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Publication numberUS3535240 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 20, 1970
Filing dateAug 24, 1967
Priority dateAug 24, 1967
Publication numberUS 3535240 A, US 3535240A, US-A-3535240, US3535240 A, US3535240A
InventorsWarren I Lyness
Original AssigneeProcter & Gamble
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sulfoximine corrosion inhibitor for acid solutions
US 3535240 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Int. Cl. E2111) US. Cl. 252-855 6 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE The attack of clean ferrous metal surfaces in contact with acid solutions such as pickling baths is inhibited by the use in such baths of unsymmetrical sulfoximines containing at least one long alkyl chain.

FIELD AND BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to inhibitors for acid solutions employed with ferrous metals such as in pickling or cleaning baths or oil Well acid fracturing.

The treatment of metal surfaces with strong acids for the purpose of removing metal oxides and scale, is generally referred to as pickling; pickling is one method of preparing a metal surface for processes such as electrodeposition, chemical coating and machining. In a pickling process, a metal object containing, for example, a high percentage of iron, is immersed in an aqueous acid bath, commonly called pickling liquor. On immersion, the metal oxide such as iron oxide and scale are removed by direct attack of the acid on points on the metal surface at which the iron oxide or scale attaches.

Deposits of oxide and scale are usually quite pervious to the constituents of the pickling liquor, and slough off rapidly because of the action of the acid. At the same time that the pickling liquor is attacking the metal surface directly beneath the unwanted coating, it is also attacking the already clean metal surfaces and dissolving off quantities of metal, often causing pitting or roughening, i.e., corrosion. Acid is used up needlessly in this type of chemical process. In order to prevent such corrosive attack on clean metal, inhibitors are generally added to the pickling liquor. These inhibitors slow down acid attack on clean surfaces. Thus, the rate of scale removal by pickling is substantially the same as without the inhibitor, while the loss of metal by acid corrosion is decreased.

Similar corrosion problems are encountered when acid solutions are employed in the cleaning of ferrous metal boiler tubes, condensers, heat exchangers and the like. Moreover, the ferrous metal piping, drills and casing involved in oil well acid fracturing also requires similar protective inhibition. Oil well acid fracturing involves the injection of strong acids down the ferrous metal casing of the well to fracture limestone and other minerals at the bottom of the well (by acid reaction). This fracturing increases yields of petroleum from oil-bearing strata.

OBJECTS It is an object of this invention to provide an acid solution, such as a pickling bath, containing an inhibitor which effectively prevents corrosive acid attack on ferrous metal, which is effective in low concentration and which 3,535,240 Patented Oct. 20, 1970 is economical to use. Other objects of this invention will become apparent from the following description:

SUMMARY OF INVENTION The acid compositions of this invention comprise a strong acid in aqueous solution and a corrosion-inhibiting amount of a sulfoximine having the formula:

wherein R is an alkyl containing 6 to 22 carbon atoms and R is methyl or ethyl.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION The sulfoximine corrosion inhibitor compounds employed in the baths of this invention are known and described as detergent compounds in US. Pat. 3,255,116 of Jim S. Berry issued June 7, 1966.

The above sulfoximine formula depicts the sulfur-oxygen bond and the sulfur-nitrogen bond as being of a semipolar nature, and is thus depicted as a convenient way of representation. R can be straight chain or branched chain alkyl having from 6 to 22 carbon atoms. Examples are listed below. The long chain alkyl can suitably be obtained from synthetic or natural sources.

Examples of sulfoximine inhibitor compounds include the following: hexyl methyl sulfoximine; octyl methyl sulfoximine; decyl methyl sulfoximine, dodecyl methyl sulfoximine, tetradecyl methyl sulfoximine, octadecyl methyl sulfoximine, decyl ethyl sulfoximine, dodecyl ethyl sulfoximine, tetradecyl ethyl sulfoximine, docosyl methyl sulfoximine, hexadecyl ethyl sulfoximine, octadecyl ethyl sulfoximine, eicosyl methyl sulfoximine, tetrapropylene methyl sulfoximine, 2-dodecyl methyl sulfoximine and docosyl methyl sulfoximine.

These sulfoximine inhibitors are employed in the acid solutions such as pickling baths in an effective inhibiting amount, generally about 0.01% to about 0.5% by weight of the solution, e.g., pickling bath. The sulfoximine inhibitors, being surface active agents and detergents, also aid in cleaning the ferrous metal as well as protecting it against corrosion.

