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Publication numberUS3540258 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 17, 1970
Filing dateFeb 5, 1968
Priority dateAug 9, 1966
Publication numberUS 3540258 A, US 3540258A, US-A-3540258, US3540258 A, US3540258A
InventorsBranson Charles David
Original AssigneeRobertshaw Controls Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Burner construction and method and apparatus for making the same and the like
US 3540258 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 17, 1970 c. D. BRANSON 3,540,258

' BURNER CONSTRUCTION AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING THE sAME AND THE LIKE Original Filed Aug. 9, 1966 4 Sheets-Sheet 1 IN VE N TOR CHARLES DBRANSON QWQMM HIS ATTORNEYS I Nov. 17, 1970 c. D. BRANSON 3,540,258

BURNER CONSTRUCTION AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING THE SAME AND THE LIKE Original Filed Aug. 9, 1966 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVEN CHARLES D. BRANSON BY a w'r wa1 HIS ATTORNEYS Nov. 17, 1970 c. D. BRANSON 3,540,258

BURNER CONSTRUCTION AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING THE SAME AND THE LIKE Original Filed Aug. 9, 1966 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVE NTOR CHARLES Dv BRANSON duovrdwu HIS ATTORNEYS Nov. 17, 1970 c. BRANSON BURNER CONSTRUCTION AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING THE SAME AND THE LIKE Original Filed Aug. 9, 1966 4 Sheets-Sheet 4.

FIG."

FIG.I2

FIG.I3

INVENTOR CHARLES D. BRANSON Hi5 ATTORNEYS United States Patent Office 3,540,258 Patented Nov. 17, 1970 BURNER CONSTRUCTION AND METHOD AND APPXRATUS FOR MAKING THE SAME AND THE LIK Charles David Branson, Greensburg, Pa., assignor to Rohertshaw Controls Company, Richmond, Va., a corporation of Delaware Original application Aug. 9, 1966, Ser. No. 571,316, now Patent No. 3,386,431. Divided and this application Feb. 5, 1968, Ser. No. 718,285

Int. Cl. B21d 28/28, 43/28 US. Cl. 72-324 24 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This disclosure relates to a method and apparatus for making a burner construction wherein the burner has an interior chamber defined by wall means so that such chamber can receive a flow of fuel and pass out of port means formed in the wall means to be burned for a heating purpose or the like, at least one pair of the port means each having a tab means provided with a free end projecting into the chamber from the interior surface of the wall means and being provided with another end attached to the wall means on the side of its respective port that is disposed adjacent to a like side of the other port that forms the respective pair of ports so that the fuel is adapted to flow from the chamber in two streams respectively out of the pair of ports and impinge against each other to form a substantially common stream that is angularly disposed relative to the wall means.

This application is a divisional patent application of its co-pending parent patent application, Ser. No. 571,316, filed Aug. 9, 1966, now Pat. 3,386,431, and is assigned to the same assignee to whom the parent application is assigned.

This invention relates to an improved burner construction for fuel burning apparatus, such as domestic cooking ovens and the like, as well as to improved methods and apparatus for making such burner construction or the like.

In the past, fuel burning apparatus normally included a cast iron main burner construction which is not only relatively expensive to manufacture, but also which is relatively heavy and cumbersome for the intended use thereof.

Further, such prior known cast iron burner construction cannot be utilized for maintaining a temperature in a domestic oven or the like below 275 F. because the porting arrangement thereof required a certain fuel flow therethrough to maintain a minimum flame at the burner construction, such minimum flame fuel flow characteristic not permitting the oven to maintain a temperature below, 275 F.

However, according to the teachings of this invention, an improved burner construction is provided which is not only relatively simple and inexpensive to manufacture, but also which will permit a minimum flame characteristic to permit the oven to be maintained at a relatively low warming and non-cooking temperature without subjecting the burner construction to adverse flashback conditions or adverse flame sweep oif conditions as in prior known burner constructions.

