|Publication number||US3534666 A|
|Publication date||Oct 20, 1970|
|Filing date||Aug 7, 1968|
|Priority date||Aug 7, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3534666 A, US 3534666A, US-A-3534666, US3534666 A, US3534666A|
|Inventors||Lawrence Salvatore Maccherone|
|Original Assignee||American Can Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (21), Classifications (9), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent 72] Inventor Lawrence Salvatore Maccherone Emerson, New Jersey [21 1 Appl. No. 750,962
 Filed Aug. 7, 1968  Patented Oct. 20, 1970  Assignee American Can Company New York, New York a corporation of New Jersey  PLASTIC BAG MANUFACTURE 10 Claims, 4 Drawing Figs.
 US. Cl 93/35, 93/8, 156/344  Int. Cl B3lb 49/04  Field ofSearch 93/350213), 8; l5 6/344:53/(lr 1quired)  References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3,395,622 8/1968 Kugler 93/35 Primary Examiner-Bernard Stickney Attorneys-Kenneth H. Murray, George P. Ziehmer, Robert P. Auber and Louis F. Heeb ABSTRACT: There is described a method of and apparatus for making plastic bags having pleated bottom ends capable of squaring up when the bags are filled, wherein novel ways and means are provided in association with the forming and sealing of the bottom pleats to separate the individual folds.
Patented Oct. 20, 1970 3,534,666
In S INVENTOR.
4 A WRENCE 5/11 m 7025 MArcllfmvf Patented Oct. 20, 1970 Sheet 2 of 2 PLASTIC BAG MANUFACTURE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention is an improvement in the art of manufacture of pleated or gusset bottom plastic bags. Flat formed plastic bags provide a relatively inexpensive package form and are used for a wide variety of merchandise. The gusset bottom construction, usually with an interconnecting triangular formation at each end of the W-shaped pleats, is becoming increasingly popular because it enables the bag when filled to assume a squared off configuration at its bottom end, thereby providing a package of pleasing appearance and one which enables end stacking in situations where this feature is desirable. Examples of square bottom bags are described in US. Pat. Nos 2,771,010; 2,815,063; 2,821,337; 3,023,679; and 3,136,475.
The particular construction of square bottom bags for which the present invention is intended is the type wherein the triangular formations at the ends of the gusset result from the pleats being cut through and heat sealed along converging lines extending from the side seams which define the width of the bag. In the manufacturing sequence contemplated, the tapered ends of the contiguous pleats are cut through and heat sealed at the same time by a cutting-sealing tool. This operation has the disadvantage of causing a degree of sticking or fusing between the gusset end seals, which makes it difficult for the bag to properly assume its expanded, squared bottom configuration when filled with product. It is this problem which the present invention aims to overcome.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention comprises a mechanism and the operative steps for breaking apart or separating the pleats in the gusset fold of an article of manufacture produced from longitudinally folded heat scalable web. In the contemplated environment of use, the gusset pleats are cut and heat sealed at spaced increments along lines extending across the pleats at an angle to the path of feed of the web. The pleat seals are formed by means of a heat sealing tool which cuts through and seals the ends of the adjacent pleats in one pass. This operation tends to cause local points of sticking or fusing between the seals of the adjacent pleats, which makes it difficult for the pleats to open and expand properly in their intended function. By this invention, these points of fusion between the pleat seals are physically broken apart by means of an elongate separator member which includes a thin filament or wire positioned at its upstream end to lie between the pleats adjacent the fold line connecting the pleats and at its downstream end to a connection to the outside of the pleats. The pleat heat seals are formed at a station near the upstream end of the filament and extend outwardly from the filament to the free edge of the pleats. When the heat sealed pleats pass over the downstream end of the filament, any points of fusion between the pleats are broken.
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic perspective view of a bag making system utilizing the invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged diagrammatic plan view of a portion of the system of FIG. 1. illustrating the novel means and its function in the practice ofthis invention; and
FIGS. 3 and 4 are perspective bottom end views of a bag formed by the practice of this invention, before and after the bag is expanded by filling with a pi oduct.
DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT The bag making system diagrammatically illustrated in FIG. I comprises a conventional folder guide which receives a web W of plastic sheet from a supply reel (not shown) over a guide roll 11, and a pair of driven pull rolls 12,12 which pull the web W over the folder guide 10 and advance it toward a series of work stations.
As it is drawn off the guide 10, the web W is folded along a longitudinal line L intermediate its edges, thus bringing the adjacent halves of the web into fiat superimposed relation as they pass through rolls, 12,12 toward the other work stations. Immediately downstream of the pull rolls is a device, in the form ofa pleating disc 13 rotatable in the plane of the moving web, which engages the web along the fold line L and reversely tucks the marginal portions on each side of fold line I. in between the flat halves of the web, thus forming a W-shaped fold having two adjacent pleats, designated P and P (See FIG. 2).
The folded and pleated web next moves past a station where the folded pleats l and I: are incrementally subjected to a cutting-and-sealing operation. At this station, a triangularly shaped cutting-sealing tool 15 reciprocates to and from engagement with the pleats to form therein at spaced intervals, triangular V-shaped cutouts V which are simultaneously sealed along the cut lines.
The triangular cutting tool 15, illustrated in FIG. I as a vertically reciprocatable member having an electrically heated cutting and sealing blade 16 at its lower end, engages the folded pleats P and P,: at spaced intervals against a backing plate 17, whereby a triangular wedge T is cut from the pleats and the superimposed legs of each pleat are sealed along the triangular cut lines. The backing plate 17 is provided with a triangular space 18 underlying the triangular tool 15, whereby the severed wedges T are allowed to fall free as the cut-seal is made. The backing plate 17 is appropriately mounted for longitudinal and lateral adjustment on a frame section 19 which forms a part ofthe machine frame.
As the pleated web advances beyond the aforementioned cutting-sealing station, the cut-and-sealed pleats pass over an elongate cooling device 20 through which a suitable refrigerant is circulated. The cooling plate 20 is bracketed to frame section 19. The V-shaped heat-seals are thus cooled to a permanent set.
The folded web with the now cooled Vshaped gusset seals next passes through the nip of a second pair of feed rolls 21,21, and then beneath an elongate cutting-sealing shoe 22 which extends transversely of the folded web. Elongate shoe 22, also electrically energized and having a narrow elongate cutting-sealing edge 23, reciprocates to and from engagement with the folded web to cut the web and form spaced transverse seals S extending across the folded web from the apex of the triangular seals V at intervals corresponding to the desired width of the bag being formed. A conventional backing member, not shown, underlies the web beneath elongate cutting-sealing shoe 22, and the finished bag B is detached from the web at the seal line S by conventional off-feed belts, also not shown, which move at a faster linear speed than that of web W, thus facilitating the detachment of the finished bag from the side seal of the next succeeding bag.
From the preceding description, it will occur to the reader that the two pleats P, and P, are likely to be fused together at their edges as a consequence of the cutting and sealing operation performed by triangular blade 16. A novel means is provided for solving this problem, as will now be described.
Mounted on frame section 19 and extending between a point just before the location of cutting-sealing tool 15 to a point just before the location of feed rolls 21,21 is an elongate seal breaker, generally designated 30. As best illustrated in FIG. 2, the seal breaker comprises a thin, elongate filament 31, preferable of durable material such as piano wire. connected at each end and stretched between a spaced pair of thin plates 32 and 33 which bolt to frame section 19 at the aforementioned locations. Plate 32 includes a bracket portion 32a with bolt slots for adjustable mounting to frame section 19, and a crescent-shaped blade portion 32b which projects into the folded gusset between pleats I and P and curves in the downstream direction toward plate 17. Similarly, plate 33 includes bracket portion 330 and blade portion 33b which curves upstream toward plate 17 between the gusset pleats. The two plates preferably are constructed from sheet metal,
and the blade portions 32b and 33!) are quite thin, having a thickness substantially equal to the diameter of wire 31. The upstream end of wire 31 is secured to the leading edge of blade 32b, and the other end to the trailing edge of blade 3312, with permanent connections, as, for example, soldering.
