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Publication numberUS3552258 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 5, 1971
Filing dateJul 20, 1965
Priority dateJul 20, 1965
Publication numberUS 3552258 A, US 3552258A, US-A-3552258, US3552258 A, US3552258A
InventorsWarner Clifford C
Original AssigneeWarner Clifford C
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bolt anchors
US 3552258 A
Abstract  available in
Images(4)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent 1 13,ss2,2ss

[ 72] inventor Clifford C. Wamer FOREIGN PATENTS Albion Dem", 80220 371.242 9/1963 Switzerland 85/63 12 1 Appl- No 477345 206,202 12/1954 Australia 85/79 1 21 Filed y 2 3 1,056,363 10/1953 France 85/79 Patente an. 1 I 1 Continuation-impart of application Ser. No. OTHER REFERENCES 1 298,922,July 31, 1963, now abandoned. Camset Publicatlon dated 1964 copy already In applicat1on with paper No. 25

Primary Examiner-Marion Parsons, Jr. [5 1 BOLT ANCHORS Anorney- Van Valkenburgh and Lowe 11 Claims, 20 Drawing Figs. [52} US. Cl 85/66, ABSTRACT: An andmr d i f attachment i hi a 85/79 borehole in rock or the like comprising: a cylindrical member [51] Int. Cl Fl6b 13/10 adapted to be received in said hole; at least one longitudinal Field of Search /79, 3, Slot in said cylindrical member and a cam Surface associated 79; 285N041 with said slot; rock gripping means within said slot having a bitin ed e and a curved surface, generally opposite said bit- [56] References cued ing e ige. in engagement with said cam surface and both mova- UNITED STATES PATENTS ble and rollable along said cam surface, and means within said 3, 8 H1 9 Gru el al 85/3 slot for activating said rock gripping means, so that at least a 571,279 1 H1896 McKain 85/79 portion of said rock gripping means, as it pivots, including said 843,271 2/1907 Hanlon 85/66 biting edge, is forced out of said slot and into the sides of said 1.407999 2/1922 Harris 85/79 borehole in securing said device in said borehole, said activat- 1,928.821 10/1933 Santiago. 285/105 ing means being resilient and compressible by said rock 2,473,046 6/1949 Adams 285/104 gripping means as said member is moved into said borehole 2,508,914 5/1950 Graham... 285/105 and such compression tending to cause said bitingedge to 2,560.525 7/ 1951 Nyl 85/79 moveinto said rock to assist said rock gripping means to be 3,107,569 10/1963 Lerick 85/79 moved into said rock by moving along and turning on said cam 414,092 10/1889 Thurmond et a1. 85/79 surface.

5s 67 68 52 5s 63 e1 cs5v a 48 eo PATENTEU JAN 5 I97! SHEET 1 (IF '4 INVENTOP fford C. Warner Fig. 5

A TTORNEYS PATENTEU JAN 5197! $552,258

SHEET 2 OF 4 INVENTOR. CL/FFORD C. WARNER Z M WWWJ 130% ATTORNEYS I PATENTED JAN 51971 3552.258

SHEET '3 OF 4 I 44 R 58 3637 43 Bu Fig. /0

INVENTOR. Clifford C. Warner ywym zwfifl A TTORNE YS BOLT ANCI-IORS This application is a continuation-in-part of my prior application Ser. No. 298,922, filed Jul. 31, 1963, now abandoned.

This invention relates to bolt anchors, and more particularly to rock bolt anchors and integral bolt anchors for use in concrete, shale, hard rock or similar type of material.

In recent years, it has been the practice in the mining industry to attach steel plates to the walls and roofs of mine tunnels, stopes, drifts, etc., by means of anchor bolts to eliminate the necessity of timbering. This is done by drilling through the loose rock into solid rock so that one end of an anchor bolt may be imbedded in the solid rock and a steel plate held against the loose rock by the outer end of the bolt. Therefore, it is sometimes necessary to drill a hole many feet deep before solid rock is reached which is suitable for anchoring the bolt, These holes may be feet 'or more in depth. Thus, the problem is encountered of inserting'an anchor into a deep hole and then expanding it so thatit islocked in the hole to securely fasten the end of the bolt in the rock. Also, a mat of rod or cable may be used to hold loose rock and it may be necessary to pull the mat toward the solid rock for several inches to a foot or more before the loose rock is sufficiently tight. This requires that the bolt beable to move through the anchor for the distance necessary to tighten the mat and that hole, rather than at the end or bottom. Thedifficulty of providing such an anchor is increasedbecause the bolt, in someinstallations, will be under a tension of several thousand pounds. Various types of bolt anchors and integral bolt anchors have'been developed, but none have been entirely satisfactory; Some of these devices rely on springs to actuate wedges, but the springs do not always function properly and such anchors are not reliable. Other devices are so complicated as to make their price prohibitive.

