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Publication numberUS3547047 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 15, 1970
Filing dateOct 31, 1968
Priority dateOct 31, 1968
Publication numberUS 3547047 A, US 3547047A, US-A-3547047, US3547047 A, US3547047A
InventorsRobert F Needham
Original AssigneeAcf Ind Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Insulated railway tank car and method of forming same
US 3547047 A
Abstract  available in
Images(5)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] Inventor Robert F. Needham St. Charles, Mo. [2]] Appl. No. 772,257 {22] Filed 0ct.3l, 1968 [45] Patented De 15, 1970 [73] Assignee ACF Industries, Incorporated New York, N.Y.

a corporation of New Jersey [54] INSULATED RAILWAY TANK CAR AND METHOD OF FORMING SAME 5 Claims, 11 Drawing Figs.

[52] US. Cl 105/358, 29/455, lO5/36O [51] Int. Cl 861d 5/04 [50] Field ofSearch 105/358,

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,963,874 12/1960 Means et al 220/10 3,280,301 10/1966 Anderson et al... 105/358 3,3 l3,020 4/l 967 Krauskopf 29/455 3,328,496 6/1967 Graves 29/455 3,338,185 8/1967 Phillips 105/358 Primary Examiner-Arthur L. La Point Assistant Examiner-- Richard Av Bertsch Atrorney- Eugene N. Riddle ABSTRACT: An insulated tank comprising an inner container and an outer shell spaced from each other to form a generally annular space therebetween. A plurality of circumferential dividers are secured to the inner container before the inner container is telescoped within an outer shell, and after positioning of the inner container within the outer shell the dividers form a plurality of compartments which are subsequently filled with a foamed in place cellular insulating material. At least a portion of the upper arcuate segment of the dividers comprise a resilient open cell porous material which permits the escape of gases from the compartments and provides a relatively tight fit between the inner container and outer shell. Upon pouring an expandable foam material of liquid reactants within a compartment, the foam material penetrates the open cell divider material and upon setting effects a bond to the adjacent wall in addition to insulating the divider itself. In positioning the inner container within the outer shell for subsequent filling with foam, the upper resilient segments of the dividers are compressed against the outer shell to space the lower segments of the dividers from the outer shell and provide adequate clearance for telescoping the inner container within the outer shell.

PATENTED DEC] 5 I976 SHEET 2 BF 5 PATENTED DEE] 5 I970 saw u or S v PATENTEUBEBISIQm 3,547,047

' sum s or 5 FIG. n;

FIG. 9.

1 -INSULATED RAILWAY TANK can nn METHOD or FORMING SAME BACKGROUND OF THE mvenrron An insulated tankwith a bam' therein to form compartments for filling with a foam material has been employed leaving open spaces between the barriers and adjacent walls. Inflatable members have to be inflated or filled separately with a foam insulating material after .the inner container and outer shell are mated.

BRIEF DESCRIPTIOli OF THE INVENTION The present invention is directed to a divider in the annular space between the inner container and outer shell and the method of forming the insulated tank structure with such a divider. At least a portion of the upper arcuate segment of the divider comprises a resilient open cell or porous material,

preferably formed of a polyurethane open cell foam material.

Upon mating of the inner container and outer shell in which the inner container isteleseoped within the .outershell, the

re'silientfoam portion is compressed to provide clearance, between the outer shell and container. Them-when the inner container is prope y positioned lengthwise an islow red onto the outer shelrf'the. resilient-foam portion Ekpands ,tBfill any open spacebetwcen the shell and container. Any gases trapped in an enclosed compartment may pass through the porous divider portion to'minimize the number of vent" opnings to the atmosphere required for the tank structure.

Upon filling of a compartment with liquid foam reactants,

the foam material penetrates the hen cell divider portions The depth of penetration depends on the porosi'ty and internal foam pressure. Upon the settingor curing of the foam rraa'erial which has penetratedand filled the pores of the resilient divider portion, the foam forms a bond with the adjacent tanlc wall surface as well as insulting the porous divider thereby; to

Corresponding reference characters indicate correspondi parts thrqfirghout the several views of the drawings.

