|Publication number||US3547045 A|
|Publication date||Dec 15, 1970|
|Filing date||Feb 2, 1968|
|Priority date||Feb 2, 1968|
|Also published as||US3636885|
|Publication number||US 3547045 A, US 3547045A, US-A-3547045, US3547045 A, US3547045A|
|Inventors||Cunningham James B|
|Original Assignee||Gen Steel Ind Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (15), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent  lnventor JamesB.Cunningham Northwoods,Mo.  Appl.No 702,576  Filed Feb.2, 1968 [45} Patented Dec.l5, 1970  Assignee General Steel Industries, Inc.
Granite City, 111., a corporation of Delaware 54] RESILIENT RAILWAY CAR TRUCK 10 Claims, 6 Drawing Figs.
 U.S.Cl 105/199, 105/197, 105/200, 105/202, 105/206, 105/208.1  lnt.C| B61f3/02, B6lf5/O8,B6lf5/l6  Field ofSearch 105/197, 197.2, 199, 202, 208, 2081, 208.2
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,130,141 9/1938 Light l05/208.2 2,347,628 4/1944 Cottrell l05/208.2 2,635,557 4/1953 Leese 105/208.2
Primary ExaminerArthur L. La Point Assistant Examiner-Howard Beltran Att0rneyBedell and Burgess ABSTRACT: A railway vehicle two-axle truck in which separate longitudinally extending side frames are supported at their ends on the axles, each side frame being formed at its center with transversely extending horizontal web structure wider than the side frame, a transverse transom resiliently connected at its ends to each transverse web structure at points spaced apart transversely of the truck, a transverse bolster pivotally related to the transom at the center of the truck and supported on the side frames by resilient side bearings, upright springs at the ends of the bolster for supporting a vehicle body, and means for transmitting tractive and braking forces from the bolster to the vehicle body. The last named means preferably comprises longitudinally extending improved bolster anchor links each connected at one end to an end ofthe bolster and at the other end to the vehicle body.
PATENTEU nan 5|97G 3,547,045 sum 2 or 2 RESlLIENT RAILWAY CAR TRUCK HELD OF THE INVENTION The invention relates to railway rolling stock and consists particularly in a two-axle railway vehicle truck of the type in which a bolster, mounting body-support springs, is swivelly supported on truck framing carried by the axles.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART ln railway trucks of the type in which the bolster is swivelly supported on the truck frame and mounts body-support springs, the bolster is usually supported at the center of the frame by a pivot bearing as, for example, in U.S. Pat. No. 2,877,719, and the frame has pedestal jaws at its corners to receive the axle boxes and is supported on springs carried by the axle boxes or by equalizing bars seated on the axle boxes. This construction requires a heavy transverse frame member because of the high bending moment caused by the central support thereon of the bolster, and the weight of the frame is also increased by the use of pedestal jaws to position the axle boxes.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention provides a very lightweight, yet positively trammed and fully equalized truck suitable for high-speed passenger service, by mounting separate side frames directly on the axle boxes, supporting a rigid transverse member at points spaced apart transversely thereof by means of bolts passing through opposing horizontal webs of the transverse member and each side frame, and annular rubber pads surrounding the bolts and insulating the side frames and transverse member webs from each other and from metal-to-rnetal contact with the bolt, pivoting a bolster to the center of the transverse member and supporting it on the side frames, mounting bodysupport springs on the bolster ends, and providing improved longitudinally extending anchor links to connect the bolster ends to the supported body.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWlNGS FIG. 1 is a plan view of a truck embodying the invention partially horizontally sectionalized along lines 1- of FIG. 2.
FlG. 2 is a side elevation view ofthe truck illustrated in FlG.
HG. 3 is a transverse vertical sectional view along line 3-3 of H6. 1.
FIG. 4 is an enlarged vertical sectional view of the resilient connection between side frame and transverse member.
HQ. 5 is an enlarged longitudinal vertical sectional view of the anchor link taken along line 5-5 of Fit 3.
FIG. 6 is a transverse vertical sectional view along line '5-6 of FIG. 5.
