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Publication numberUS3543019 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 24, 1970
Filing dateNov 17, 1967
Priority dateNov 17, 1967
Publication numberUS 3543019 A, US 3543019A, US-A-3543019, US3543019 A, US3543019A
InventorsJacobsen Jacob
Original AssigneeJacobsen Jacob
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Equipoised lamp
US 3543019 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov.24, 1970 J. JACOBSEN 3,543,019

EQUIPOISED LAMP Filed Nov. 17. 1967 IN VENTOR.

, Jacob Jocobsen BY z'z gmmfi m I ATTORNEYS United States Patent 3,543,019 EQUIPOISED LAMP Jacob Jacobsen, Ekelyveien 10, Oslo, Norway Filed Nov. 17, 1967, Ser. No. 683,931 Int. Cl. F21s 1/12 U.S. Cl. 24081 10 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An equipoised lamp is disclosed having a light and shade assembly from a vertical axis upon an arm structure so as to be moved throughout a relatively wide range. The light and shade assembly is attached to the arm structure by a special neck which permits the assembly to be swung around a horizontal axis, and also to pivot around an axis longitudinal of the neck.

This invention relates to lamps, particularly of the type where a light and shade assembly is supported by a neck structure which permits the assembly to be swung around a horizontal axis, and also permits the assembly to be turned around a second axis which is substantially transverse to the first-named axis.

An object of this invention is to provide an improved neck support for lamp assemblies. Another object is to provide improved double pivot assemblies of the type which are used to mount the shade and an enclosed socket and bulb in a reading lamp or the like. A further object is to provide structures of the above character which are sturdy and simple in construction, compact, light in weight, and adaptable to various conditions of use. These and other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out below.

In accordance with the present invention, an improved neck construction is provided which is particularly adapted for mounting the light and shade assembly of a lamp onto a supporting arm or bracket structure. With such devices it is necessary to provide sturdy support for the assembly and to permit adjustment of the lamp shade so that the light may be directed into the desired direction. In the illustrative embodiment of the presen invention, the lamp is of the equipoised type with the light and shade assembly mounted upon an arm assembly and with a counterbalancing mechanism for holding the light and shade assembly in any position to which it is moved. The neck assembly of the present invention permits the shade to be turned about an axis which extends horizontally so that the shade may be tipped through a substanial arc. The neck assembly also permits the shade to be rotated about an axis which is at substantially right angles to the above-mentioned axis, and which extends through the upper portion of the shade. The combination of the two movements permits the light to be directed in any direction through the wide range of both axes. The neck assembly of the present invention also provides sufiicient friction to hold the lamp and shade assembly against undesired movement about either of the two axes. The friction is adjustable bythe turning of a single nut, and considerable leeway is permitted with respect to wear which might cause a reduction in the friction with some constructions.

In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of the invention;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged vertical sectional view on the line 22 of FIG. 1, showing the neck structure which provides the mounting for the light and shade assembly;

FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the neck assembly of FIG. 2; and,

FIGS. 4 and 5 are views similar to FIGS. 2 and 3 respectively, but showing another embodiment of the invention.

'ice

Referring to FIG. 1 of the drawings, a lamp 1 has a lamp head 2 which is formed by a lamp shade 3 and a unit therein which is not shown but which comprises a bulb and socket, and a manual switch for turning the light on and off. Lamp head 2 is mounted by a neck assembly 14 upon the upper end of an upper lever assembly 5, the other end of which is connected to the upper end of a lower lever assembly 4. Assembly 4 is pivoted upon a base 3 Which rests upon a table or desk and is weighted so as to provide a satisfactory base mounting. Lever assembly 4 consists of a single arm 6 and a pair of parallel arms 7, and lever assembly 5 comprises two arms 10 and 11. The lower end of each of arms 6 and 7 is pivoted to a swivel bracket 8 formed by a sheet metal bracket member and a pivot which is snugly journaled in base 3. The upper end of the lower lever assembly 4 and the lower end of the upper lever assembly 5 are interconnected by a pivot assembly 9,.which permits arms 6, 7, 10 and 11 to pivot.

