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Publication numberUS3545599 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 8, 1970
Filing dateMar 15, 1968
Priority dateMar 15, 1968
Publication numberUS 3545599 A, US 3545599A, US-A-3545599, US3545599 A, US3545599A
InventorsBarber Harry A, Smith Fred T, Zink Ben J
Original AssigneeBarber Greene Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Automatic belt centering method and apparatus
US 3545599 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [1 1 3,545,599

[72] inventors Fred '1. Smith; 2,914,957 12/1959 Johnson 198/202X Harry A. Barber; Ben J. Zink, Aurora, 3,278,002 11/1966 Robins 198/202 Illinois 2,294,962 9/1942 Cassell 198/202 [21] Appl. No. 713,359 3,368,665 2/1968 Jinkins 198/202 525: m 131 Primary Examiner-Robert G. Sheridan 7 3 1 Assign aarbepcmne p y Attorney Hill, Sherman, Merom, Gross & Simpson Aurora, Illinois a corporation of Illinois [54] BELT CENTERING METHOD AND ABSTRACT: An endless belt is maintained in substantially running alinement with a pulley over which it is trained by 26 Claims 8 Drawing sensing offcentered shifting of the belt through sensors in the US. Cl. form of rotar feelers along the opposite edges of the belt 1' 74/241 These control translation, through a correctional hydraulic lllim 8 servosystem, into skewing of the pulley away from the shift for [50] ofSearch 198/202; running return of the be]! to (he preferred substantially gen.

74/241 tered running alinement with respect to the pulley. Respective hydraulic pistons connected to the opposite ends of the pulley [56] Ref'Nnc-es Cited shaft control belt-tensioning action of the pulley and a respec- UNITED STATES PATENTS tive hydraulic servomotor for each hydraulic piston is respon- 2,751,067 6/1956 Nicholson 198/202 sive to the sensor at the adjacent side of the belt.

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PATENTED DEC SHEET 1 BF 3 INVENTO RS FRED T. SMITH HARRY A. BARBER BEN J. ZINK ATTORNEYS PATENTEDUEB 8|97U 31545599 SHEET 2 OF 3 HI w ll] 39 F166 I INVENTORS FRED T, SMITH HARRY A. BARBER I I v ham J. ZINK BY ATTORNEYS PATENTED DEC 8 I970 SHEET 3 0f 3 Bil v9 L INVENTOR V FRED T. SMITH W HARRY A. BARBER 24" BEN J. 2mm

w avwvdak ATTORNEYS AUTOMATIC BELT CENTERING METHOD AND APPARATUS This invention relates to automatic belt-centering method and apparatus, and more particularly concerns maintaining a belt in substantially centered running alignment with a pulley by correctional action of the pulley when offcenter shifting of the belt occurs. I

In the operation of endless belts they are generally trained over a roller, commonly referred to as a pulley, in the transition from the working or load-carrying run to the return run. Due to various causes such as variables in the belt itself, tolerances and wear in the running mechanism, unbalanced loading of the belt and the like, the belt may tend to shift offcenter relative to the pulley in operation with detrimental results. Especially in the material-handling industry, where short, wide belts are used, the problem has been difficult to overcome.

Accordingly, it is an important object of the present invention to provide a new and improved method and apparatus for centering endless belts.

Another object of the invention is to provide a new and improved automatic belt-centering method and apparatus.

A further object of the invention is to provide a new and improved method of and means for controlling a belt-tensioning pulley to maintain a substantially centered running alignment of an associated endless belt.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a new and improved combinationendless belt-tensioning and centered running alignment maintaining method and apparatus.

Other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be readily apparent from the following detailed description of certain preferred embodiments thereof taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is an illustrative topplan view of apparatus embodying features of the invention;

FIG. 2 is a vertical sectional detail view taken substantially 6790103 along the line ll-Il of FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a side elevational view taken substantially in the plane ofline Ill-III of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a fragmentary top plan view of an endless belt installation embodying a modified belt-centering arrangement;

FIG. 5 is a side elevational view of the apparatus of FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a vertical sectional elevational detail view taken substantially along the lines Vl-VI of FIG. 4;

FIG. 7 is a schematic plan view of another modified beltcentering arrangement; and

FIG. 8 is a schematic plan view ofa further modification.

