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Publication numberUS3530813 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 29, 1970
Filing dateJan 14, 1969
Priority dateJan 14, 1969
Publication numberUS 3530813 A, US 3530813A, US-A-3530813, US3530813 A, US3530813A
InventorsRoseman Morton A, Roseman Richard J
Original AssigneeRoseman Morton A, Roseman Richard J
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Producing fastener tape sections on strap ends
US 3530813 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] Inventors Richard J. Roseman,

72 Stafford Road, Colonia, NJ. 07067;

Morton A. Roseman, 20 Tower Drive,

Maplewood, NJ. 07040 [21] AppL No. 816,135

[22] Filed Jan. 14,1969 H g h Continuation-impart of Ser. No. 686,165,

Nov. 28, 1967, abandoned [45] Patented Sept 29 ,1970

[54] PRODUCING FASTENER TAPE SECTIONS ON STRAP ENDS 8 Claims, 15 Drawing Figs.

[52] US. Cl 112/407, 2/265, 24/203 [51] 1nt.Cl A41f1/00, A44b 13/00 [50] Field of Search 1 12/407,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 7 2,746,412 5/ I 956 Roseman 2/265X 2,802,215 8/1957 Alfandre 112/407 Primary Examiner-Alfred R. Guest Attorney-Harry B. Rook ABSTRACT: A fastener section with two parallel bound edges has fastener elements on a fabric body strip partially overlaid by a cover strip and one or both of said strips is notched at spaced points between said bound edges to provide a flap between which and the other strip one end of a strap is secured by stitches. In making one form of the section, the body and cover strips are elongated, one strip has notches equidistantly spaced longitudinally thereof, formed either before or after the strips are secured together, and either spaced apart parallel lines of binding stitches are formed to extend through the notches and transversely of the strips after which the strips are severed between the lines of stitches, or the strips are first severed through the notches and the stitches are applied to the severed edges of the strips, thereby to provide separate fastener sections each having a flap for attaching a strap or a garment edge to the section.

Patented Sept. 29, 1970 3,530,813

INVENTORS. Richard J." Rosemazz Marion A. Rasemazz Patented Sept. 29, 1970 3,530,813

Sheet 2 of3 IINVENTORS.

Ric/lard rlliasemazz BY Marzazz A Rasemcm Patented Sept. 29, 1970 3,530,813

Sheet 3 of 3 I N VENT OR 5.

Rick and r1 Rosemazz Moz'zazz A.Ras'ema2z ATTaRirEy PRODUCING FASTENER TAPE SECTIONS N STRAP ENDS This application is a continuation-in-part of our application filed November 28, I967, Ser. No. 686,165 now abandoned.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION l. Field of the Invention This invention relates in particular to the manufacture of parts of adjustable fasteners to be used, for example, in connecting the rear end portions of brassieres or the like, each fastener part comprising a piece of fabric tape having one or more fastener elements such as hooks or eyes secured thereon to one end or transverse edge of which is secured a short e'lastic strap, and the side or longitudinal edges of the piece are bound by lines of stitches.

2. Description of the Prior Art In the manufacture of such fastener sections heretofore, a long strip of fastener tape including the body and the cover strip has been made with elastic straps secured thereto between the body and cover strip and projecting therefrom in closely spaced relation longitudinally of the tape, and then the long tape has been severed into separate sections between the elastic straps and the severed edges of the sections are bound by zigzag stitches.

Also another form of fastener section includes a body having fastener elements secured thereto and overlaid by cover strips and having the longitudinal side edges of the section bound by folding and stitching of the edges of the body 'over the cover strip; and the end of the strap is laid over the cover strip and secured by stitches including zigzag binding stitches over one end of the strap.

The first form of the fastener section is difficult and expensive to produce and the strap is attached to the fastener section before the fastener section is separated from the long tape for use, for example in brassieres.

