US 354462 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) 4
G. W. COPELAND.
TACK STRIP. No. 354,462. Patented Dec. 14 1886.
WITNESSES INVENTDR fjwizd; g4. @;/14.4
UNITED. STATES PATE T OFFICE GEORGE W. COPELAND, or ALDEN, MASSACHUSETTS, AS IGNOR, BY MESN ASSIGNMENTS, TO THE COPELAND IMPROVED LASTING AND -TA KING COMPANY, OF MAINE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 354,462, dated December 14, 1886.
Application filed mm 21,1885. Serial No.180,497. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, GEORGE W. COPELAND, of Malden, in the county of Middlesex and Commonwealthof Massachusetts, a citizen of the United States, have invented a new and useful Improvementin Tack-Carriers,of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings,forming a part of this speci IO fication,in explaining its nature.
The object of my invention is the production of a tack strip or carrier composed of celllike portions symmetrically positioned with. reference to each other, having intervening spaces or slots between them, and connected with a flexible strip of material-such as paper, cloth, leather, wood, or metalas aback; ing therefor. This carrier is so constructed that the tacks of commerce may be placed in the slots or openings, andthe strip coiled up with the openings or slots toward the center of the coil, when the openings will be closed and the tacks will be held therein. Bythis construction and operation the contraction caused by bending the carrier will of course make the sides of the cell-like portions hug andhold the tacks. In this condition the carrier with the tacks therein may be conveyed to any appropriate mechanism for driving them. In
0 such mechanism the carrierlwill be unwound and caused to pass bythe driveway either straightened or bent in the direction opposite from the way the strip is rolled, so that the tacks may be pushed by Suitabledevices from the, slots or openings to aposition under the hammer, no part of the carrier going into or down the driveway.
The accompanying drawingsan'd description illustrate what I consider the preferable 0 way to practice my invention. I
Figure l in the drawings shows an enlarged view of my improved strip. Fig. 2 showsthe same coiled in part,with some of the tacksleft out of a portion of the coiled part to permit 5 the effect of coiling to be seen. Fig. 3 shows the edge of a portion of a strip and illustrates its construction. Fig. 4 is an end vi'ew,partly in section, showing the position of tack and strip relative to each other. Fig. 5' is a View of, one of several methods by which my in "vention may be practiced without departing from its spirit.
The carrier A is constructed of two strips of paper or other materials before mentioned, a a, cut to a snflicient width. The back of the carrier a is 'gummed upon one side, and the part a, forming the cell-like portion, is bent orformed by any suitable'means and attached to the gummed back. The cells or openings 1) A should be of such size that it will be best to bend the carrier backward to allow them easily to receive the tack-shanks. When the carrier is coiled as described, the elasticity of the material forming the cells will permit it to be turned at any necessary radius without breaking or tearing the back. The depth of the cells or openings and their distance apart are governed by the size of the t-ack-heads,as may be seen in Fig. 2. e The advantages of this carrier are obvious. The danger of clogging the driving-machine, common in other tack-strips, fromwhich bits of the material are punched or cut as each tack'is driven, is-entirely obviated. It follows from the fact that the driveris for this-reason unimpeded, that a spring of less strength is necessary to cause it to'recover its position. This consideration is of moment in hand-operated machines. The power used in forcing tacks through other strips before theyreaeh 8a the article into which they are to be driven is saved by the use of my improved carrier. This will also appear of considerable moment when it is remembered that more than thirty" thousand tacks are often driven in ten hours .85
from hand-tackersa In hand machinery,with
the ordinary strip which cannot-be practically coiled, the operator, forced to confine himself to short strips, necessarily loses 10h time from the frequency with which he inust sup- 9O ply fresh strips. I 3 1 This new device for carrying tacks enables the operator to drive a very large number of tacks from a single carrier.
-- Having thus described my invention-,whatI claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, V 1s- 1'. A flexible tack-strip provided with a .series of slots or openings and intermediate with cell-like portions having intervening projections, said slots or openings being slits or openings and a flexible backing, sub adapted vto be filled with nails or tacks, which stantially as described. v are secured against displacement by frictional GEO; W. GOPEL AND.
5 contact with the projections, substantially as I WVitnesses;
set forth. JAS. E. CRISP,
2. A flexible tack strip or carrier 'fOl'DlEd SANFORD STEWART.