|Publication number||US3550834 A|
|Publication date||Dec 29, 1970|
|Filing date||Apr 22, 1969|
|Priority date||Apr 22, 1969|
|Publication number||US 3550834 A, US 3550834A, US-A-3550834, US3550834 A, US3550834A|
|Inventors||Richard J Mccall|
|Original Assignee||Richard J Mccall|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (16), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
United States Patent  Inventor Richard J. McCall 1500 South Shore Drive, Crystal Lake, 111. 60014  App1.No. 818,282
 Filed Apr. 22, 1969  Patented Dec. 29, 1970  SHIPPING CONTAINER Primary Examiner-Leonard Summer 4 Claims, 7 Drawing Figs. Altomey--Hill;$herman, Meroni, Gross and Simpson  U.S.Cl 229/22,
51 I t Cl B ABSTRACT: A foldable corrugated shipping container having 150] F id 229/22 40 a one piee b k, red, stripped and cut for assembly into I 1 0 an elongated triangularly-shaped container having opposed end flaps defining reinforced double-walled portions project-  References cued ing inwardly from the ends of the container protecting the UNITED STATES PATENTS contents thereof and having a closure flap with means for 1,081,724 12/1913 De Smith (229/Fo1ds 13 ig opening the sealed container.
1 i 9 58a Z 22 45 Q .9?
i 56 2D W a Z4 53 4 e W12? ,2 2i J7 3b SHIPPING CONTAINER The present invention relates to shipping containers and more particularly relates to elongated shipping containers adapted for shipment of cylindrical objects.
A number of configurations for shipping containers are known for protecting variously shaped objects. However, such known containers have numerous drawbacks, including utilization of excess material, insufficient protection for the interior of the container, inability to be easily stored or stacked, relative complexity of assembly, etc.
Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide a shipping container overcoming the aforesaid deficiencies.
It is a further object of the invention to provide an improved shipping container especially adapted for mailing cylindrical objects.
It is a further object of the invention to provide a novel, triangularly-shaped container utilizing a minimum amount of stock with novel end pieces which are sequentially foldable with the flaps and panels of the container to provide an increased amount of protection to the interior of the container.
It is still a further object of the invention to provide a novel, triangularly-shaped container having end flaps with reinforcement sides extending inwardly to define double-walled portions along both ends of the container.
Many other features, advantages andadditional objects of the invention will become apparent to those versed in the art upon making reference to the detailed description which follows and the accompanying drawings in which preferred structural embodiments of a container incorporating the principles is shown by way of illustrative example, however, variations and modifications may be effected without departing from the spirit and scope of the novel concepts of the disclosure.
On the Drawings FIG. 1 is a development of a one-piece blank used to construct an embodiment of the container of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a somewhat reduced view showing the blank of FIG. 1 with side, top and end panels moved into assembly position;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the assembled container of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken substantially along lines IV-IV of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view taken substantially along lines VV of FIG. 3;
FIG. 6 is a development of a one-piece blank used to construct another embodiment of the container of the invention; and
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of the assembled container of FIG. 6.
As Shown in the Drawings The shipping container or mailer box of the present invention is made of a sheet form member such as a double faced form of corrugated paper blank indicated generally at 10 and having the usual laminar construction consisting of corrugations 10a, with the double faces provided by an inside surface sheet and an outside surface sheet joined to said corrugation in a suit suitable manner. The outside surface sheet may contain any desired indicia-bearing information. It will be noted that the corrugated paper blank is so arranged that the corrugations 10a extend substantially in a transverse direction to the principal extension of blank 10. This disposition of the corrugations materially aids the strength characteristics of the assembled container.
In accordance with the principles of the invention, the die cutting process is carried out to afford substantially simultaneous cutting and scoring operations. Thus, the blank 10 is simultaneously cut to the proper peripheral configuration along the desired cutlines and also provide it with the proper scoring lines dividing the blank into a plurality of panels disposed in a predetermined position for assembly of the container. It will be noted that the four principal score lines are substantially perpendicular to the direction of the corrugations, while the score lines of the end flaps are substantially parallel to the. direction of the corrugations. This arrangement further contributes to the overall strength characteristics of the novel container.