In particular, the burner construction of this invention is so constructed and arranged that the port means thereof respectively increase the cross-sectional thickness of the burner construction in a manner to hold even a small flame thereto as well as to provide excellent secondary air entrainment in a manner hereinafter described.

Accordingly, it is an object of this invention to provide an improved burner construction having one or more of the novel features set forth above or hereinafter shown or described.

Another object of this invention is to provide an improved method of making such a burner construction or the like.

A further object of this invention is to provide an improved apparatus for making such a burner construction or the like.

Other objects, uses and advantages of this invention are apparent from a reading of this description which proceeds with reference to the accompanying drawings forming a part thereof and wherein:

FIG. 1 is a fragmentary, top perspective schematic view illustrating an improved apparatus of this invention.

FIG. 2 is an enlarged, fragmentary, top perspective view at one end of the burner construction of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross-sectional view taken on line 33 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 4 is an enlarged, fragmentary cross-sectional view taken on line 44 of FIG. 3.

FIG. 5 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of the venturi portion of the burner construction of FIG. 1, FIG. 5 being taken substantially on the line 55 of FIG. 1.

FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 6-6 of FIG. 5.

FIG. 7 is a top perspective view of the primary air adjustment member of FIG. 5.

FIG. 8 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view of one apparatus of this invention for forming the burner construction of FIG. 1.

FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view taken on line 9-9 of FIG. 8.

FIG. 10 is a schematic cross-sectional view illustrating another apparatus of this invention for forming the burner construction of FIG. 1.

FIG. 11 is a fragmentary cross-sectional view illustrating one method of forming the burner construction of this invention.

FIG. 12 is a view similar to FIG. 11 and illustrates another step in the method of this invention.

FIG. 13 is a side view illustrating the completed burner construction formed by the apparatus of FIG. 10.

FIG. 14 is a top view of another burner construction of this invention, the burner construction of FIG. 14 being utilized as a top burner construction for a domestic range or the like.

FIG. 15 is a side view of the burner construction of FIG. 14.

FIG. 16 is a top fragmentary partially broken away view of the burner construction of FIG. 14.

FIG. 17 is an enlarged, fragmentary, cross sectional view taken on line 1717 of FIG. 14.

While the various features of this invention are hereinafter described and illustrated as providing a burner construction for a cooking apparatus or the like, it is to be understood that the various features of this invention can be utilized singly or in any combination thereor with other types of fuel burning apparatus as desired.

Therefore, this invention is not to be limited to only the embodiments illustrated in the drawings, because the drawings are merely utilized to illustrate some of the wide variety of uses of this invention.

Referring now to FIG. 1, an improved cooking apparatus of this invention is generally indicated by the reference numeral 20 and includes a cooking oven chamber means 21 defined by conventional wall means 22 of the cooking apparatus 20. The cooking chamber 21 is separated from the improved burner construction 23 of this invention by conventional baffle plates 24 and 25 extending between the wall means 22 but being spaced therefrom and having apertures 26 passing therethrough in a conventional manner so that the heated air produced by the burner construction 23 of this invention can readily circulate into the cooking chamber 21 in the conventional manner.

Generally, the burner construction 23 of this invention includes a burner tube 27 having a closed end 28 for being supported to suitable burner supporting structure on the wall means 22 of the apparatus and another end 29 adapted to be disposed in assembled and telescoping relation with a venturi air fuel mixing member 30 in a manner hereinafter described.

The venturi tube member 30 has a lower end 31 telescopically carrying a primary air adjustment member 32 in a manner hereinafter described, the lower end 31 of the venturi tube member 30 being in fluid communication with an outlet .orifice means 33 of a conventional fuel control valve means 34 adapted to have its inlet interconnected to a source 35 of gaseous fuel or the like. The source 35 is adapted to be interconnected to the valve means 34 by conventional selector means 36 manually operated by the housewife or the like, the selector valve means 36 also being adapted to interconnect the source of fuel 35 to a pilot burner means 37 through a conduit means 38. The valve means 34 is so constructed and arranged that the valve means 34 will only interconnect the source of fuel 35 to the venturi tube 30 when a flame sensing bulb 39 senses a flame 40 at the pilot burner 37 so that fuel subsequently issuing from the burner construction 23 will be ignited by the pilot flame 40 in a manner well known in the art.

