|Publication number||US3530462 A|
|Publication date||Sep 22, 1970|
|Filing date||Jun 18, 1969|
|Priority date||Jun 18, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3530462 A, US 3530462A, US-A-3530462, US3530462 A, US3530462A|
|Inventors||Hampel Herbert J|
|Original Assignee||Ultronic Systems Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (4), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 22, 1970 H. J. HAMPEL 3,530,462
CHARACTER DISPLAY MODULE HAVING OCTAGONAL LAMP SOCKETS Filed June 18, 1969 FIG.
- |GA 165 we H INVENTOR HERBERT J HAMPEL ATTORN Y 3,530,462 CHARACTER DISPLAY MODULE HAVING OCTAGONAL LAMP SOCKETS Herbert J. Hampel, Philadelphia, Pa., assignor to Ultronic Systems Inc., a corporation of Delaware Filed June 18, 1969, Ser. No. 834,431 Int. Cl. G09f 9/14 U.S. Cl. 340-381 6 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A member is provided with a plurality of transversely extending bores arranged in rows and columns. Each bore has a cylindrical section which in cross section defines a regular octagon. The inner surfaces of each cylindrical section are coated with light reflecting material. A separate tubular lamp can be disposed in each bore. When certain of these lamps are selectively energized, one or more characters are formed which can be viewed from ends of the bores which expose the lit and unlit lamps.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Various electronic systems are adapted to receive information in the form of electrical equivalents of alphanumeric characters and to reproduce these characters in the form of traveling visual displays such as moving ticker displays used in reporting stock market transactions. These systems can employ large numbers of individual display elements in the form of small neon type lamps which are arranged in rows and columns and can be selectively lit and darkened to product the display.
However, in such systems, the lit lamps form dots or circles of light having dark separations therebetween whereby the characters are formed in dotted line. Dotted line characters are not as pleasing to the eye and are not as easy to read as characters in solid line. I have (118- covered that when such lamps are disposed in a suitable matrix wherein each lamp has a separate reflector of specified geometry, the dark separations between adjacent dots of light can be minimized and the characters, as viewed in conventional manner from a distance of several feet or more, appear to be formed in solid line. The resultant display is easier to read and is more pleasing to the eye.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In accordance with the principles of my invention, I employ an elongated member having front and rear flat parallel surfaces with a plurality of closely spaced parallel bores extending transversely between said surfaces. The bores are arranged into rows and columns. Each bore is provided with a hollow cylindrical section extending from the front surface towards the rear surface. Each section, in cross section, has the shape of a regular octagon. A light reflective coating is applied over the inner surfaces of each section.
I further provide a like plurality of lamps of tubular shape. Each lamp has one end which emits light when the lamp is energized and an opposite end adapted to be connected to a source of electricity. Each lamp is disposed in a corresponding bore, with the light emitting end in the section and adjacent the front surface, and the opposite lamp end being accessible from the rear surface.
en certain lamps are selectively energized, the light emitting ends thereof, as viewed from the front surface, define one or more characters such as letters or numbers for display.
nite States Patent ice BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS In the drawings: FIG. 1 is a front view of my module; FIG. 2 is an enlarged front detail view thereof; and
FIG. 3 is a cross sectional view taken along line 33 in FIG. 2.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to FIGS. l-3, a flat elongated relatively thin member 10 formed of plastic or the like is provided with a flat front face 12., a flat parallel rear face 14, and a plurality of bores 16 extending transversely between the two faces and arranged in rows and columns.
Each bore has a first section 16A which extends between the front surface and a point intermediate the front and rear surfaces and a second section which extends between the intermediate point and the rear surface. The first section forms a hollow cylinder which in cross section has the shape of a regular octagon. The second section forms both a second hollow cylinder having in cross section the shape of a circle smaller in area than the octagon and a shoulder portion 16B. Portion 16B extends between and interconnects cylindners 16A and 16B. Section 16A has a light reflective coating 18 applied to all inner surfaces thereof.
