|Publication number||US3545723 A|
|Publication date||Dec 8, 1970|
|Filing date||Aug 22, 1968|
|Priority date||Aug 22, 1968|
|Also published as||DE1931812A1, DE1931812B2, DE1931812C3|
|Publication number||US 3545723 A, US 3545723A, US-A-3545723, US3545723 A, US3545723A|
|Inventors||Derrickson Michael O, Raley Philip W|
|Original Assignee||Fmc Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (22), Classifications (5), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent  Inventors Philip W. Raley  References Cited W UNITED STATES PATENTS r 'im 2,536,536 7/1951 Childress 254/19 [211 App] No 3,083,742 5/1963 Orme 140/932  Filed An 22 968 3,360,017 12/1967 V1lc1ns 254/51X  Patented Dec. 8, 1970 Primary Examiner-Robert C. Rrordon  Assignee FMC Corporation, Assistant Examiner-David R. Melton Philadelphia, Pennsylvania A Itorneys- R. Thomas OMalley, George F. Mueller and a corporation olDelsware Charles H. Johnson ABSTRACT: A strapping tool has a pair of strap/gripping  STRAP 2 FOR TENSIONING TOOL members mounted for swinging about a common axis. An end 5 Cm of the strapping is gripped by one of the members againsta  0.8. 254/79 stationary foot and another portion of the strapping is gripped  Int. Cl 136613/00 between the two members so that it can be pulled in tension-  Field of Search 254/51, 52, ing direction but cannot loosen. There is a single lever for sequentially releasing the two gripping members.
PATENTED DEB 8197B sum 1 OF 2 'iurele'ased position; and- I directed comprises a gripper for' holding one end of strapping and tensioning means for tightening the strapping about an object-with a portion of strapping leading to a supply overlapping a portion adjacent the held end.;Although not necessary to'the present invention, the tool usually also comprises means for securing the overlapping portions together and means for severing .the [strapping looped about the "object from the v strapping leading to a supply. There are on the market a varietyiof tools for carrying out theseffunctions. While the strapping'must, of course,'be held-under tension about the object being strapped while the overlapping portions are secured together, it is not necessary that either'or both the overlapping portions themselves be under tension and, in fact, with certain kinds of strapping and for certain 'types of sealing, itis neces- =sary or at leastldesirable. that at least the upper overlapping portiqn not be under tensinn. For'example, in the case where the strapping is sealed together by a" friction weldingoperation', the upper overlapping strap portion must be free of tension at the time of sealing and, with certain types of strapping, the upper portion should. not be" under tension at the timeit is It is, therefore,- an object of this invention to provide a strapping tool having an improved arrangement for holding the strapping undertension about the object being strapped while main'taining thettpper overlapping portion free of tension during the timeof cutting andlor sealing. l 6
Other and further objects, features and advantages of the invention will become apparent as the description of a preferred embodiment thereof proceeds.
1 Referring now to the drawing:
FIG. 1 is a side elevational view of a'strapping toolembodyingth'e invention; v l
. FIG. .2 is a section taken along'the line II-II of FIG. 1;. FIG. 3 isa sectional view takenalong the'line III-III of FIG.
" FIG. 4 is'a fragmentaryside elevational view showing the strap gripping elements in gripping position;
16. 5 is aview similar to FIG. 4 but showing the elements FIG.J6is a vicw-partially in end erevasan in partially in r I sectionand showing strap gripping elements of the present invention. v
Since the present invention may be incorporated in tools having various specific means for tensioning the strapping, for cutting it and for securing theloverlapping portions together, such parts of the tool havebeen incompletely shown and will be .only briefly referred to. The tool comprises a main frame generally indicated at 10 for supporting the various operating parts including a tensioningrneans indicated generally at 1 2 and a sealing vmeans indicated generally at 14 for securing together overlapping portions of the strapping after the strapping,'which is id indicated. at 18, has'been tensioned about an object such as a bolt partially shown at 20. The tool includes a cutter, not shown, for cutting the strapping adjacent thesealing means and between the sealing means and the ten sioning means. v
A gripping member22 squeezes an end portion of. the strapping against a foot 24(see FIGS.'4 and 5) provided on the main frame so as to'hold the 'end of the strapping againstmovement while his beingtensioned. Asecond gripping member 26, as will be explained, holds the strapping under tension about the object once it has been tensioned by the tensioning means 12, but permits that portion of the strapping between it and the supply of strapping, including the upper overlapping portion alined with the sealing means 14, to be free of tension. Thus, after the tensioning means 12 has drawn 2' the strapping tight, the tensioning means maybe relaxed or released'so that the strapping is not under tension between it and the gripping member 26 butis held under tension about the object 10.