The particular details .of the burner construction 23 will now be described with particular reference being made to FIGS. 27.

As illustrated in the drawings, the tubular member 27 of the burner construction 23 has the majority of the length thereof provided with a cylindrical portion having a uniform circular cross section as illustrated in FIG. 3 and being provided with two longitudinally disposed and oppositely arranged rows 41 and 42 of port means 43 to permit fuel to issue from the internal chamber 44 of the wall means 45 of the burner construction 23 to the exterior thereof and produces the flames 46 in a manner hereinafter set forth.

As illustrated in FIG. 4, each port means 43 of each row of ports 41 and 42 in the burner construction 23 of this invention cooperates with an adjacent port means 43 in such a manner that the flow of fuel through the burner construction 23 flows out of the two ports 43 of each pair thereof in two streams in the manner illustrated by arrows in FIG. 4 to impinge against each other outboard of the wall 45 of the tubular member 27 and form a common stream substantially perpendicular to the cylindrical wall 45 of the burner construction 23 to produce the flame pattern 46 illustrated schematically in FIG. 4.

Each port means 43 interrupts the cylindrical wall means 45 of the burner construction 23 and includes a carved and inwardly bent tab means 47 angularly disposed relative to the longitudinal axis of the burner construction 23 in such a manner that the tab means 47 not only causes the angular flow of fuel through the respective port means 33 in the manner illustrated by the arrows in FIG.4, but also the tab means 47 effectively increases the cross-sectional thickness of the wall means 45 of the burner construction 23 at the port means 43 in such a manner that a relatively small flame can be produced at the port means 43 and be effectively held therein so that an upward draft or flow of air will not wipe such flame from the respective port means 43 and will not cause the small flame at the port means 43 to create an adverse flash-back condition in the burner construction 23. Conversely, the tab means 47 are so constructed and arranged that substantially no blow-off of the flames 46 can be created.

Because each port 43 of each pair thereof causes angular flow of fuel in the manner previously described,

it can be seen that a substantially free triangular area 48 is defined between the ports 43 of each pair thereof to draw secondary air upwardly therebetween in the manner illustrated by the arrow 49 in FIG. 2 for good secondary air entrainment with the fuel flowing from the port means 43. In addition, a substantially free triangular area 50 is created between adjacent pair of ports 43 in the manner illustrated in FIG. 4 to also cause upward secondary air flow for entrainment in the manner illustrated by the arrow 51 in FIG. 2 so that by the time the flames 46 substantially merge together in the manner illustrated in FIG. 4 an improved secondary air entrainment has been provided for effective fuel burning characteristics.

The tab means 47 each has a substantially rectangular configuration and is cut on three sides thereof, the tab means 47 when bent inwardly out of the plane of the wall 45 defining the port means 43.

While the port means 43 in the burner construction 23 of this invention can be formed in any suitable manner, one method and apparatus of this invention for forming the burner construction 23 is illustrated schematically in FIGS. 8 and 9 and will now be described.

As illustrated in FIGS. 8 and 9, the apparatus and method of this invention is generally indicated by the reference numeral 52 and comprises a supporting member 53, a mandrel or arbor means 54, and a die punch means 55 so constructed and arranged that a cylindrical tubular member 56 can be disposed on the arbor 54 in the manner illustrated in FIG. 8 with the arbor 54 and tubular member 56 being supported on the die part 53 so that the punch member 55 can form the port means 43 in a longitudinal row along substantially the entire length of the tubular member 56.