DESCRIPTEON OF THE ZREFERRED EMBODlMENT The numerals 1 refer to a pair of spaced parallel axles, on the ends of each of which are mounted a pair of flanged rai way wheels 3. inwardly of wheels 3 the axles rotatably mount journal boxes 5 and the end portions of transversely spaced longitudinally extending side frames 7 are secured to journal boxes 5 by elastomeric grommets 9 and semicircular clamps ll. Side frames 7 are preferably of narrow but deep box section and intermediate their ends are formed with transverse apertures defined by vertically spaced horizontal webs l3 and 15. Top webs are elongated transversely of the truck inwardly and outwardly from their respective side frames to form brackets thereon suitably braced by triangular gussets 19.
For connecting the side frames to each other and maintaining the axles and side frames in squared relation in plan and vertically while permitting differential tilting movements of the side frames in their longitudinal vertical planes, a trans verse transom member 23 of inverted channel cross section has its end portions projecting through the windows defined by transverse webs 13 and l5 in the opposite side frames 7. The horizontal web 23 of transom member 21 underlies side frame brackets 17 which are each formed with centrally disposed circular holes 25, and web 23 is formed with similar holes 27. Transom member 2?. is supported from each side frame by transversely spaced vertical adjustable tension elements such as bolts 29 passing through holes 25 and 2-7, and cooperating nuts 31. To eliminate metal-to-metal contact between side frames 7 and transom members 21 and to permit longitudinal tilting of the side frames with respect to the transom member and to each other, annular pads 33 are positioned around bolts 29, above brackets 17, between brackets l7 and transom member web 23 and below the latter and are held in position by metal washers 35 on the end portions of the bolts abutting the bolt heads and nuts respectively. Pads 33 are formed with annular ribs 37 extending into holes 25 and 27 around bolts 29, so as to insulate the bolts from contact with brackets 17 and transom member web 23.
At its center, transom member 21 is vertically cylindrically apertured at 39, and a transverse bolster 4-1 is formed with a vertical depending cylindrical boss 53 matingly received within aperture 39 to form a vertical axis pivot for bolster 41 with respect to the truck framing. Bolster is supported directly on side frames 7 by downwardly facing side bearings 45 slidably resting on upwardly facing side bearing plates 47 mounted on resilient pads 49. The resilient pad support of the side bearing plates permits longitudina tilting of the side frames relative to the bolster without causing partial disengagement of the bolster and side frame side bearings.
At its ends, bolster 41 mounts vertical flexible-wall pneumatic springs 51 on which are supported a vehicle body underframe U. Springs 5% are vertically and horizontally deformable to permit lateral as well as vertical cushioning movements of underframe U with respect to the supporting truck structure.
For transmitting longitudinal, i.e., draft and braking, forces between the bolster and car body, the bolster ends are formed with depending vertical transverse piatedilte brackets 53 and similar brackets 55 depend from underframe U, in transverse alignment with brackets 53 but spaced longitudinally therefrom. Brackets 53 and 55 are formed with longitudinally aligned holes 57 and improved longitudinally extending anchor links 59, as best seen in FIGS. 5 and b, are connected at their opposite ends to the brackets 53 and 55 at both sides of the truck. Each of links 59 comprises a central rod 63, of substantially smaller diameter than bracket holes 57, which passes through both of the latter and has enlarged threaded end portions 63 disposed outwardly of the brackets. Between the brackets a spacer sleeve 65 surrounds rod 6i and is formed with washerlilte flanges 37 on both of its ends, the latter being spaced inwardly of the rod from the adjacent brackets 53 and 55. Outwardly of the brackets, the enlarged end portions 67 of the rod slidably mount outer washer assemblies comprising washers 6'9 with tubular extensi "i3 '71, the latter being of sufficient inside die. threaded end portions 03 of the rod an ter than bracket holes 57 and the inside diameter of spacer sleeve 65, in the ends of which extensions Fl are slidably received. For preventing contact between brackets 53 and b5 on the one hand, and sleeve flanges 6'7 and outer washer assemblies 69, 71 on the other, annular rubber pads 73 are interposed between brackets 53, 55 and flanges s7 and washers 69, the inner circular surfaces of pads 73 abutting tubular extensions 71. Circular ribs '75 surrounding the holes in pads '73 extend into holes 57 in brackets 53 to center the anchor links therein. For securing the anchors to brackets and 55, nuts 77 are threadably mounted on enlar ed end portions of rods 61 and are tightened to provide a predetermined compression of elastomeric pads 73 between washers 69, brackets 53, 55, and spacer flanges 67. Shims 79 may be applied between pads 73 and flanges 67 and washers so as needed. The compressibility of elastomeric pads '73 permits limited universal pivotal movement of anchor links relative to brackets 53 and 55 as may be required to accommodate vertical and lateral movements of underframe U with respect to bolster 41. The reduced diameter of the intermediate section of rod 61 and the provision of tubular extensions 71 on outer washers 69, as compared with prior anchors in which the rods were of uniform diameter from end to end, with the elastomer ic pads mounted directly on the rods, facilitates assembly by making it possible to insert the rod without forcing it through the pads.