More specifically, sheet 10 comprises a main body portion having a first score or score lines 11 thereby defining a first panel in the main body portion which will be referred to herein as top wall 14. It will be understood that the terms top, bottom, etc. will be used throughout the specification of the invention for purposes of illustration, but that the relative positions of these panels can be interchanged without departing from the basic inventive concepts. A second score line 12 is formed in the body portion in spaced relationship from the score line 11 thereby forming or defining a second panel in the main body portion adjacent the first panel and hingeably integrated therewith. This second panel will be referred to hereinafter as sidewall 15.
The body portion of the sheet form member 10 is provided with a further score line 13, which is spaced from score line 12 forming a third panel adjacent and hingeably integrated with sidewall 15. The third panel will be referred to herein as bottom wall 16. The remainingfourth panel is defined by the score line 13 and is spaced from and hingeably integrated with bottom wall 16. The fourth panel, which will be referred to herein as closure flap 17 is provided with a pair of cutout apertures 14a having enlarged areas 14b for ease of gripping. It will also be noted that top wall 14 is provided with further score lines 18 along its outer peripheral edge to define locking tabs 1 1a. Tabs 11a are in registry with and mate with apertures 14a of the closure flap 17. The locking tabs 11a may be provided with relief margins 11b to aid in their locking function. The top wall 14 is also provided with rounded'edges 1 It for safety.
A pair of opposingly disposed three-panel flap members 21 are hingeably attached to the bottom wall 16. Score line 25 separates bottom wall 16 from the end flaps 21. It will be noted that each flap member is somewhat wing-shaped and has a main portion 23 hingeably attached to the bottom wall 16, while the two end portions 22 and 24 are hingeably attached to such main portion but extend away from the bottom wall 16. The main portion of the end flaps 21 will be referred to hereinafter as reinforcement panel 23. More specifically, the end flaps are each provided with a further score line 26 extending at an angle to the sheet form member 10 to form a first end reinforcement panel 22. Reinforcement panel 22 is hingeably integrated with end panel 23 but is not otherwise attached to the sheet member 10. An angle Q defines the area of separation between the exterior transverse edge of sheet member 10 and the interior peripheral edge 22a of reinforcement panel 22. A portion of the outer peripheral edge 22b of reinforcement panel 22 adjacent the end panel 23 is cut parallel with the interior peripheral edge 22a thereof. The remaining portion of the peripheral outer edge of reinforcement panel 22 is cut parallel with the transverse peripheral edge of sheet member 10, as along 220. The remaining edge 22d of reinforcement panel 22 is cut to be somewhat parallel with the principal score line in sheet member 10. A substantially identical but opposing reinforcement panel 24 is provided along the opposed side of end flap 23. Thus, the reinforcement panels 22 and 24 are irregularly shaped pentahedron panels hingeably attached to and separated by a center triangularlyshaped panel. The score lines 26 and 27 each define an angle 30 with the respective inner peripheral longitudinal edges 22:: and 24a of the reinforcement flaps 22 and 24. Further, the score lines 26 and 27 also define an angle 20 with the score line 25 ofend flap 23. v
It may also be pointed out that the spacing between the respective inner peripheral edges 22a, 24a and the respective angular exterior peripheral edges 22b, 24b is 2D. Likewise, the
spacing between principal score lines 11, 12, 13 is also equal to about 2D. The dimension D substantially corresponds to the diameter of a cylindrical object that is to be placed in the assembled container. in this manner, it is possible to construct containers suitable for a variety of cylindrical objects without waste of material or space within the containers. Of course, as will be appreciated, the dimensions 2D include not only two times the diameter of the cylinder to be shipped, but also allow for the thickness of the corrugated material.
