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Publication numberUS3545436 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 8, 1970
Filing dateJul 21, 1967
Priority dateJul 21, 1967
Publication numberUS 3545436 A, US 3545436A, US-A-3545436, US3545436 A, US3545436A
InventorsHolloway Robert L
Original AssigneeAutomatic Sprinkler Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Face seal
US 3545436 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] Inventor Robert L. Holloway [56] References Cited ,7 Snyder, New Yerk UNITED STATES PATENTS 3; 9. g a 2,287,939 6/1942 Kraft l28/l4OX 1 Y 2,882,895 4/1959 Galeazzi. 128/142 [45] Patented Dec. 8, 1970 330 2 3 196 B [73] Assignee AutomaticlSprlnkler Corporation of 7 7/ 7 ennettw' Q8/1467 America FOREIGN PATIENTS 8 Cleveland, Ohio 370 1/1903 Great Britain 128/ 142.4 a corporation of Ohio. by mesne 309,770 4/1929 Great Britain assignments m Primary Examiner-Anton O. Oechsle Attorney-Christel & Bean [54] ABSTRACT: A resiliently flexible sealing element conformaalms rawmg ble to the face of a wearer is supported by and spaced from a [52] U.S.Cl 128/141, mask body by a resiliently flexible web, the sealing element I l28/l46.7 and web extending perimetrically around the open side of the [5]] Int. Cl A62b 18/00 mask body with the hinge web connected at one side to the [50] Field of Search .{128/140-147, sealing element and at its other side to a flange secured to the 195, 205; 2/7, 8, 21 mask body.

l/ l I i I PATENTEU DEC 8 am SHEET 2 UF 2 I N VENTOR.

1 02597? Z. JfcZ loci/c55 9L ATTORNEYS,

, FACE SEAL BACKGROUND or THE INVENTION This invention related to face masks and in particular to breathing face masks which seal against the face of a user and exclude the ambient environment fromthose portions of the face which are confined by the face mask. n

It is important thata face mask properlyfit the face of the wearer. The need for a good seal is self-evident. Not so obvious, however, is the importance of comfort in the fit of the mast to the face. If themask is not comfortable to wear, it will bother theuser and may create a feeling of uneasiness, all of which is distracting and undesirable.

, This poses a problem because, as a practical matter, face masks are not custom made but are designed for use by any one. The wide range in shape and size of the human face LII makes it difficult to provide a mask which will comfortably fit a variety of users, and this is particularly designed to provide wide angle vision. a

While users have, of necessity, generally accepted several mask designs, so far as I am aware such prior art efforts have not provided a completely satisfactory solution to these problems.

so with masks SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, it is a primary object of the presentinvention to provide a faceseal which adapts the mask to fit an extremely wide variety of facial configurations. It is another primary object of this inventionto accomplish,

the foregoing in a face mask and seal combination providing a comfortable fit. a

It is another object of the present invention to provide a face mask having amask body and suspendedtherefrom a floating seal conformable in sealing relation to the face of a user independently of the mask body.

It is a further object of the present, invention to provide a face mask having the foregoing characteristics together with full vision transparent face piece.

Various other novel features of construction and advantages inherent in the face mask construction of the present invention are pointed out in detail in conjunction with the following description and drawing of an illustrative embodiment of the invention.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIGURES FIG. 1 is a rear elevationalview of a face mask seal made in accordance with the principles of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a side elevational view thereof shown secured to a face mask body;

FIG. 3 is a front elevational FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the seal'taken about on line 4-4 of FIG. 1, with portions of the mask body shown in phantom; I

FIG. 5 is a similar cross-sectional view taken about on line 5-5 of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 6 is a similar cross-sectional 6-6 of FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENTS Referring now in. detail to the accompanying drawings, there is shown a face mask of general application, generally designated 10, comprising a. mask body 11 and a seal therefor generally designated 12. Seal 12 includes a conformable sealing element 13, adapted to seal the mask body to the face of a user thereof. In the illustrated form, mask body 11 has a perimetrical edge 14 defining an opening for receiving portions of the face of a user, the edge 14 being adapted to seat in sealing relation against seal 12. The sides of mask body 11 ad jacent and below eye level together with a lower portion thereof extend about and enclose respective side and chin portions of the face of the user with edge 14 curving upwardly and view of the face mask shown in view taken about on line i tion of seal 12 at any point therealong forms, at least, two opoutwardly above eye level to wrap around the forehead. Thus the facial features of the user, including the eyes, nose and mouth, are fully enclosed within maskbody l1 and within the confines of edge 14. However, the seal of my invention is not limited touse with full face mask, or to usewith mask bodies having the illustrated configurations.