For construction purposes, a short anchor which is readily installed in and will provide an effective anchor in somewhat softer material, such as concrete, is desirable. The extent of penetration of a wedge or the like i'nto concrete is normally greater than into hard rock, which introduces the problem of adequate bearing area. Also, in certain operations, it is desired to install a bolt anchor in a hole in soft rock, such as shale, which requires that the area of the portion of the anchor extending into the soft rock be considerable.

Among the objects of this invention are to provide a novel rock bolt anchor; toprovide such a rock bolt anchor which utilizes one or more outwardly rotatable wedges or cams for anchoring the bolt in rock or concrete; to provide such a rock bolt anchor, in one embodiment, wherein a single cam has wings, each adapted to slide up an inclined plane to engage the rock; to provide such a rock bolt anchor in which the bolt may be turned through the anchor for several inches to a foot or more, if desired; to provide such a rock bolt anchor, in other embodiments, wherein a plurality of cams are adapted to roll up an inclined plane to engage the rock; to provide such a wardly into the rock as they move-along a cam surface; to provide such an integral bolt anchor in which the rollers are urged along the cam surfaces by a resilient block; to provide such an integral bolt anchor which may be provided with rollers of varying sizes; and to provide such integral bolt anchors provided with a flexible wrapper to hold the parts in place before use.

Additional objects and the novel features will become apparent from the description which follows, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a top plan view of a hard rock bolt anchor of this invention, particularly adapted to be tightened over a considerable distance;

FIG. 2 is a longitudinal section, taken along line 2-2 of FIG. 1, showing the. position of a cam wedge and a paper wrapper holding the wedge in place, priorto use, the wrapper being shown in dotted lines in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the cam of the rock bolt anchor of FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a side elevation, partly in longitudinal section similar to FIG. 2, but showing the bolt in position in a borehole in rock, with the cam wedge initially biting into the rock, the wrapper being slipped off the anchor as the anchor is slipped into the hole;

FIG. 5 is a longitudinal section, similar to FIG. 4, but showing the bolt position in the borehole in rock, and the cam wedge forced into the rock, with a resilient plug, as in the form of a ball, shown in dotted lines after passage out of the anchor;

FIG. 6 is a top plan view of an integral rock bolt anchor of this invention, particularly adapted for use in softer rock;

FIG. 7 is a longitudinal section, taken along line 7-7 of FIG. 6, showing wedges in closed position with a rubber block compressed, the parts being held in place by a wrapper;

FIG. 8 is a longitudinal section, similar to FIG. 7, but showing the bolt in a hole in a softer rock or concrete wall, with the rock bolt anchor wherein a pair of cams move outwardly in opposite directions into the rocker concrete; to provide such a rock bolt anchor wherein a pair of cams or wedges roll against each other as the move outwardly; to provide such a rock bolt anchor wherein the pair of wedges pivot within a slot in a sleeve; to provide such a rock bolt anchor having cam means for forcing the wedges apart as a bolt is tightened into the anchor; to provide such a bolt anchorwhich is capable of expansion up to double its size; to provide such a bolt anchor having a wrapper to hold the parts in place before use; to provide, in an alternative embodiment, an integral bolt anchor; to provide such an integral bolt anchor having wedges which are pivoted outwardly into the rock by rollers which move outwedges partially open, the wrapper being removed when the anchor is inserted in the hole;

FIG. 9 is a longitudinal section, similar to FIG. 8, but showing the wedges fully extended.