The upper ends of arms 10 and 11 are pivotally connected to a pair of bracket plates 22 and 24 (see also FIGS. 2 and 3) which are part of neck assembly 14. A horizontal pivot bolt 26 extends between the bracket plates and provides a horizontal pivotal axis mounting for the neck assembly. Lamp shade 3 is attached to a pivot bracket 40 of the neck assembly which provides a pivot axis about which the lamp head 2 may be turned. The axis 'of pivot bracket 40 is substantially transverse to the axis of pivot bolt 26 so that the lamp head 2 may be turned to direct its light in any desired direction within the ranges of the two axes. Lever assemblies 4 and 5 are parallelogram linkages which permit the lamp head to be moved throughout the horizontal arcs of the lever assemblies without changing the direction in which the lamp head is directed. Two pairs of springs 15 and 16, mounted respectively on assemblies 4 and 5, provide counterbalancing forces, so that the lamp will remain at rest in any selected position.

The present invention is concerned with neck assembly 14 (see FIG. 2), which is formed by the pair of bracket plates 22 and 24; a pair of half-bearings 28 and 30; a pair of fiber friction washers 32 and 34; the pivot or axle bolt 26; a nut 36 and a lock washer 38 for pivot bolt 26; and transverse pivot bracket 40 which has an axle or pivot portion 42. Pivot portion 42 has an annular channel 44 which has the tangential contour of the side of bolt 26 so that the bolt may extend along the side of the pivot portion through the channel, and bracket 40 may be turned about its axis. Near the extreme end of pivot portion 42 of bracket 40 there is a stop lug 46 which extends radially outwardly beyond the periphery of the pivot portion. As indicated by the broken line in FIG. 3, axle bolt 26 extends through the bracket plates, the friction washers, and the half-bearings, and a swuared portion 48 at the head of the axle bolt nests in a square hole 58 in bracket plate 22 so as to prevent the bolt from turning with respect to the bracket plate. Each of the half-bearings 28 and 30 has a semi-cylindrical channel, 52 and S4, respectively, which mate to form a transverse cylindrical bore for the pivot portion 42 of pivot bracket 40. Each half bearing also has a bore 56 in which axle bolt 26 is snugly received, and an annular dish-like pocket 58 which snugly receives the adjacent friction washer 34.

In assembling the neck assembly 14 (see FIG. 3), the half-bearings are first positioned on the pivot portion 42 of the pivot bracket 40, and the friction washers are positioned against the sides of the half-bearings. Bracket plates 22 are then positioned against the friction washers and axle bolt 26 is pushed through the assembly. As pointed out above, the annular channel 44 is intersected by the side of the axle bolt 26 so that the pivot bracket 40 may turn about its axis but it is held from relative axial movement by its interengagement with axle bolt 26 and the annular channel 44. Hence, the neck assembly provides swinging movement for the lamp head around the axis of axis bolt 26 and with respect to brackets 22 and 24, and it also permits rotation of the lamp head about the axis transverse of pivot portion 42.

It is desirable to limit the turning movement of the lamp head because turning movement beyond a. full turn would twist the electrical wire through which electricity is supplied. The limit of the turning movement is provided by stop lug 46 on the end of pivot bracket 40 and a stop segment 60, which is an extension on the end of half-bearing 30. Except for this stop segment 60, halfbearings 28 and 30 are cut away throughout the arcuate path of stop lug 46. Hence, pivot bracket 40 may be turned through a substantial arc, i.e., between the two positions where the stop lug engages the stop segment. In this embodiment, the turning arc of pivot bracket 40 is 270 so that the lamp head may be turned 135 each way from a central position where the shade and the light are directed directly downwardly.

