US 3534673 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent  Inventor Robert D. Muller Binghamton, New York  Appl. No. 664,109 [221 Filed Aug. 29, 1967  Patented Oct. 20, 1970  Assignee G A F Corporation,
a corporation of Delaware  PHOTOCOPY DEVELOPING APPARATUS' I FOREIGN PATENTS 454,497 0/1950 Italy 89/(gas)UX 477,896 10/1951 Canada.. 89/(;as)UX l u Fi 3C rawmg ABSTRACT: An apparatus for developing sensitized diazo- U-S- .7 "I copy paper The apparatus includes a developer tank 95/89 through the interior of which the copy paper is vertically con-  Int.Cl Gtl3d 7/00 veyed and an enema] developer recirculation, chamber in  held of Search 95/94, lateral communication with the developer tank An ammonia- /(g 3 /63 saturated developer atmosphere is generated within the R f d developer tank, drawn into the external recirculation chamber I e erences e by a suction blower, and then reconveyed into the developer UNITEDSTATES PATENTS tank through a horizontal jet nozzle orifice and directed 3,147,687 9/1964 Halden 95/ 89(gas)UX toward one side of the vertically moving copy paper. The ap- 3,208,367 9/ 19.65 Aizawa..... 95/ 89(gas)UX paratus provides a controlled ammonia-saturated atmosphere 3,280,717 10/ 1966 Bungay 95/ 89(gas)UX for the developing of diazo-type copy paper.-
4mm!! E w 2 at 49 /C l 1 g; 80 a;
l id 5 52 I I E: 1 =55 :7 IKQI 2Z2Z'2I Z5FZ6ZSL. z 5/ z 1 Patented Get. 20, 1970 Sheet INVENTOR. Robert D.Mu|ler FIG?) ATIQB EL. W
This invention relates to an apparatus for developing sensitized diazo-type copy paper and, more particularly, to an improved ammonia developer tank and developer circulating system.
Basically, in the developing of various types of diazo-type sensitized copy paper, the paper is conveyed through or in proximity with a developing tank which is adapted to generate an ammonia-saturated vapor or atmosphere under controlled conditions. Frequently, the diazo-type copy paper is moved along the surface of the developer tank under the urging of one or more conveyor belts while subjected to ammonia 7 relatively cumbersome, complex and difficult to maintain.
Also, in presently used ammonia-type developing apparatuses. it is extremely difficult, if not impossible; to control the physical properties of the ammonia developing medium. This, of course, creates problems in attempting to obtain developed diazo-type prints, and in particular, white prints, which are of a consistently uniform and satisfactory quality. Consequently. presently usedammonia-type developing apparatuses have proved themselves to be either unwieldly in construction. difficult to maintaimor subjectto problems in controlling the consistency of the developing medium. g
The wet ammonia-type developing apparatus according to the present invention overcomes the foregoing and other disadvantages encountered in the prior art by providing a selfcontained developer tank and recirculation blower system incorporating means for generating an ammonia saturated atmosphere of predetermined consistency, The ammonia containing atmosphere is constantly circulated through the developer tank in a novel and unique manner so as to impinge on sensitized diazo-type copy paper being conveyed through the developing apparatus. The developing apparatus according to the present invention facilitates the use of relatively small and simple components, and affords excellent control over the quality and consistency of the ammonia developer medium. As a result, the present developing apparatus is economical and adapted for widespread industrial and commercial applications.
Accordingly, it is a primary object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved developing apparatus for sensitized diazo-typecopy paper.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a developing apparatus for sensitized diazo-type copy paper incorporating novel developer tank and recirculation chamber components for improved control over the ammonia developer medium.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a developing apparatus as described above, in which a desired ammonia-saturated atmosphere is generated within the developer tank and circulated so as to impinge on copy paper conveyed through the developer tank in a uniform and consistent manner.
A more specific object of the present invention is to provide an ammonia-type developing apparatus as described hereinabove and incorporate novel blower and recirculating chamber components so as to provide a controlled generated ammonia-saturated atmosphere for the developing of diazotype copy paper.