FIG. 10. is a longitudinal section of an alternative, integral blot anchor which is of smaller size and utilizes a rolling cam, being particularly adapted for use in concrete;

FIG. 11 is a transverse section, on an enlarged scale and taken along line 11-11 of FIG. 10;

FIG. 12. is a transverse section, on an enlarged scale and taken along line 12-12 of FIG. 10;

FIG. 13 is a longitudinal section, similar to FIG. 10, but showing the integral bolt anchor in position in a hole in a concrete wall, with the cam biting into the concrete;

FIG. 14 is a longitudinal section, similar to FIG. 13, but showing the cam forced further into the concrete;

FIG. 15 is a transverse section, taken along line 15-15 of FIG. 14;

FIG. 16 is a top plan view of a further alternative bolt anchor, particularly adapted for use in hard rock;

FIG. 17 is a longitudinal section, taken along line 17-17 of FIG. 16, showing also a paper wrapper which holds the parts in place prior to use;

FIG. 18 is a perspective view, on an enlarged scale, of the cam of the bolt anchor of FIG. 16;

FIG. 19 is a longitudinal section, similar to FIG. 17, but showing the rock bolt anchor in position in a hole in rock, with the cam biting into the rock; and

FIG. 20 is a longitudinal section similar to FIG. 19, but showing the cam forced outwardly further into the rock.

In accordance with this invention, a rock bolt anchor is provided, as in FIGS. 1-5, which includes a cylinder C adapted to receive a cam wedge W having wings 10 and 11 for sliding movement along laterally rounded, longitudinal cam edges 12 and 13 of an opening into a bore 14 of cylinder C. The outer end 15 of bore 14 is provided with threads, as shown, which engage threads 16 of a bolt 17 having a head 18, such as hexagonal, while the outer end 19 of the bore need not be threaded but has a larger'diameter than theinner end, such bolt 17 of FIGS. 1 and 2, which, of course, may otherwise be several feet in length, as on the order of up to 15 feet, but when the bolt is to be tightened for a considerable distance, in order to draw a mat against loose rock, for.instance, the threads may extend for several feet, as in the caseof threads 16' of bolt 17' of FIGS. 4 AND 5.

Cam wedge W is also provided with flat sides 21, and 22, extending from the inner end of wings l and ll, respectively, and spaced apart adistance slightly less than the distance between cam edges 12 and l3, so that the inner end of cam wedge ,W may be deflected into the bore. Top 23 of cam wedge W and the outer surfaces of wings and 11 are laterally arcuate to correspond to the outer diameter of sleeve {8, while the underside 24 of each wing ,10 and 11 as in FlG. 3, .islaterally concave to correspond to the lateral convexity of cam edges 12 and 13, to prevent cam wedge .W from twisting as it rides up onto cam edges 12 and 13. The front face 25 thereof is inclined downwardly and forwardly, :so that a I dihedral angle will be formed at the biting edge 26, since a square corner may tend to break off under extreme pressure, The depth of wings l0 and 11 is such that the outer surface of the cam wedge will form a circle with the outer surface of sleeve S, when the wings rest in the lowest point of cam edges 12 and 13, asin FIGS. 1 and 2, while ball ispreferably slightly greater in diameter than the bolt andwill be compressed by the cam wedge W. The underside 27 of thelatter is transversely concave and slopes upwardly from front to rear, for a purpose described later.

Prior-to installation, the cylinder C is enclosed by a cylindrical wrapper sleeve ,28, conveniently formed of cardboard, which holds the'parts in the positionof FIG. ,2 and is slipped onto or removed from the cylinder C in the direction of arrow 29, since the inside of wrapper sleeve 28 will slip along .the outer surface ofcam wedge'W and past biting edge 26, causing the cam'wedge to compress ball 20. Thus,.wrapper can slip over the'biting edge 26 if moved in'the direction ofarrow 29,-but if moved in the reverse direction, ie in the direction of dotted arrow 30, the biting edge 26 will'bite into the inside ofzthe wrapper, through the pressure of ball 20 and will cause the inner edge of cam wedge W to tip into ,the bore 14,