' In assembling the container, substantially as illustrated at FIGS. 2 and 3, the three-panel flap members 21 are first folded upwardly along score lines 25 into substantially perpendicular position in respect to the bottom wall 16. Then, the pentahedron reinforcement flaps 22 and 24 are folded inwardly along score lines 26 and 27, respectively, whereby their respective bottom edges 22a and 24a contact the surface of bottom wall 16, while their respective angular upper edges 22b and 24b contact each other to define a somewhat triangularly-shaped reinforcement piece. Thereafter, panels and 17 are folded upwardly along score lines 12 and 13 respectively so as to have surface portions thereof contiguous with reinforcement panels 22 and 24. Then top panel 14 is folded downwardly along score line 11 to overlie panel 17. During the folding of the top flap 14 over the closure panel 17, lock tabs 11a are inserted into apertures 14a to provide an integral unit. In this manner, opposed double-walled portions are provided along opposed edges of the assembled container which provide additional strength to the interior thereof.
As best seen in FIG. 4, when the sequential folding process is complete, there are substantially identical but opposed reinforced double-walled portions 29 and 29a along the opposed longitudinal edges of container 10. The reinforced doublewalled portions 29 and 29a are defined by, respectively, reinforcement panel 22 having a surface contiguous with side panel 12 and reinforcement panel 24 having a surface contiguous with top panel 11. Thus, the container has two reinforced double-walled portions and 29 and 29a defined by its sidewalls (and the reinforcement panels of the flap members) that abut one another at particular (i.e., about 60) angles to provide maximum protection for the interior of the container. The flat-sided container thus provided is easily stored or stacked and is easy to handle while providing sufficient protection for cylindrical objects.
As shown in FIG. 5, the reinforcement panel 24 has its outer angular edge 24b abutting against the main panel portion along score line 11. The inner peripheral edge 24a of reinforcement panel 24 abuts on the main body portion 10 along bottom panel 16 at score line 13. Of course reinforcement panel 22 has similarly disposed edges substantially opposed to panel 24.
FIG. 6 illustrates another embodiment of the container of the invention. A corrugated paper blank generally indicated at 40 has the usual laminar construction consisting of corrugations 41a with double faces provided by an inside surface sheet and an outside surface sheet joined to the corrugations in a suitable manner. Of course, if desired, the outside surface may contain any desired indicia-bearing information. It will again be noted that the corrugations are generally transverse of.the blank 40.
The die cutting process is carried out in such a manner as to substantially simultaneously cut and score the blank to the desired configuration. Thus, the sheet form member 10 is provided with successively spaced score lines 41, 42 and 43 to define first, second, third and fourth panels 44, 45, 46 and 47 respectively (which may be referred to as top, side, bottom and closure panels). These panels are all substantially of equal width, i.e., about 2D wherein D represents the diameter of a cylindrical object to be placed within the container. In this regard, it will be appreciated that allowance must be made in the panel width for the thickness of the corrugated blank. Closure panel 47 is provided with a cut out portion 440 along its peripheral edge to aid in opening the closed container. Further, a pair of opposing score lines are provided along the transverse edges of bottom panel 46 to define opposing threepanel flap members 51. End flap members 51 are provided with angular score lines 56 and 57 which abut one another at the outer peripheral edge of a center panel 23 to form irregular pentahedron-shaped reinforcement panels 52 and 54.
Panels 52 and 54 are separated from the main blank 40 by an 4 The reinforcement panels 52 and 54 have respective inner peripheral edges 52a and 54a and outer abutting angular edges 52b and 5412 which are substantially parallel to one another, i.e., edge 52a is substantially parallel to edge 52b and edge 54a is parallel to edge 54b. These edges are separated from one another by the distance 2D. The reinforcement panels 52 and 54 also have outer separated peripheral edges 52c and 54c and longitudinally extending edges 52d and 54d respectively.
In assembling the container, the end panels 51 are first bent upwardly along score lines 55 to assume a substantially vertical position in respect to bottom panel 46. Thereafter, reinforcement panels 52 and 54 are bent inwardly along score lines 56 and 57 to contact bottom panel 46 along score lines 42 and 43 and to contact each other along their abutting edge portions 52b and 54b. Then panel 45 is bent upwardly along score line 42 into substantially contiguous relationship with reinforcement panel 52. Top panel 44 is then bent downwardly along score line 41 to assume a substantially contiguous relationship with the opposed reinforcement panel 54. Thereafter, the closure panel 47 is bent upwardly along score line 43 into contiguous relationship with top panel 44.