Referring now to the drawings for a better understanding the invention, an insulated railway tank' car is generally dicated in FIG. 1 l and includes an cute-cylindrical sh l2 and an inner cylindrical container 14. Container 14 adapted to carry ladings, particularly liquid ladings, in whicl is desired to maintain a generally urfilbrrn temperature. T annular space between outer shell 12 and inner container 1 which'may be between around 4 to 10 inches for example, filled with a cellular insulating material, such as a poly rethane foam material whichf as excellent insulating qualitie Stub center sill structures generally indicated 16 includesa dle nlates 18 and cradles 20 which are secured to outershr 12. A wheeled truck 22 supports each stub center sill structu: 16 As shown particularly in FIG. 2, an upper dome or man way structure 24 includes a manway 26 for the loading of la ing. Lading is discharged from a bottom outlet valve general. indicated 28.

For forming tank car 10 'and referring to FIGS. 4-6 pa: ticularly, a "urality of annular partitions or dividers 30 at spaced along the outer surface of inner container 14. Each d.

vider 30 includes a'rower arcuate segment 32 formed of a rigi foam material, such as a polyurethane material, and secure by a layer 33 of a suitableepoxy type-adhesive to the lowe surface of inner container 14, a pair of upper arcuate seg merits of a reduced thickness also secured by a layer 33 of a suitable epoxy tyg e adhesive to inne containei l l. Segment 32 and 34 each comprise a I20? are about the circumferenc'l of inner container 14.

Secured to the outer-surface of arcuate segments 34 by layer 35 of suitable epoxy adhesive and forming an importan' part of this invention are outer segments 36 formed of an oper cell resilient polyurethane material. Segments 36 are of an ini tial thickness slightly greater than the void space adjacent outer shell 12 in which segments 36 will be arranged. The open cell foam material forming segments 36 have around ten (l0 pores per inch and have around a 97 percent void increase the bond strength between the inner container and 'outershell. P y y The invention accordingly comprises the constructionshereinafter described, the' scope'of-the-invention being-indicated in the following claims. In the accompanying drawings; in which one of the various possible embodiments of the invention is illustrated: M

416. l is a side elevation of a insulated tank car including :Jdivrders comprising the presentllivention;

' FIG. 2 is a section taken generally along line 2-2 of FIG. I

and illustrating the insulation at the upper dome structureand thelower outlet structure; a

- FIG'. 3 is a section taken generally along line 3-3 of FIG. 1

' andillustratin g the insulation between the dividers;

FIG. 4 is a section taken generally along line 4-4 of FIG. 1 and illustrating the divider;

FIG. 5 is an enlarg-- section generally along line 5-5 of FIG. 4; a

. FIG. 6 is a side elevation of the inner. container having the dividers mounted thereon before positioning within the outer she'll; r FIG. 7 is a side elevation of the outer-shell and associated trucks before positioning of the inner container therein; 5r

FIG. 8 is a side elevation of the railway car structure after the inner container has been positionedwithin the outer shell; FIG. 9 is a section taken generally along 9-9 of FIG. 8 and illustrating means supporting the inner container as the inner container is telescoped within the outer shell;

FIG. 10 is an enlarged section taken generally: along line 10-10 of F1659 and showing the resilient portion of the divider being compressed against the adjacent surface of the outer shell to facilitate the insertion of the inner container within theouter shell;and en Flg. In is an enlarged fragment of a portion of the resilient open cell foam material illustrating thepores therein.

volume, Thus, segments .36 have a solid content 'of only around 3 pert-lent. A suitable material is sold under the trade name SCO'ITFOAMT' by Stephensorl and Lawyer, Inc Grand Rapids, Michigan. Dividers 30 may be of a width of 6 inches and a total thickness T of 10 inches. Segments 36 rnay be of a thickness of around 4 inches.