In particular, the die member 55 has a plurality of aligned teeth-like projections 57 throughout the length thereof which are adapted to cut through the cylindrical member 56 and be received in a longitudinal groove 58 formed in the outer periphery of the arbor 54 so that the tab means 47 can be carved from the tube wall and be formed in the desired angular configuration for the burner construction 23. After the punch 55 has formed one longitudinal row of port means 43 through the tubular member 56, the arbor 54 is indexed 180 to position the tubular member 56 and another longitudinal groove 59 of the arbor 54 adjacent the punch 55 so that the opposed row of port means can be formed in the manner previously described.

After the opposed rows of port means 43 have been punched into the cylindrical member 56 in the manner previously described, the tubular member 56 can have one of its open ends closed to form the supporting end 28 of the burner construction 23 while the other open end thereof is suitably bent to be compatible with the venturi tube means 30 previously described.

Another method and apparatus of this invention is generally indicated by the reference numeral '60 in FIG. 10 and comprises a method and apparatus wherein the tubular members for forming the burner constructions 23 of this invention can be substantially continuously formed.

In particular, an elongated length 61 of tubular stock can be continuously fed from right to left into the apparatus 60 between guide rollers 62, the right-hand guide rollers 62 being driven by a motor 63 to continuously feed the tubular stock 61 to the left. A pair of cooperating die rollers 64 are provided and have a plurality of punch means 65 throughout the outer periphery thereof which cooperates with the tubular length 61 in such a manner tat the projections 65 punch the port means 43 through the tubular length 61 in opposed longitudinal rows as the length 61 is forced therebetween.

However, the die rollers 64 are rotatably carried by arms 66 pivotally mounted at 67 to the stationary frame means '68 so that suitable pneumatic or hydraulic actuators '69 can pivot the arms 66 away from the tubular stock 61 for a purpose now to be described.

As the stock 61 is fed through the apparatus 60 of this invention, the actuators 69 are so controlled that the samecause the die wheels 64 to cut opposed rows of ports 43 into the tubular length 61 for a substantial distance therethrough and are then pivoted away from the tubular length 61 so that a portion of the length 61 will pass through the apparatus 60 without having port means 43 provided therein.

Thus, it can be seen in FIG. 11 that the tubular length 61 can be serially cut at 70 and 71 to produce a tubular length having the left-hand and sealed closed in the man ner illustrated in FIG. 12 and have the right-hand end thereof suitably bent to be interconnected to a venturi means 72 in the manner illustrated in FIG. 13 to provide a burner construction 23 of this invention.

Accordingly, the method and apparatus 60 of this invention can continuously form tubular members for forming burner constructions 23 of this invention by intermittently forming the port means 43 through the wall means of the tubular length 61 in the manner previously described.

However, it is to be understood that regardless of the method and apparatus for forming the burner tubes 27 of this invention, the tubular members 27 each has the port means 43 provided therein in cooperation with bentinward tab means 47 to produce the novel burning effects previously described.

In order to insure flame propagation between the opposed rows 41 and 42 of the burner construction 23 of this invention, the top half or bottom half of the tubular member 27 can be provided with additional port means 73 in the manner illustrated in FIG. 2 to effectively interconnect the rows 41 and 42 together.

In particular, it can be seen in FIG. 1 that when fuel is permitted to flow to the tubular member 27 of the burner construction 23, the pilot flame 40 will ignite the fuel issuing from the row 41 of port means 43 and the ignited row 41 of port means 43 will then ignite the fuel issuing from the port means 43 of the row 42 by the flame propagation across the top of tube 27 caused by the port means 73 effectively interconnecting the rows 41 and 42 together.

One such burner tube 27 that has proved satisfactory comprised steel tubing having an CD. of approximately 1.000 inch and a wall thickness of approximately 0.035 of an inch. The port means 43 therein each have a height of approximately 0.100 of an inch and a width of approximately 0.100 an inch while being spaced at its far edge to the far edge of its cooperating port means 43 approximately 0.200 of an inch and having its tab means 47 bent at an angle of approximately 35 relative to the radius of the tube 27. A distance between the adjacent center lines of adjacent pairs of port means 43 is approximately 0.340 of an inch.