A fastening means 44b is then provided on the exposed surfaces of panel 47 and panel 45 to maintain the closure of the container. Any suitable type of fastening means may be employed, as for example, strips of tape. Further, a glue line may be established along the inner surface of panel 47 along its outer peripheral edge in somewhat spaced relationship from cut out portion 44a. As will be appreciated, the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 6 and 7 likewise has reinforced doublewalled end portions as described previously providing substantial protection for the contents of the interior of the box. While the fastening means is shown as a tab strip 44b, of which two are illustrated, an elongated adhesive strip substantially coextensive with the edges of the container could also be used, if desired.
Although minor modifications might be suggested by those versed in the art, it should be understood that I wish to embody within the scope of the patent warranted hereon all such modifications as reasonably and properly come within the scope of my contribution to the art.
1. A shipping container comprising:
a series of four elongated rectangular panels of substantially equal size connected by parallel longitudinal fold lines;
said panel panels being folded in such a manner that the first panel overlies the fourth panel to provide a tubular body of triangular cross section;
one of said second and third panels having a three panel flap member connected to each respective end edge thereof by a hinging fold line;
said three panel flap member comprising:
a generally triangularly shaped main portion forming an end wall for the tubular body, and a pair of end portions each connected to said main portion by an angularly disposed fold line,
each end portion having an interior peripheral edge initially disposed at an angle with respect to the transverse edges of the adjoining rectangular panels,
each end portion having an outer peripheral edge exte nding parallel to its inner peripheral edge for a portion of its length and then extending parallel to the transverse edges of the rectangular panels, and
thereby to form said end portions as irregularly shaped pentahedron panels which are folded inwardly to provide triangularly shaped reinforcements interiorly of the ends of the tubular body.
another panel thereby to lock the container in assembly.
4. A shipping container as defined in claim 1 and further characterized by said container being made of corrugated stock and having the corrugations thereof extending transversely relative to the principal extension of the blank from which said container is formed.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3880342 *||Sep 13, 1973||Apr 29, 1975||Longo Jr Stephen H||Container|
|US3891136 *||Jan 23, 1974||Jun 24, 1975||Dieter Woeste||Container for rolled webs of goods|
|US4281788 *||Aug 7, 1980||Aug 4, 1981||Takako Aeba||Folding package|
|US4607784 *||Aug 16, 1985||Aug 26, 1986||Calabrese Thomas A||Foldable combination seat and portable container|
|US5042657 *||Sep 4, 1990||Aug 27, 1991||Multi-Wall Packaging Corporation||Elongated tubular container for venetian blinds|
|US5337947 *||Dec 18, 1992||Aug 16, 1994||Eskandry Ezra D||Reversible triangular box with advertising and safety signs on alternate faces|
|US5503325 *||Oct 7, 1994||Apr 2, 1996||Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company||Pretaped container blanks|
|US5873514 *||Feb 5, 1996||Feb 23, 1999||Brooks; Stephen John||Lined carton of triangular cross-section|
|US6123254 *||Apr 14, 1999||Sep 26, 2000||Dupuis; Jane E.||Golf bag shipping case|
|US7219830||Jun 30, 2005||May 22, 2007||West Duane E||Container for sliceable ice cream|
|US8104670 *||Dec 5, 2007||Jan 31, 2012||Tree 2 My Door Limited||Combined greeting card gift/mail order container|
|US20050000840 *||Jul 2, 2003||Jan 6, 2005||Cahill John E.||Triangular carton, blank, and method|
|US20070000979 *||Jun 30, 2005||Jan 4, 2007||West Duane E||Container for sliceable ice cream|
|US20100078340 *||Dec 5, 2007||Apr 1, 2010||Gareth Mitchell||Combined greeting card gift/mail order container|
|US20110210162 *||Sep 1, 2011||Colpac Ltd||Container for food|
|WO2008100160A1 *||Feb 12, 2008||Aug 21, 2008||Martin Grant Anthony||Shipping and storage container|
|U.S. Classification||229/115, 229/149, 206/446, 229/939|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D5/2042, Y10S229/939|