The engagement of the surfaces of half-bearings 28 and 30 with the surface of pivot portion 42 also provides sufficient friction to hold the lamp head in any position to which it is turned about that axis. The friction may be increased by tightening nut 36. The channels 52 and 54 in the half-bearings are slightly less than semi-cylindrical so that the half-bearings do not meet along their bottom edges at a slot 55 below the pivot portion 42. Hence, while the tightening of nut 36 clamps the half-bearings together at the bottom, the upper portions of the halfbearings exert forces against the opposite sides of the pivot portion. The tightening of nut 36, therefore, provides a very satisfactory adjustment of the friction forces resisting the turning movement of pivot bracket 40. Friction washers 32 and 34 are nested in fixed relationship against the respective sides of half-bearings 28 and 30. Hence, the turning movement of the half-bearings between bracket plates 22 and 24 is resisted by the friction between the friction Washers and the bracket plates. This friction is sufiicient to hold the lamp head in any adjusted position to which it is turned about the axis of pivot bolt 26, and the friction is controlled by the tightening or loosening of nut 36. It is thus seen that a very compact and sturdy neck construction is provided wherein the parts are held in fixed relationship and the double pivot mounting is provided for the lamp head. The axle bolt 26 remains stationary with respect to the bracket plates 22 and 24, and it performs the function of holding the pivot portion 42 of the pivot bracket in its proper axial relationship without interfering with the desired movements between the various components.

In the embodiment of FIGS. 4 and 5, the construction is similar to that of the embodiment of FIGS. 1 to 3 except for the features which will now be described. In the embodiment of FIGS. 1 to 3 the half-bearings 28 and 30 are metal, whereas in FIGS. 4 and the half-bearings 128 and 130 are molded plastic, i.e., Delrin. Also, in FIG. 3 there is no stop segment 60, and a metal plate 160 is positioned between the half-bearings and has a stop portion 162 which is positioned in the path of stop lug 146. The Delrin plastic from which half-bearing 128 and 130 are formed is somewhat elastic and plate 160 is of spring steel. Hence, when the pivot bracket 140 is turned to a position where stop lug 146 engages stop portion 162, some resiliency is exhibited in the stopping of the turning movement. Stated differently, when lug 146 strikes the metal plate 160 between the plastic half-bearings, there is a springy action which gives a warning that the limit of turning movement has been reached and thereafter the turning movement is completely stopped. This action is aided by a slot 164 between the lower portions of the half-bearings 128 and 130. The half-bearings are held against the sides of plate 160 and slot 164 is the same width as the thickness of the plate. When lug 146 engages 4 the stop portion 162 the initial reaction is to twist the plate and deform the plastic half-bearings slightly and slot 164 promotes that resiliency. Slot 164 also permits the half-bearings to move toward each other so as to maintain the frictional inter-engagement with pivot portion 142 even when the half-bearings become worn. In the embodiment of FIGS. 4 and 5, the Delrin plastic provides the desired frictional relationship with the bracket plates and no friction washers are used.

It is thus seen that the neck construction provides a very satisfactory mounting for the lamp head. The resilient stop action of the embodiment of FIGS. 4 and 5 provides a safety feature which prevents undesirable strain upon the parts. In the embodiment of FIGS. 1 to 3 lock washer 38 is somewhat spiral so that it holds the components together with a certain amount of resiliency. In both the illustrative embodiments the resiliency provides the desired frictional characteristics so that the lamp head may be moved without difficulty but yet will remain in a selected position.