As shown in FIGS. 13, an endless material handling belt B of substantial width and which may be relatively short in relation to its width and of suitable substantial thickness for the intended purpose is trained over a pulley 10 carried by shaft 11 on which the pulley may be rotatably mounted or which may rotate with the pulley, as preferred. Support for the shaft 11 comprises suitable frame structure 12, shown as comprising respective longitudinally extending bars through which the opposite end portions of the shaft extend. Additional support for the upper or load-carrying run of the belt is provided by a roller 13, the shaft of which is supported by respective pillow block bearings 14 mounted on a frame bar 15 extending transversely under the carrying run of the belt and supported at suitable elevation by end posts 17.

Means are provided for operating the pulley 10 to tension the belt B. To this end, a hydraulic piston 18 is connected to one end portion of the shaft, herein at the left hand considered in respect to the direction of travel of the belt, and a hydraulic piston 19 is connected to the opposite end portion of the shaft. Each of the pistons has an associated hydraulic cylinder 20 which is mounted on the outer side of the associated frame bar 12. At its outer end, the rod of the piston in each instance is coupled to a longitudinally slideable shaft-carrying block 21 which is reciprocally mounted in suitable tracks 22 on the associated frame bar and mounts a swivel bearing or at least pivot joint 23 in which the end portion of the shaft 11 is operatively received.

Hydraulic pressure for powering the pistons 18 and 19 is supplied by fluid delivered to the rear end portions of the cylinders 20 by respective lines or conduits 24 which are separately connected to changing means such as a pressure source comprising a pump 25 connected to a sump 27. As shown the pump 25 is of the manual type having an operating handle 28, and it will be understood that it has suitable dump valve means such that for belt changes the hydraulic system may be unloaded and the pulley 10 backed off from its belttensioning relation to the belt. When the belt is to be tensioned, the pump 25 is operated to pressurize the cylinders 20 and thus hydraulically actuate the pistons 18 and 19 to drive the pulley into tensioning relation to the belt. To enable selective initial tensioning adjustment, each of the conduits 24 has a respective control valve 29 which may be manually operable to attain the desired result, and which, if desired, may be closed after the desired belttensioning has been effected so as to relieve the pump and its valving of the static pressure to be maintained in the hydraulic system during normal operation of the belt.

Offcenter shifting of the belt relative to the pulley 10 should be avoided if optimum continuous efficiency is to be attained and undesirable edge drag and possibly damage to the belt edges and associated structure are to be avoided. According to the present invention, substantially centered alignment of the belt with the pulley is maintained by sensing offcenter shifting of the belt and skewing the pulley away from the shift to effect running return of the belt to the substantially centered running alignment. One manner of accomplishing this comprises having means in the form of respective sensors 30 for each edge of the belt B operable to control translation by a hydraulic servosystem of the information into correctional ac tion ofthe pistons 18 and 19 to effect the skewing of the pulley 10 away from the sensed shift.

In one arrangement, the sensors 30 comprise rotary feelers in the form of grooved pulley wheels freely rotatably mounted on respective axes normal to the plane of the upper run of the belt B and closely engaging the associated edge of the belt within the groove. The sensor wheel shafts are mounted on opposite end portions of a crossbar 31 which is supported on a pair oflinks 32 pivotally connected to the frame bar 15 at one end and pivotally connected to the bar 31 at their opposite ends respectively adjacent to the feelers 30.

Attached to the links 32 and to the bar 15 are respective cylinder and piston hydraulic servomotors 33. In this instance, the respective piston rods of the servomotors are pivotally attached to the inner sides of the associated links and the piston ends of the cylinders of the servomotors are pivotally attached to a central mounting flange 34 on the bar 15. Respective hydraulic servoconnections 35 are provided between the respective hydraulic conduits 24 and the piston end portions of the cylinders of the servomotors 33. Through this arrangement, the servomotors 33 are loaded contemporaneously with the pulley-controlling pistons 18 and 19. Since it is a balanced hydraulic system in which the pistons and servomotors are thus connected, the servomotors tend to maintain the rotary sensors 30 yieldably in a centered running alignment relationship to the pulley l0 and by their guiding engagement with the belt edge normally assist in maintaining the belt B in such centered relationship.