In the second form of fastener section, the end portion of a strap is entirely exposed and the stitching and frequently frayed strap end are unsightly.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION A primary object of the present invention is to provide a separate and individual fastener section without the strap or garment attached thereto but which has at least one of the strips formed to serve as a flap for attachment of a strap end or garment so as to eliminate the necessity for binding the edges of the section or the end of the strap after the fastener section has been secured on the strap or garment end, thereby providing a relatively inexpensive combination having a neat, attractive appearance.

It is another object of the invention to provide a novel and improved fastener section and method of making it wherein an elongated fabric body strip has the fastener elements secured thereto with engaging portions exposed to coact with the complemental fastener elements, and with their base portions overlaid by elongated cover strips one of which extends along one longitudinal edge of the body and said edge of one or both of said strips has notches equidistantly spaced apart longitudinally thereof, optionally, closely spaced parallel lines of binding stitches extend through said notches and transversely of the body and cover strips and the body and cover strip are severcd between said closely spaced lines of stitches, or the tape can be severed transversely through said notches to provide in succession separate sections which are arranged in file formation and are zigzag stitched with lines of stitches extending continuously along the transverse severed edges of the sections and through said notches providing a chain of sections connected together by stitches extending from one section to another. Thereby separate andindividual fastener sections are formed having longitudinal side edges 'bound by said stitches and having flaps between the notches to receive a strap end for the securement ofthe'strap end between the body and the flap at one end or transverse edge of the section.

A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a fragmentary top plan view of an elongated fastener tape and indicating the manner of severing the tape into separate sections and forming binding stitches for binding the edges;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged composite perspective view of one of the fastener sections and a strap end in juxtaposed relation preliminary to insertion of the strap end between the flap and the body of the section;

FIG. 3 is a top plan view of the fastener section and the strap secured together;

FIG. 3A is a further enlarged fragmentary sectional view on the plane of the line 3A-3A of FIG. 3;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view of another form of fastener section,

FIG. 4A is a view similar to FIG. 3A on the plane of the line 4A-4A of FIG. 4;

FIG. 5 is a top plan view similar to FIG. 3 showing the fastener section of FIG. 4 secured to a strap;

FIG. 6 is an enlarged side elevation of the fastener section and strap end shown in FIG. 5;

FIG. 7 is a view similar to FIG. 1 showing another form of the invention and illustrating the cover strip side or top side of .the tape;

FIG. 8 is a similar view of the body strip side or bottom side of the tape;

FIG. 9 is a view similar to FIG. 2 of the form of the invention illustrated in FIGS. 7 and 8:

FIG. 10 is a view similar to FIG. 9 showing a further modifcation of the invention;

FIG. 11 is a view similar to FIG. 1 showing another manner of severing the elongated fastener tape and stitching the severed edges of the separate sections;

FIG. 12 is an enlarged perspective view of two of the sections in the relation shown in FIG. 11 and illustrating the manner of zigzag stitching the severed edges of the sections and connecting two adjacent sections with stitches; and

FIG. 13 is a composite perspective view of one of the fastener sections and a strap end preliminary to insertion of the strap end between the flap and the body of the section.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Specifically describing the embodiment of the invention shown in FIGS. 1, 2, 3 and 3A, the reference character A designates an elongated fastener tape which comprises a body strip or base strip 1 of suitable fabric upon one side of which are secured a plurality of fastener elements, in the present instance wire eyes C each of which includes an engaging portion 2 to coact with a complemental hook fastener element, and loops 3 over which pass tying stitches 4 which form parts of lines of stitches 5. The eyes are shown in the present instance arranged in three parallel rows, each row including a plurality of eyes spaced apart longitudinally of the tape; and the eyes in each row are also arranged in pairs with the pairs of eyes spaced from each other distances greater than the spacing between the eyes of each pair so that the tape can be severed along the broken lines 6 between the pairs of eyes to provide fastener sections each of which includes three rows of eyes with each row including a pair of eyes. Each line of stitches 5 runslongitudinally of a row of fastener elements and serves to secure the eyes to the body strip and at the same time to secure a fabric cover strip 7 over the loops 4 of the eyes and to the body strip.

