|Publication number||US3545801 A|
|Publication date||Dec 8, 1970|
|Filing date||Sep 9, 1968|
|Priority date||Sep 9, 1968|
|Publication number||US 3545801 A, US 3545801A, US-A-3545801, US3545801 A, US3545801A|
|Inventors||Barsness John G|
|Original Assignee||Barsness John G|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (16), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent Inventor [5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 3 ,22 l ,977 12/ l 965 Pollen 229/47X 3,276,663 10/ I966 Falconer 229/47 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,106,069 7/1955 France 229/45 Primary Examiner-Marvin A. Champion Assistant Examiner-Edward J. McCarthy Attorney-John M. Diehl AlBSTRACT: Fastening means at substantially the center of a cardboard of corrugated board box grasps two or preferably fopr flaps and holds them closed.
PATENTEUBEC 819m v 35451801 SHEETIUFZ FIG 2 INVENTOR. 7 JOHN G. BARSNESS ATTORNEY PATENTED'DED slam 3.645801 sum 2 or 2 '9 I F|G I2 FIG I3 nnsii I I I I IIIIIImI FIG I5 FIG I4 FIG I6 50 I;
FIG UK LU/I/ All Y/ 3//] 100 'FIG 23 k\\\\\\\ @FIG 24 ,NVENTOR 102 1' I JOHN G.-BARSNESS I IOI 95 ATTORNEY 1 ox CLOSURE FASTENING 'FIELD- V This invention relates to method and means forclosing cardboard or corrugated board boxes and more particularly to such method and means applicable to boxes having four inwardly folding upper flaps. .1
. SUMMARY I Box es 'made from corrugated board and having four upper flaps arewidely used toship goods from wholesale distribution points to retail'outlets. They are then often and widely reused, for example, by homemakers, retailers and others for storage of miscellaneous materialsand on occasion for shipment of miscellaneous materials. Such users, or more properly reusers, seldom have at hand suitable means for adequately closing the upper flaps of the box such as the staples, wire wrappings, band wrapping's or reinforcedadherent tapes of various sorts used by the original shipper. Therefore, it has been common for the reuser to close such-a box by depressing one corner of each flap. so that it lies under an adjacent flap in the manner shown in FIG. 11, discussed more fully below, which provides in many instances an inadequate and insecure closure but in any event is accomplished by amethod which is difficult for many to execute and whichjin many instances provides or results in considerable deterioration of the flaps due to being folded orbent at corners. v
OBJECTS It is therefore an object of the invention to provide an improved closure for corrugated board boxes having four upper p w I A further object is to provide a handy, economic, fastening means which may be used to secure either two opposite flaps or the four upper flaps of such a box in a closed position without exercise of force'jor ingenuity to securelymaintain saidflaps' closed. Another object is such a closure or more properly fastening means with which said flaps can be secured closed with a simple and inexpert motion which may best be described as a twist of the wrist.
' Other objects will become apparent from thedrawings and from the following detailed descriptionin'which it is intended to illustrate .the applicability of the invention without thereby limiting its scope to less than thatlof all equivalents which will be apparent to one skilled in the art.
In the drawings like reference numerals refer'to like parts and: a
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the embodiment of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a elevation of the embodiment of FIGS. 1 and 2;
FIG. 4 is a perspective viewof a box showing a first step in application of the device; 1 j a a FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the same box showing a second step in the application of the device;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the same box showing a third step in the application of the device;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the same box showing a fourth step in the application of the device;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the same box showing a fifth and final step in the application of the device;
FIG. 9 is a top view of another embodiment; 7
FIG. 10 is an elevation of the embodiment of FIGS);
FIG. 11 is a perspective view of a box illustrating the prior.
FIG. 12 is a fragmentary cross sectional view of one embodiment;
FIG. 15 is a cross-sectional fragmentary view of another embodiment; I
FIG. 16 is a cross-sectional fragmentary view of another embodiment;
FIG. 17 is a cross-sectional fragmentary exploded view of another embodiment; v
FIG. 18 is a cross-sectional fragmentary view of the assembled embodiment of FIG. 17;"
FIG. 19 is a cross-sectional view taken on lines 19-19 in FIG. 18;
FIG. 20 isa view corresponding to FIG. 19 showing a fragmentary view of the assem- DESCRIPTION 1" Referring now to FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 there is shown a fastening FIG. 13 is a cross-sectional fragmentary view of another emdevice of theinvention which may comprise upper substantially flat portion 20, lower substantially flat portion 21 and stem portion 22 joining the aforesaid two portions. The entire device may be made as anintegral unit for example by injection molding. Upper portion 20 may be provided with finger hole 23 to facilitate rotating the device by insertion of a finger therein. Portion 21 may havethe form of a disc as shown and upper portion 20 may have the form of a disc cutaway to provide an edge 24 adjacent stem 22, said edge being adapted to be received between the opposite inner edges of the outer flaps of a box as morefully hereinafter described. Stem portion 22 may attach to lower 'flat portion 21 substantially at the center thereof if desired, as shown.
