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Publication numberUS3549279 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 22, 1970
Filing dateJan 6, 1969
Priority dateJan 26, 1968
Also published asDE1901748A1, DE1901748B2, DE1901748C3
Publication numberUS 3549279 A, US 3549279A, US-A-3549279, US3549279 A, US3549279A
InventorsGrach Pierre C
Original AssigneeStop
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Windscreen washer pumps
US 3549279 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 22, 1970 P. c. GRACH WINDSGREEN WASHER PUMPS Filed Jan. 6, 1969 .I/Vl/E/W'DR PIERRE c. 6mm B47, i 62 United States Patent 3,549,279 WINDSCREEN WASHER PUMPS Pierre C. Grach, Saint-Quen, France, assignor to Stop, Saint-Quen, Seine St. Denis, France Filed Jan. 6, 1969, Ser. No. 789,330 Claims priority, applicatilog France, Jan. 26, 1968,

Int. 01. F641; 43/08 US. Cl. 417-477 2 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE This invention relates to windscreen washer pumps and has specific reference to means for cleaning windscreens of automotive vehicles.

The pump according to this invention is adapted to be driven from a rotary electric motor energized from the storage battery of the vehicle through switch means controlled by the driver of the vehicle, so as to suck up water or a detergent solution kept in a reservoir and force this fluid towards nozzles or any other means provided for projecting it against the windscreen of the vehicle so as to clean same in conjunction with the windscreen wiper.

To obtain a satisfactory suction, irrespective of the relative level of the motor and pump unit and of the liquid in the reservoir, a self-priming pump must be used, i.e. a pump comprising a suction cycle during its rotation in order to create a cavity of gradually increasing volume or capacity which is connected to a reservoir at atmospheric or higher pressure.

In order to obtain a suflicient delivery pressure the above defined capacity is isolated from the reservoir and connected to the delivery port, and its volume is reduced to force the liquid towards the delivery port. This method is used in pumps of known type (whether of the gear, piston, radial blades or other types). Due to the variablevolume cavities available for the liquid, these pumps are objectionable in that when the liquid is solidified by frost they become locked and this may obviously prove detrimental to the windings of the driving motor, on account of the over-current developing therein as a consequence of the locked rotor. Besides, most of these pumps require a fluid-tight bearing for isolating the motor from the fluid contained in the pump, and thus prevent this fluid from leaking outside.

The pump according to this invention comprises, as a variable-volume capacity, an annular chamber having at least one elastic wall. In fact, during the rotation of the rotor, the centrifugal force is exerted against a plurality of members carried by the rotor and rolling on the deformable membrane; thus, these members close locally the annular chamber. Their movement along the wall of the annular chamber will thus create two variable-volume capacities connected to the pump suction and exhaust ports, respectively.

In the attached drawing:

FIG. 1 is a sectional view of the pump, the plane of the section containing the pump axis;

"ice

FIG. 2 is a section taken along the line AA of FIG. 1;

FIGS. 3 and 4 are views similar to FIG. 2 but showing different forms of embodiment.

The pump illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2 of the drawing comprises a stator 2 and a pair of end covers or flanges 1 and 3. In the cover 1 which if desired may be an integral part of the driving motor (not shown) a central orifice 4 is formed to constitute a bearing for the driving shaft 5.

The stator 2 comprises an annular channel 6 and a longitudinal groove 7 formed in the inner cylindrical portion.

A cylindrical resilient membrane or sleeve 8 corresponding in shape to the cylindrical portion of the stator comprises two annular end flanges 9 adapted to retain the membrane in position and seal the assembly by being clamped between the stator 2 and the end covers 1 and 3 respectively.

This membrane 9 further comprises a longitudinal bead 10 interconnecting the annular end flanges SI and fitting in said longitudinal stator groove 7 so as to create a fluid-tight joint or break in the annular chamber formed by the stator channel 6 between said stator 2 and membrane 8.

On either side of this fluid-tight bead 10 a suction port 11 and a delivery port 12 are formed through the wall of said stator, respectively, as shown.

Rotatably mounted in the central chamber of the stator is a rotor 13 rotatably rigid with the motor-driven shaft -5 and formed with at least two cavities extending parallel to the axis of rotation. The function of these rotor cavities is to receive balls 14 and 15 therein. The shape and dimensions of these cavities are such that the balls 14, 15 are carried along by the rotor but can move radially so as to leave the membrane unstressed in their inoperative condition.

Thus, when the rotor 13 is driven from the motor (not shown) in the direction of the arrow of FIG. 2, this rotor carries along the balls 14, 15 and beyond a certain speed these balls are urged by the centrifugal force against the membrane. As the membrane is made of elastice material the force exerted thereagainst by the balls will press the membrane against the bottom of the annular channel -6, thus creating a local fluid-tight joint and forming at least three fluid-tight chambers 16, -17 and 18 in the annular channel, i.e. chamber 16 communicating with port 11, chamber 18 with port 12, chamber 17 being isolated.

{During the movement of rotation of the rotor in the direction of the arrow it will be seen that the volume of chamber 16 increases, thus producing a suction through port 11, chamber 17 having a constant volume and chamber 18 a decreasing volume, thus causing a delivery of fluid through port -17. This cycle will provide the desired pumping effect.

The cavities of rotor '13 are shaped as illustrated in FIG. 2 so that the ball-driving torque creates a radial component adding itself to the centrifugal force, as shown diagrammatically by the angle a of FIG. 2.

It is also possible to create an annular chamber in a cylindrical stator without channel by properly shaping the membrane, this membrane being urged against the stator wall by the rolling members such as balls, rollers or needles.