What is claimed is:

1. In a lamp construction having a lamp head and supporting means therefor, a friction joint mounting said lamp head upon said supporting means comprising, first and second pivot means, said first pivot means being attached to said lamp head and having a first pivot axis, said second pivot means having a pivot axis which is tangential to said first pivot axis, bearing means forming bearing journals for both of said pivot means comprising, two mating cooperating bearing members which mate to form a clamping journal bearing for one of said pivot means, each of said bearing members having a journal bore in which the other of said pivot means is journaled, mounting means positioned upon the opposite sides of said bearing members and providing mounting openings for the ends of said other of said pivot means, and clamping means clamping said mounting means against the sides of said bearing members to provide the desired friction relationship between said bearing members and said one of said pivot means and also between said bearing members and said mounting means, one of said pivot means having an arcuate groove through which the other of said pivot means extends and which presents a surface which mates with the surface of the other of said pivot means within the area where said axes are nearest to each other whereby said pivot means are held in engagement with each other.

2. Apparatus as described in claim 1 wherein said first pivot means has an arcuate groove and said second pivot means has a cylindrical portion which extends into said groove whereby said first pivot means is held from axial movement by the coextensive surfaces of said groove and said cylindrical portion.

3. In a lamp construction having a lamp head and supporting means therefor, a moving friction joint mounting said lamp head upon said supporting means comprising, first pivot means attached to said lamp head and having a first pivot axis, second pivot means having a pivot axis which is tangential to said first pivot axis, half-bearing means forming bearing journals for both of said pivot means comprising, a plurality of cooperating bearing members which mate to form a friction clamping journal-bearing for said first pivot means, each of said half-bearing members having a journal bore in which said second pivot means is journaled, mounting means positioned upon the opposite sides of said half-bearing members and providing mounting openings for the ends of said second pivot means, and clamping means clamping said mounting means against the sides of said half-bearing members to provide the desired friction relationship between said half-bearing members and said first pivot means and also between said half-bearing members and said mounting means thereby to permit manual pivot adjustment of said lamp head about each said pivot axis, and wherein one of said pivot means has an arcuate groove through which the other of said pivot means extends and which presents a surface which mates with the surface of the other of said pivot means within the area where said axes are nearest to each other whereby said one pivot means is held from axial movement by its engagement with the other of said pivot means.

4. In a lamp construction having a lamp head and a spindle thereon, a moving friction joint mounting said lamp head and said spindle comprising, first pivot means attached to support members and having a first pivot axis, a spindle including an extension comprising a second pivot means having a pivot axis which is tangential to said first pivot axis, a pair of bearing units having friction side surfaces which mate to form a friction journal hearing substantially surrounding said second pivot means and presenting surfaces which mate with the surfaces thereof to provide rotary sliding movement therebetween which is resisted by friction, said support members including side plate means positioned along said side surfaces and presenting friction mounting surfaces coextensive with said friction side surfaces and adjustable clamping means providing clamping forces transverse to said second pivot axis to clamp said side plate means and said bearing units together to provide adjustable friction pressure between said friction surfaces whereby said spindle may be pivoted by turning said bearing units about said first axis thereby to overcome predetermined friction forces along the general planes of said friction surfaces and the mating surfaces thereby to permit manual pivotal adjustment of said lamp head about each said pivot axes, said second pivot means having a stop means which extends radially outwardly, and a second stop means affixed to said bearings units in the arcuate path of the first named stop means, said second stop means comprising a metal plate clamped between said bearing units and having a stop portion which is positioned in the path of the first named stop means.