It will be observed on examination of P16. 2 that the apex of the V-shaped blade 16 falls close to but just outside (transversely of the path of vveb W) of wire 31 at this location. Consequently, the triangular cut and seal V terminates to the outside of the wire, which means that wire 31 is trapped" between the pleats P and P when the seal is made, in a nar row channel between the apex of the seal and fold line L.
As the web is advanced downstream toward the next work station, the two pleats P, and P pass over the downstream end of wire 31 and blade 33b to which it is secured, thus breaking apart any points of fusion between the pleats that may have occurred during the formation of seal V. This completely separates the pleats from each other so that they remain free, as illustrated in FIG. 3, and capable of ready expansion into the squared-up configuration shown in FIG. 4 when the bag is filled.
The narrow channel in which wire 31 moves is subsequently sealed over and cut through by transverse shoe 22 in the formation of the side seal S. This produces an uninterrupted seal extending across the tapered ends of the pleats P, and P and up the opposite sides of the bag B, as best shown in FIG. 4.
The above described structure of the seal breaker 30 and its mounting to frame section 19 is a preferred embodiment, but it is contemplated that variations of the principle will readily occur to those skilled in the art. For example, the downstream end of wire 31 may be differently supported and still achieve the pleat separating function, so long as it is held sufficiently taut to break through the points of fusion between the two pleats as they move along.
It is thought that the invention and many of its attendant advantages will be understood from the foregoing description and it will be apparent that various changes may be made in the form, construction, and arrangement of parts of the apparatus mentioned herein and in the steps and their order of accomplishment of the method described herein, without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention or sacrificing all of its material advantages, the apparatus and method hereinbefore described being merely a preferred embodiment thereof.
[Claim 1. in a method of producing an article of manufacture from a web of heat scalable material wherein the web is longitudinally folded with a gusset of multiple pleats and heat seals are formed in the pleats at spaced intervals along the fold, the improvement comprising the steps of:
a. passing the folded pleats over a thin elongate filament fixed at its upstream end to lie between and adjacent the line of fold connecting the pleats and fixed at its downstream end to a connection to the outside of said pleats;
b. forming at an upstream position along said filament a heat seal in said pleats extending outwardly from said filament at an angle to the path of web travel to fuse together the respective legs of the folded pleats; and
c. advancing said heat sealed pleats over the downstream end of said filament to break apart any points of fusion occurring between said pleats during the forming of said heat seal.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein said heat seal is formed in each of said pleats at once.
3. The method of claim 1 wherein said heat seal is V- shaped, the apex of which is adjacent said line of fold.
4. The method of claim 1 and including the step of forming beyond the downstream end of said filament another heat seal extending transversely of said folded web from the first said heat seal in said pleats.
5. A method of forming flat gusset bottom bags from a web of heat scalable material, comprising the steps of:
a. longitudinally folding said web and forming at the line of fold a gusset of multiple pleats;
b. inserting between the adjacent one of said pleats an elongate member fixed at its upstream end to lie adjacent the line of fold connecting said adjacent pleats and fixed at its downstream end to a connection lying outside the free edge of said pleats;
c. forming at spaced intervals along said gusset heat seals extending from said filament across said pleats at an angle to the path of feed of said web;
d. passing said heat seals over the downstream end of said elongate member to break apart any points of fusion between said adjacent pleats occurring during the forming of said seals; and
e. forming transverse heat seals across said fold web from said heat seals in said pleats and separating the resulting bag from the web at said transverse heat seal.