While the venturi tube means 30 of the burner construction 23 of this invention can be formed in any suitable manner to permit primary air entrainment in the flow of fuel issuing through the burner tube 27, the venturi tube 30 illustrated in FIGS. 5-7, has its lower end 31 interrupted by a pair of opposed vertically disposed slots 74 adapted to mate with a pair of vertically disposed slots 75 formed in the adjustment member 32 telescopically receiving the lower end 31 of the venturi tube 30. The adjustment member 32 has a bottom wall 76 provided with an aperture means 77 passing centrally therethrough and is adapted to be telescoped over the outlet means 33 of the valve means 34 in a conventional manner.

The adjusting member 32 is adapted to be rotated relative to the venturi tube 30 and is interconnected thereto by a threaded fastening member 78 passing through an elongated slot 79 formed in the adjusting member 32 to limit the degree of rotational movement between the adjustment member 32 and the venturi tube 30.

In this manner, the amount of primary air being drawn into the venturi tube 30 to mix with the fuel flowing therethrough can be controlled by the adjusting member 32 in regard to its relation of opening and closing the slot means 74 in the lower end 31 of the venturi tube 30.

While the burner construction of this invention has been previously described as being utilized in a domestic oven of a cooking apparatus or the like, it is to be understood that the various features of this invention can be utilized for other types of burner constructions.

For example, reference is now made to FIGS. 14-17 wherein the novel features of this invention are utilized to form a top burner construction for a cooking range or the like.

In particular, it can be seen in FIGS. 14-17 that a top burner construction 80 is provided and includes a substantially circular top plate 81 having a depending cylindrical side wall means 82 interconnected thereto and provided with port means 43 of this invention formed in the manner previously described throughout the entire length of the side wall means 82.

The top plate means 81 and side wall means 82 are effectively interconnected to a chamber-defining member 83 to define an annular cavity 84 adapted to be disposed in fluid communication with a venturi tube means 85 to be interconnected to a source of fuel 86 in any suitable manner.

In this manner, fuel flowing to the annular chamber 84 of the top burner construction 80 will issue from the port means 43 in the manner illustrated in FIG. 16 to produce an annular flame pattern 86, each flame 86 being produced by fuel issuing from the two cooperating ports 43 in the manner previously described for the burner construction 23 so that secondary air entrainment can be provided between adjacent pairs of ports 43 as well as between the port means 43 of each pair thereof.

Accordingly, it can be seen that the unique port means 43 of this invention can be utilized in oven burners, range top burners, and other types of burners to not only effectively increase the cross-sectional thickness thereof to positively hold a flame at the respective port means 43, but also to permit excellent secondary air entrainment for optimum fuel burning characteristics.

Accordingly, it can be seen that this invention not only provides an improved burner construction, but also this invention provides improved methods and apparatus for making the same or the like.

While the form of the invention now preferred has been disclosed as required by the statutes, other forms may be used, all coming within the scope of the claims which follow.

What is claimed is:

1. A method for making a burner construction comprising the steps of forming wall means to define a chamber means for receiving fuel from a source thereof, forming at least one pair of spaced ports through said wall means to interconnect said chamber means with the exterior surface of said wall means, providing a tab means for each port with each tab means having a free end projecting into said chamber means beyond the interior surface of said wall means and having another end attached to said wall means on the side of its respective port that is adjacent to the tab means attached side of the other port that forms said pair of ports, and angularly arranging said tab means relative to said ports so that fuel is adapted to flow from said chamber means in two streams respectively out of said ports and impinge against each other to form a substantially common stream that is angularly disposed relative to said wall means.

2. A method as set forth in claim 1 wherein said lastnamed step causes said two streams to impinge against each other at a point spaced outwardly from said exterior surface of said wall means whereby secondary air will be drawn into the space between said two streams.

3. A method as set forth in claim 1 wherein said step of providing each tab means includes the step of carving said tab means from said wall means.

4. A method as set forth in claim 3 wherein said step of providing each tab means includes the step of bending said carved tab means inwardly out of the plane of said wall means.

