|Publication number||US3552154 A|
|Publication date||Jan 5, 1971|
|Filing date||Apr 14, 1969|
|Priority date||Apr 14, 1969|
|Also published as||DE2017899A1, DE2017899B2|
|Publication number||US 3552154 A, US 3552154A, US-A-3552154, US3552154 A, US3552154A|
|Inventors||Lesley Bascum G|
|Original Assignee||Deering Milliken Res Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (37), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
B. G. I EsLEY KNIT FABRIC I 2 sheets-sheet 1 Jan. 5, 1971V i Filed April 14, 1969 www.
BASCUM G. I ESLEY E* QA TTORNE Jan. 5, 1971 B. G. LEsLEY 3,552,154
' KNIT FABRIC Filed April 14, 1969 2 sheets-sheet 2 5 1 3 i ;r N f- INVENTOR.
BASCUM G. LESLEY United States Patent O 3,552,154 KNIT FABRIC Bascum G. Lesley, Pickens, S.C., assignor to Deering Milliken Research Corporation, Spartanburg, S.C., a corporation of South Carolina Filed Apr. 14, 1969, Ser. No. 815,572 Int. Cl. D04b 23/06 U.S. Cl. 66-192 5 Claims ABSTRACT F THE DISCLOSURE An elastic warp knit fabric comprising a ground construction composed of inelastic threads knitted in a plurality of courses and wales of single thread stitches, and elastic threads inlaid between the wales and extending generally parallel thereto.
This invention relates to a novel textile knit fabric and, more particularly, to a warp knit fabric construction employed in the production of elastic fabrics composed of elastic and inelastic thread components.
Textile warp knit elastic fabrics composed of elastic and inelastic thread components are |widely used in the manufacture of support garments such as girdles, corsets, bras, and the like, as well as outer garments which are designed to closely conform to the body of a wearer. Quite common of such elastic fabrics are the so-called powernet type, i.e., an open mesh or net fabric wherein the inelastic threads are knitted into a ground support construction and the elastic threads are inlaid or formed in stitches therewith to provide an open knit elastic fabric having high stretch recovery in one or more directions, depending upon the disposition of the elastic threads in the fabric. Although such powernet fabrics are widely employed in the production of support garments, they possess certain drawbacks in that their open mesh construction makes them quite transparent, such that portions of the body or undergarments beneath the elastic garments made therefrom are readily visible therethrough.
To avoid undesirable see-through in such garments made from elastic powernet fabrics, it has been a recent practice to provide an elastic knit fabric of solid or opaque construction. These fabrics generally have been formed by knitting in both the elastic and inelastic threads into the fabric construction, with the inelastic threads knitted in a double thread stitch arrangement to facilitate cover and obtain the desired opaqueness necessary to avoid s see-through in garments made therefrom. In such a construction, it can be appreciated that a much greater amount of yarn must be employed than in the powernet types, and this greatly increases the cost of the fabrics. The increased costs are particularly noticeable in the solid knit elastic fabrics in which the elastic threads are knitted into the fabric, rather than being inlaid therein, since elastic yarns are appreciably more expensive than most of the inelastic yarn components employed therein. Such opaque elastic fabric constructions are also of much heavier weight than the powernet type fabrics due to the double thread Stitch arrangement used to provide cover in the fabric.
It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a solid, opaque, warp knitted elastic fabric containing elastic and inelastic threads which is of lightweight construction and is more economical to produce than such elastic knit fabrics of the prior art.
The above as well as other objects of the present invention are accomplished by providing a warp knitted elastic fabric having, in combination, a ground construction composed of a plurality of pairs of inelastic threads, one set of warp threads of the pairs forming stitches in alternate courses and adjacent wales, and the other set forming stitches in alternate courses and non-adjacent wales to produce single-thread stitches throughout the construction, and elastic threads laid in the ground construction generally parallel to and between the wales of the fabric and covered by lap portions of certain of the inelastic threads to effectively hide the elastic threads and prevent undesirable grin-through of the threads in the fabric. The resulting opaque elastic fabric has high stretch recovery and is appreciably more economical to produce than the solid elastic knit fabrics of the prior art, due to the ability to employ much less yarn in the fabrics -both by laying in the elastic yarns in a generally straight line arrangement and utilizing relatively heavy, inexpensive inelastic threads in a single thread stitch disposition to cover and contain the elastic yarns throughout the fabric.