6. In an apparatus for fabricating from heat scalable web an article of manufacture having a gusset of multiple pleats along a longitudinal line of fold and heat seals across the pleats at an angle to the line of fold at spaced intervals thereon, the improvcment comprising:
a. a heat sealing tool operable at a station along said line of fold and positioned to form said heat seals extending across said pleats from the free edge thereof to adjacent the line of fold connecting said pleats; and
b. an elongate separator means extending both directions from said station for breaking apart any points of fusion between said pleats occurring during the forming of said seals, said means including a thin filament positioned at its upstream end to lie between said pleats adjacent their connecting line of fold and fixed at its downstream end to a connection lying outside of the free edge of said pleats, said filament at said station being positioned with respect to said tool to lie between said connecting line of fold and the inner terminus of said heat seals.
7. The apparatus of claim 6 wherein said tool is operable to form said seals in the adjacent pleats of said gusset in one pass.
8. The apparatus of claim 6 wherein said tool forms said seals in a V-shape, the apex of which is adjacent said connecting line of fold.
9. The apparatus of claim 6 wherein said elongate separator means includes blade-shaped members secured to the opposite ends of said filament and extending between said pleats of said gusset.
10. An apparatus for forming flat gusset bottom bags from a web of heat scalable material, comprising:
a. means for longitudinally folding said web to bring its halves into close superimposed relation and forming a gusset of multiple pleats at the line of fold;
b. heat seal means for forming heat seals in said pleats extending at an angle to the path of feed from the free edge of said pleats to adjacent the fold line connecting said pleats;
c. means for breaking apart any points of fusion occurring between said pleats during the forming of said seals, said means including a thin elongate filament fixed at its upstream end to lie between said pleats adjacent said connecting line of fold and fixed at its downstream end to a connection outside the free edge of said pleats; and
d. heat seal means positioned downstream of said filament for forming transverse seals extending across said folded web from the inner terminus of said pleat seals.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3599538 *||May 7, 1969||Aug 17, 1971||Continental Can Co||Three dimensional bag forming method and apparatus|
|US3654841 *||Oct 20, 1970||Apr 11, 1972||Paramount Packaging Corp||Machine for making plastic bags|
|US4116116 *||Feb 25, 1977||Sep 26, 1978||Cadillac Products, Inc.||Method of making a heat shrinkable bag|
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|US20040245270 *||May 21, 2003||Dec 9, 2004||Greg Tan||Side seamed plastic produce bag, method of making and dispenser for same|
|US20040253399 *||Aug 20, 2003||Dec 16, 2004||M&Q Plastic Products, Inc.||Cook and chill casing|
|US20080312057 *||May 7, 2008||Dec 18, 2008||Amcor Limited||Polymer bag|
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|U.S. Classification||493/194, 383/122, 493/203, 493/209, 156/717|
|Cooperative Classification||B31B37/00, B31B2237/20|
|Aug 14, 1987||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AMERICAN CAN PACKAGING INC., AMERICAN LANE, GREENW
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:AMERICAN CAN COMPANY, A NJ CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004835/0338
Effective date: 19861107
Owner name: AMERICAN NATIONAL CAN COMPANY
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNORS:AMERICAN CAN PACKAGING INC.;TRAFALGAR INDUSTRIES, INC. (MERGED INTO);NATIONAL CAN CORPORATION (CHANGED TO);REEL/FRAME:004835/0354
Effective date: 19870430
Owner name: AMERICAN NATIONAL CAN COMPANY,STATELESS
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNORS:AMERICAN CAN PACKAGING INC.;TRAFALGAR INDUSTRIES, INC. (MERGED INTO);NATIONAL CAN CORPORATION (CHANGED TO);REEL/FRAME:4835/354
Owner name: AMERICAN CAN PACKAGING INC.,CONNECTICUT
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AMERICAN CAN COMPANY, A NJ CORP.;REEL/FRAME:4835/338
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AMERICAN CAN COMPANY, A NJ CORP.;REEL/FRAME:004835/0338
Owner name: AMERICAN CAN PACKAGING INC., CONNECTICUT
Owner name: AMERICAN NATIONAL CAN COMPANY, STATELESS