These and other objects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will be readily appreciated as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a sectional side-elevational view of a developing apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a plan view of the developing apparatus shown in FIG. I; and
FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional view along line 3-3 in FIG. 1.
Referring now to the drawings. wherein like reference characters designate like or corresponding parts throughout the several views, FIG. 1 illustrates a developing apparatus including developer tank 2. The developer tank 2includes a suitably insulated front wall 4 and rear wall 6, and side walls 8 (of which only one is shown.) The front wall 4, rear wall 6, and side walls 8 are fastened together in fluid-tight relationship by means of upper tie bars or angle brackets 10, and lower tie bars or angle brackets 12.
Rotatably journaled between side walls 8, and toward the lower ends thereof, are paired conveyor seal rollers 14 and 16, which are mounted on shafts l8 and and adapted to be driven in counterrotative relationship. Similarly, adjacent to the upper edge of the developer tank 2, paired conveyor seal rollers 22 and 24 are rotatably journaled between side walls 8. and mounted on shafts 26 and 28. which are adapted to be driven in synchronous relationship with shafts l8 and 20.
Fastencd to side walls 8 and extending generally vertically are spaced guide plate members 30 and 32, which may be formed ofperforatc stainless steel wire mesh or perforated plate steel. The space between guide plate members 30 and 32 provides a narrow slot or passageway 34 extending from the region of the bight between conveyor seal rollers 14 and 16 to the region of the bight between conveyor seal rollers 22 and 24.
Sealing of developer tank 2 is provided by attaching conventional seals 36 and 38 to upper angle brackets 10, and
similarly attaching seals 42 and 44 to lower angle brackets 12.
The surfaces of seals 36. 38. 42 and 44 respectively, contact the surfaces of conveyor seal rollers l4, 16, 22 and 24. This, in effect, creates a closed. sealed receptacle out of developer tank 2.
A sealed circulation chamber 46 is attached to developer tank 2, and is placed in communication with the interior thereof by means of an orifice 48 extending through rear wall 6. A suction blower 49 is connected to the circulation chamber for a purpose to be described hereinbelow. At the bottom of circulation chamber 46, a sealed duct 50 is fastened thereto and to the rear wall 6, of developer tank 2. Duct 50 includes an orifice 52 placing it in communication with the interior of circulation chamber 46, and an opening 54 extending through rear wall 6 of developer tank 2. Opening 54 places the interior of the duct 50 in communication with a converging nozzle member 56 projecting into developer tank 2, and extending between side walls 8. The nozzle member 56 includes a relatively narrow jet orifice 58 extending over the entire width of the developer tank 2 in proximity to guide place member 32.
lnteriorly of developer tank 2, and located in the region bounded by guide plate member 32, rear wall 6, and the upper surface of nozzle member 56, is an open evaporator tray 60. Evaporator tray 60 extends across the width of the developer tank for a substantial portion of the distance between side walls 8. A heating element 62 is positioned in evaporator tray 60. The heating element 62 may comprise an elongated wire element (FIG. 3) and may be generally .I" or U-shaped, having an elongated portion 64 extending along and in proximity with the bottom surface of evaporator tray 60. A developer solution drip tube 66 may be positioned above heating element 62, and in particular, vertically above its elongated portion 64. Similarly, adeveloper supply tube 68 may be positioned above heating element 62 in the vicinity of drip tube 66. for a purpose to be more fully explained hereinbelow.
During operation, a sensitized diazo-type copy paper W which is to be developed is guided into the bight between conveyor seal rollers 14 and 16. Guiding action to this effect may be provided by suitable sheet metal guide plates 70 and 72. which are fastened to the exterior surfaces of flanges on lower angle brackets 12 so as to form a paper insertion slot 74 therebetween. The copy paper W is conveyed upwardly by seal rollers 14 and 16 into passageway 34 between guide plate members 30 and 32. Since there may be a tendency of the copy paper W to adhere to the surface of either seal roller 14 or 16. suitable scraper or pickoff contact shoes 76. fastened to angle brackets 12, engage the surfaces of seal rollers l t and 16. Contact shoes 76 form a funnel which will channel the moving copy paper into the passageway 34 betweenguide plate members 30 and 32.