5. In an equipoised lamp of the type having a lamp head and a supporting arm assembly which is counterbalanced and which is adapted to swivel at one end upon a vertical axis and to support the lamp head at its free end and to permit the lamp head to be moved throughout a predetermined range, that improvement which comprises a universal neck joint mounting the lamp head upon said free end of said arm assembly comprising, a pivot bracket forming first pivot means attached to said lamp head and having a pivot portion with a first pivot axis extending substantially transversely of the central axis of the lamp head, an axle bolt forming a second pivot means having a pivot axis which is tangential to said first pivot axis, bearing means forming bearing journals for both of said pivot means comprising a pair of bearings which mate to form a rotary journal bearing for said pivot portion of said pivot bracket, said pivot portion of said pivot bracket and said bearing means having mating bearing surfaces which are substantially cylindrical, said bearing means having integral first stop means extending axially from one end of said bearing surfaces adjacent to a portion of said first pivot means, said pivot portion of said pivot bracket having second stop means affixed thereto and positioned in circumferential alignment with said first stop means whereby said stop means limit the turning movement of said first pivot means with respect to said bearing means, said first pivot means having an arcuate peripheral groove in which said axle bolt is positioned thereby to hold said first pivot means from axial movement with respect to said bearings, each of said bearings having a journal bore in which said axle bolt is journaled and a pair of bracket plates positioned upon the opposite sides of said bearings and providing mounting journals for the ends of said axle bolt, said axle bolt clamping said bracket plate against the sides of said hearings to provide the desired frictional relationship between said bearings and said first pivot means and also between said bearings and said pivot portion of said pivot bracket thereby to permit manual pivotal adjustment of said lamp head about each said pivot axes.

6. In a lamp construction having a lamp head and a spindle thereon, a moving friction joint mounting said lamp head and said spindle comprising, first pivot means attached to support members and having a first pivot axis, said spindle including an extension comprising a second pivot means having a pivot axis which is tangential to said first pivot axis, a pair of bearing units having friction side surfaces which mate to form a friction journal bearing substantially surrounding said second pivot means and presenting surfaces which mate with the surfaces thereof to provide rotary sliding movement therebetween which is resisted by friction, said support members including side plate means positioned along said side surfaces and presenting friction mounting surfaces coextensive with said friction side surfaces and adjustable clamping means providing clamping forces transverse to said second pivot axis to clamp said side plate means and said bearing units together to provide adjustable friction pressure between said friction surfaces whereby said spindle may be pivoted by turning said bearing units about said first axis thereby to overcome predetermined friction forces along the general planes of said friction surfaces and the mating surfaces thereby to permit manual pivotal adjustment of said lamp head about each said pivot axes, said second pivot means having an arcuate peripheral groove through which said first pivot means extends and which presents a surface contacting the surface of said first pivot means to thereby hold the second pivot means from axial movement.

7. Apparatus as described in claim 6 wherein said second pivot means has stop means which extends radially outwardly, and second stop means fixed to said bearing units in the arcuate path of the first-narned stop means.

8. Apparatus as described in claim 3 wherein said second stop means comprises an integral extension on one of said bearing units.

9. Apparatus as described in claim 6 wherein said halfbearings are clamped together at one side of said first pivot means and are held from contact with each other at the other side of the first-named pivot means by their engagement with said first pivot means.

10. Apparatus as described in claim 6 wherein said bearing units are of plastic and said stop means includes a metallic member positioned between said bearing units which acts with said bearing units to provide a resilient stop relationship with the first named stop means.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,190,502 7/1916 Anderson 240-68 X 1,305,285 6/ 1919 Hinsdill 24068 X 1,693,443 11/1928 Holt 240-67 1,714,003 5/1929 Deach 24073 2,003,539 6/ 1935 Hufierd. 2,182,601 12/1939 Venditty. 2,395,178 2/ 1946 Fiori 240-73 X 2,665,870 1/1954 Wiess 248-280 2,694,585 11/ 1954 Fiori. 2,787,434 4/1957 Jacobsen. 3,008,259 11/1961 Zornes 248-284 3,150,891 9/1964 Kirkeby. 3,188,460 6/1965 Thorsen 240-73 X FOREIGN PATENTS 1,112,964 3/1956 France.

JOHN M. HORAN, Primary Examiner M. H. HAYES, Assistant Examiner US. Cl. X.R.

Patent No.

Inventor(s) Column 5,

Column 5, --bracket Column 5,

Column 6,

Column 6,

Column 6, second--.