The manner in which the device is used is illustrated .in FIGS. 48. Thus, as shown in FIG. 4.1m: flap 2 of box 1 is folded in and a portion of its inner edge is received substantially between member 20 and a portion of member 21 over which member 20 extends. As shown in FIG. 5, inner flap 3 is now folded in so'that it passesby edge 24, and the device is then twisted as shown so that the inner flaps are joined by each extending under aportion of member 20 and over a portion of member 21. Now as shown inFIG. 6, one of the outer flaps 4 is folded in and passes by edge 24 to lie against stem 22. Then as shown in FIG. 7, the other outer flap 5 is folded in so that it passes by edge 24 and the device is then again twisted 90 so that portions of member 20 overlie portions of inner edges of each of the outer flaps and portions of member 2] underlie portions of the inner edges of each of the inner flaps, thus effectively fastening the flaps closed in a suitably economical and entirely positive manner.
The effectiveness of the device of the invention is further realized by consideration of the prior art as shown in FIG. 11 wherein the upper flaps of a box are held closed by the insertion of one corner of eachflap underneath the next adjacent flap. Thus the corner of flap 7 which is not shown underlies the comer of flap 8 which is shown, the comer of flap 8 which is not shown underlies the comer of flap 9 which is shown, the comer of flap 9 which is not shown underlies the corner of flap 6 which is shown, the comer of flap 6 which is not shown underlies the comer of flap 7 which is shown, all being flaps of box 10.
Referring now to FIGS. 9 and 10, there is shown another embodiment wherein upper substantially flat portion 20' is provided with a carrying handle 27 and portions 21 and 22 remain unchanged. Due to the presence of such a handle, twisting is easily accomplished and a finger hole would be superfluous Portions 20 or 20' and 21 need not be circular discs as shown but may be polygonal, for example, they may be octagonal or might even be hexagonal or square ifdesired.
Referring now to FIG. 12, there is shown a modification of the embodiments of FIGS. 1, 2, 3, 9and 10 wherein the upper and lower portions are held together with a screw. Thus upper portion may be integral with stem portion 32 and may be attached to lower portion 31 by screw 33 threadedly received therein.
Alternatively, as shown in FIG. 13, upper portion may be attached to a stem portion 42 which may be received in a stem portion 44 which is integral with lower portion 41. The portions may beheld together by screw 45 threadedly received in part 41.
Another method of fastening the portions together with screw means is shown in FIG. 14 wherein upper portion is integral with a stem portion 52 and lower portion 51 is integral with a stem portion 54. Portions 50 and 51 are held together and portions 52 and 54 are held in abutting relationship by screw 45 received threadedly in member 51.
A variation of the embodiment of FIG. 12 may beprovided to prevent the end of the screw from protruding and possibly catching or snagging on adjacent objects. Thus, as shown in FIG. 15, member 61 is provided integral with stem portion 62 and boss 63 and upper portion is attached thereto by screw 65 threadedly received in an inte'mal threaded passage in boss 63.
If desired, an externally threaded member may be made integral with a portion of the device, as shown for threaded portion 73 which is integral with stem portion 72 which is integral with upper portion in the device of F I6. 16. Lower portion 71 is then threadedly received on portion 73.
As shown in the following FIGS., the upper and lower substantially flat portions may be held together with snap fastener means. Thus as shown in FIG. 17, upper portion maybe provided with a split stem portion 82 having wedging portion and locking portion 84. Lower portion 81 is provided with hole 83 to receive portions 85 and 84. When assembled as shown in FIG. 18,'head 85 is first received in hole 83 and then by reason of biasing outward spring action of the split form of stem portion 82, locking portion 84 is received in hole 83 thereby attaching the portions together.
As shown in FIG. 19, hole 83 and portion 84 may be circular but as shown in FIG. 24, hole 83' and portions 84' may be square.