Referring to FIG. 7, outer shell portion -l2A is positioned on stub cgnter sill structure 16 on wheeled trucks 22. Then a pair of dol'nes D having rollers thereon as shown in FIGS. 6 and 9 are placed beneath inner shell 14 ll'aving dividers 30 thereon. A suitable crane then lifts and telescopes container 14 within an open end of outer shell portion 12A. Dollies D space lower rigid segments 32 from their inner surface of outer shell portion 12A as shown in FIG. 9, and upper resilient segments 36 are compressed against the l'pgC! surface of shell p tion 12A. Upon the proper lengthwise positioning of inner container 14 within outer shell portion 12A, dollies D are removed and container 14 is lowered with rigid segments 32 supported on I shell portion 12A. Resilient segments 36 expand to iii] any void space adjacent the inner surface of outer shell portion DA. A suitable pressure sensitive adhesive is preferably placed on the inner surface of outer shell portion 12A.upon

the -.e:noval of dollies' D. This adhesive will develop a suffcient strength to equal or exceed the bond strength developed jacent dividers 30, a pour hole is cut in the upper portion of outer shell 12 for each compartment. A cellular foam plastic in liquid form. such as a. reaction product of organic polyisg cyanate and a polyester or polyether, is poured within each compartment..The liquid plastic foam material rises to fill the 'void space between adjacent dividers m) and cures after a predetermined time period. Any gas within the compartments may escape through the porous resilient segments 36 arid suitable vent holes are provided adjacent the ends of outer shell 12 to release any excessive gases to atmosphere. As segments 36 are porous, the liquid foam fills the open cells to pro vide segments 36 with suitable insulation. Also, the foam material forms a bond at the dividers with the adjacent inner surface of outer shell 12. When the compartments have been filled, the pour holes are closed. After all the compartments have been filled, an insulated structure 40 is positioned over manway structure 24 and an insulated structure 42 is positioned over bottom outlet valve 28. Structure 40 and 42 may be removed to provide access to manway 24 and outlet valve 42. in view of the above, it will be seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results obtained.

lclaim: x

1. A method of manufacturing an insulated railway tank car comprising the steps of: securing a plurality of spaced dividers about the circumference of an inner cylindrical container with an upper segment of the dividers being resilient and the lower segment of the dividers being generally rigid, telescoping the inner container within an outer cylindrical shell with the lower segments of the dividers being spaced from the outer shell and the upper segments of the dividers being compressed against the adjacent inner surface of the outer shell, lowering the inner container onto the outer shell with said lower segments contacting the outer shell and supporting the inner container thereon and said resilient upper segments expanding to maintain contact with the adjacent surface of the outer shell, and charging the compartments formed between the dividers with a cellular insulating material for foaming in place.

2. A method of manufacturing an insulated railway tank car comprising the steps of: securing a plurality of longitudinally spaced dividers about the circumference of an inner cylindrical container with an upper segment of the dividers being resilient and the lower segment of the dividers being generally rigid, placing a pair of dollies having rollers thereon beneath the inner container, moving the inner container supported on the dollies within an outer cylindrical shell with the lower segments of the dividers being spaced from the outer shell and the upper segments of the dividers being compressed against the adjacent inner surface of the outer shell, removing the dollies from the inner container, lowering the inner container onto the outer shell with said lower segments contacting the outer shell and supporting the inner container thereon and said resilient upper segments expanding to maintain contact with the adjacent surface of the outer shell, and charging the compartments formed between the dividers with a liquid cellular insulating material for foaming in place.

3. An insulated railway tank car comprising, a cylindrical inner container, 2 cylindrical outer shell surrounding said inner container and spaced therefrom to form an annular space therebetween, a plurality of generally annular dividers spaced longitudinally of the railway car in the annular space between the outer shell and inner container to form a plurality of compartments, at least some of said dividers including a resilient fluid permeable upper arcuate segment comprising an open cell polyurethane material for permitting the escape of gases from the compartment, said compartments and at least a portion of the width of the resilient arcuate segment being filled with cellular insulating material to form generally rigid dividers.