Operation of the truck is as follows: As it moves along a track, side frames 7 tilt slightly with respect to each other about a common transverse axis defined by bolt holes 25 in side frame brackets 17, as required by vertical variations in the track rails, such tilting movements being freely accommodated by the compressibility of elastomeric pads 33. The lateral spacing of bolts 29 at each side maintains the side frames perpendicular to the transom member, in plan, without interfering with the equalizing or tilting movements of the side frames. Since body load is transmitted to the wheels at each side through springs 51, the end portions of bolster 41, side bearings 45, 47 and side frames 7, the middle portion of the bolster and transom member 21 canbe of substantially light construction, the latter carrying no vertical load. The resilient pads 49 mounting side bearing plates 47 prevent interference by the bolster with side frame tilt and obviate partial disengagement of the side bearings when the side frames tilt. Draft and braking forces are transmitted between the bolster and underframe by anchors 59, the end connections of which pivot slightly to accommodate to vertical and lateralmovements of the underframe on springs 51. Swivel of the truck is permitted by the pivotal engagement of bolster boss 43 and transom member aperture 33 and the slidable engagement of bolster side bearings 45 and side frame side bearing plates 47.
The invention may be modified in various respects as will occur to those skilled in the art and the exclusive use of all modifications coming within the scope ofthe appended claims is contemplated.
l. A railway vehicle truck comprising a pair of wheeled axles, a pair of transversely spaced longitudinally extending side frames supported at their ends on the end portions of said axles, a transverse transom member positioned intermediate said axles, said transom member and said side frames having opposing horizontal webs, each of said side frame webs being formed with a pair of substantially vertical holes substantially spaced from each other along a common transverse axis, said transom member web being formed with holes vertically aligned with the holes in each said side frame web, cushion means between said transom member and side frame webs adjacent said holes, tension elements passing through each vertically aligned pair of side frame and transom member holes, said cushion means insulating said side frames and transom members from direct contact with each other and accommodating longitudinal tilting movements of said side frames with respect to said transom member and to each other, said tension elements being adjustable to compress said cushion means and secure said transom member to said side frames.
2. A railway vehicle truck according to claim 1 wherein said cushion means comprise elastomeric annuli'surrounding said tension elements and interposed between opposing surfaces of said side frame webs and said transom member web.
3. A railway vehicle truck according to claim 2 wherein said annuli are flat annular pads and said holes are of substantially larger diameter than said tension elements, there being elastomeric material in the annular spaces around said tension elements in said holes.
4. A railway vehicle truck according to claim 3 including additional elastomeric pads surrounding said tension elements adjacent the surfaces of said side frarne and transom webs remote from each other, and elements on the ends of said tension elements having surfaces opposing'said remote surfaces and abutting said last named ads.
5. A railway vehicle one according to claim 1 in which each of said side frame horizontal webs defines a window in said side frame, the end portions of said transom member extending into said windows.
6. A railway vehicle truck according to claim 1 wherein said side frame horizontal webs project transversely inwardly and outwardly of said side frames to form brackets on said side frames and said transversely spaced holes are located in said brackets. V
7. A railway vehicle truck according to claim 1 wherein a transverse bolster is supported on both said side frames inter mediate their ends, there being cooperating vertical axis pivot forming means on said bolster and said transom intermediate said side frames.
8. A railway vehicle truck according to claim 7 wherein resilient bearings are interposed between said bolster and said side frames.
