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Publication numberUS3548499 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 22, 1970
Filing dateDec 14, 1967
Priority dateDec 14, 1967
Publication numberUS 3548499 A, US 3548499A, US-A-3548499, US3548499 A, US3548499A
InventorsValen Maurice
Original AssigneeValen Maurice
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Artificial tooth
US 3548499 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 22,1970 M. VALEN 3548AQ ARTIFICIAL .TOOTH Filed Dec. 14, 1967 /4; 44 I {'7 v Mi a 4 ff'g .3 4

IN VENTOR. 71 68 Vale 72, BY 1 50 ATTORNEY 3,548,499 ARTIFICIAL TOOTH Maurice Valen, 97-07 63rd Road, Rego Park, N.Y. 11374 Filed Dec. 14, 1967, Ser. No. 690,574 Int. Cl. A61c 13/22 US. Cl. 326 3 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE An alignment plate and means for positioning an artificial tooth. The alignment plate has a substantially flat central portion in which a hole is formed after alignment of the plate on the gum surface. It projects and engages the artificial tooth and secures it firmly in position.

This invention relates to a method of securing artificial teeth to a rigid member embedded in the gum, such as, an implant or non-vital root, and a device therefor.

Replacing missing teeth b means of an implant was suggested over half acentury ago (see US. Pat. No. 943,113) and, in the last fifteen years, implants have become an established dental technique. In present practice, after the implant is adequately encapsulated in the fibrous tissue of the jaw, the final prosthodontic bridge or crown is constructed about the portion of the implant which remains above the soft tissue. Similarly, it is well known to afiix an artificial tooth to a part of a devitalized tooth.

The conventional procedures for fitting a crown are unsatisfactory from several standpoints. Firstly, the molding and fitting of each individual artificial tooth must be done with great precision and this is difficult and costly; and, secondly, the completion of work is delayed, thereby inconveniencing the patient.

To overcome the aforesaid disadvantages it would naturally be desirable to use standardized crowns which could be immediately secured to the implant or non-vital root. However, this approach has not been successful because of the unpredictability of the position of the implant or non-vital root in relation to the adjacent teeth and the gum.

In accordance with the invention, it has been discovered that the foregoing problems can be overcome and that standardized crowns may be used in conjunction with implants or non-vital roots. A minimum amount of time is necessary and the expense of the crown sharply minimized.

FIGS. 1 and 2 are side and top views, respectively, of a conventional implant.

FIGS. 3, 4 and are front, side and top views, respectively, of one embodiment of the alignment plate of the invention.

FIGS. 6, 7, and 8 are, front, side, and bottom views, respectively of an artificial crown adequate for use in the invention.

FIG. 9 is a side view of the upper jaw showing the implant, alignment plate and crown in their final position.

FIG. l0 shows another embodiment of the invention employing a plastic alignment plate positioned between a crown and a devitalized root.

Briefly, the invention utilizes an alignment plate which is aflixed between the implant or non-vitalized root and the crown. As will be described, the alignment plate may be readily prepared by the dentist so as to properly position the crown with respect to the implant or non-vitalized root, without the need of time consuming fabrication of the crown. In other words, rather than following the procedure of the prior art, where the crown was custom fit, the invention properly locates the crown by cus- United States Patent 0 3,548,499 Patented Dec. 22, 1970 tom fitting the alignment plate, a much less time consuming and expensive procedure.

Turning now to the drawings, a preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated.

FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate an implant 1 having a threaded portion 2 which is located in the jaw bone 3 shown in FIG. 9. The other end of the implant 1 has a female thread 4 which, after the implant is positioned, lies at the surface of the gum 5. As will be obvious to one skilled in the art, the implant may be replaced by a non-vital root which is appropriately threaded.

The alignment plate 6, shown in detail in FIGS. 3, 4 and 5, is composed of a flat base 7 and projections 8. Base 7 is adapted to lie on the surface of the gum 5 in contact with the exposed portion of the implant 1 and is surrounded by a coating of a fluorinated hydrocarbon resin. A hole 14 is provided as will hereinafter be described.

The crown as shown in FIGS. 6, 7 and 8, is conventional construction except that it is fitted with grooves 10 which are adapted to receive the projections 8 from the alignment plate 6. When the projections 8 are engaged in the grooves 10, the alignment plate and crown are brought into a predetermined relationship. To maintain this relationship, a screw or pin 11 is passed through bore 12 and holes 13 in the crown 9 and alignment plate, respectively.

The dentist fits the artificial tooth 9 by locating it in the proper position in the patients mouth or in a diagnostic model while the alignment plate 7 is engaged thereto. The alignment plate is butted against the gum 5 and the implant screw 2 or non-vital root, as the case may be,

and the mesial distal relationship determined. Minor modifications of the crown may be necessary, particularly of the projecting sides thereof. This may be accomplished rapidly and simply by standard grinding technique. Preferably, a crown is provided having excessively long sides which may be readily ground away to fit a variety of gum contours.

After the tooth is properly fitted, a screw 20 shown in FIG. 1, is inserted into the threaded hole 4 in the implant screw 2. Preferably, the screw has a sharp point or a burr on its head.

