US 3531890 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 6, 1970 I M. CITRON 3,531,890
SWITCH MEANS FOR CONTROLLING AN ANIMATION DEVICE IN A FIGURE TOY Filed Feb. 8, 1968 5 Sheets-Sheet l Ava 14 702.
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SWITCH MEANS FOR CONTROLLING AN ANIMATION DEVICE IN A FIGURE TOY Filed Feb. 8, 1968 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Irv-49103 M. CITRON 3,531,890
SWITCH MEANS FOR CONTROLLING AN ANIMATION DEVICE IN A FIGURE TOY Oct. 6, 1970 5 Sheets-Sheet 4 Filed Feb. 8, 1968 Ila-(rm:
M. .CITRON 3,531,890
SWITCH MEANS FOR CONTROLLING AN ANIMATION DEVICE IN A FIGURE TOY Oct. 6, 1970 5 Sheets-Sheet 5 Filed Feb. 8, 1968 Wyn rats frzazovzrx United States Patent 0 3,531,890 SWITCH MEANS FOR CONTROLLING AN ANIMATION DEVICE IN A FIGURE TOY Manning Citron, San Marina, and Melvin R. Kennedy,
Compton, Calif., assignors to Mattel, Inc., Hawthorne,
Calif., a corporation of California Filed Feb. 8, 1968, Ser. No. 704,056 Int. Cl. A63h 33/26 US. Cl. 46227 12 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE Flow of electric current to electrically-operated animation means, such as light bulbs and a buzzer, is controlled by switch means including a vibratile contact which is caused to vibrate by movement of a switch-closing member.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The background of the invention will be set forth in two parts:
Field of the invention The present invention pertains generally to switch means in figure toys and more particularly to switch means for controlling an animation device in a figure toy.
Description of the prior art One example of the switch means for controlling an animation device in a figure toy may be found in US.
Pat. No. 2,794,298 wherein neon tubes are mounted behind eye-simulating windows in a figure toy. The neon tubes are caused to blink by capacitors which take a considerable period of time to charge to the ionization potential of the neon tubes. The charge on the capacitors drops quickly. Thus, the period when the neon tubes are not glowing is very long, while the period of glow is very short.
One disadvantage with switches of this type resides in the fact that neon tubes and capacitors are somewhat complicated and expensive for use in a figure toy.
Another disadvantage resides in the fact that this type of switch means does not readily adapt itself to the rough usage to which the figure toy may be subjected by child users thereof.
Another example of switch means for controlling an animation device in a figure toy may be found in US. Pat. No. 2,933,853 wherein a light bulb supplies light to simulated eyes, a simulated nose and a simulated carrot through light piping. A bi-metallic strip is provided in the light bulb to periodically interrupt current flowing to its filament.
Switch means of this type have the disadvantage that the bulb may become damaged when the toy is subjected to rough treatment. Additionally, this type is not readily available in a small enough size.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION In view of the foregoing factors and conditions characteristic of switch means for controlling an animation device in a figure toy, it is a primary object of the present invention to provide a new and useful switch means not subject to the disadvantages enumerated above and having a vibratile contact means engageable by a switchclosing means for rapidly energizing and deenergizing an animation device in a figure toy efficiently, safely and expeditiously.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a switch means of the type described which is comparatively inexpensive to manufacture, is of rugged construction and has a long life.
Yet another object of the present invention is to provide a switch means of the type described which includes a vibratile contact which is caused to vibrate by movement of a switch-closing member for rapidly energizing and deenergizing an animation device in a figure toy.
A further object of the invention is to provide a new and useful wire clip for connecting an electric lead in a circuit.
According to the present invention, a figure toy includes electrically-operated animation means and means for supplying electric current to the animation means. Flow of current from the supply means to the animation means is controlled by a new and useful switch means including a fixed contact means, a vibratile contact means engageable with the fixed contact means, circuit means connecting the contact means to the animation means and to the current supply means and switch-closing means engageable with the vibratile contact means for moving it against the fixed contact means. The switch-closing means includes means for vibrating the vibratile contact means into and out of engagement with the fixed contact means so that the animation means is rapidly energized and deenergized.