One cover strip has a free longitudinal edge portion indicated at 70 which is approximately coincident with and parallel to one longitudinal edge of the body strip and is formed with notches 7b spaced apart equidistantly longitudinally of the edge portion and approximately equidistantly from adjacent pairs of the eyes. A pair of closely spaced lines of binding stitches 8 for example, zigzag stitches or buttonhole stitching, extend transversely of the body strip and cover strips from one longitudinal edge to the other longitudinal edge of the body strip, and each pair of lines of stitches passes through one of said notches 7b. To complete the fastener sections, the tape is severed along the lines 6 between the lines 8 of each pair of lines of stitches so that a plurality of the fastener sections A are provided each having the transverse edges of the section bound by one line of stitches 8 as shown in FIG. 2. The fastener section also has a flap 9 each end of which is formed by one side ofa notch 7b and is free of the binding stitches 8, so that one end portion 10 of an elastic strip D may be secured to the fastener section between the flap and the body 1' by lines of stitches 11 as best shown in FIGS. 3 and 3A.

Another form of fastener section B is shown in FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 where each section includes a fabric body strip 12 having fastener elements, specifically wire eyes E, secured thereon and partially overlaid by fabric cover strips 13 which with the fastener elements are secured to the body by lines of stitches 14. The transverse edges of the section are bound by the edge portions of the body strip being folded inwardly over the cover strips as indicated at 15 and secured by stitches 16. One cover strip has a free edge approximately coincident with one longitudinal edge of the body, and said edge is notched in closely spaced relation to the bound edges 15 as indicated at 17 so as to form a flap 18 between which and the body 12 the end portions ofa strip F may be secured by a line of stitches 19 as best shown in FIGS. 5 and 6.

FIGS. 7, 8 and 9 illustrate a form of the tape in which the body strip is notched instead of the cover strip. The elongated fastener tape is designated F and comprises a body strip or base strip 21 of suitable fabric upon one side of which are secured a plurality of fastener elements G each of which is shown as including an engaging portion 22 to coact with a complemental hook fastener element, and loops 23 over which pass tying stitches 24 which form parts of line stitches 25. In the present instance the eyes are shown in two parallel rows, each row including a plurality of eyes spaced apart longitudinally of the tape, the eyes in each row being spaced from each other proper distances to permit the tape to be severed along the broken lines 26 between two adjacent eyes to provide fastener sections F each of which includes two rows of fastener elements which are secured to the body strip by the lines of stitches 5 that also secure a fabric cover strip 27 over the loops 3 of the fastener elements and to the body strip.

One cover strip 27 has a free longitudinal edge portion indicated at 27a which is approximately coincident with and parallel to one longitudinal edge 28 of the body strip. In this form of the invention, said longitudinal edge of the body strip is formed with notches 28b spaced apart equidistantly longitudinally of said edge portion. A pair of closely spaced lines of binding stitches 29, for example, zigzag stitches or buttonhole stitching extend transversely of the body strip and cover strips from one longitudinal edge to the other longitudinal edge of the body strip, and each pair of lines of stitches passes through one of the notches 28b. To complete the fastener sections, the tape is severed along the lines 26 between the lines 29 of each pair of lines of stitches so that a plurality of the fastener sections F are provided each having the transverse edges of the section bound by one of the line of stitches 8 as shown in FIG. 9. The fastener section also has a flap 30 each end of which is formed by one side of a notch 28b and is free of the binding stitches, so that one end portion of an elastic strap I may be secured to the fastener section between the flap 30 of the body strip and the juxtaposed cover strip 27 by lines of stitches identical with the lines of stitches 33 shown in FIG. 3.