Alternately as shown in FIG. 21, top portion may be provided with integral stem portion 92 and bottom portion 91 may be provided with small hole 93 to receive separate snap fastener member 94 which may be split at its lower end and I have a head portion 95 and locking portion 96 comparable to those described for member 82. Member 94 may be made of metal or plastic. When assembled, the device of FIG. 21 has the form shown in FIG. 22 and portions 90 and 91 are held together by snap fastening means 94.
Referring now to FIG. 23, upper substantially flat portion 100 may be provided with integral stem portion l02 which may be provided at its lower end with a locking square boss portion 94 and groove 95 to receive"snap"ring 96. Lower substantially flat portion 101 is held onto stem portion 102 by snap ring 96 and portion 94 may be sriuareas shown in FIG. 24 to prevent rotation of portion ,101 -with respect to portion 100.
The substantially fiat portions described herein need notibe actually flat but may be somewhatdiseashaped or the like, that is, they ,may be slightly concave, slightly convexand may be wrinkled, ridged or the like. All such variations in shape are encompassed within the term substantially flat'f as used herein.
It may thus be seen that the invention is broad in scopeand includes such modifications as will be apparent to those skilled in the art and is to be limited only by the claims.
1 Means to fasten closed theupper flaps of a paperboard box which has two inner flaps extending inwardly from opposite upper edges of the box and two outer flaps extending inwardly from opposite upper edges of the box above said inner flaps, comprisin the combination of:
an upper subs antially flat portion;
a lower substantially flat portion;
said upper substantially flat portion extending over substantially one-half of said lower portion on one side of the center thereof;
said upper substantially flat portion having one edge adapted to be passed by inner edges of said outer flaps;
a stem portion; and
said stem portion extending from said upper substantially flat portion near said edge to substantially the center of said lower fiat portion.
2. The means of claim 1 wherein said upper substantially flat portion is provided with a carrying handle.
3. The means of claim 1 wherein said lower substantially flat portion is substantially a circular disc and said upper substantially fiat portion is substantially a cutaway circular disc.
4. The means of claim 1 wherein said upper and lower substantially flat portions are held together with screw means.
5. The means of claim 1 wherein said upper and lowersubstantially fiat portions are held together with snap fastener means.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3707023 *||May 14, 1971||Dec 26, 1972||Safco Products Co||Flap closure for containers|
|US4019764 *||Dec 3, 1975||Apr 26, 1977||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Clamping device adapted to clamp plate-like members|
|US5516036 *||Jun 16, 1995||May 14, 1996||Maultasch; Jonathan||Combination lid support and closure device|
|US6230965||Sep 27, 1999||May 15, 2001||Percy W. Dismukes||Reusable container closure|
|US6290126 *||Jun 6, 2000||Sep 18, 2001||Andrew Zudal||Box and slidable closure for holding box top flaps|
|US6571538||Dec 20, 2000||Jun 3, 2003||Afton Enterprises, Inc.||Box flap securing device|
|US6619013||Mar 22, 2001||Sep 16, 2003||Percy W. Dismukes||Container flap pull|
|US7284688||Dec 18, 2006||Oct 23, 2007||Barsness John G||Box closure with hinged tab|
|US7854372 *||Jan 29, 2009||Dec 21, 2010||Bartone Sr John A||Box closure clip|
|US8701975 *||Feb 8, 2011||Apr 22, 2014||Norma Farris||Apparatus and system for a self-attaching container|
|US20040104264 *||Aug 15, 2003||Jun 3, 2004||Meeker R And D, Inc.||Container closure device and method|
|US20040222121 *||May 5, 2003||Nov 11, 2004||Horton H. Kevin||System and method for packaging and transporting food|
|US20110192891 *||Aug 11, 2011||Norma Farris||Apparatus and system for a self-attaching container|
|DE19854097A1 *||Nov 24, 1998||May 31, 2000||Brakemann Verpackungen Gmbh||Packing box for holding notebooks, for example, has two oppositely disposed cover flaps detachably interconnected by buttons, whereby the flaps overlap each other, and both flaps have elongated holes extending in folding direction|
|DE19854097C2 *||Nov 24, 1998||Apr 18, 2002||Brakemann Verpackungen Gmbh||Verpackungskarton|
|WO2008076866A1 *||Dec 14, 2007||Jun 26, 2008||John G Barsness||Box closure with hinged tab|
|U.S. Classification||292/288, 229/125.39|
|International Classification||B65D5/64, B65D5/66|