The animation means is shown for purposes of illustration, but not of limitation, as including a first light bulb mounted in an accessory holder simulating a ray gun carried by one arm of the figure toy, a second light bulb mounted in the torso of the figure toy behind a lens mounted in the chest of the figure toy. The second bulb is in communication with elongated light-conducting, object-illuminating rods carrying light from the second bulb to simulated eyes in the figure toy. The animation means may also include an electric buzzer.
The figure toy is shown herein for purposes of illustration, but not of limitation, as comprising a doll simulating an explorer of other planets. The switch means of the present invention is mounted in a back-pack connected to the doll. This back-pack also carries a pair of dry cells for energizing the animation means and includes a simulated antenna carried by a plate which may be slid to a position eXpOSing apertures adapted to receive electrical jacks for connecting accessory means to the dry cells.
The features of the present invention which are believed to be novel are set forth wtih particularity in the appended claims. The present invention, both as to its organization and manner of operation, together with further objectives and advantages thereof, may best be understood by reference to the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which like reference characters refer to the like elements in the several views.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a side-elevational view, with parts broken away to show internal construction, of a figure toy of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a rear-elevational view of the toy of FIG. 1, with parts broken away to show internal construction;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged, cross-sectional view of an electrical supply and control means forming part of the toy of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a reduced, cross-sectional view taken approximately along line 44 of FIG. 3 and having certain parts removed for clarity;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged, view of the device of FIG. 3;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a first illuminateable accessory means which may be connected to the toy of FIG. 1;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 7 7 of FIG. 6;
partial, exploded perspective FIG. 8 is a plan view of a second acessory means which may be connected to the toy of FIG. 1;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged, cross-sectional view taken along line 9-9 of FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged, partial perspective view of the accessory means of FIG. 8;
FIG. 11 is a perspective view of a third accessory means which may be connected to the toy figure of FIG. 1;
FIG. 12 is an enlarged, cross-sectional view taken along line 1212 of FIG. 11;
FIG. -13 is an enlarged, partial perspective view of a chest lens of the toy of FIG. 1; and
FIG. 14 is a perspective similar to FIG. 13 looking in at the side opposite that shown in FIG. 13.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT Referring again to the drawings, a figure toy constituting a presently preferred embodiment of the invention, generally designated 10, is shown herein for purpose-s of illustration, but not of limitation, as comprising a doll having a torso 12 to which a pair of legs 14, 16 are swingably mounted on plugs 18, 20, respectively, provided on torso 12. A left arm 22 and a right arm 24 are also swingably connected to torso 12 by any suitable means, such as the connecting means 26 shown for the right arm 24. Connecting means 26 includes a hollow pin or boss 28 which is formed integrally with arm 24 and which is rotatably received in a hollow cylindrical member 30 provided on torso 12 adjacent a shoulder opening 32. Pin 28 carries a finger 34 engageable with a first stop pin 36 (FIG. 1) and a second stop pin 38 limiting movement of arm 24 from the position shown in FIG. 1 to a downwardly-directed position.
Torso 12 is provided with a cylindrical neck post 40 non-rotatably receiving a doll head 42. Torso 12 includes a chest portion 44 which is provided with an aperture 46 in which a light-transmitting lens 48 may be mounted. The play value of toy 10 may be enhanced by imparting suitable colors, such as red, blue, green or the like, to lens 48, as will become apparent hereinafter. A hollow bracket 50 extends from the rear wall 52 of torso 12 forwradly toward lens 48 in alignment therewith and includes a free end 54 which carries a holder 56 receiving a small light bulb 58 maintained in position therein by a clip 59. A substantially v-shaped, light-conducting illuminating rod 60 has its apex portion 62 received in holder 56 and includes a pair of arms 64, 66 extending upwardly through neck post 40 to a position behind a pair of eye sockets, like the one shown at 68 in FIG. 1, provided in head 42. Arms '64, 66 are each bent forwardly at a substantially right angle, as shown at 70 for arm 64, providing an extension 72 having an end 74 positioned immediately behind an associated eye socket 68. A light-transmitting button 76 may be connected to each end 74 simulating eyes in head 42. Bracket 50 includes a chamber 78 which communicates with a hollow boss 80 formed on rear wall 52 for frictionally receiving a hollow boss 82 connecting a simulated backpack 84 to torso 12.