4. An insulated railway tank car comprising, an inner container, an outer shell surrounding said inner container and spaced therefrom to fonn a circumferential space therebetween, a plurality of generally circumferential dividers space longitudinally of the railway car in the space between the outer shell and inner container to form a plurality of compartments, at least some of said circumferential dividers including a lower arcuate segment of a rigid foam material beneath the inner container for supporting the inner container and an upper resilient rous segment adjacent the inner sur face of said outer shel comprising an open cell polyurethane material having a void volume of over around 75 percent for pennitting the escape of gases from the associated compartment, and at least a portion of the width of said upper resilient porous segment being filled with cellular insulting material upon charging of the associated compartment with foam reactants to form generally rigid dividers upon curing of the insulating material.

5. An insulated railway tank car comprising, an inner container, an outer shell surrounding said inner and spaced therefrom to form a circumferential space therebetween, and a plurality of generally annular dividers spaced longitudinally of the railway car in the space between the outer shell and inner container to fonn a plurality of compartments, at leas some of said dividers including a resilient fluid permeable portion having a void volume of over around 75 percent for permitting the escape of gases from the compartments, said compartments, and at least a portion of the width of the fluid permeable portion being filled with cellular insulating material to form generally rigid dividers upon curing of the insulating material.

mg UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 33 W, 0 47 Dated Dec. 16. 1970 Inventofls) Robert F. Needham It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 2, line 5, delete l second occurrence line 47, "structure" should read structures line 52, their should read the -5 line 61, after "the" insert outer surface of lower divider segment 32 and contacts the Column 3, line 12, "Structure" should read Structures Column A, line 5, "2" should read a line 31, "insulting" should read insulating line 36, after "inner" insert container line LO, "leas" should read least line Ml, delete Signed and sealed this 30th day of March 1 971 (SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M. FLETCHER,JR. WILLIAM E. SCHUYLER, JR. Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3653333 *Jan 21, 1970Apr 4, 1972Gen Am TransportHeat-insulated railway tank cars and a method of making the same
US3687087 *Apr 13, 1970Aug 29, 1972Acf Ind IncInsulating structure for interior of railway freight cars
US3739729 *Jun 4, 1971Jun 19, 1973Union Tank Car CoJacket flashing
US4075264 *Apr 2, 1976Feb 21, 1978The Dow Chemical CompanyMethod of insulating a container
US4474632 *Sep 28, 1981Oct 2, 1984Spees Charles LMethod of forming a composite foam insulated jacket for a railroad tank car
US4673102 *May 2, 1985Jun 16, 1987Bullock Jr Thomas WProtective coatings and method for protecting tank car containers
US6875942 *Jan 9, 2004Apr 5, 2005American Railcar Industries, Inc.Methods and systems for fabricating spiral welded cylinders
US8833268Dec 13, 2010Sep 16, 2014Utlx Manufacturing LlcRailroad tank car
US20040140340 *Jan 9, 2004Jul 22, 2004Coughlin Stephen A.Methods and systems for fabricating spiral welded cylinders
US20060065152 *Sep 21, 2005Mar 30, 2006Gunderson, Inc.Insulative panels for a railway boxcar
US20110139032 *Dec 13, 2010Jun 16, 2011James ShirvinskiRailroad tank car
Classifications
U.S. Classification105/358, 105/360, 29/455.1
International ClassificationF17C3/04, B65D88/74
Cooperative ClassificationF17C3/04, B65D88/74
European ClassificationF17C3/04
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jan 25, 1985ASAssignment
Owner name: ACF INDUSTRIES, INCORPORATED, 750 THIRD AVENUE, NE
Free format text: RECONVEYS ALL LETTERS PATENTS BACK TO BORROWER RECITED IN REEL 4307FRAMES 396 AND 397 RECORED OCT. 2, 1984 (LOAN HAS BEEN PAID IN FULL);ASSIGNOR:NATIONAL WESTMINSTER BANK USA, AS AGENT;REEL/FRAME:004365/0266
Effective date: 19841220
Oct 2, 1984ASAssignment
Owner name: NATIONAL WESTMINSTER BANK USA, A NATIONAL BANKING
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ACF INDUSTRIES, INCORPORATED;REEL/FRAME:004307/0396