US 355213 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
(No Model.) y
WATER PROOF GARMENT. No. 355,213. Patented Dec. 28, 1886.
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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
B'UsHROD ROBINsON, `OF WASHINGTON, DIsTEIoTOE COLUMBIA.
SPECIFICATIQN forming part ofvLetters Patent No. 355,213, dated December 28, 1386.l
A pplicalion tiled October 8, 1386. ScrialNo. 215,679. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
, Be it known that I, BUsHROD ROBINSON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Vashington, in the District of Columbia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in WatenProof Garments, and I do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description ofthe invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying. drawings, and to the letters and figures of reference marked thereon, which form apart of this specification.
This invention relates to that class of waterproof garments wherein the outer cloth and its lining, both originally porous, are stuck together and waterproofed by the application to their inner surfaces of the waterproofing material in a liquid or molten state, afterward to becomedry or hardened, accordi ng to the manner of the art.
The object of the invention is to adapt a garl ment ofthe kind described to use as a Winter garment by interposing asuficiently thick lining of any suitable warm material between the body of the wearer and the waterproofed lining. This additional lining I purpose to attach along its edges and wheresoever else necessary to the water-proof lining in any suitable manner, but preferably by `thesame means used to fasten the outer cloth and its lining together. By leaving as much as possible of the winter lining free from the inner lining dryness and ventilation will be aided. IV purpose, also,to make apertures or small perforations, or both, chiefly in such parts of the garment as tit closelv to the body of the wearer, to assist in ventilating or drying the garment at such places of contact, suitable familiar means being used to conceal such openings from view when the garment is Worn,and to prevent the admission of external moisture through such openings.V
I am aware that it is common to ventilate garments by perforations or apertures concealed and protected, as and for the purpose just stated; hence I do not claim or describe such a garment broadly, but limit the scope of my invention to the production of a new garmentsowaterproofed, ventilated, weighted, and warmed as to serve against stormy or cold weather, or against wet and frost together.
For convenience I shall now describe my in vention as made applicable to a mans overcoat.
In the accompanying drawings, wherein like letters represent like parts, Figure l is a perspective view, showing Ventilating devices at the collar, the armpit, and thefbreast of the coat; also along the lower edge of the winter lining; and Fig. 2 is a section view showing the combination of the three thicknesses of cloth used in the fabrication of the coat.-
A is the body of the coat. B is a sleeve thereof. Gis the collar. D is an under collar protecting the Ventilating-orifices del when the outer collar is raised. E is aflap protecting the ventilators c e at the breast. F is an an overlapped slit at the armpit, to afford ventilation at that part of the coat. G G are lining, to form Ventilating-shafts in connection with the orifices d d, c e, and F.
, The exterior surface of cloth is designated as a, the thin adherent waterproofed lining as b, and the porous winter liningV as c.
In lieu ofthe under collar described, I may use a cape for the sake of appearance, or to afford increased protection to the shoulders. I may substitute perforations for the single slit at the armpit. I maychoose to make the winter lining adherent to the water-proof lining the winter lining to the body of the wearer.
ing the ventilators open and free,though practieally such will be effected by the movements of the wearer and the ordinary warping and stretching of material. None of these modi- Iications affect the characteristic of the invention, which is the development of an ordinary water-proof garment into a combined storm and winter coat by the addition of a suitable lining and a system'of ventilation'to countervail the presence of an impervious lining between the body of the wearer and the surrounding air.
Having thus described my as follows:
l. As a new article of manufacture, a garinvention, I claim ing elements orparts: abody, sleeves, and co1- lar made ofl any suitable and ordinary fabric, a thin lining made of any suitable and ordithroughout, carrying my ventilators through y openings along the lower edge of the winter f I may use any of the familiar means for keepment containing and-consisting in the follow- IOO nary waterproofed fabric, and also everywhere adherent throughout its inner surface to the inner surfaces of said body, sleeves, and collar, a heavy lining, of any suitable and ordinary fabric, attached in any proper and familiar mode to said Water-proof lining along the edges of said heavy lining, but leaving openings along the bottom edge thereof, a second or under collar of suitable and ordinary water proofed material beneath the usual collar of the garment, openings through the outer fabric and its adherent water-proof lining beneath such under collar, openings through said fabric and lining at the breast of the garment,
covered by an ordinary flap of suitable waterf proof material, and an opening through said fabricand lining at each armpit of the garment, allin the manner h ereinbefore described.
2. As a new article of manufacture, a garment containing and consisting in the following elements or parts: a body,sleeves,and collar made of any suitable and ordinary fabric, a thin lining made of any suitable and ordinarywaterproofed fabric, everywhere adherent throughout its inner surface to the inner surfaces of said body, sleeves, and collar, a heavy lining,of any suitable and ordinary fabric, attached to said water-proof lining along the edges of saidv heavy lining, but leaving openings along the bottom edge thereof, openings through the outer fabric and waterproofed lining at the breast of the garment, covered by an ordinary flap of suitable waterproof material, and an Opening through said fabric and lining at each armpit of the garment, all in the manner hereinbefore described.
3. As a new article of manufacture, a garment containing and consisting in the following elements or parts: body, sleeves, and coll'ar made of any suitable and ordinary fabric, a thin lining, made of any suitable waterproofed fabric, everywhere adherent throughout its inner surfaces to said body, sleeves, and collar, a heavy lining, of any suitable and ordinary fabric, attached to said waterproofed lining along the edges of said heavy lining, but having openings along the bottom edge thereof, and an opening through the outer fab` ric and waterproofed lining at each armpit of -the garment, all inthe manner hereinbeforc v described.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
HENRY C. STEWART, J r., EUGENE F. ROBINSON.