An accessory holder 86 may be provided on the end of arm 24 for both simulating a ray gun and for receiving accessories which may be illuminated by a light bulb 88 provided in accessory means 86. Accessory means 86 includes a housing 89 having a closed rear wall 90 and a front wall 92. Front wall 92 is provided with an aperture 94 in which an accessory receiver 96 is mounted. Receiver 96 includes a rear cylindrical .portion 98 receiving light bulb 88 and a front, open portion 100 adapted to receive suitable accessory means, such as a spear 102, a shield 1 04 and a simulated gun barrel extension (FIGS. 6-1 2).
Spear 102 includes a cylindrical member 106 having light-trnasmitting capability and a reduced-diameter portion 108 adapted to be engaged in open end 100 of receiver 96 so that spear 102 may be illuminated by energizing light bulb 88. The cylindrical member 106 is flanked by a pair of plates 110, 112 which may be made from a suitable clear plastic material so that the light emitted by cylindrical member 106 will be visible through plates 110, 112, The outer surface 114 of each plate 110, 112 is frosted in well known manner for subduing the light emitted by cylindrical member 106.
Shield 104 may be made from any clear plastic material having light-transmitting capability and includes a body portion 116 and a pin 118. Pin 118 may be engaged in open end 100 of receiver 96 for connecting shield 104 to accessory holder 86 so that shield 104 may be illuminated by energizing light bulb 88. Body portion 116 in cludes a face 119 of front-reflecting material and is provided with a conical cavity 120 which is aligned with pin 118 for receiving light therefrom. Approximately half of this light will be refracted through the encompassing side wall 122 of cavity 120 while the remaining light is reflected from side wall 122. This reflected light is transmitted along predetermined paths Within body portion 116, as indicated by arrow 123 for one path, to a peripheral lens 124 forming an integral part of body portion 116. Reflected light from side wall 122 is then reflected by lens 124 to the upper surface thereof, as indicated by arrow 126. Light issues from the surface of lens 124 as a tiny, concentrated beam 128 for each path provided in body member 116. These paths are formed in body member 116 by molding pyramid shaped recesses 130 into the rear face 131 thereof. These recesses are like the recesses provided in reflectors of the type commonly used on bicycles, except that the recesses 130 are positioned 45 out of phase with respect to the position of such recess in well known bicycle reflectors.
The simulated gun barrel extension 105 includes a light-transmitting rod 134 having a first end 136 engageable in open end 100 of receiver 96 and a second end 138 affixed to an end wall 140 forming part of a hollow, substantially cylindrical housing 142 encompassing rod 134. End wall 140 is provided with a conical cavity 144 and a plurality of sausage-shaped lands 146. Housing 142 is made from a clear plastic so that the encompassing wall 148 of cavity 144 will transmit approximately 50% of the light issuing from end 138 of rod 134 and will reflect approximately 50% thereof in such a manner that lands 146 are illuminated.
Referring now to FIGS. 1, 13 and 14, the lens 48 may be made from a clear plastic material, such as Lucite, and includes a rear face 48a and a front face 48b. A plurality of louvers 480 are molded into rear face 48a for directing light from bulb 58- upwardly at'a slight angle from a substantially horizontal plane passing through lens 48. In addition, a plurality of hemispherical lenses 48d may be formed on face 48b for concentrating light passing through lens 48. Lenses 48d may be arranged in radial rows 48:: like spokes of a wheel and may have alternating rows painted in different colors giving the illusion to some observers that lens 48 rotates when subjected to a flashing light.
Referring now more in particular to FIGS. 3-5, back pack 84 includes a housing 150 having a top wall 152,
a front wall 154, a rear wall 156, a pair of side walls 158, and'an open bottom 162. H0using 150 is provided with a pair of battery chambers 164, 166 adapted to receive a pair of dry cells 168 and 170, respectively,
which may be retained in position by a removable lid 172 having resilient flanges 174, 176 which may be snapped over beads 178, 180, respectively. An electrical conductor 182 is mounted in lid 172 and includes a first end 184 engageable with the positive terminal 186 on dry cell 168. Conductor 182 also includes a second end 188 engageable with the negative terminal 189 on dry cell 170.