FIG. 3 shows a modified form of embodiment in which the annular chamber is formed by a tubular member 20 having resilient walls. In this case the balls may also be replaced by rollers or needles. During their movement of rotation the rolling members leave the tube '20 in an area 19 in which an elastic pad of the same material as the tube may be fitted to avoid any-discontunity in the nature of the annular track followed by the rolling members.

' FIG. 4 illustrates a modified arrangement applicable to both of the preceding examples and wherein the radial force urging the rolling members against the resilient-annular track is supplemented by a spring 21 or any other suitable resilient means, thus cutting off the fluid communication between the suction and delivery ports whe the motor is not energized.

It is clear that in any one of the pump constructions described herein when the liquid contained in the annular chamber is frozen and thus solidified, the radial clearance of the rolling member in its cavity permit nevertheless the rotation of the rotor without any abnormal reaction torque and without any risk of damaging the driving motor. What is claimed is:

1. A pump particularly applicable to windscreen washers, comprising a stator having central chamber and a suction port and a delivery port communicating with said central chamber, at least one elastic wall member mounted in said chamber of the stator and connected to said ports to define an annular chamber between said wall member and said stator, a rotor rotatably mounted in said central chamber coaxially with said stator, at least two diametrically opposed radial cavities in said stator parallel to the axis of rotation and which cavities have their largest dimension at their radially outermost end, ball means in each of said cavities and being urged against said elastic wall by centrifugal force when said rotor is rotated to form at least two variable volume capacities in said annular chamber, one of which is connected to the suction port and another of which is connected to the delivery port, the shape of said cavities being such that the ball-driving torque during the rotor rotation creates a radial component adding to the centrifugal force.

'2. A pump according to claim 1, wherein said elastic wall member comprises a cylindrical sleeve with annular end flanges, a longitudinal groove formed in said stator between said ports, a longitudinal bead formed on said sleeve and engaging in said groove in a fluid-tight manner, and end plate sealing said stator in a fluid-tight manner.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,885,966 5/1959 Ford 103 149 2,898,864 8/1959 Japolsky 103-149 [2,935,028 5/1960 Ferrari, Jr., et al. 103149 3,064,583 11/1962 Burt lO3--136(A) 3,137,240 6/1964 Hunt 103149 FOREIGN PATENTS 1,031,595 '6/ 1966 Great Britain 103-149 MARK NEWMAN, Primary Examiner W. I. GOODLIN, Assistant Examiner

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2885966 *Jan 24, 1956May 12, 1959Clarence Ford ReginaldRotary pumps
US2898864 *Dec 27, 1956Aug 11, 1959Nicotron Developments LtdRotary pumps
US2935028 *Aug 5, 1957May 3, 1960Technicon InstrPumps
US3064583 *Mar 29, 1957Nov 20, 1962Bendix CorpVariable displacement pump
US3137240 *Jul 17, 1961Jun 16, 1964Hunt Russell GPumps
GB1031595A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4417856 *Aug 25, 1981Nov 29, 1983Minissian Kevin GPeristaltic pump
US6036459 *Jan 8, 1998Mar 14, 2000Medtronic, Inc.Occlusion compensator for implantable peristaltic pump
US8469682Sep 17, 2010Jun 25, 2013Molon Motor And Coil CorporationPeristaltic pump with torque relief
US8585379Jun 22, 2010Nov 19, 2013Molon Motor And Coil CorporationPeristaltic pump that is resistant to torques and vibrations
WO2003100256A1 *May 27, 2003Dec 4, 2003Juntunen KristerPump
WO2014135325A1 *Feb 4, 2014Sep 12, 2014Emitec Gesellschaft Für Emissionstechnologie MbhPump for metering a liquid additive for a selective catalytic reduction device
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/477.7, 417/477.12
International ClassificationF04B43/14, F04B43/12, B60S1/46, B60S1/48, F04C5/00
Cooperative ClassificationF04B43/14, B60S1/48
European ClassificationB60S1/48, F04B43/14
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 7, 1987AS34Re-record of an instrument recorded
Free format text: SOCIETE DES CABLES DU MANS, 50, AVENUE DE LA LIBERATION, 72000 LE MANS, FRANCE A * BENDIX FRANCE, ACORP. OF FRANCE : 19871005
Oct 7, 1987ASAssignment
Owner name: SOCIETE DES CABLES DU MANS, 50, AVENUE DE LA LIBER
Free format text: RE-RECORD OF AN INSTRUMENT RECORDED MAY 15, 1987 AT REEL 4694 FRAME 407-409 TO CORRECT THE PATENT NUMBER ERRORENOUSLY STATED AS 3,549,229.;ASSIGNOR:BENDIX FRANCE, A CORP. OF FRANCE;REEL/FRAME:004763/0797
Effective date: 19871005
Free format text: RE-RECORD OF AN INSTRUMENT RECORDED MAY 15, 1987 AT REEL 4694 FRAME 407-409 TO CORRECT THE PATENT NUMBER ERRORENOUSLY STATED AS 3,549,229;ASSIGNOR:BENDIX FRANCE, A CORP. OF FRANCE;REEL/FRAME:004763/0797
Owner name: SOCIETE DES CABLES DU MANS,FRANCE
Free format text: RE-RECORD OF AN INSTRUMENT RECORDED MAY 15, 1987 AT REEL 4694 FRAME 407-409 TO CORRECT THE PATENT NUMBER ERRORENOUSLY STATED AS 3,549,229;ASSIGNOR:BENDIX FRANCE;REEL/FRAME:004763/0797
Owner name: SOCIETE DES CABLES DU MANS, FRANCE
May 15, 1987ASAssignment
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:BENDIX FRANCE;REEL/FRAME:004694/0407
Owner name: SOCIETE DES CABLES DU MANS, FRANCE
Effective date: 19871128