The acid solutions, e.g., pickling baths, of this invention contain an effective pickling, cleaning or fracturing amount, generally from about 0.5% to 30% of a strong acid in aqueous solution. These strong acids can be any of the usual pickling, cleaning or oil well fracturing acids such as sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, acetic acid, perchloric acid, phosphoric acid, nitric acid and sulfamic acid. Best results of this invention are seen in HCl or H solution baths. Ferrous salts such as FeCl can also be employed with the acid. Pickling and cleaning bath temperatures preferably range from about F. to about 210 F. Oil well acid fracturing is also generally done with hot acid solutions at a temperature in this range or, in deep wells, the temperature at the bottom may be even higher, e.g., up to 250 F. or more.

The metals whose corrosion rate in an acid solution such as a pickling bath can be decreased by addition to the solution of the corrosion inhibitor of this invention include: mild steel, stainless steel, cast iron, high carbon steel, rephosphorized steel and the like.

The inhibiting action of the sulfoximines can be improved by using along with the sulfoximine, a nonionic ethoxylated surface active agent. Preferably, such mixtures of these materials have a weight ratio in the range of about :1 to about 1:5 of sulfoximine to nonionic ethoxylated surfactant.

Nonionic ethoxylated surfactants can be broadly defined as compounds produced by the condensation of alkylene oxide groups (hydrophilic in nature) with an organic hydrophobic compounds, which can be aliphatic or alkyl aromatic in nature. The length of the hydrophilic or polyoxyalkylene radical which is condensed with any particular hydrophobic group can be readily adjusted to yield a water-soluble compound having the desired degree of balance between hydrophilic and hydrophobic elements.

(1) One class of nonionic surfactants is marketed under the tradename Pluronic. These compounds are formed by condensing ethylene oxide with a hydrophobic base formed by the condensation of propylene oxide with propylene glycol. The hydrophobic portion of the molecule which, of course, exhibits water insolubility, has a molecular weight of from about 1500 to 1800. The addition of polyoxyethylene radicals to this hydrophobic portion tends to increase the Water solubility of the molecule as a whole and the liquid character of the product is retained up to the point where the polyoxyethylene con tent is about 50% of the total weight of the condensation product.

(2) Alkylphenolpolyethylene oxide condensates are condensation products of alkyl phenols having an alkyl group containing from about 6 to 12 carbon atoms in either a straight chain or branched chain configuration with ethylene oxide, the said ethylene oxide being present in amounts equal to 5 to 25 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alkyl phenol. The alkyl substituent in such compounds may be derived from polymerized propylene, diisobutylene, octene, or nonene, for example.

(3) Nonionic surfactants can be derived from the condensation of ethylene oxide with the product resulting from the reaction of propylene oxide and ethylene diamine and include compounds containing from about 40% to about 80% polyoxyethylene by weight and having a molecular weight of from about 5,000 to about 11,000. Such compounds result from the reaction of ethylene oxide with a hydrophobic base constituted of the reaction product of ethylene diamine and excess propylene oxide, said base having a molecular weight of the order of 2,500 to 3,000.

(4) Other nonionic surfactants include condensation products of aliphatic alcohols having from 8 to 22 carbon atoms, in either straight chain or branched chain configuration, with ethylene oxide, e.g., a coconut alcoholethylene oxide condensate having from 5 to 30 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of coconut alcohol.

TEST PROCEDURE In testing the corrosion inhibition capabilities of the baths of this invention, the following technique was followed, employing cold-rolled steel coupons, each weighing about 18 to 18.5 gms. and measuring 2" x 2" x 1 mm. These coupons were:

(1) washed with Lava soap;

(2) rinsed and dried thoroughly;

(3) soaked for 1 minute in uninhibited aqueous 15% HCl solution at room temperature, 70 F.;

(4) rinsed and dried thoroughly;

(5) weighed;

(6) soaked in 200 gms. of the pickling bath being tested for one hour at 180 F. (2 coupons for each test solution);

(7) rinsed in water and dried;

(8) weighed.

After final weighing the percent protection was calculated from the weight loss and the original coupon weight.

4 EXAMPLE 1 The following table shows the improved results of the inhibited, aqueous acid pickling baths of this invention, as compared to uninhibited baths; the sulfoximine inhibitor was decyl methyl sulfoximine in each case and the abovedescribed test procedure was employed.