The negative terminal 190 on dry cell 168 is engaged by an electrical contact 192 provided on a bus bar 194 having a first leg 196 mounted in a substantially horizontally plane in the upper portion of housing 150 and a second leg 198 extending downwardly into housing 150. Bus bar 194 is supported within housing 150 by a lug 200, which is formed on side wall 160 and which engages a clip 202 provided on leg 196, and by a pin 204, which is affixed to rear wall 156 of housing 150 and which engages bus bar 194 at the intersection 206 of legs 196 and 198.
The positive terminal 208 on dry cell 170 engages an electrical contact 210 provided on an electrical conductor 212 aflixed to rear wall 156 of housing 150 by a securement means 214 and to side Wall 1 60 by a small bracket 216 having a protuberance 218 engaged in a hollow, hemispherical member 220 formed on an electrical contact 222 forming an integral part of conductor 212. A vibratile contact means 224 is electrically connected to conductor 212 by a connector means 226 (FIG. 4) and includes a first leg 228 extending from conductor 212 to a neck portion 230 from which a second leg 232 extends along side leg 228. Leg 232 includes a free end 234 which carries an electrical contact 236 adapted to engage a fixed electrical conductor 238 intermittently when vibratile contact means 224 is vibrated. A predetermined mass or weight 240 is afiixed to neck 230- for continuing vibratile contact means 224 in motion when it is moved in the manner of a pendulum carrying mass 240 through a path defined by arrow 242. Vibratile contact means 224 may be moved and started vibrating by engaging a branch portion 244 of leg 228 with a pin 246 carried by a switch-closing means 248 during movement of switch-closing means 248 to a switch closing position which moves portion 246 past portion 244. This causes leg 232 to pivot about a pin 250 so that contact 236 will engage fixed electrical conductor 238. Vibratile contact means 224 may be made from an electrical-conducting material Which is somewhat springy so that vibratile contact means 224 will continue to vibrate under the influence of mass 240 after the pendulum-type swing comes to an end. The leg 232 is free to seek its own nodal point. The pin 250 is located at this point and the leg 232 is biased into engagement therewith so that leg 232 will not float up and down at the nodal point during vibration thereof. This maintains energy in the system for a maximum period of time.
Fixed electrical conductor 238 may be made from a single, flatstrip of electrical conducting material bent to the shape shown in FIG. 4 and includes a first portion 252 extending through boss 82 into chamber 78, a second portion 252 extending along rear wall 156, a third portion 256 extending forwardly from the lower end 258 of portion 253 toward front wall 154 and a fourth portion 260 extending downwardly in housing 150 in front of a fixed pin 262 and behind contact 236. Pin 262 furnishes support for the fourth portion 260 when it is contacted by contact 236. A first electrical lead 254 connects the first portion 252 of conductor 238 to the light bulb 88 and a second lead 258 connects lead 254 (and conductor 238) to the light bulb 58. A third lead 262 connects bulb 58 to a fixed electrical conductor 264 having an intermediate portion 266 afiixed to rear wall 156, a lower portion 268 extending rearwardly through boss 82 into chamber 78 and a potrion 270 extending forwardly in housing 150. A fourth lead 272 connects bulb 88 to an electrical conductor 274 having a portion 276 extending through boss 82 into chamber 78 and a portion 278 extending forwardly in housing 150 to a position above leg 196 of bus bar 194 beside the forwardly extending portion 270 of electrical conductor 264.
Portions 252, 268 and 276 of conductors 238, 264 and 274, respectively, are flat metal stampings and are each provided with an electrical contact 279 for making an electrical connection with leads 254, 262 and 272, respectively, by merely pulling the leads into position between a pair of reversely-bent members 279a, 2793 and into engagement with a resilient member 2790 leaving an end 279d biased to a position between, and lying in approximately the same plane as, the members 279a, 279B, whereby the leads are firmly gripped by reverselybent members 279a, 2791; and resilient member 2790.
Leads 254 and 272 for bulb 88 extend through hollow pin 28 on arm 24 passing therethrough to accessory holder 86. Damage to leads 254 and 272 due to unwanted rotation of arm 24 in boss 30 is prevented by limiting rotation thereof to approximately 180 by the coaction of finger 34 and stops 36 and 38.