In order to generate the proper ammonia-saturated atmosphere for the developing of copy paper W, aqueous ammonia may be supplied to the evaporator tray 60 through drip tube 66. As the aqueous ammonia drips onto portion 64 of heating element 62, the latter of which has been heated to a predetermined temperature (and may also be partially submersed in aqueous ammonia in the evaporator tray) it is vaporized into an ammonia-containing vapor.
In the alternative. when anhydrous ammonia is used. rather than aqueous ammonia. the portion 64 of heating element 62 may be immersed in water in evaporator tray 60. As the heating element 62 is raised in temperature it will raise the water in the tray 60 to the boiling point and generate steam. When anhydrous ammonia in gaseous form is supplied through developer supply tube 68. contact of the anhydrous ammonia gases with the steam will generate an ammonia-containingor saturated atmosphere in the developer tank 2.
The ammonia-containing or saturated medium or atmosphere is pulled out of the developer tank 2 through orifice 48 into circulation chamber 46 due to the action of blower 49 which will tend to reduce the pressure in the circulation chamber 46. The ammonia-containing atmosphere is forced by theblower actioninto duct 50 into nozzle member 56 and through jet orifice 58 against guide plate member 32. Since and is suckedinto circulation chamber 46 by the blower 49 for continuous recirculation. In essence. the recirculation of the ammonia atmosphere and generation thereof within the developer tank 2 will assure a continuous stream of ammonia being directed against the surface of any copy paper W conveyed between guide plate members 30 and 32.
Control over the physical characteristics of the ammonia atmosphere. such as composition, temperature. etc., may be maintained through the'u se of suitable thermoswitchcs 78 positioned in duct 50, or a thermoswitch 80 in front wall 4 of developer tank 2. The thermoswitehes. or other similar sensing means, may be employed to regulate the flow of the ammonia supply or the temperature of heating element 62 as desired.
When the copy paper W reaches conveyor seal rollers 22 and. 24', it is pulled out of the developer tank 2 into an exit passageway 82 formed between guide plates 84 and 86. The guide plates 84 and 86 are adapted to contact the surfaces of .v eJe-t...
of the invention herein chosen for the purposes of the disclo-. sure. which do not constitute departures from the spirit and scope of the invention. a
I claim: I. In an apparatus for the developing paper:
a substantially closed developer tank; means for conveying said copy paper vertically into the bot- I tom of said developer tank: stationary perforated guide means located centrally of said tank and adapted to laterally support said copy paper during its vertical passage through the interior of said developer tank; r
means within said tank including a trough for receiving a developing medium and means for supplying a quantity of developing medium to said trough;
means cooperative with said supplying means for generating a developing medium containing atmosphere;
an external recirculation chamber positioned adjacent to said developer tank and in lateral communication therewith;
suction blower means in said external recirculation chamber for drawing saiddeveloper containing atmosphere from said developer tank and into said recirculation chamber;
an orifice including horizontal nozzle means interconnecting said external recirculation-chamber and the interior of said developer tank adjacent'jits bottom. said nozzle means being adapted to direct developer containing atmosphere from said chamber through saidguide means and into engagement with one side of the copy paper passing vertically through developer tank, the atmosphere withdrawn from the tank by said blower being passed into engagement with the opposite side of said copy paper as a result of the perforated guide structure; and
means for receiving said copy paper from the top of said guide means and conveying it upwardly from said developer tank.
2. An apparatus as defined in claim 1 wherein said recirculation chamber is fastened to one side of said developer tank, orifice means communicating between said developer tank and said recirculation chamber so as to facilitate ingress of developer containing atmosphere into the chamber from said tank. and duct means communicating with said recirculation chamber, said duct means being adapted to receive ammoniacontaining atmosphere from said recirculation chamber and convey it toward said'nozzle means for recirculation into said developer tank.
3. An apparatus as defined in claim 1, wherein said developer tank and external recirculation chamber constitute a closed developer circulationsystem. a
of sensitized copy