5. A method as set forth in claim 4 wherein said step of carving each tab means includes the step of defining each tab means by forming three interconnecting cuts through said wall means.

6. A method as set forth in claim 5 wherein said cutting step forms each tab means with a substantially rectangular configuration.

7. A method as set forth in claim 1 wherein said step of forming said wall means to define said chamber means for receiving said fuel includes the step of forming said wall means to define a tubular structure having a longitudinal axis.

8. A method as set forth in claim 7 and including the step of providing a plurality of said pairs of ports in aligned relation throughout substantially the entire length of said tubular structure in two rows on opposite sides of and parallel to said longitudinal axis.

9. A method as set forth in claim 8 and including the step of providing other ports through said wall means between said rows of ports to provide flame propagation means between said rows of ports.

10. A method as set forth in claim 1 wherein said step of forming said wall means to define said chamber for receiving said fuel includes the step of forming said wall means to define an annular part of a top burner or the like and further including the step of providing a plurality of said pairs of ports in aligned continuous relation throughout the length of said annular part.

11. Apparatus for making a burner construction having wall means defining chamber means for receiving fuel from a source thereof comprising means for forming at least one pair of spaced ports through said wall means and interconnecting said chamber means with the exterior surface of said wall means, and means for forming a tab means for each port with each tab means having a free end projecting into said chamber means beyond the interior surface of said wall means and having another end attached to said wall means on the side of its respective port that is adjacent to the tab means attached side of the other port that forms said pair of ports, said last-named means angling said tab means relative to said ports so that fuel is adapted to flow from said chamber means in two streams respectively out of said ports and impinge against each other to form a substantially common stream that is angularly disposed relative to said wall means.

12. Apparatus as set forth in claim 11 wherein said lastnamed means angles said tab means relative to said ports so that said two streams impinge against each other at a point spaced outwardly from said exterior surface of said wall means whereby secondary air will be drawn into the space between said two streams.

13. Apparatus as set forth in claim 11 wherein said last-named means carves each tab means from said wall means.

14. Apparatus as set forth in claim 13 wherein said last-named means bends each carved tab means inwardly out of the plane of said wall means.

15. Apparatus as set forth in claim 14 wherein said last-named means carves each tab means from said wall means by forming three interconnecting cuts through said wall means.

16. Apparatus as set forth in claim 15 wherein said last-named means provides each tab means with a substantially rectangular configuration.

17. Apparatus as set forth in claim 1 wherein said wall means defines a tubular structure having a longitudinal axis and wherein said means of said apparatus are adapted to form a plurality of said pairs of ports in aligned relation throughout substantially the entire length of said tubular structure in two rows on opposite sides of and parallel to said longitudinal axis.

18. Apparatus as set forth in claim 11 wherein said wall means is adapted to define an annular part of a top burner or the like and wherein said means of said apparatus form a plurality of said pairs of ports in aligned continuous relation throughout the length of said wall means that will form said annular part.

19. A method for making a burner construction comprising the steps of forming a tubular wall means to define a chamber means for receiving fuel from a source thereof, disposing an arbor in said chamber with a longitudinal recess in said arbor facing the interior surface of said tubular wall means, and punching into the exterior surface of said wall means with a longitudinal die means aligned with said longitudinal recess to form a longitudinal row of a plurality of pairs of cooperating ports through said wall means and interconnected to said chamber means with each port having a tab means provided with a free end projecting into said chamber means beyond said interior surface of said wall means and having another end attached to said wall means on the side of its respective port that is adjacent to the tab means attached side of the other port that forms said pair of ports and so angularly arranged relative to said ports that fuel is adapted to flow from said chamber means in two streams respectively out of each pair of cooperating ports and impinge against each other to form a substantially common stream that is angularly disposed relative to said wall means.

20. A method as set forth in claim 19' and including the step of forming a second longitudinal row of a plurality of pairs of cooperating ports through said Wall means in the same manner as said first-named row of ports but in spaced parallel relation to said first-named row of ports.