Referring particularly to FIGS. 4, 5 and 6, both gripping members 22 and 26are mounted for swingingmovement about axes which are parallel to the foot 24,.To this end member 22 includes'a hollow cylindrical portion 28 which is rotatably mounted inthe stationary framework of the tool and member 26 includes a solidcylindrical shank 30 rotatably mounted within the hollow cylindrical portion 28. While it is not essential that the swinging axis of member 26.thus coincides with the swinging axis of member 22', such arrangement is preferred. 7
Member 22 has a knurled, serrated or otherwise roughened surface 32 for engaging the upper side of the end portion of the strapping and sw squeezing it against the foot 24 when said member is swung in a first direction (clockwise as viewed in FIGS. 1, 4 and 5). The swinging axis of member 22 is located close enough to the foot 24 thatsaid member will contact the foot when swung clockwise if no strapping is located therebetween. The roughened portion 32 is spaced a nonstrap-engaging distance from foot 24 when member 22 is swung in a second direction, as shown in FIG. 4 and as will presently be explained. s t
From the end portion clamped between member 22 and foot 24, the strapping extends beneaththe'se'aling means 14, over a corner 34 of the framework 10 and thence around the object 20 being strapped. After being encircled about the object, a portion of the strapping positioned between a roughened surface 36 of member 2.6and a smooth face 38 of member 22. Fromthat, point, the strapping extends beneath thesealing means 14 in overlapping relationship with the portion of the strapping adjacent foot 24 and then to the tension ing means 'l2'-and a supply of strapping not shown. When member 26 swings in the above referred to second direction,
direction; i.e., clockwise as shown in .FIG. 5, the roughened surface 36 becomes spaced a nonstrap-engaging distance from the surface 38.v a Y Securedto the'hollow shaft 38 of member 22 is a cam 40 and secured to the cylindrical shank 30 of member 26 is a cam 42. As best seen in FIG. -6, cams 40 and 42 are mounted sideby-side and a coiled spring 44 has an end secured to cam'40' and the other end secured to cam 42. Spring- 44 is nndersome stress and urges member 22 clockwise and member 26 counterclockwise so that the roughened pori portion 36 of the latter normally engages the smooth portion'38 of the former. The total counterclockwise movement of member 26 is limited by contact of cam 42 with an adjustable stop 46 (see FIGS. 3 and 6). Therefore, spring 44 not only serves to normally hold the roughened portion 36 of member 26 engaged with the smooth portion 38 of member 22 but is also effective to normally hold member 22 to the FIG. 4 position.
Secured to a shaft 48 rotatably mounted in the framework 10 of the tool is an operating lever 50 having formed thereon or secured thereto adjacent the hub a nose 52'underlying and engaged with cam 42 and a now nose 54 aligned with but nor framework. The opposite end. of pin 56 is aligned with cam 40.
The normal inactive position of lever 50 is shown in full lines in FIG. 3 and the active position thereof is indicated in dotted lines.
When the tool is to be put-to use, lever 50 is swung counterclockwise from thefull line position to the dotted line position of FIG. 3. This movement first causes the nose 52 to rock cam 42 clockwise and subsequently causes nose S4 to shove pin 56 toward the right whereby the pin rocks cam 40 counterclockwise. Gripping members 22 and 26 are thus positioned as shown in FIG. 5 The movements of said gripping members take place in sequence with member 26 moving first. An end portion of the strapping 18 is then positioned between foot 24 and the roughened portion 32 of member 22 and and member 22 is permitted to swing clockwise so as to grip the strapping. This clockwise swinging of member 22 is brought about by the spring 44 when pressure on operating lever 50 is relaxed. However, lever 50 is not permitted at this time to move all the way to the full line position of FIG. 3 so therefore even with member 22 restored to the FIG. 4 position, member 26 remains in the FIG. 5 position. After the strapping is encircled about the object 20 and a portion thereof positioned between the roughened surface 36 of member 26 and the smooth surface 38 of member 22, lever 50 is further relaxed so as to permit spring 44 to swing member 26 to the FIG. 4 position whereby a portion of the strapping is gripped between the members 22 and 26. As previously mentioned, from the point where the strapping is gripped between members 22 and 26, it extends beneath the sealing means 14 and on to the tensioning means 12.