preventing further movement of the wrapper. This action of I the wrapper illustrates what happens when the bolt anchoris cam wedge W further into the rock, so that furtl'rer tightening of the bolt will draw the mat toward the solid rocklrather than tighten the anchor."Normally, a relatively short moverrl ent of cylinder C will suffice to lock the anchor sot hal ajrnat oi the like-will begin to be tightened, withmalletfigmen ng rihe bolt causing movementof the mat pr plategor movement of "the cylinder-C, or both, with theQfinaI-i'estiltthat ,the cam wedge W will be pushed laterally greater force is nece ssaryito move cylinder Cjn the holethanto tighten the rn'zit. When a mator thelike isrmoved severalnches}ihe-bolt 17' of FIG. Swill pushxthe ball ltlthrough end 311?: of the bore, as to the dotted position of FIG. 5 rid beyond,;the ball being followedby the inner end' of th efbolt, As thelball; is pushed past thecam wedge W, the outer surfa'e e of'the cam edge cannot become parallel tothe bore, sincethe taper between top 23 and underside,24, accommodates movementof the ball,-while as cam edges'lZ and 13 slide under wings l0 and 11, respectively, the cam wedge .W is pushed further out into the rock. Thus,the.ca m wedge will always be tippedinto .the rock.

Since as cam wedge-W, is moved into the rock, the reaction is on the opposite side of cylinder C, the latter may, on the underside and at the'inner end, beprovided with ttansverse serrations or ,teeth 33lfor gripping the rock in that area, particularly as .the cam wedge approachesa positio'n furtherto the rear ofthe cylinder; r v

An alternative embodiment is shownin FIGS. e 9,,wh e rein an integral bolt anchor B is provided for use in a hole of the same size as thebolt, such as hole 46 in a rock wall] 47 of FlGS. 8.and;9. Bolt B has-threads 48 at one end for receiving a put}? for attaching a metal plate, such as platesSO offlGSQB'and 9. to .wall 47, as is more-fully described below, and a slot-'51. ad- .jacent the other end which is adapted to receive camyv edges 52 and 53 Cam -wedges 52and53 are provided witht'cur-ved inner surfaces 54 and 55, respeetively, which engage and roll against each other during extension of the wedges. The wedges also have flat outer surfaces 56 and 157; respectively, and rounded rearends 58 and 59 which are adapted to slide against the curved surface'60 at the end of slot 511 during expansion. The opposite ends'of cams 5-2Jahd 53 aie forjeed into the rock by rollers 61 and '62 which may'have smooth surfaces or be'knurled and are urged outwardly along-caln surfaces 63 r and 64, respectivelyfby a resilient block 65, as of latexrubber,

installed. Thus, when the bolt anchor is installed, the wrapper 28 is slipped off sleeve 5 and onto the bolt as the anchor is inserted in a borehole ,31 in rock ,32, which borehole has a diameter slightly in excess of cylinder C. The bolt 17 or 17' is sufficiently long that cylinder C may be pushed into the hole until head 18 of the bolt engages the hole collar or the plate, mat or other part to be held in position. As in the case of wrapper-sleeve 28, the anchor may be pushed inwardly in the hole as far as desired, since although ball 20 will push cam wedge W against the inside of the hole, the cam wedge will readily slide along the inside of the hole, in a position corresponding to FIG. 2. When the desired position is reached, tightening of the bolt is begun, as by turning head 18 with an appropriate wrench, but as soon as a slight return movement is imparted to cylinder C, biting edge 26 will engage the rock and the inner end of cam wedge W will deflect into bore 14, as in FIG. 4. Continued tightening of the bolt will move the cylinder C outwardly in the hole, with ball 20 being pushed inwardly in the cylinder and being compressed by the cam wedge W. As long as cylinder C is moved in the hole, cam edges 12 and 13 will slide under Wings 10 and 11, respectively, forcing cam wedge W outwardly into the rock, with increasing resistance to movement of cylinder C, as to the position of FIG. 5. Of course. if a mat or the like is being pulled against loose rock, the anchor bolt will usually reach a point of equilibrium where the force necessary to draw the mat toward the solid rock will be less than the force necessary to force at the inner endof slot15 l. Conveniently, block has a central transverse slot 66 to facilitate displacement thereof, although this slot isinot absolutely necessany. it will be ,evident that -other resilient ,material, such as plastic or spring metal may be used, but rubber has been found to be the most satisfactory. v i I e ;Prior to .use,t he parts are held in place, as shown in FIG. 7, by a paper or cellophane wrapper 67. Thus, integral bolt anchor B, together with wrapper 67 maybe inserted in hole 46 drilled in rock 47 and nut'49 tightened against plate '50, While wrapper 67 is tight-enough to hold .the parts in place, it is loose enough to allow rubber block 65 to push rollers 61 and against the sides of the hole, Also, when the bolt is driven in the hole, most of the wrapper will be torn off by the sides'of the hole. Of course, the sides of the hole will contain the rollers 'after the bolt is inserted therein. Thus, the'integral bolt anchor can be inserted in the hole without diffieulty, because the sides of the hole will merely force rollers 61 and 62 into rubberblock 65. However, as nut 49 continues to be tightened and bolt'B tends to be pulled back out of the hole, rbllers 6i and 62 will be forced outwardly along cam surfaces63 and '64 by rubber block 65, so that they engage the side s'o'f the hole, as in H0. 8, forcing the ends of wedges 5 2 and33 out into the rock also. The only purpose of the rollers is to activate the wedges. Therefore, once the ends of the wedges move outwardly beyond the rollers, th e rollers become inactive and .no