9. A railway vehicle truck according to claim 7 wherein said bolstermounts upright springs at its ends for supporting a vehicle body, said bolster also having at its ends means for transmitting longitudinal forces from the truck to a vehicle body so supported.
10. A railway vehicle truck according to claim 9 wherein each said force transmitting means comprises a transverse platelike bracket on the bolster and a similar bracket spaced longitudinally therefrom and adapted to be rigidly connected to a supported vehicle body, holes in said brackets normally aligned with each other longitudinally of the truck, a rod passing through said holes and having enlarged threaded end portions of substantially less diameter than said holes projecting outwardly from said .brackets and a reduced diameter central portion, assemblies slidably mounted on the projecting end portions and comprising a washer with an inwardly directed tubular extension of sufficient diameter to receive said enlarged end portions of said rod, said tubular extensions projecting inwardly through said brackets, elastomeric annular pads surrounding said tubular extensions on both sides of both said brackets, a spacer sleeve surrounding said rod between said brackets and having end portions slidably mounted on the inner ends of said tubular extensions, washerlike flanges on said spacer sleeve ends, and securing means on the enlarged ends of said rod and movable lengthwise thereof in engagement with said washers for compressing said elastomeric pads between said washers, said brackets and said sleeve flanges.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3636885 *||Jul 30, 1970||Jan 25, 1972||Gen Steel Ind Inc||Anchor link|
|US3896739 *||Dec 10, 1973||Jul 29, 1975||Cummins Engine Co Inc||Frangible resilient engine mounting|
|US4003316 *||Oct 23, 1973||Jan 18, 1977||Monselle Dale E||Articulated railway car trucks|
|US4706571 *||Jan 27, 1986||Nov 17, 1987||Railway Engineering Associates, Inc.||Self-steering trucks|
|US6401628 *||May 5, 2000||Jun 11, 2002||Hitachi, Ltd.||Railway vehicle|
|US9637146 *||May 20, 2014||May 2, 2017||Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Coupler system and railcar|
|US9643626 *||May 29, 2013||May 9, 2017||Bombardier Transportation Gmbh||Rail vehicle unit|
|US20150096457 *||May 29, 2013||Apr 9, 2015||Bombardier Transportation Gmbh||Rail Vehicle Unit|
|US20160090110 *||May 20, 2014||Mar 31, 2016||Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Coupler system and railcar|
|U.S. Classification||105/199.1, 105/206.1, 105/200, 105/208.1, 105/202|
|International Classification||B61F5/02, B61F5/22, B61F5/14, B61F5/08|
|Cooperative Classification||B61F5/22, B61F5/144, B61F5/08|
|European Classification||B61F5/14C, B61F5/08, B61F5/22|
|Apr 6, 1988||AS01||Change of name|
Owner name: LUKENS GENERAL INDUSTRIES, INC.
Owner name: STEWART HOLDING COMPANY
Effective date: 19821221
|Apr 6, 1988||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ENCOAT-NORTH ARLINGTON, INC.
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:LUKENS CORROSION PROTECTION SERVICES, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004860/0378
Effective date: 19870623
Owner name: LUKENS CORROSION PROTECTION SERVICES, INC.
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:GSI ENGINEERING INC.;REEL/FRAME:004860/0381
Effective date: 19870612
Owner name: LUKENS GENERAL INDUSTRIES, INC.
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:STEWART HOLDING COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:004860/0384
Effective date: 19821221
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:LUKEN GENERAL INDUSTRIES INC.;REEL/FRAME:004860/0376
Effective date: 19870101
|Apr 4, 1988||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GSI ENGINEERING, INC., 8000 MARYLAND AVENUE, ST. L
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:ENCOAT-NORTH ARLINGTON, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004854/0841
Effective date: 19880301
Owner name: GSI ENGINEERING, INC., A CORP. OF DE,MISSOURI
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ENCOAT-NORTH ARLINGTON, INC.;REEL/FRAME:4854/841
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ENCOAT-NORTH ARLINGTON, INC.;REEL/FRAME:004854/0841
|Apr 28, 1983||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LUKENS GENERAL INDUSTRIES, INC.; A CORP OF DE.
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNOR:NATIONAL ROLL COMPANY;REEL/FRAME:004124/0674
Effective date: 19830414