The tensioning means may be of the type generally indicated in FIG. 1, where tension is intermittently and manually applied to gradually tighten the strapping or it may be power driven so as to continuously draw the strapping tight once it has been activated. in any event, gripping member 26 is free to swing in the direction of the tensioning means to permit the strapping to slide over the relatively smooth surface 38 of member 22 during the tensioning operation. Then, when the tensioning operation is discontinued, the tension of in the strapping, due to engagement of the roughened surface 36 with the strapping, swings member 26 back to where the strapping is gripped between members 22 and 26. Thus, the strapping is held under tension about the package 20 but that portion of it between gripping members 22 and 26 and the tensioning means 12 may be relaxed.
1. A strapping tool comprising a main frame, a strap engaging foot on said frame, a first gripping member mounted on said frame for swinging about an axis parallel to said foot, said member having a smooth face for engagement with a portion of strapping leading to a tensioning mechanism and having a roughened portion adapted to squeeze the end of a piece of strapping between it and said foot when said member is swung in a first direction, a said roughened portion being spaced a nonstrap-engaging distance from said foot when said member is swung ,in a second direction, a second gripping member mounted on said frame for swinging about an axis parallel to said foot,and said second member having a roughened portion adapted to squeeze the portion of strapping leading to a tensioning mechanism between it and the smooth face of said first member when said second member is swung in said second direction and to be spaced from said smooth face when said second member is su swung in said second swung in said first direction.
2. The tool set forth in claim 1 wherein the said axis of said second gripping member is coincident with said axis of said first gripping member.
3. The tool set forth in claim 2 comprising resilient means urging said first gripping member in said first direction and urging said second gripping member in said second direction.
4. The tool set forth in claim 3 comprising a single lever rockable in one direction to both swing said first gripping member in said second direction and swing said second gripping member in said first direction.
5. The tool set forth in claim 4 comprising means causing rocking movement of said lever in said one direction to first move said second gripping member and then move said first gripping member.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3,545,723 Dated December 8/70 Inventm-(s) Philip W. Raley and Michael O. Derrickson It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:
Col. 1, line 61, delete "id"; line 74, "alined" should read "aligned"; Col. 2, line 17, delete "sw"; line 52, delete "pori"; line 63 delete "now"; Col. 3, line 3, delete "and" (second occurrence) line 28, delete "of"; line 35, ending paragraph "Having thus described a preferred embodiment of the invention, what is claimed is:" should be deleted; Col. 4, line 9, cancel "a" (second occurrence) 7 line 18, delete "su"; line 18 cancel "said second swung in" Signed and sealed this 20th day of April 1971.
EDWARD I-I.FLETCHER,JR. WILLIAM E. SCHUYLER, J Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patent
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|US4014518 *||Feb 23, 1976||Mar 29, 1977||Lapp Ellsworth W||Cable tensioning device|
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|US5588277 *||Apr 17, 1995||Dec 31, 1996||Southpac Trust International, Inc.||Band applicator for applying a band about a sheet of material and a pot|
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|US5623807 *||May 8, 1995||Apr 29, 1997||Southpac Trust International, Inc.||Method for applying a band about a sheet of material and a pot or floral grouping|
|US5632131 *||Jun 6, 1995||May 27, 1997||Weder; Donald E.||Method for applying a band about a sheet material and a pot|
|US5724790 *||Oct 30, 1996||Mar 10, 1998||Southpac Trust International||Method for securing a decorative cover about a pot means|
|US5761879 *||Jun 6, 1995||Jun 9, 1998||Southpac Trust International, Inc.||Method for applying a band about a sheet of material and a flower pot|
|US6668521||Jan 23, 1998||Dec 30, 2003||Southpac Trust International, Inc.||Method for applying a band about a sheet of material and a floral grouping|
|US6860085||Oct 8, 2003||Mar 1, 2005||The Family Trust U/T/A 12/8/1995||Method for applying a band about a sheet of material and a floral grouping|
|US6986235||Jan 21, 2005||Jan 17, 2006||Wanda M. Weder and William F. Straeter, not individually but solely as Trustees of The Family Trust U/T/A dated December 8, 1995||Method for applying a band about a sheet of material and a flower pot|
|EP0432477A1 *||Nov 12, 1990||Jun 19, 1991||Paul Hellermann GmbH||Device and method for binding objects such as wire harnesses|
|International Classification||B65B13/02, B65B13/00|
|Nov 19, 1980||AS08||Conditional assignment|
Free format text: CYKLOP STRAPPING CORPORATION, 100 WEST 10TH ST., WILMINGTON, DE 19801A CORP. OF * FMC CORPORATION :19801106