Should the belt B drift or shift toward one side or the other while running, such as due to uneven loading of the belt, then the rotary sensors 30 are correspondingly shifted by force of lateral thrust by the belt in the direction of the Offcenter shift, and since the servomotors 33 are connected in a closed hydraulic system with the hydraulic pistons 18 and 19, the pistons are activated to effect correctional skewing of the pulley 10 to return the belt to substantially centered running alignment therewith. For this purpose, the servomotor 33 which is nearest the right side of the belt is hydraulically con nected with the piston 11 at the left side of the belt while the hydraulic servomotor 33 nearest the left-hand side of the belt is hydraulically connected to the right side of piston 19. Hence, should there be a shift of the belt 8 toward the left side, the sensors translate such movement into contraction of the rightlhand servomotor 33 which causes the hydraulic fluid driven therefrom to correspondingly protract the piston 18. At the same time the left-hand servomotor 33 expands and receives a corresponding volume of hydraulic fluid from the cylinder 20 of the piston 19. As a result, the pulley skews away from the belt shift, increasing the tension on the shifted side of the belt and correspondingly relaxing the tension on the opposite side of the belt so that the belt quickly returns to the substantially centered running alignment with the pulley. Synchronized with movements of the belt toward alignment is the return to normal centered relationship of the sensing system and a corresponding equalization through the servomotors 33 in the tensioning pistons 18 and 19 and therefore of the pulley 10. Rightward shifting of the belt B has a corresponding effect, but in reverse, in the hydraulic system in respect to the pistons 19 and 18, in that order. Therefore, the belt B is automatically maintained substantially centered in alignment with the pulley 10.

In the arrangement of FIGS. 4-6, much the same manner of automatic belt centering is accomplished, and primed reference numerals indicate substantial identity of the parts, having reference to the form of the invention depicted in FIGS. 13. Thus, the endless belt B is trained over the pulley 10' having its shaft 11 with end portions thereof extending through frame bars 12. Respective leftand right-hand pistons 18' and 19' are controlled by cylinders 20' mounted on the frame ba '5 and the outer ends of the piston rod are connected to respective longitudinally slideable journal blocks 21' reciprocal in respective tracks 22' and mounting swivel joints or swivel bearings 23 carrying the respective shaft end portions l lydraulic conduit lines 24 connect the cylinders 20' to a pump 25' connected with a hydraulic fluid source sump 27 and adapt to be operated manually through a handle 28', there being individual control valves 29' in the conduits 24'.

Means for automatically maintaining the belt B in substantially centered running alignment with the pulley 10' comprise the rotary-grooved pulley, belt edge engaging, sensor feelers 30' mounted on respective axles 37 located on axes normal to the plane of the load-carrying run of the belt B and mounted on a follower bar 38 which extends transversely under the upper run of the belt B and with its opposite end portions extending beyond and over the respective frame bars 12. For reasonably close belt size adjustment of the rotary sensor wheels 30', the bar 38 is constructed to enable adjustment of the wheels longitudinally therealong. For this purpose, each of the axles 37 is fixedly mounted on a respective relatively short end section 39 of the bar which is telescopically received in a central section 40 of the bar to enable relative adjustment of the sections longitudinally of the bar to effect relative adjust ment of the sensor wheels 30 relative to one another. A suitable releasable connection 41 comprising bolt and slot means on the sections 39 and 40 enables adjustments to be effected and to be maintained as desired.

Mounting of the bar 38 to enable following by the sensors 30 of lateral shiftings of the belt B, comprises pivotal attachment of the respective outer ends of the bar sections 39 to respective supporting links 42 which are rigid with respective hubs 43 pivotally mounted on respective brackets 44 carried fixedly on the respective frame bars 12'.

Automatic belt-centering responsiveness of the hydraulic pistons 18' and 19 to shifting movement of the sensing means with the belt B comprise hydraulic piston servomotors 33' but in this instance, the servomotors 33' which serve the respective pulley-controlling, belt-tensioning piston is mounted on the same side as the piston which it controls. To this end, each of the servomotors 33' has its piston rod pivotally connected to an arm 45 which is rigid on the hub 43 in bellcrank relation to the link arm 42 and angled away from the associated frame bar 12 while the piston end of the servomotor cylinder is pivotally connected to a mounting bracket flange 47 on the frame bar. Through'this arrangement, there is a direct translation, through its hydraulic connection 35' to a the associated piston 18 or 19 as the case may be, upon sensing ofa shifting of the belt B toward the side under the control of that piston. Namely, should the belt B shift offcenter toward the piston 18', the servomotor 33 will be compressed, in the closed hydraulic system, to actuate the piston 19' in belt-tensioning direction while concurrently the servomotor 33' extends and draws hydraulic fluid from the cylinder 20' of the piston 19'. Thereby the pulley 10 is skewed away from the belt shift and the belt is returned to its substantially centered running alignment with the pulley. The reverse action takes place when the belt shifts toward the side of the piston 19'. Thereby the belt is maintained automatically in the substantially centered running alignment with the pulley.