21. A method as set forth in claim 20 wherein said step of forming said second row of ports comprises the steps of rotating said tubular wall means and said arbor 180 about their longitudinal axes relative to said die means after said die means has punched said first-named row of ports in said wall means whereby another longitudinal recess in said arbor is aligned with said die means, and, thereafter, punching said die means into said wall means at said other recess to form said second row of ports.

22. Apparatus for making a burner construction from a tubular wall means having chamber means for receiving fuel from a source thereof, said apparatus comprising an arbor for being disposed in said chamber means of said tubular wall means, said arbor having a longitudinal recess therein for facing the interior surface of said tubular wall means, and a longitudinal die means for punching into the exterior surface of said tubular wall means in aligned relation with said recess of said arbor to form a longitudinal row of a plurality of pairs of cooperating ports through said wall means and interconnected to said chamber means, said die means having punching teeth thereon that provide a tab means for each port with each tab means having a free end projecting into said chamber beyond said interior surface of said wall means and having another end attached to said wall means on the side of its respective port that is adjacent to the tab means attached side of the other port that forms said pair of ports and so angularly arranged relative to said ports that fuel is adapted to flow from said chamber means in two streams respectively out of each pair of cooperating ports and impinge against each other to form a substantially common stream that is angularly disposed relative to said wall means.

23. Apparatus as set forth in claim 22 and including means for forming a second longitudinal row of a plu- 9 10 rality of pairs of cooperating ports through said Wall 3,259,003 7/1966 Griffin 83-54 means in the same manner as said first-named row of 3,375,576 4/1968 Klein et al. 295l3 ports but in spaced parallel relation to said first-named 3,431,626 3/1969 Carlton 29l63.5

row of ports.

24. Apparatus as set forth in claim 23 wherein said 5 FOREIGN PATENTS means for forming said second row of ports comprises 458,947 4/1928 ymeans for rotating said tubular wall means and said arbor 180 about their longitudinal axes. CHARLES LANHAM Pnmary Exammer E. M. COMBS, Assistant Examiner References Cited 10 UNITED STATES PATENTS CL 2,583,682 1/1952 Celovsky 72l86

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3678718 *Dec 4, 1970Jul 25, 1972Earnest Eugene PPipe perforating machine
US3732714 *May 4, 1972May 15, 1973Olin CorpMethod and apparatus for deforming a flat on parts of metal strip-type tubing while leaving other parts undeformed
US3815399 *Oct 10, 1972Jun 11, 1974Foulks NPipe perforating machine
US4052880 *Aug 10, 1976Oct 11, 1977Noah E. FoulksPipe perforating machine
US4205545 *Oct 18, 1978Jun 3, 1980Questor CorporationMethod of forming louvered openings in tubular members
US5406703 *Oct 12, 1993Apr 18, 1995Greene Manufacturing CompanyMethod of making a tube burner for cooking apparatus
US6371753Feb 9, 1999Apr 16, 2002Beckett Gas, Inc.Gas burner
US6916174Mar 6, 2002Jul 12, 2005Beckett Gas, Inc.Gas burner
US7506645 *Apr 8, 2003Mar 24, 2009Castifutura S.P.A.Oven or grill burner, venturi tube, mounting for a thermocouple and/or an igniter, and process for fabricating said burner
US20080210217 *Jun 9, 2006Sep 4, 2008Castfutura SpaOven or Grill Burner
EP0007227A1 *Jul 11, 1979Jan 23, 1980Commonwealth Scientific And Industrial Research OrganisationMethod and apparatus for measuring the profile of an elongate surface
WO2001050064A1 *Jan 3, 2001Jul 12, 2001Faber BvGas burner for a fireplace
Classifications
U.S. Classification72/324, 83/54, 72/186, 29/56.5, 72/370.27, 29/890.2, 493/363
International ClassificationF23D14/04, F23D14/10, F23D14/46
Cooperative ClassificationF23D14/46, F23D14/10
European ClassificationF23D14/10, F23D14/46