Mask body 11, in the preferred embodiment, is formed entirely of a relatively rigid, shape-sustaining, transparent plastic material thereby providing wide angle vision. An opening 15 is provided in the lower portion of mask body 11 for receiving air hoses or other equipment associated with a breathing apparatus, now shown. Fastener projections 16 are provided on opposite sides of body 11 for connection with head straps, not shown, adapted to pass around the users head to secure the face mask thereto.

Seal'l2 is a one-piece construction formed of a resilient and flexible material, such as natural or synthetic rubber, and is shaped to generally conform to the 'perimetrieal outline of edge 14. Seal l2comprises three integrally formed perimetrical sections, forming a sealing element 13, a sealing flange 17, and a connecting web 18, the latter hingedly joining flange l7 and sealing element 13 in a manner providing a free-floating action therebetween completely around the cavity opening of mask body 11. Each section is of continuous strip form, with inner and outer perimetrical edges. Element 13 hingedly connects with the inner edge of web 18 and 19, adjacent the inner edge portion. of element 13, and the opposed faces thereof forming an acute angle or V opening radially outwardly, as

shown at 20. The outer edge of web 18 hingedly connects at 21 with the outer edge of flange 17 with the opposed faces thereof forming an acute angle or V opening radially inwardly as shown at 22 In other words, the cross-sectional configurapositely directed Vs having a common side in web 18, thereby providing a generally Z-shaped cross-sectional configuration. At the lowermostportion of the mask sealing element 13 extends inwardly and upwardly and forms a socket 23 for receiv ing the chin of a user. Thus, there is provided apair of sealing edges completely around the mask body,.one within the cavity and the other externallythereof.

Seal 12 provides a comfortable, fluid-tight seal between mask body 11 and the face of a user, as will now be described. Edge 14 of mask body 11 is received in the angle 22 between flange 17 and web 18 and the outer margin of body 11 is bonded to the inner face of flange 17 by asuitable adhesive or otherwise attached and sealed to body 11 in a manner providinga fluid-tight seal therebetween. Facial sealing element 13 comprises a double edged seal. An inner perimetrical chevron seal 24 is formed at an inward extension of the juncture 19 between connecting web 18 and sealing element 13. An outer perimetrical chevron seal 26 is formed along the outside perimeter of sealing element 13. Chevron seals 24, 26 taper inwardly and outwardly, respectively and terminate the respective inner and outer edges of'sealing element 13 forming respective inner and outer chevron seals therealong.

In use, the face mask is placed over the face of the user with the straps, not shown, drawn around the head to press the mask against the face. Sealing element 13 resiliently yields in conformance with the facial contours of the user and bears thereagainst with both inner and outer chevron seals in fluidtight engagement therewith. Pressure developed within the cavity of mask body 11, caused by exhalation or by the exter nal breathing apparatus, not shown, bears against the inner seal 24 in a manner causing the same to seal tightly against the face. Likewise, ambient pressure bears against outer seal 26 in a manner causing it to sealtightly against the face. The

element 13 is free to hinge about the hinge line formed at the juncture 19 of sealing element 13 and web 18 and about a second hinge line formed at the juncture 21 of web 18 and flange 16. At no time does edge 14 and the outer edge of the web and flange juncture at 21 bear directly against either the face of the user or the outside face of element 13. Sealing element 13 is thus free to float relative to the rigid mask body.