longer perform any function. Initially, however, they serve as a the wedges to prevent jamming. It will be understood that, if bolt B is to be used in rock having a wide variance in compressive strength, wedges 52 and 53 may be provided with interengaging gear teeth, so that simultaneous movement of the wedges will be assured. I 1

Once rounded. ends 58 and 59 come together, they become the fulcrum for'the wedges, so that a large mechanical advantage is obtained as nut 49 continues to be tightened against plate 50, forcing the ends of the wedges into the rock. If the rock is relatively soft, theoretically the nut may be tightened until the wedges are-perpendicular to the axis of bolt B, as in FIG. 9, so that notches 68 and 69 engage the ends of curved surface 60, as shown. When the wedges 52 and 53 reach the position of FIG.9, the front surfaces thereof will provide a maximum bearing area against the anchor pulling out of the softer rock, while the area of flat surfaces 56 and 57 will also bear against the rock to prevent the wedges from rotating from the perpendicular position shown.

An alternative embodiment, particularly adapted for use in concrete. is shown in FIGS. l015, wherein a smaller integral bolt anchor B" is provided at its inner-end with a slot 35 having a curved base, as shown, the outer end being provided with threads 70. A cam roller R has a biting edge 36, with a planar surface 37 extending therefrom at one side and a concave surface 38 at the opposite side, a generally. arcuate surface 39 adjoining planar surface 37 and a convex knob 40, such as generally semicircular, merging with concave surface 38, with a notch 41 between knob 40 and surface 39, which may be filled, if desired, to provide a flat area. Cam roller R is located in slot 35, with biting edge 36 and the adjacent portion of cam roller R initially extending above bolt B" and held in place, prior to installation, by a breakable wrapper 42, as in FIG. 11 conveniently formed oftape provided with an adhesive on one side. An elongated, generally triangular, resilient block 43, as of rubber, is placed at the outer end of slot 35 and may be held in place by crimps 44 on opposite sides and at the edges of slot 35, as in FIG. 12. Upon insertionofbolt B in a hole 74 in concrete 73, as by tapping, the exposed surface of cam roller R will cause the cam roller to be tipped into slot, breakingthe tape and providing sufficient pressure to force it downwardly and forwardly into slot 35 and against block 43 to compress the block, but without edge 36 biting into the concrete Upon tightening nut 71 on threads 71), as against an angle 45 or other part to be attached to the concrete wall, thereby reversing the direction of movement of the bolt, the biting edge 36 of cam roller R will be urgedinto the concrete by the pressure of block 43, as in FIG. 13. Further tightening of nut 71 will cause cam roller R to rock onto the base of the slot, with the surfaces on opposite sides of notch 41 engaging the slot base. The cam roller R may then slide upwardly along the base of the slot, in such position, or may roll further up the incline of slot 35, as to the position of FIG. 14 depending upon the ease with which the cam ro'ller'is forced into the concrete. Thus, if biting edge 36 encounters a harder and larger piece of aggregate in the concrete, requiring a greater force to push the cam roller into it, a sliding action is more likely, while if biting edge 36 engages smaller pieces of aggregate or a space between two harder and larger pieces of aggregate, the rolling action is more likely, the latter being more likely during normal use. Further rotation of cam roller, R, from the position of FIG. 14, will be hindered by the concave surface 38. Thus, an integral anchor bolt is provided which is of simple construction but can expand to about twice its original diameter, as in FIG. 15.