The inelastic ground construction of the warp knitted elastic fabrics of the present invention preferably are knitted by employing separate guide bars for the two inelastic thread sets composing the plurality of pairs of inelastic threads, with each set being fed into the knitting needles from the guide bars so that the thread sets alternate in the formation of stitches in courses to provide single thread stitches throughout the fabric. In addition, one guide bar may be shogged over at least one Wale between the formation of stitches during the knitting operation to produce unknitted thread floats tying non-adjacent wales of the fabric together, as well as providing additional cover in the fabric. By connecting non-adjacent wales in this manner, Vif a thread breaks in the ground construction, the fabric may run but will not readily split apart, as would be thecase if such a single-thread stitch ground construction was knit employing a single guide bar. This fact is especially important and desirable in the production of elastic fabrics for support garments since stresses are constantly exerted on the fabric construction which would part the garment if knit in conventional manner.
By maintaining the elastic threads of the fabric between the wales of the fabric and inlaying the same by Wrapping the lap portions of the stitches formed by one thread set of the thread pairs about the elastic yarns, the inlaid elastic yarns can be effectively covered by the ground construction .With an absence of an undesirable grin-through or showing of the elastic yarns, while still maintaining high stitch recovery with minimum cost.
FIG. 1 illustrates in a stitch loop diagram the fabric of the invention.
FIG. 2 illustrates the fabric of FIG. 1 in a point diagram.
Details of the fabric construction of the present invention will be better explained and more fully understood by reference to the accompanying drawings, FIG. 1 of which shows a loop diagram of a portion of a solid warp knit fabric employing novel features of the present invention, the stitches thereof being opened, in an exaggerated manner, to ybetter show the details of the fabric construction. The actual fabric appearance would be of highly compact, closely knit nature with the inlaid elastic threads being substantially fully hidden from view by the solid, opaque inelastic knitted ground construction of the fabric. The drawing depicts the technical face of a warpknitted fabric 10 which is composed of a plurality of pairs of relatively inelastic threads knitted in a plurality of Wales, three of which I, II, and III, are shown, and courses E, F, G, etc., to form a relatively solid, or opaque, ground construction composed of single thread stitches.
One of the threads of each pair of inelastic threads is designated by the letter A and the other by the letter B, with subnumerals indicating more specifically the Wale in which they are shown to originate.
Disposed between the wales and extending generally parallel thereto are a plurality of elastic threads, two of which C1 and C2 are shown, which are inlaid in the ground construction and provide high stretch recovery in the fabric. The thread sets A, B, and C are preferably knitted from separate guide bars and, as shown, thread set A is knitted on the front guide bar, B on the middle bar, and C inlaid from the back bar of a Warp knitting machine, such as a Raschel type.
To more clearly understand the fabric construction, the paths of one pair of inelastic threads A1, B2 Will be described in detail as illustrative of the paths of other corresponding threads of the respective sets A and B in forming the ground construction. Following thread A1, Which is shown in the drawing to originate in Wale I, the thread forms a generally vertically disposed stitch 30 in course F, shogs or floats across the underside, or technical back, of the fabric across Wale II and forms a vertical stitch 32 in wale III and course H. Thread A1 then floats back across Wale II and forms another stitch 34 in Wale I, and further proceeds to form single thread stitches in alternate courses and non-adjacent Wales throughout the fabric, as shown.
Thread B2 forms a generally horizontal, or inclined, stitch 40 in Wale II and course E. The unknitted or lap portion 42 of the stitch 40 wraps about the elastic thread C1, and the thread B2 thereafter forms a stitch 44 in adjacent Wale I and course G. The unknitted, or lap, portion 46 of stitch 44 Wraps about the elastic thread C1 and thereafter the thread B2 passes back to form a stitch 48 in adjacent Wale II and course I. Thread B2 thereafter continues throughout the fabric alternately forming inclined single thread stitches in adjacent Wales I, II and in alternate courses K, M, O, etc., while the unknitted lap portions of the stitches are Wrapped about the elastic thread C1 to substantially cover and inlay the same between the wales.
The remaining inelastic threads of sets A and B form corresponding thread paths to form single thread stitches throughout the ground construction and provide a fabric having exceptional cover or opacity with minimum yarn consumption. It can be seen that by Wrapping lap portions of one thread of each pair of inelastic threads about the elastic threads between the wales, the elastic threads, which are preferably composed of bare spandex or rubber yarns for economy and maximum stretch recovery, are substantially fully covered by the ground construction so that they are hidden from view to provide a smoother, more aesthetically attractive fabric.
