 2005||Kim Jung K.||Golf swing assistance apparatus|
|US20050196738 *||Mar 4, 2004||Sep 8, 2005||Groen Henry J.||Golf swing timing/training device|
|US20120107782 *||May 3, 2012||Andrew Silva||Training device for martial artists and boxers|
|U.S. Classification||473/213, 116/215, 116/67.00R|
|Cooperative Classification||A63B2071/0625, A63B69/3608|