The embodiment of FIGS. 16-20 is particularly adapted to be used as a roof bolt anchor in softer rock and is similar in many respects to the concrete bolt anchor of FIGS. -15 but is larger in size and includes a cylinder.C having a slot 85 provided with a base which is inclined downwardly from the rear toward the front and communicating with a threaded bore 86 adapted to receive the threads 16 of a bolt 17 having a head 18, similar to the bolt of FIG. '1'. The cam roller R is similar to the cam roller R of FIGLIO; except for size, being shown in FIG. 18 in a position reversed from that of FIGS. 21, 23 and 24 for clarity of illustration. Thus, as in FIG. 18, cam roller R is provided with a biting edge 36, a planar surface 37, a concave surface 38, an arcuate surface 39, a knob 40 and a notch 41. In this instance, the resilient block is a cylindrical plug 87 adapted to be compressed into bore 86 to retain it in place initially. Cylinder C may also be provided with transverse serrations 33 at the inner end on the side opposite slot 85, for the same purpose as serrations 33 of FIG. 2. Cam roller R may also be held in place, for transportation and handling, by a sleeve 28 of cardboard or the like, which may be slipped onto cylinder C from the inner end and off at the outer end, onto bolt 17, in the same manner as sleeve 28 of FIG. 2. Plug 87 has a length such that cam roller R will extend beyond the periphery of cylinder C, unless forced down into slot 85 to compress the plug, while sleeve 28' is conveniently slipped off onto bolt 17 as cylinder C is slipped into a borehole 31' in rock 32. When cylinder C reaches the desired position, and bolt 17 is initially turned, the pressure of plug 87 will cause biting edge 36 to bite into the rock, as in FIG. 19. Tightening of bolt 17, as against a plate 88 to be held against the rock, as of the roof of a tunnel, will compress plug 87 against cam roller R and withdraw cylinder C' causing cam roller R to roll about arcuate surface 39 until knob 40 engages the base of slot 85, as in FIG. 20. In slightly harder rock, the device will be anchored securely in this position, but if the resistance to turning of bolt 17 indicates that cam roller R should be forced further into the rock, such as softer rock, the bolt 17 may be further tightened. Depending upon the resistance of the rock to penetration by the cam roller R, the cam roller will, from the position of FIG. 20, either slide up the inclined base of slot 85, retaining the relative position of FIG. 24, or will rock about knob 40 and rotate further into the rock, as to a position corresponding to the position of cam roller R in FIG. 14. As will be evident, this embodiment provides a rock bolt anchor which will accommodate various degrees of hardness of the rock and can be expanded to correspond thereto.

Although several embodiments of this invention have been illustrated and described, it will be understood that other embodiments may exist, that various features of one embodiment may be incorporated in other embodiments and that various changes may be made in each embodiment, without departing from the spirit and scope of this invention.

Iclaim: 1. An anchor device for attachment within a borehole in rock or the like comprising:

a cylindrical member adapted to be received in said hole. at least one longitudinal slot in said cylindrical member and a cam surface associated with said slot; rock gripping means within said slot, having a biting edge and a curved surface, generally opposite said biting edge, in engagement with said cam surface and both movable and rollable along said cam surface; means within said slot for activating said rock gripping means, so that at least a portion of said rock gripping means, as it pivots, including said biting edge, is forced out of said slot and into the sides of said borehole in securing said device in said borehole, said activating means being resilient and compressible by said rock gripping means as said member is moved into said borehole; and such compression tending to cause said biting edge to move into said rock to assist said rock gripping means to be moved into said rock by moving along and turning on said cam surface. 2. An anchor device, as set forth in claim 1, wherein said rock gripping means is provided with a wing at each side having a curved surface and a cam surface is located at each side of said slot in position for engagement with said curved surface of the corresponding wing said slot,

3. -An anchor device, as set forth in claim I, wherein said slot is covered with a wrapperfor holding said rock gripping means within said slot before insertion of said device into said hole.

4. An anchor device, as set forth in claim I, wherein:

. normally aligned with the outer surface of said member;

and 7 said cam surface is formed at the inner end of said slot for engagement by a curved end of each said wedge opposite said biting edge.