In FIG. [0 is shown a fastener section in general similar to that illustrated in FIG. 9, the main difference between the two sections being that the section K has both the body strip and the cover strip notched. As shown, the cover strips 31 of the section K overlie the loops of the eyes L and one longitudinal edge portion of one cover strip is notched at 32 and the body strip 33 is notched as indicated at 34 in spaced relation to the lines of binding stitches 37 that correspond to the stitches 29. Thus the cover strip is formed with a flap 35 and the body strip is formed with a flap 36, and the strap M is secured between the flaps 35 and 36.

Referring to FIGS. l1, l2 and 13, the elongated fastener tape is designated N and comprises a body strip or base strip 40 upon one side of which are secured a plurality of fastener elements 0 each of which is shown as including an engaging portion 42 to coact with complemental hook fastener elements, and loops over which pass tieing stitches 43 which form parts of lines of stitches 44. There are shown two parallel rows of eyes, each including a plurality of eyes spaced apart longitudinally of the tape, the eyes in each row being spaced from each other proper distances to permit the tape to be severed along the lines 45 to provide fastener sections N each of which includes two rows of fastener elements which are secured to the body strap by lines of stitches 44 that also secure a fabric cover strip 46 over the loops of the fastener elements and to the body strip.

The cover strip 46 has a free longitudinal edge portion indicated at 46a which is approximately coincident with and parallel to one longitudinal edge 47 of the body strip. One of these strips, in the present instance the strip 46 is formed with notches 46b spaced apart equidistantly longitudinally of said edge portion. To complete the fastener sections the tape is severed along the lines 45 in succession to separate the sections in succession from the tape as shown in FIG. 11. Each separated section is disposed in file formation with the previously separated sections preferably in edge-to-edge relation and the tile of sections is moved longitudinally in the direction of the arrow of FIG. 11 beneath the needle P of a zigzag sewing machine, the needles being spaced apart so as to form continuous lines of zigzag stitches Q along the transverse severed edges of the sections to serve as binding for said edges. The continuous lines of stitches connect the several sections into a chain wherein each section is connected by the thread of a loose stitch to the next adjacent section as shown in FIG. 12.

When it is desired to use the sections, they are separated from each other by breaking the connected threads which are indicated at 49 in FIG. 13 whereupon the section may be secured to an elastic strap R by inserting the end of the strap between the body strip 40 and the flap 50 of the cover strip in about the same manner in which the strap is secured to the fastener section shown in FIGS. 2 and 3.

It will thus be seen that the invention provides separate and individual fastener sections each having bound transverse edges and' having a flap on either or both the cover strip and body strip adjacent to and free from the transverse edges or ends of the body so that each flap may receive between itself and the other strip the end portion of a strap which may be secured to the strips by stitches.

With the invention, the end of the strap is covered by the flap and the necessity for binding the edges of the fastener section or the end of the strap after the fastener section has been secured on the strap, is eliminated. The individual fastener sections can be conveniently handled and applied to the-straps when desired by a garment manufacturer, and the fastener section applied to the strap provides a relatively inexpensive combination having a neat, attractive appearance.

While the invention contemplates the securement of the fastener sections to either a strap or the end or edge of a garment, to avoid circumlocution in the claims, the word strap is intended to include also a garment end or edge portion.

We claim:

I. A fastener section comprising a rectangular fabric body strip having longitudinal edges and end edges, fastener elements secured thereon and a rectangular cover strip secured to said body strip with one longitudinal edge portion partially overlying said fastener elements and in right angular relation to said end edges of the body strip and parallel to one longitudinal edge of the body strip, said end edges of the body strip and the corresponding end edges of the cover strip being bound and the other longitudinal edge portion of at least one of said strips being notched in closely spaced relation to said end edges of the body strip providing a flap between the notches on at least said one strip to receive between itself and the other strip the end of a strap.

2. A fastener section as defined in claim 1 wherein the iongitudinal edge portion of the body strip is notched in closely spaced relation to the end edges of the body strip providing a flap in the body strip between said notches.