In FIGS. 7 and 8, schematic arrangements are depicted in which hydraulic linkage of the sensors is effected instead of the mechanical linkage arrangements of the FIG. I and FIG. 4 forms of the invention. In these hydraulic linkage arrangements, the endless belt B" is trained over the pulley 10" which has its shaft 11" connected at its left-hand end to the piston 18" and at its right-hand end to the piston 19" with the respective cylinders 20" hydraulically connected by the respective conduit lines 24" to the pump 25" operatively connected with a hydraulic fluid source sump 27 and operable as by means ofa manual lever 28", there being respective valves 29" in control of the conduits 24". Belt-tensioning and back off, as desired of the pulley 10 are accomplished in the same manner as described in connection with the pump 25 in FIG. 1.

Instead of having the rotary sensor feeler wheels 30" which engage the respective opposite edges of the belt B" connected by a follower bar, the wheels 30" are independently mounted and instead of connected by linkage means to their respective servomotors 33", the servomotors are connected in a direct response relationship operatively with the sensor wheels. For this purpose, the piston rods of the servomotors 33" are connected in direct response relationship operatively with the sensor wheels. For this purpose, the piston rods of the servomotors 33" are connected in direct linear responsive relation to the respective sensor wheels 30" by means of rigid connector extensions 48 which may be yokes to which the wheels are mounted by respective axle pins 49. It will be understood that in such an arrangement the cylinders of the servomotors 33" are mounted in suitable manner on the frame of the apparatus. In this manner, any edgewise shifting of the belt B toward one of the sensor wheels 30" causes direct compression of the associated servomotors 33" and thus translation of such response by way ofits piston end cylinder hydraulic connection 35" with the associated cylinder 20" to actuate the hydraulically connected piston 18" or 19", as the case may be, for effecting belt-centering correctional skewing of the pulley 10''.

To effect hydraulic balance between the servomotors 33" in FIG. 7, a hydraulic link connection 50 between the piston rod ends of the servomotor cylinders is provided, substantially as shown. Thereby, as either of the servomotors is compressed, the other is expanded with corresponding action in the associated cylinder 20". in the same manner and to the same effect as described for the servomotors 33 and the associated pistons in FIG. 1 and the servomotors and the associated pistons in FIG. 4.

In FIG. 8 a possibly faster response is attained by connecting the servomotors in a booster hydraulic linkage relation with respect to each other and the hydraulic pistons of the pulley. To this end, respective hydraulic linkage lines 51 connect the piston rod ends of the servomotor cylinders with the hydraulic connection 35" of the other servomotor cylinder. As a result, in a belt shift response of the sensors, the respective pressure fluid-dispensing ends of the servomotor cylinders are connected to the cylinder of the piston which is projected to skew the pulley 10" at the side of the belt toward which the shift has occurred, while the suction ends of the servomotor cylinders receive hydraulic fluid from the cylinder of the piston which is retracted in the same action.

In both FIG. 7 and FIG. 8 forms of the invention, it will be observed that the servomotor cylinders are of the double-action cylinders of the type as compared to the single-acting cylinders of the servomotors in the FIG. I and FIG. 4 forms of the invention. It will be understood, of course, that in the pulley-actuating piston motor cylinders and in the servomotor cylinders of FIGS. 1 and 4, the piston rod ends of the cylinders are vented with suitable breather openings or orifices, as is usual, and these may be adjustable, as preferred.

In all forms of the invention smooth automatic substantially centered running alignment of the belt with the pulley is maintained.

It will be understood that variations and modifications may be effected without departing from the spirit and scope of the novel concepts of this invention.

We claim:

1. In apparatus of the character described for maintaining an endless belt in substantially centered running alignment with a pulley over which it is trained:

opposed wheels engaging opposite edges of the belt; and

hydraulically operated means providing substantially equalized yieldable belt-centering thrust to said wheels.