The relatively inelastic threads forming the ground construction of the present invention may be composed of any man-made or natural continuous filament or spun yarns of relatively inelastic nature, While the elastic threads may be composed of rubber, spandex, or other man-made yarns having a high modulus of elasticity or stretch recovery. Typical of the yarns which may be formed into fabrics in accordance with the present invention are the quite popular nylon and Lycra yarns presently Widely used in the production of elastic fabrics for support garments, such as girdles and bras, as Well as outer wear garments closely conforming to the body of the wearer.
As previously stated, the fabric construction of the present invention is preferably knitted on a warp knitting machine having at least three guide bars so that the two inelastic thread sets of the ground construction may be knitted on separate guide bars to permit floating or shogging of one thread set across an intermediate Wale between the formation of stitches and thereby prevent splitting of the fabric in event of a thread break in the construction, while the elastic threads may be inlaid between and generally parallel to the wales of the fabric from a third guide bar to substantially hide the elastic threads from view and provide a relatively smooth surfaced fabric product.
FIG. 2 illustrates one manner of forming the fabric of FIG. l and shows in a point diagram the movement of the thread guide bars about the knitting needles of a warp knitting machine. The individual movements of the front, middle, and back bars of the knitting machine are shown on the left hand side of the diagram by the movement lines 11, 12, and 13, respectively, While their combined movement is shown by like line movements 11', 12', 13 on the right hand side of the point diagram.
In forming the fabric of the drawings, the following bar movement patterns are employed:
Bar 1 (front bar) 4 4, 4 6, 4 4, 2 0 Bar 2 (middle bar) 2 0, 2-2, 2-4, 2 2 Bar 3 (back bar) 0 0, 2-2, 4-4, 2-2
The above patterns are Raschel designations and can be readily converted to Tricot designations by those familar with the art.
From the foregoing detailed discussion and description, it can be seen that the fabrics of the present invention may be employed in the production of elastic garments having exceptional opacity and stretch recovery, With a minimum consumption of both elastic and inelastic yarns in the fabric to provide a highly economical product.
The foregoing drawing and specification have set forth a preferred embodiment of the invention and, although specific terms have been employed, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation, the scope of the invention being limited only by the extent of the following claims.
That which is claimed is:
1. A Warp knitted elastic fabric having, in combination, a knitted ground construction composed of a plurality of pairs of inelastic Warp threads formed into a plurality of Wales and courses composed of single thread stitches, one thread of each of said pairs forming stitches in adjacent wales and alternate courses, the other thread of each of said pairs forming stitches in non-adjacent wales and alternate courses, and a plurality of elastic threads extending between the wales and generally parallel thereto and being inlaid in the ground construction with an inelastic Warp thread of said ground construction wrapped about each of said elastic threads to maintain the same in the ground construction.
2. An elastic fabric as defined in claim 1 wherein lap portions of the stitches of said one thread of each of said pairs of threads is wrapped about said elastic thread to substantially cover and inlay the same in the fabric.
3. An elastic fabric as defined in claim 2 wherein said other thread of each of said pairs of threads has unknitted thread sections extending across at least one Wale between stitches.
4. An elastic fabric as dened in claim 1 wherein the stitches of said one thread of each of said pairs are generally horizontally disposed throughout said fabric, and the stitches of said other thread of each of said pairs of heads are generally vertically disposed throughout the a ric.
5. A Warp knitted elastic fabric as defined in claim 1 wherein said one thread of each of said pairs form said stitches by the bar movement pattern 2 0, 2-2, 2 4, 2 2, said other thread of each of said pairs form said stitches by the bar movement pattern 4 4, 4 6, 4 4, 2 0, and
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 6 Aibel. Aibel. Siciliano. Kemmnitz 66-192 Auville et al. 66--195 RONALD FELDB'UM, Primary Examiner ".7 U.s. C1. X.R.
Cooper ,66-190 English.