3. A fastener as defined in claim 1 wherein said other longitudinal edge portion of the cover strip is notched in closely spaced relation to the end edges of the body strip providing a flap in the cover strip between said notches.

4. A fastener section defined in claim 1 wherein said edges are bound by stitches that overlie said edges and extend transversely of the body and cover strip and through the corresponding notches.

5. A tape for the production of fastener sections, comprising an elongated rectangular fabric body strip having longitudinal edges and having fastener elements secured thereon in spaced apart relation longitudinally of said body strip, and an elongated rectangular cover strip secured to said body with one longitudinal edge portion partially overlying said fastener elements, the other longitudinal edge portion of said cover strip being parallel to one longitudinal edge of said body strip and the last-mentioned longitudinal edge of at least one of said strips being provided with notches equidistantly spaced longitudinally of said edge providing flaps between said notches, each flap to receive a strap between itself and the other strip, and a plurality of pairs of closely spaced lines of binding stitches extending transversely of said body strip and said cover strip from one longitudinal edge to the other thereof and each pair through one of said notches.

6. A fastener section comprising a sectionof tape defined in claim 5 formed by severing said tape between the lines of stitches of two adjacent pairs of lines and through one of said notches, the portion of the notched strip between said lines of stitches providing a flap to receive a strap end between said flap and the other strip.

7. A tape for the production of fastener sections, comprising an elongated rectangular fabric body strip having longitudinal edges and having fastener elements secured thereon in spaced apart relation longitudinally of said body strip, and an elongated rectangular cover strip secured to said body with one longitudinal edge portion partially overlying said fastener elements, the other longitudinal edge portion of said cover strip being parallel to one longitudinal edge of said body strip and the last-mentioned longitudinal edge of at least one of said strips being provided with notches equidistantly spaced longitudinally of said edge providing flaps between said notches, each flap to receive a strap between itself and the other strip, said tape providing for severance thereof into fastener sections along transverse lines extending through said notches whereby one of said strips of each section has a flap between said notches.

8. The method of making fastener sections from an elongated rectangular fabric body strip having longitudinal edges and having fastener elements secured thereon in spaced apart relation longitudinally of said body strip, and an elongated rectangular cover strip secured to said body with one longitudinal edge portion partially overlying said fastener elements, the other longitudinal edge portion of said cover strip being parallel to one longitudinal edge of said body strip said method consisting in providing notches equidistantly spaced in the longitudinal of at least one of said strips providing flaps between the notches, severing said tape transversely through said notches in succession to provide separate fastener sections in succession, arranging each section in file formation with preceding sections, and zigzag stitching said sections in succession in continuous lines of stitches extending along the transverse severed edge of the sections and through said notches providing a chain of sections linked together by stitches extending from one section to another, each section having a flap in one of said strips between said notches.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4025374 *Jan 17, 1975May 24, 1977Ries Gmbh BekleidungsverschlussfabrikMethod for producing closing members for supporting hooks or eyes
US4161420 *Jun 14, 1977Jul 17, 1979Cavitron CorporationWelding
US4256529 *Jan 5, 1979Mar 17, 1981Cavitron CorporationUltrasonic apparatus for manufacturing brassiere tapes
US6520832 *Aug 14, 2001Feb 18, 2003Ideal Fastener CorporationApparatus and method for dynamically adjusting the girth of a garment fastened by hook and eye
US6875075 *Aug 14, 2002Apr 5, 2005Playtex Apparel, IncClosure system for a brassiere
US7638009Mar 10, 2008Dec 29, 2009Texco Hook & Eye Tape Ltd.Method of manufacturing connector comprising an array of fasteners
Classifications
U.S. Classification112/407, 2/265
International ClassificationA44B13/00
Cooperative ClassificationA44B13/0052, A44B13/0011
European ClassificationA44B13/00D, A44B13/00B2