2. Apparatus according to claim 1, having hydraulic belttensioning means connectedwith said pulley, said hydraulically operated means being yieldable in offcenter shifting of the belt, and means hydraulically connecting said hydraulically operated means with said hydraulic belt-tensioning means to translate offcenter shifting of said wheels through said hydraulically operated means acting as servomotor means to effect correctional action of said belt-tensioning means on said pulley to return the belt to substantially running alignment with the pulley.

3. In a conveyor including a pair of rollers and an endless belt trained thereover, the improvement of an apparatus for maintaining the belt in a desired relationship relative to at least one of the rollers and comprising:

first means cooperable with opposite edges of the belt;

second means providing substantially equalized yieldable belt-centering thrust to said first means; said second means being yieldable and offcentering shifting of the belt; and 1 third means hydraulically connecting said first and second means to translate offcenter shifting of said first means to effect correctional action on the roller to return the belt to the desired alignment on the roller.

4. In a method of maintaining an endless belt in substantially centered running alignment with a pulley over which it is trained:

normally yieldably guiding said belt along its edges for substantially centered running alignment with the pulley; sensing an oifcenter shift of the belt; and

skewing the pulley away from the shift and effecting running return of the belt to said substantially centered running alignment.

5. In a method of maintaining an endless belt in substantially centered running alignment with a pulley over which is trained and wherein respective fluid-actuated piston and cylinder devices are connected to the ends of the pulley, respective belt misalignment sensors engage opposite edges of the belt, respective servomotors are connected to said sensors, and said cylinder and piston devices and said servomotors are interconnected in a pressure fluid system:

pressurizing said system to load said devices said servomotors;

through the loaded devices thrusting said pulley in belt-tensioning direction;

closing the pressurized circuit to provide a static closed system;

transmitting to said servomotors deviations of the belt from centered alignment with said pulley;

translating the belt misalignment information transmitted to the servomotors by the sensors into unbalancing and correctional action of the devices and thereby effecting a skewing of the pulley away from the deviation; and

as centered running alignment of the belt with the pulley is resumedtranslating that information from the belt through the servomotors and effecting a balanced condi tion of said devices.

6. A method according to claim 5, comprising acting on said sensors through said servomotors to maintain the sensors yieldably in a centered running alignment relationship to the pulley and thereby assisting in maintaining the belt in centered running alignment relationship with the pulley.

7. In apparatus for maintaining an endless belt in substantially centered running alignment with a pulley over which it is trained:

means for sensing an offcenter shift of the belt;

means responsive to said sensing means for skewing the pulley away from the shift and effecting running return of the belt to said substantially centered running alignment; and said sensing means including means operative to guide the belt along side edges thereof yieldably in the substantially centered running alignment with the pulley. 8. Apparatus according to claim 7, said means operative to guide the belt including servomotors having fluid interconnection with one another. I

9. Apparatus according to claim 7, said means for sensing comprising an individual sensor in engagement with the side edges of the belt and separate servomotors acting on said sensors to effect said yieldable guiding of the belt.

10. Apparatus according to claim 7, said means for sensing comprising respective sensors in guiding engagement with the belt along said side edges, individual servomotors operative on and by said sensors, said means for skewing the pulley comprising respective piston and cylinder devices operatively attached to respective opposite ends of the pulley, and a closed pressure fluid system interconnecting said devices and servomotors.

11. In apparatus for maintaining an endless belt in substantially centered running alignment with a pulley over which it is trained:

a follower bar extending transversely relative to the rotary feeler wheels mounted on said bar and engaging side edges of the belt for sensing an offcenter shift of the belt;

means responsive to movements of the follower bar reflecting offcenter shifting of the' belt sensed by said wheels for skewing the pulley away from the shift and effecting running return of the belt to said substantially centered running alignment; and

links connected to said bar, and respective servomotors connected to said links and connected to said means for skewing the pulley.

12. Apparatus according to claim llll, said skewing means comprising hydraulic devices, said servomotors being hydraulically operative, and closed hydraulic circuitry connecting and maintaining said servomotors and devices hydraulically loaded.