Portions 270 and 278 of conductors 264 and 274, respectively, are made from a suitable conductor of electricity having sufiicient resilience to permit moving portions 270 and 278 into engagement with a moveable contact member 280 for flexing it suificiently to bring a pair of contacts 282, 284 provided thereon into engagement With leg 196 of the bus bar 194. Movable contact member 280 includes a fixed portion 286 which is afiixed to a boss 288 extending from rear wall 156. Moveable contact member 280 includes an extension 290 to which a coil 292 of a buzzer 293 is connected by a lead 294. Coil 292 forms part of an electro-magnet 296 carried by an L-shaped arm 298 formed on a bracket 300 affixed to conductor 238 and rear wall 156 by suitable fastening means 302. Magnet 296 includes an armature 304 adapted to attract a buzzer arm 306 when coil 292 is energized. Buzzer arm 306 is affixed to bracket 300 by a resilient contact-carrying conductor 308 provided with an electrical contact 310 normally biased into engagement with a fixed contact 312. Contact 312 is provided on an arm 314 which is affixed to bracket 300 by an insulator 316. Fixed contact 312 is connected to coil 292 by a lead 318 and resilient conductor 308 is electrically connected to fixed conductor 238 by fastening means 302. Resilient conductor 308 is connected to arm 306 by a first fastening means 322 and to bracket 300 by a second fastening means 324.
Switch closing means 248 is reciprocably mounted in housing 150 and includes a plate portion 326 having a lower, comparatively narrow portion 328 and an upper portion 330. The upper portion 330 includes a lower end 332 which is approximately the same width as the lower portion 326 at its junction therewith, an intermediate portion 334 increasing in width from end 332 in an upward direction and an upper portion 336. Three rearwardly-extending fingers 338, 340 and 342 are aflixed to the upper portion 336 of plate 326 for supporting switchactuating buttons 344, 346 and 348, respectively, which are carried by upstanding pins 350, 352 and 354 afiixed to fingers 338, 340 and 342, respectively.
If desired, buttons 344, 346 and 328 may be identical with each having a pair of L-shaped fingers 356, 358. The finger 356 on button 344 and the finger 358 on button 348 will then be redundant members. The finger 358 on button 344 and finger 356 on button 346 are each adapted to move portion 270 of conductor 264 into switch-closing engagement with moveable conductor 280 and finger 358 on button 346 and finger 356 on button 348 are adapted to move portion 278 of fixed conductor 274 in like manner when the associated buttons 344, 346 and 348 are depressed. Depressing the buttons 344, 346 and 348, either individually or collectively, moves plate 326 downwardly in housing 150 causing protuberance 246 to strike finger 244 on vibratile switch means 224. The lower portion 328 of plate 326 is provided with an elongated slot 360 engaging a fixed pin 362 for guiding plate 326 when it is reciprocated within housing 150. Pin 362 is carried by a post 364 extending forwardly from rear wall 156. Plate 326 is biased upwardly in housing 150 by a torsion spring 366 having a body portion 368 coiled about a post 370 extending forwardly from rear wall 156, a first arm 372 engaged against side wall 158 and a second arm 374 engaged under a tab 376 provided on plate 326.
A suitable electric accessory, such as the one shown diagramatically at 378, may be electrically connected to back pack 84 by a pair of jacks 380, 382 which are connected to accessory 378 by leads 384 and 386, respectively. Jack 380 may be inserted through an aperture 388, which is provided in side wall 166, and placed in a circuit with buss bar 194 by engaging a tab 390 depending from leg 196 thereof. Jack 382 may be inserted through an aperture 392, which is provided in side wall 166, and placed in electric contact with vibratile switch means 224 by engaging the contact 220 provided on conductor 212. Apertures 388 and 392 may be normally closed by a plate 394 reciprocably connected to side wall 160 by a pair of tabs 396, 398 mounted in slots 399, 400, respectively, which are formed in side wall 160 between lands 402, 404 and 404, 406, respectively. Plate 394 is provided with a pair of apertures 408, 409 which become aligned with apertures 388 and 392, respectively, when plate 394 is slid upwardly in the direction of arrow 410. Plate 394 may be suitably decorated by a simulated antenna 412 enhancing the appearance of back pack 84.