The tooth is then carefully fitted in place and pressed downwardly against the screw head causing the burr to mark the underside of the alignment plate 6. The underside of the alignment plate, which is preferably formed of tetrafluoroethylene fluorocarbon resins or a fluorinated ethylene-propylene resin, is easily marked by moderate pressure.

Thereafter, the alignment plate is removed from the artificial tooth and a hole drilled at the position indicated by mark. The marking screw is removed from the hole 4. With the hole in the alignment plate properly aligned, the alignment plate is rigidly affixed to the root or implant screw by means of a screw through the hole in the alignment plate and hole 4. The artificial tooth 9 is now placed over the alignment plate 6, and secured thereto by means of a screw through the hole 12 aligned with threaded portions 13 in the alignment plate 6.

FIG. 10 illustrates another preferred embodiment of the invention, particularly with regard to the construction of the alignment plate. In this modification, the align ment plate 15 is constructed entirely of a resilient material, most desirably, of a fluorinated plastic, e.g., Teflon, and is in the shape of a truncated cone. The crown 16 is fabricated so as to fit over the tapered end of the cone. Using the technique previously described, the base of the alignment plate 15 is marked for proper alignment and the hole 17 drilled therein. By means of screw 18 the alignment plate 15 is secured to the de-vitalized root 19 (which has been previously threaded).

Thereafter, the crown is secured to the alignment plate by means of a screw or glue. Interlocking means, e.g., an annular dovetail, may alternatively be provided permitting the crown to be snapped onto the alignment plate. If a screw arrangement is employed, the crown, already provided with a screw receiving hole, as for example shown in FIG. 7, may be placed over the secured alignment plate and the alignment of a corresponding hole in the latter determined. Where a resilient plastic is used, the alignment plate need not be threaded, it being sufficient to provide a hole for receiving a screw.

This embodiment of the invention is particularly useful because the resilient alignment plate serves to seal the de-vitalized root to the crown without requiring perfect fitting of the several parts.

The alignment plate may be constructed of any material which is inert to human tissue and to substances present in the mouth. Of course, it must not be so hard as to resist ordinary drilling techniques. Particularly preferred are the use of a metallic construction having a covering of tetrafiuoroethylene or fiuorinated ethylenepropylene resins laminated to the base of the alignment plate and a wholly fiuorinated plastic alignment plate. Such constructions are particularly desirable since it is not irritating to human tissue and resists the adherence of food particles. Useful metals are gold and platinum.

Many modifications of the above embodiment can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention.

For example, the crown artificial tooth may be secured to the alignment plate by any convenient means. A screw, such as shown in the illustrations is particularly desirable since it may be removed easily. Of course, other means of securing the tooth to the alignment plate, as for example, gluing or interlocking construction are also effective.

Another modification would be to use a nut and bolt to secure the alignment plate to the implant screw or devitalized root, rather than using a machine screw. Here the implant screw or the root would contain a threaded projection which may be used both for marking the alignment plate and receiving a nut for securing the alignment plate.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to protect by Letters Patent is:

1. A method of securing an artificial tooth to a rigid member embedded in the gum, said rigid member having an exposed surface at the gum surface and a projection extending outwardly therefrom, by means of an alignment plate which engages said artificial tooth in a fixed relationship, which comprises: aligning said alignment plate with respect to said exposed surface; contacting the base of said aligned alignment plate with said projection so as to mark said base; forming a hole at the marked point in the base of said alignment plate; afiixing said alignment plate to said rigid member in aligned relationship by means of a projection through said hole and into said rigid member; and, thereafter, affixing said artificial tooth to said alignment plate.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein said alignment plate is affixed to said rigid member by means of a screw through the former into the latter.

3. The method of claim 1 wherein said alignment plate is a fiuorinated hydrocarbon resin.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 251,460 12/1881 Register 32-6 1,008,028 11/1911 Gollobin et al 32-5 1,376,645 5/1921 Russell 32-9 1,610,987 12/ 1926 Withcombe 32-9 ROBERT PESHOCK, Primary Examiner U.S. Cl. X.R. 3210

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US251460 *Mar 28, 1881Dec 27, 1881 Artificial tooth
US1008028 *Apr 22, 1911Nov 7, 1911Dental Denture Improvement CompanyRemovable bridge for teeth.
US1376645 *May 23, 1919May 3, 1921Russell Frank HArtificial tooth
US1610987 *Nov 5, 1924Dec 14, 1926Morse Withycombe RobertInterchangeable resilient tooth
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3660899 *Sep 16, 1970May 9, 1972Leonard I LinkowBridge stabilizing system
US3866321 *Jan 2, 1974Feb 18, 1975Valen MauriceCrown and bridge prefabricated system and implant
US4044466 *May 19, 1975Aug 30, 1977Ugo PasqualiniDevice especially for endoosseous implantation
US5118295 *Jan 17, 1991Jun 2, 1992Stiles Marlind HDental post
US20130059271 *May 13, 2011Mar 7, 2013InnobiosurgImplant detector cover screw
USRE32824 *Feb 4, 1986Jan 10, 1989Advanced Dental Technology, Inc.Pre-made reinforcement device
Classifications
U.S. Classification433/174
International ClassificationA61C8/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61C8/0022, A61C8/0048
European ClassificationA61C8/00G, A61C8/00F2