Column 6,

(S Attest:

EDWARD M.FIETCHER,JR. Attesting Officer UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION 3,543,019 Dated November 24, 1970 Jacob Jacobsen It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

line 72: delete plate" and substitute-plates-- line 7 delete "first pivot" and substitute plates-.

line 75: delete means".

line 37: delete "3" and substitute-7--.

line n: delete "first" and substitute--second-- line 43: delete "first named and substitute-- line +4: delete"first" and substitute--second--.

Signed and sealed this let day of June 1971.

WILLIAM E. SCHEIYIER, .1 Commissioner of Patent ORM PC4050 (10-69) USCOMM- DC 60376-8

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3961176 *Apr 26, 1972Jun 1, 1976Gleason Lawrence EAdjustable lamp stand
US4017168 *Sep 16, 1974Apr 12, 1977Brown Garrett WEquipment for use with hand held motion picture cameras
US4208028 *Jun 28, 1976Jun 17, 1980Garrett BrownSupport apparatus
US4213172 *Feb 16, 1978Jul 15, 1980Sergio BernardiMovable stand, particularly for lampholders and lamp carrier thereon
US4394075 *Jun 16, 1980Jul 19, 1983Garrett BrownSupport apparatus
US4460148 *Jun 17, 1980Jul 17, 1984Tadajiro SasakiBalancer
US4663920 *Jun 11, 1985May 12, 1987Skovhoj Jens BLawn trimmer
US4706087 *Jan 24, 1985Nov 10, 1987Holznagel Melvin APortable traffic signal
US4846434 *Aug 4, 1988Jul 11, 1989Jac Jacobsen Industrier A.S.Counterbalanced arm assembly
US5016153 *May 17, 1989May 14, 1991Artemide S.P.A.Articulated arm lamp
US5050054 *Jan 3, 1991Sep 17, 1991Angela HsuIllumination apparatus adjusting structure
US5108061 *Dec 17, 1990Apr 28, 1992Vlasak Miroslav JAdjustable stand
US5170975 *Jun 6, 1991Dec 15, 1992Alan ChadwickArticulated arm with spring for counterbalancing
US5333103 *Nov 20, 1991Jul 26, 1994Luxo Lamp CorporationHalogen lamp
US5339233 *May 12, 1993Aug 16, 1994Roger YangLamp assembly
US6599000 *Oct 15, 2001Jul 29, 2003Steven T. NolanInterior lamp for producing white light using bright white LEDs
US6758585 *May 29, 2002Jul 6, 2004Erik S. ChanArticulated, adjustable stand
US6896230Dec 30, 2002May 24, 2005Sava CvekEquipoise arm assembly
US7618016Nov 17, 2009Brown Garrett WEquipoising support apparatus
US7798682Sep 21, 2010Sava CvekPersonal illumination control systems and devices
US9182108 *Sep 6, 2013Nov 10, 2015Habitex CorporationFoldable support device for a stand lamp
US20060263082 *Apr 13, 2006Nov 23, 2006Brown Garrett WEquipoising support apparatus
US20150069209 *Sep 6, 2013Mar 12, 2015Habitex CorporationFoldable support device for a stand lamp
USRE32213 *Jan 9, 1981Jul 22, 1986 Equipment for use with hand held motion picture cameras
WO2003102468A2 *May 29, 2003Dec 11, 2003Chan Erik SArticulated, adjustable stand having a wheel
WO2003102468A3 *May 29, 2003Apr 22, 2004Erik S ChanArticulated, adjustable stand having a wheel
Classifications
U.S. Classification362/402, 362/413, 248/586
International ClassificationF16M11/04, F16M11/02, F21V21/14, F21V21/26
Cooperative ClassificationF16M11/2014, F16M11/2092, F16M11/24, F16M11/10, F16M2200/044, F16M2200/063, F21V21/26, F16M11/04
European ClassificationF16M11/24, F16M11/20C, F16M11/20A1, F16M11/10, F21V21/26, F16M11/04