The edge 14 of mask body 11 is formed slightly larger than the largest front facial outline to be accommodated since sealing element 13 floats relative thereto about the hinge lines and spaces itself to a greater or lesser extent therefrom in accordance with a particular facial configuration. The web 18 also flexes to accommodate the seal to a particular face. Thus, the particular shape of the rigid edge 14 has been practically eliminated as a critical factor in adapting a face mask to various facial configurations. The hinged free-floating connection between the sealing element and the mask body provides a face mask which is thus conformable in sealing relation to an unusually wide variety of facial sizes and contours independently of the mask body. Moreover, the'tit of the mask to the face of a user is extremely comfortable due to such hinged floating action. a

Having thus described and illustrateda preferred embodiment-of my invention, it will be understood that such description and illustration is by way of example only and that such modifications and changes as may suggest themselves to those skilled in the art are intended to fall within the scope of the present invention which is otherwise limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim:

1. A face seal comprising, in combination with a body having an open side adapted to fit about facial portions of a user, said body defining a facial-portion receiving cavity and having a marginal edge portion around said open side thereof, sealing means adapted to form a seal between said body and the face of a user thereof, said sealing means having a generally 2- shaped cross-sectional configuration throughout and comprising a resiliently flexible perimetrical sealing element conformable in sealing relation with a face, and aresiliently flexible perimetrical connecting web joining said sealing element to said body in spaced relation thereto, said sealing element normally being suspended from said body by said web in inwardly spaced relation to said marginal edge portion completely therearound whereby said face mask is conformable in sealing relation to the face of a user independently of said body, said sealing element being partially confined within said body cavity and having a portion projecting axially outwardly of said body cavity along the entire marginal edge thereof, said web being joined along one edge thereof to said body adjacent said marginal edge portion thereof and extending therefrom at an acute angle thereto inwardly of said cavity, said sealing element being joined to said web adjacent the opposite edge thereof and extending therefrom at an acute angle thereto outwardly of said cavity, said sealing element and said body edge portion defining with said web a pair of oppositely facing generally V-shaped openings having a common side in said web and thereby providing said generally Z-shaped crosssectional configuration.

2. A face seal according to claim 1 wherein said sealing element comprises a perimetrical strip having spaced inner and outer perimetrical sealing portions.

3. A face seal according to claim 1 wherein said web is inclined relative to said element and is hingedly joined to said body and to said sealing element adjacent respective opposite perimetrical edge portions thereof.

4. A face seal according to clairnfll wherein said web extends radially outwardly at an acute angle relative to said sealing element and wherein said sealing means includes a pen'metrical sealing flange extending inwardly from the outer edge of said web at an acute angle thereto, said mask body being secured to said flange and being hingedly connected to said sealing element at the junctures of said web with said flange and with said sealin element.

S. A face mask accor ing to claim 4, wherein said mask body is relatively rigid, shape-sustaining and transparent throughout.

6. A face mask according to claim 1 wherein said mask body is formed of transparent material, said mask body having marginal portions at said open side secured to said sealing means and enclosing portions of the face of a user providing full wide angle vision therethrough.

7. A face seal according to claim 1 wherein said sealing element comprises an inner perimetrical seal within said cavity and an outer perimetrical seal without said cavity.

8. A face mask according to claim 7 wherein said web joins said sealing element intermediate said inner and outer seals whereby said inner and outer seals are subjected to a sealing pressure within said cavity and ambient pressure without said face mask respectively. v 9. A face mask according to claim 7 wherein said web joins said sealing element intermediate said inner and outer seals and extends outwardly at an acute angle relative to said sealing element.

10. A face seal as set forth in claim 1, said sealing element having a portion extending inwardly of said cavity forming a socket for receiving the chin of a user.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3 545, 436 Dated December 8, 1970 Inventor(s) Robert L. Holloway It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

In the heading under item (73) Automatic Sprinkler Corporation of America should read "Automatic" Sprinkler Corporation of America MAR. 9,1971

Attest:

EdwardMFletchor,Ir. mm E an Amazing Officer Comissioner of Patents

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3827433 *Mar 7, 1972Aug 6, 1974Massachusetts Inst TechnologyRespiratory device and procedure
US3845768 *Feb 12, 1973Nov 5, 1974Garrahan RForm fit vertical flow diving head gear
US4069516 *Jul 21, 1976Jan 24, 1978A-T-O Inc.Breathing face mask
US4167185 *Apr 18, 1977Sep 11, 1979A-T-O Inc.Face mask seal
US4674136 *May 12, 1986Jun 23, 1987Ladewig Christopher GSafety mask construction
US5050594 *Oct 15, 1990Sep 24, 1991Babb Lynn DAdjustable respirator mask apparatus
US5492116 *Jun 3, 1994Feb 20, 1996Respironics Inc.Respiratory mask with floating seal responsive to pressurized gas
US5655527 *Jun 6, 1995Aug 12, 1997Respironics Inc.Respiratory mask with floating seal responsive to pressurized gas
US5924420 *Sep 24, 1996Jul 20, 1999Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyFull face respirator mask having integral connectors disposed in lens area
US6418928Sep 25, 2000Jul 16, 2002Mallinckrodt Inc.Multi-seal respirator mask
US6530373Aug 4, 2000Mar 11, 2003Mallinckrodt Inc.Respirator mask
US6986352 *Jun 21, 2001Jan 17, 2006Resmed LimitedMask with gusset
US7107989Jan 20, 2004Sep 19, 2006Resmed LimitedMask with gusset
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US7931024May 18, 2007Apr 26, 2011Ric Investments, LlcCushion for a patient interface
US8485192Jun 29, 2012Jul 16, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8517023Jan 29, 2008Aug 27, 2013Resmed LimitedMask system with interchangeable headgear connectors
US8522784Jan 23, 2013Sep 3, 2013Resmed LimitedMask system
US8528561Jan 18, 2013Sep 10, 2013Resmed LimitedMask system
US8550081Nov 29, 2012Oct 8, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8550082Nov 29, 2012Oct 8, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8550083Nov 29, 2012Oct 8, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8550084Feb 27, 2009Oct 8, 2013Resmed LimitedMask system
US8555885Nov 29, 2012Oct 15, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8567404Nov 14, 2012Oct 29, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8573213Nov 14, 2012Nov 5, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8573214Nov 28, 2012Nov 5, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
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US8578935Nov 29, 2012Nov 12, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8613280Nov 14, 2012Dec 24, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
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US8616211Nov 29, 2012Dec 31, 2013Resmed LimitedCushion for patient interface
US8631792Mar 11, 2011Jan 21, 2014Ric Investments, LlcCushion for a patient interface
US8869797Apr 18, 2008Oct 28, 2014Resmed LimitedCushion and cushion to frame assembly mechanism for patient interface
US8944061Mar 15, 2013Feb 3, 2015Resmed LimitedCushion to frame assembly mechanism
EP0072229A1 *Aug 9, 1982Feb 16, 1983Siebe Gorman & Company LimitedImprovements in and relating to face masks
EP0303090A1 *Jul 25, 1988Feb 15, 1989SGE SOCIETA' GENERALE ELASTOMERI S.p.A.Seal for protective masks
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EP0511593A1 *Apr 23, 1992Nov 4, 1992DISPOSITIVI PROTEZIONE INDIVIDUALE - D.P.I. s.r.l.Panoramic protection mask for operating interventions in polluted environments
EP0771577A1Oct 31, 1996May 7, 1997Comasec International SaConnecting block for a breathing mask, and corresponding mask, helmet and aqualung
WO1987001950A1 *Sep 26, 1986Apr 9, 1987Protector Safety LtdRespirator
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Classifications
U.S. Classification128/206.24
International ClassificationA62B18/02, A62B18/00
Cooperative ClassificationA62B18/02
European ClassificationA62B18/02
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Mar 25, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: FIGGIE INTERNATIONAL INC.
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:FIGGIE INTERNATIONAL INC., (MERGED INTO) FIGGIE INTERNATIONAL HOLDINGS INC. (CHANGED TO);REEL/FRAME:004767/0822
Effective date: 19870323
Jun 30, 1981ASAssignment
Owner name: FIGGIE INTERNATIONAL INC.
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:A-T-O INC.;REEL/FRAME:003866/0442
Effective date: 19810623