TOWD'Send 66-192 66 190 Mendel. lO
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3910075 *||Sep 3, 1974||Oct 7, 1975||Deering Milliken Res Corp||Warp knit elastic fabric|
|US3931721 *||Jul 22, 1974||Jan 13, 1976||Vf Corporation||Warp knitted elastic fabric|
|US4064712 *||Jan 21, 1977||Dec 27, 1977||E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company||Warp knit product and process|
|US4240160 *||Dec 26, 1978||Dec 23, 1980||Burlington Industries Inc.||Cut and sewn surgical stockings|
|US4802346 *||Dec 21, 1987||Feb 7, 1989||E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company||Method of warp knitting|
|US5029457 *||May 30, 1990||Jul 9, 1991||E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company||Method of warp knitting|
|US5250351 *||Jul 1, 1992||Oct 5, 1993||Asahi Kasei Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Elastic warp knitted fabric and method of manufacturing same|
|US5522240 *||Aug 15, 1994||Jun 4, 1996||Matrex Furniture Components, Inc.||Furniture elastic webbing and method|
|US6082148 *||Mar 10, 1999||Jul 4, 2000||Ykk Corporation||Warp-knit tape for slide fastener|
|US7398570||Oct 2, 2006||Jul 15, 2008||Louisville Bedding Company||Mattress cover with fit enhancing composite end panels|
|US7533423 *||Aug 5, 2005||May 19, 2009||Fun In The Saddle, Inc.||Equestrian riding breeches garment and method for its manufacture|
|US7555922 *||Jul 3, 2006||Jul 7, 2009||EFA Holdings, LLC||Elastic fabric|
|US7846145||Nov 8, 2005||Dec 7, 2010||Rusl, Llc||Body conforming textile holder and absorbent article|
|US7878528||Jul 21, 2008||Feb 1, 2011||Lisa Dräxlmaier GmbH||Knitted fabric comprising inlaid yarns for airbag flap|
|US7966847 *||Mar 13, 2009||Jun 28, 2011||Atex Technologies, Inc.||Elongation resistant fabric and devices|
|US8099794||Dec 19, 2005||Jan 24, 2012||Rusl, Llc||Body conforming textile holder for electronic device|
|US8146176||Jan 14, 2009||Apr 3, 2012||Fun In The Saddle, Inc.||Equestrian riding breeches garment and method for its manufacture|
|US8454570||Dec 23, 2010||Jun 4, 2013||Rusl, Llc||System comprising thong-shaped holder and absorbent article|
|US9204953 *||Apr 18, 2011||Dec 8, 2015||Allergan, Inc.||Biocompatible surgical scaffold with varying stretch|
|US9204954 *||Apr 25, 2011||Dec 8, 2015||Allergan, Inc.||Knitted scaffold with diagonal yarn|
|US9308070||Aug 18, 2014||Apr 12, 2016||Allergan, Inc.||Pliable silk medical device|
|US9326840 *||Apr 18, 2011||May 3, 2016||Allergan, Inc.||Prosthetic device and method of manufacturing the same|
|US20060230488 *||Aug 5, 2005||Oct 19, 2006||Sheryl Rudolph||Equestrian riding breeches garment and method for its manufacture|
|US20070102461 *||Nov 8, 2005||May 10, 2007||Carstens Jerry E||Body conforming textile holder for article|
|US20070106242 *||Nov 8, 2005||May 10, 2007||Carstens Jerry E||Body conforming textile holder and absorbent article|
|US20070106350 *||Nov 8, 2005||May 10, 2007||Carstens Jerry E||Body conforming textile holder and thermal article|
|US20070139875 *||Dec 19, 2005||Jun 21, 2007||Carstens Jerry E||Body conforming textile holder for electronic device|
|US20080078029 *||Oct 2, 2006||Apr 3, 2008||Louisville Bedding Company, Inc.||Mattress cover with fit enhancing composite end panels|
|US20080202665 *||May 9, 2008||Aug 28, 2008||Louisville Bedding Company, Inc||Method of imparting mattress gripping stretchability to a mattress cover|
|US20090026740 *||Jul 21, 2008||Jan 29, 2009||Lisa Draexlmaier Gmbh||Knitted fabric comprising inlaid yarns for airbag flap|
|US20090126069 *||Jan 14, 2009||May 21, 2009||Fun In The Saddle, Inc.||Equestrian riding breeches garment and method for its manufacture|
|US20090240103 *||Mar 13, 2009||Sep 24, 2009||Stephanie Booz Norris||Elongation Resistant Fabric and Devices|
|US20110092945 *||Dec 23, 2010||Apr 21, 2011||Jerry Edward Carstens||System comprising thong-shaped holder and absorbent article|
|US20110224703 *||Apr 25, 2011||Sep 15, 2011||Allergan, Inc.||Prosthetic device having diagonal yarns and method of manufacturing the same|
|US20110257665 *||Apr 18, 2011||Oct 20, 2011||Allergan, Inc.||Prosthetic device and method of manufacturing the same|
|US20110257761 *||Apr 18, 2011||Oct 20, 2011||Allergan, Inc.||Prosthetic device having regions of varying stretch and method of manufacturing the same|
|US20120029537 *||Nov 9, 2009||Feb 2, 2012||Enrico Mortarino||Prosthetic device and method of manufacturing the same|
|U.S. Classification||66/192, 66/190|
|International Classification||D04B21/14, D04B21/18|