A like plurality of neon lamps 20 of tubular shape are employed. Each lamp is disposed in a corresponding bore with a light emitting end 20A being adjacent the front surface, the main tubular body being disposed in section 16A, and the lamp base 20B, which is to be disposed in a socket or otherwise arranged to receive the activating electrical voltages, being disposed in the second bore section.
When one or more lamps are energized and emit light, the resultant image, as viewed from the front surface at a distance of a few feet or more, forms alpha-numeric characters having apparently solid lines.
The bores are so arranged, as viewed from the front surface, that all bores in any column have first and second equal sides which are parallel and extend transversely to the center line of the column; all bores in any row each have third and fourth equal sides which are parallel and extend transversely to the center line of the row; all bores in diagonals moving inclinedly downwards from left to right each have fifth and sixth equal sides which are parallel and extend transversely to the center line of the diagonal; and all bores in diagonals moving inclinedly downwards from right to left each have seventh and eighth equal sides which are parallel and extend transversely to the center line of the diagonal.
These limitations on the geometry of the cross sectional shape of the bores, as viewed from the front surface, mean that the shape must be a regular octagon. All other shapes will not have pairs of parallel equal sides extending transversely to row, column and diagonal center lines and thus will not have the proper form factor for producing a solid line type presentation as Viewed along one or more of these center lines.
What is claimed is:
1. A character display module comprising:
a flat elongated member having front and rear surfaces with a plurality of parallel bores extending transversely between said surfaces, said bores being arranged in rows and columns, each bore having a hollow section extending from the front surface toward the rear surface, said section forming a hollow cylinder having a cross section in the shape of a regular octagon; and
a light reflective coating applied over the inner surfaces of each section.
2. A module as set forth in claim 1 wherein, as viewed from the front surface, each bore has first and second parallel sides which extend transversely to the center line of any column, third and fourth parallel sides which extend transversely to the center line of any row, fifth and sixth parallel sides which extend transversely to the center line of any diagonal moving inclinedly downwards from left to right and seventh and eighth parallel sides which extend transversely to the center line of any diagonal moving inclinedly downwards from right to left.
3. A module as set forth in claim 2 wherein the said section of each bore extends between the front surface to a point intermediate the front and rear surfaces, each bore havng an additional and differently shaped hollow section extending between the intermediate point and rear surface.
4. A module as set forth in claim 3 further including a like plurality of lamps of tubular shape, each lamp having one end which emits light when the lamp is lit and an opposite end adapted to be corrected to a source of electricity, each lamp being disposed in a corresponding bore with the light emitting end being disposed in the hollow octagonal section and the opposite lamp end being disposed in the additional section.
5. A module as set forth in claim 4 wherein each additional section includes an additional hollow cylinder of circular cross section and a shoulder extending between and interconnecting the section of octagonal cross section to the section of circular cross section.
6. A module as set forth in claim 5 wherein the cross sectional area of the section of circular cross section is less than the cross sectional area of the section of octagonal cross section.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,905,937 9/1959 Hoch 340-381 HAROLD I. PITTS, Primary Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 340324, 336, 366
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2905937 *||Nov 25, 1957||Sep 22, 1959||Sierra Prec Inc||Indicator panel|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3675242 *||Feb 25, 1970||Jul 4, 1972||Amp Inc||Alpha-numeric display|
|US3758973 *||Jul 17, 1972||Sep 18, 1973||Magnavox Co||One piece character display device|
|US4006476 *||May 9, 1975||Feb 1, 1977||Romney Russell H||Changeable display apparatus|
|US5026152 *||Feb 15, 1989||Jun 25, 1991||Sharkey Steven D||Enhanced cinema system|
|U.S. Classification||340/815.53, 345/215|
|International Classification||G09F9/307, G09F13/14|
|Cooperative Classification||G09F9/307, G09F13/14|
|European Classification||G09F9/307, G09F13/14|