5. An anchor device, as set forth in claim 1, wherein:

said cam surface associated with said slot comprises an inclined edge at each side of said slot; and

said rock gripping means comprises a can wedge disposed in said slot and having a wing at each side engaging the respective inclined edge.

6. An anchor device as set forth in claim 5,wherein said resilient means is a ball formed of rubber-like material.

7. A anchor device, as set forth in claim 5, wherein the inside of said cam wedge is softer arcuate.

a cylindrical top having a lateral curvature corresponding to that of said member, the outer surface of said wings being a continuation of said top;

a transverse front face inclined at an angle away from a perpendicular to said top; 1

a transversely arcuate underside longitudinally inclined towards said top in a direction away from said front face; and

.the underside of each wing is transversely concave to fit against transversely convex surfaces of said inclined edges.

10. A bolt anchor adapted for use within a borehole in a rock or concrete wall, comprising:

a cylindrical member having a longitudinal slot extending from a point at least adjacent the inner 'end toward the opposite end, said slot having a base inclined from said inner end to a greater depth at a point spaced therefrom;

8 "a cam roller withinsaid slot having a transverse biting edge and a generally arcuate convex surface opposite said 'biting edge adapted to roll along said ihclined base of "said slot; said cam roller having a concave surfac'e'on one sideof said biting edge anda planar surface-oh the opposite side of said biting edge, said generally arcuate surface' adjoinin'g said planar surface; V It -:1. said cam roller also having agenerally semicircular-Arno!) havinga radius less thansaid generally arcuate surface. said knob merging'at one side with said cohcave surface and at the other side forming iLfi'lOlCh adjoining ,said

generally arcuate surface; r, t resilient means in the deeper portion of aid slot which is compressed by said cam roller uponmovement ofsaid member into said borehole and which causessaid biting edge to engage said rock whenever said membe r is moved outwardly said borehole; and v 1 means for moving said member outwardly in saidiborehole.

11. An integral .bolt anchoradapted for use within a hole in a concrete wall, comprising:

a bolt threaded-at its outer end for receiving a nut and having a longitudinal slot adjacent the inner end thereof, said slot having aconcavebase;

a cam roller adapted to roll along said base and having a generally arcuate convex surface resting at one point on said inclined base, a planar surface at the front and above said generally arcuate surface, a concave surface'on the top and a generally semicircular knob at the upperrear having a lesser radius than said genera'llyarcuate surface, said planar. surface and said concave surface intersecting at a front upperbiting ed eand said knob forming a notch on the underside at t 6 rear edge of said generally arcuate surface; and z s t u a resilient block having a generally triangular s'hapewiththe larger end abutting said cam roller in said slot and .being compressed by saidcam roller as said bolt is moved into said hole and causing sa'id biting'edge to bite into the concrete when said boltis moved outwardly in said hole, said generally arcuate surface rolling along saidvslotbase as said bolt is moved further outwardly in said hole until said knob also engages said base. i a

UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3, 552, 258 Dated January 5 1971 Inventor) Clifford C. Warner It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 2, line 42 "blot" should read bolt Column 7 line 13, "can" should read cam line 19, "softer" should read transversely Signed and sealed this 25th day of May 1971 (SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M.FLETCHER,JR. WILLIAM E. SCHUYLER, J Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patent l FORM F'O-1050 (10-69) USCOMM-DC 5037s.

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Non-Patent Citations
Reference
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3990343 *Aug 7, 1975Nov 9, 1976Uniroyal Inc.Rivets for securing end connectors to conveyor belts
US4270434 *Nov 17, 1978Jun 2, 1981Tuflex AgStraddling dowel
US4764065 *May 6, 1987Aug 16, 1988Johnson Carl DWall anchor
US5527023 *Jul 8, 1994Jun 18, 1996Monogram Aerospace FastenersAlignment device with radially expandable tube
US7497053 *Sep 27, 2004Mar 3, 2009Nicolet AndreSystem for fixing an object in the ground by means of a peg
DE2721768A1 *May 13, 1977Dec 1, 1977Mechanical Plastics CorpBefestigungselement
Classifications
U.S. Classification411/21
International ClassificationF16B13/04, F16B13/08
Cooperative ClassificationF16B13/0891
European ClassificationF16B13/08W