TABLE I Percent Inhibitor Percent Acid Percent Wt. loss protection Sulfoximine 0. 1 H01 15 0. 000 0. 006 D0 0. 2 H01 15 0. 011 0. 013 None HCl 15 0.606 0. 606 Sulfoximine 0.1 5 N H2804 25 0. 846 0. 54 None 5 N H1081 25 0. 616 0. 691 Sulfoximine 0.1 1 N H3PO4 20 0. 0. None 1 N 1131 04 20 0. 300 0. 273 Sulfoximino 0 1 H01 15 0. 023 Nonionic 0. 1 0.022 D0. 0. 1 H01 15 0. 324 0. 353 Sulfoximine 0 1 5 N H2804 20 0.015 Nonionic 0 1 0. 012 D0. 0 l 5 N H2804 25 0. 203 0. 287 Sulioximine 0 1 {$5 HCl 10 0. 863 None "{FeOlz 10 0.818

Nonionic is the condensation product of nine moles of ethylene oxide and 1 mole of a mixture of 011-015 secondary alcohol (Kyro EOB) The coupons pickled in the sulfoximine-inhibited baths were clean and free from iron oxide and scale. They were quite suitable for zinc coating, copper electroplating or vitreous enameling.

EXAMPLE 2 Preparatory to zinc galvanizing, a 20-gallon mildsteel trash can with a coating of rust and scale is pickled in a 50-gallon aqueous bath comprising 15% HCl and 0.1% decyl methyl sulfoximine inhibitor for 2 hours at F. After pickling the can is bright and clean, but not pitted, and ready for dipping into molten zinc. Octylmethyl sulfoximine or dodecylethyl sulfoximine at 0.1% levels can also be employed in this example.

EXAMPLE 3 Calcium bicarbonate scale is effectively removed from the tubes of a steel, horizontal-tube evaporator by boiling them for one hour with 1% solution of HCl containing 0.2% dodecylrnethyl sulfoximine as an inhibitor. After rinsing with clear water, no pitting or corrosion is seen. 1% sulfamic acid can also be employed in such a scale removal process.

EXAMPLE 4 A hot (200 F.) 15% HCl solution containing 0.2% decylmethyl sulfoximine inhibitor is injected into the steel casing of an oil Well, 7500 feet deep, for the purpose of fracturing limestone at the bottom of the well. Corrosion of the casing, steel piping and other drilling implements is markedly inhibited, while still achieving effective fracturing.

The foregoing description and examples of this invention has been presented describing certain operable and preferred embodiments. It is not intended that the invention should be so limited since variation and modifications thereof will be obvious to those skilled in the art, all of which are within the spirit and scope of this invention.

What is claimed is:

1. An inhibited composition for pickling or cleaning ferrous metal surfaces, or for use in oil well acid fracturing, consisting essentially of an aqueous solution of an acid selected from sulfuric acid, hydrochloric acid, acetic acid, perchloric acid, phosphoric acid, nitric acid, and

sulfamic acid and an effective amount of a sulfoximine corrosion inhibitor therefor having the formula:

wherein R is an alkyl conaining 6 to 22 carbon atoms and R is methyl or ethyl.

2. The composition of claim 1 wherein the solution is a pickling bath, the inhibitor is decyl methyl 'sulfoximine and the acid is hydrochloric acid or sulfuric acid.

3. The composition of claim 1 wherein the solution is an oil well acid fracturing solution, the inhibitor is decyl methyl sulfoximine and the acid is hydrochloric acid or sulfuric acid.

4. The composition of claim 2 wherein the sulfoximine concentration is from about 0.1% to 0.5% by weight.

5. The composition of claim 2 which contains a nonionic ethoxylate surface active agent at a weight ratio in References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,801,979 8/1957 Hager et a1 252148 3,252,904 5/1966 Carpenter 252 8.55 3,255,116 6/1966 Berry 25295 MAYER WEINBLATT, Primary Examiner A. RADY, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2801979 *Sep 1, 1954Aug 6, 1957Hager Karl FInhibitor in acid pickling
US3252904 *Jul 9, 1962May 24, 1966Dow Chemical CoAcidizing and hydraulic fracturing of wells
US3255116 *Oct 16, 1964Jun 7, 1966Procter & GambleSulfoximine-containing detergent compositions
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4541945 *Sep 23, 1983Sep 17, 1985Amchem ProductsInhibitor-containing acid cleaning compositions and processes
US5900256 *Feb 17, 1998May 4, 1999Cottrell, Ltd.Hydrogen peroxide disinfecting and sterilizing compositions
Classifications
U.S. Classification507/244, 507/939, 134/3, 510/269, 507/933, 510/263, 134/41, 507/261, 507/267, 252/391
International ClassificationC09K8/54, C23G1/06
Cooperative ClassificationY10S507/939, C09K8/54, Y10S507/933, C23G1/065
European ClassificationC09K8/54, C23G1/06D