13. In apparatus for maintaining an endless belt in substantially centered running alignment with a pulley over which it is trained:

means for sensing an offcenter shift of the belt comprising rotary sensor feeler wheels engaging opposite edges of the belt;

means responsive to said sensing means for skewing the pulley away from the shift and effecting running return of the belt to said substantially centered running alignment; and servomotors connected to said wheels and to said skewing means and comprising hydraulic cylinder and piston devices having pistons directly attached to said wheels.

14. An apparatus according to claim 13 means hydraulically linking said devices.

15. In apparatus for maintaining an endless belt in substantially centered running alignment with a pulley over which it is trained, and wherein the pulley has a shaft having end portions at opposite ends of the pulley:

respective fluid-operated piston and cylinder devices operatively attached to the respective end portions of the pulley shaft and operative when pressurized to thrust the pulley in belt-tensioning direction;

respective sensors in engagement with respective opposite edges of the belt;

each of said sensors having operatively connected thereto a pressure fluid-operative servomotor;

pressure fluid connections between said devices and said servomotors; and

means for effecting contemporaneous static pressure fluid loading of said devices and said servomotors whereby to effect tensioning thrust by said devices to said shaft and thus to the pulley to tension the belt and to enable translation of belt-shifting movement thro igh said sensors and the servomotors to said devices for skewing the pulley away from the shift whereby to effect running return of the belt to a centered running alignment relation to the pulley.

16. Apparatus according to claim 15, said sensors comprising grooved wheels in running engagement with the edges of the belt, a bar mounting said wheels freely rotatably and connecting the same and extending transversely to the belt. a stationary frame bar spaced from said wheel supporting bar, respective links connecting said bars adjacent to said wheels and enabling lateral shifting movement of said wheel-supporting bar with shifting movements of the belt, said servomotors comprising piston and cylinder devices respectively connected at one end to said stationary bar and at their opposite ends to their respective links.

17. Apparatus according to claim 15, including frame structure supporting said pulley shaft, a follower bar extending transversely to the belt and the frame structure, said sensors comprising freely rotatable wheels on said bar, bellcrank devices pivotally connected to said frame structure and to said bar, said servomotors comprising piston and cylinder devices at one end attached to a respective bellcrank device and at the other end to said frame structure.

18. Apparatus according to claim 15, said servomotors comprising respective piston and cylinder devices, said sensors comprising freely rotatable wheels, and means connecting said wheels to respective pistons of such devices.

19. Apparatus according to claim 18, said servomotors having a pressure fluid connection therebetween such that there is equal movement of the wheels in the shifting movements of the belt.

20. Apparatus according to claim 19, said fluid connection being between the respective same sides of the pistons.

21. Apparatus according to claim 19, said fluid connection being between respective opposite sides of the pistons of the servomotors.

22. In apparatus for maintaining an endless belt in substantially centered running alignment with a pulley over which it is trained:

a follower bar extending transversely relative to the belt;

rotary feeler wheels mounted on said bar and engaging side edges of the belt for sensing an offcenter shift of the belt; and means including servomotors responsive to movements of the follower bar reflecting offcenter shifting of the belt sensed by said wheels and operative to skew the pulley away from the shift for effecting running return of the belt to said substantially centered running alignment. 23. A method of maintaining an endless tensioned belt in substantially centered running alignment with a pulley over which it is trained and with respect to which the belt is liable to shift offcenter, comprising:

by the force of lateral thrust of the belt in the direction of offcenter shifting driving motor means to effect skewing of the pulley from a normal running axis and away from the shift; I

by said skewing effecting running return of the belt to said substantially centered running alignment; and p by force of lateral thrust of the belt returning to centered running alignment correspondingly operating said motor means for returning the pulley to said normal running axis. 24. A method according to claim 23, comprising operating servomotors by the force of said lateral thrust of said belt in either thrusting direction and thereby controlling operations of said motor means.

25. Apparatus for maintaining an endless tensioned belt in substantially centered running alignment with a pulley over which it is trained and with respect to which the belt is liable to shift offcenter;

motor means operative to effect skewing of the pulley from a normal running axis thereof;

means directly responsive to the force of lateral thrust of the belt in the direction of an offcenter shift to operate said motor means to skew the pulley away from the shift;

said skewing of the pulley effecting running return of the belt to said substantially centered running alignment; and means operative to return the pulley to said normal running axis thereof.

26. Apparatus according to claim 25, in which said means operative to return the pulley include a servomotor responsive to lateral thrust of the belt in the direction of running return thereof.