In use, moveable conductor 280 will close a circuit to. coil 292 for actuating buzzer arm 306 regardless of which button 344, 346 or 348 is depressed. Additionally, both light bulbs 58 and 88 will be illuminated when button 346 is depressed, light of bulb 58 will be illuminated when button 344 is depressed and light bulb 88 will be illuminated when button 348- is depressed. However, vibratile contact means 224 will cause intermittant operation of bulbs 58 and 88 and buzzer arm 306 because contact 236 vibrates into and out of engagement with conductor 238.
While the particular figure toy and switch means combination herein shown and described in detail is fully capable of attaining the objects and providing the advantages hereinbefore stated, it is to be understood that it is merely illustrative of the presently preferred embodiment of the invention and that no limitations are intended to the details of construction and design herein shown other than as defined in the appended claims, which form a part of this disclosure.
What is claimed is:
1. In combination with a figure toy having electricallyoperated animation means and switch means for supplying electric current to said animation means, said switch means comprising:
fixed contact means;
mechanically vibratile contact means having a nodal point and intermittently engageable with said fixed contact means when vibrating;
fixed pin means engaging said vibratile contact means at its nodal point;
circuit means connecting said contact means to said animation means and to said current supply means; and
movable switch-closing means engageable with said vibratile contact means for initiating vibration thereof and for causing it to pivot on said fixed pin means and continue to vibrate into and out of engagement with said fixed contact means, whereby said animation means is rapidly energized and deenergized.
2. A combination as stated in claim 1 wherein said vibratile contact means carries a weight for increasing the vibration period.
3. A combination as stated in claim 1 wherein said vibratile contact means comprises:
a bifurcated member having a pair of legs and a neck portion, a'first-one of said legs being afiixed to a first portion of said circuit means and a second one of said legs carrying an electrical contact engageable with said fixed contact means, said pin contacting said second leg; 1 a weight carried by said neck member; and
a finger extending from one of said legs in the path of travel of said switch-closing means for engagement thereby.
4. A combination as stated in claim 3 wherein said finger extends from said first one of said legs.
5. A combination as stated in claim 4 wherein said finger is engageable by a protuberance provided on said switch-closing means.
6. A combination as stated in claim 5 wherein said animation means includes a first light bulb means mounted in said figure toy and a lens provided in said figure toy in alignment with said first light bulb means, said lens means including means for directing light from said first light bulb means away from said toy in a predetermined direction.
7. A combination as stated in claim 6 wherein said figure toy includes an arm and an accessory holder affixed to said arm, said animation means including a second light bulb means mounted in said accessory means.
8. A combination as stated in claim 7 including accesory 'pieces connectible to said accessory means for illuminantion by said second light bulb means.
9. A combinationas stated in claim 8 wherein said animation means also includes an electric buzzer.
10. A combination as stated in claim 1 wherein said switch means is mounted in a housing simulating a back pack for said figure toy, said back pack including means for connecting it to said figure toy.
11. A combination as stated in claim 1 wherein said animation means includes:
a light bulb means;
a light-transmitting elongated element in communication with said light bulb means;
an illuminateable object afiixed to said elongated element; and
a conical recess formed in said object at its joinder with said elongated element, said recess reflecting a portion of the light from said bulb means into said object and transmitting a portion of said light through said object.
12. A combination as stated in claim 1 wherein said circuit means includes electrical contact means readlly connectible to electric lead means, comprising:
a flat metal conductor having a pair of reversely-bent members and a resilient member disposed between said reversely-bent members, said resilient member being biased to a position lying in approximately the same plane as said reversely-bent members, whereby said lead means may be firmly gripped by said reversely-bent members and said resilient member.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,310,037 2/1943 Reno 46226 X 2,933,853 4/1960 Laval 46228 3,221,120 11/1965 Mooney et al. 335-90 3,232,004 2/1966 Felsher 46228 X FOREIGN PATENTS 584,648 11/1958 Italy.,
LOUIS G. MANCENE, Primary Examiner R. F. CUTTING, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R. 46ll6