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,545,599 Dated DCC. 8, 1970 Inventor(s) Fred T. Smith, Harry A. Barber & Ben Zink It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 2, line 70, after "servomotor" read --33--; column 3, line 28, for "ba s" read --bars--; column 4, line 1, omit "a"; column 5, lines 2 and 3 for "double-action cylinders the" read --d0uble-acting--, line 64, after "devices" insert --a column 6, after "the" in line 39, insert -belt;--.

Signed and sealed this 26th day of October 1971.

(SEAL) Attest:

ROBERT GOTTSCHALK EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR.

Acting Commissioner of Pat;

Attesting Officer

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3687273 *Nov 5, 1970Aug 29, 1972Avant IndTransport belt alignment system
US3785542 *Feb 22, 1973Jan 15, 1974Air Trol Systems IncWeb-guiding apparatus and position-sensing and control unit therefor
US3897640 *Sep 20, 1973Aug 5, 1975Cmi CorpExcavator, conveyor and conveyor control apparatus
US3927814 *Feb 14, 1974Dec 23, 1975Riggs & Lombard IncGuide for a moving belt
US4027966 *Mar 25, 1976Jun 7, 1977Xerox CorporationTracking assembly for an endless belt electrostatic reproduction machine
US4051742 *Sep 3, 1976Oct 4, 1977Gullfiber AbArrangement for tensioning and guiding the belts of a cellular plastic forming machine
US4083206 *Apr 15, 1976Apr 11, 1978Universal Towel Company LimitedWashing machines and rinsing machines
US4173904 *Oct 13, 1977Nov 13, 1979S.P.A. Luigi Rizzi & C.Apparatus for automatically centering an endless band trained over two rolls
US4842130 *Jul 22, 1985Jun 27, 1989D M Enterprises Inc.Belt bender
US5069027 *Jul 14, 1989Dec 3, 1991Fritz StahleckerTangential belt drive for spinning or twisting machines
US5194050 *Oct 25, 1991Mar 16, 1993Ricoh Company, Ltd.Positioning device for an endless belt
US5343279 *Jun 18, 1992Aug 30, 1994Canon Kabushiki KaishaLateral shift preventing mechanism for endless belt
US5503265 *Sep 16, 1994Apr 2, 1996Reifenhauser Gmbh & Co. MaschinenfabrikWeb depositing table
US6852050Apr 17, 2002Feb 8, 2005Carrier Commercial Refrigeration, Inc.Lateral sensor for conveyor belt
US7866462Jul 30, 2009Jan 11, 2011Prairie Machines & Parts Mfg. (1978) Ltd.Belt type conveyor apparatus with adjustable tail pulley
US7975582 *Oct 13, 2008Jul 12, 2011Norman CoonStrip cutting device and methods of use
US20130092512 *Apr 15, 2011Apr 18, 2013Joseph Vogele AgBelt conveyor device
EP0562228A2 *Jan 18, 1993Sep 29, 1993Eastman Kodak CompanyWeb guidance mechanism for automatically centering a web during movement of the web along a curved path
WO2003089343A1 *Mar 6, 2003Oct 30, 2003Carrier Comm Refrigeration IncLateral sensor for conveyor belt
Classifications
U.S. Classification198/807, 474/104
International ClassificationB65G39/10, B65G39/16
Cooperative ClassificationB65G39/16
European ClassificationB65G39/16
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jul 18, 1988ASAssignment
Owner name: BARBER-GREENE COMPANY, 400 NORTH HIGHLAND, AURORA,
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:FIRST AMERICAN NATIONAL BANK OF NASHVILLE;REEL/FRAME:005000/0045
Effective date: 19880606
Owner name: BARBER-GREENE COMPANY,ILLINOIS
Free format text: RELEASED BY SECURED PARTY;ASSIGNOR:FIRST AMERICAN NATIONAL BANK OF NASHVILLE;REEL/FRAME:5000/45
Owner name: BARBER-GREENE COMPANY, ILLINOIS
Jul 6, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: FIRST AMERICAN NATIONAL BANK OF NASHVILLE, NASHVIL
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BARBER-GREENE COMPANY, A CORP. OF DE.;REEL/FRAME:004748/0440
Effective date: 19861229
Owner name: FIRST AMERICAN NATIONAL BANK OF NASHVILLE, TENNESS