Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS3552595 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 5, 1971
Filing dateFeb 19, 1969
Priority dateFeb 19, 1969
Publication numberUS 3552595 A, US 3552595A, US-A-3552595, US3552595 A, US3552595A
InventorsBrickson William L, Gerner George Loyd
Original AssigneeGerner George Loyd, Brickson William L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
A one-piece foldable protective container for articles
US 3552595 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] Inventors George Loyd Gerner 121 Blairsalen Ave., Carmel. Ind. 46032; William L. Brickson, 4363 Monitor Dr., Indianapolis, Ind. 46220 [211 App]. No. 800,401 [22] Filed Feb. 19, 1969 [45] Patented Jan. 5, 1971 [54] A ONE-PIECE FOLDABLE PROTECTIVE CONTAINER FOR ARTICLES 10 Claims, 7 Drawing Figs.

[52] U.S. Cl 220/16, 206/42: 220/31. 220/60: 229/25 [51] Int..Cl B65d 25/00 [50] Field of Search 220/16, 42E; 206/42, 45.19; 229/25; 220/31SR, 60; 217/26.5

[56] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,843,543 2/1932 DeReamer 217/26.5X 2,798,631 7/1957 Engel 220/42(E)X 3,356,277 12/1967 l-Iohnjec. 229/25 3,381,873 5/1968 l-lirota 229/2.5

Assistant Examiner.lames R. Garrett Atl0rney-Barthel & Bugbee ABSTRACT: Four panels, preferably of resilient synthetic sheet plastic material, are hingedly connected to one another along successive edges thereof. The two inner panels are hinged to each other and provided with aligned pairs of article-receiving recessed portions facing one another, the recesses of each inner panel being spaced laterally apart from each other and from the edges of that panel. The outer panels are hinged to remaining edges of the inner panels and are dished to fold into margin-to-margin engagement with the inner panels so as to completely enclose the folded inner panels but to remain spaced away from the walls of the recessed portions thereof. In one form of the invention (FIGS. 1 to 4) the hinged connections between the various panels are along mutually parallel edges of the panels. In a modification thereof (FIGS. 5 to 7), the hinged connections between the outer and inner panels are along edges which are perpendicular to the hinged connection between the inner panels.

PAT-ENTEMM sun 3.552.595

SHEEI 1 OF 2 INVENTORS GEORGE LOYD GERNER WILLIAM L. BRICKSON BYYQWQK- ATTORNEYS PATENTEU JAN 5m SHEET 2 UF 2 GEORGE LQYD GERNER N EYS WILLIAM L. BRICKSON A ONE-PIECE FOLDABLE PROTECTIVE CONTAINER FOR ARTICLES curved arrows showing the direction in which the various panels are folded toward one another;

FIG. 2 is an end elevation of the package of FIG. 1 in its folded condition; a

FIG. 3 is a horizontal section, upon an enlarged scale, taken along the line 3-3 in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary end elevation of the lower portion of FIG. 2, showing the interlocked connection between the outer panels;

FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a rriodified protective package of the present invention in its unfolded position, with curved arrows showing the direction in which the various panels are folded toward one another; 1

FIG. 6 is a side elevation of the modified package of FIG. 5 in its folded condition; and

FIG. 7 is a vertical cross section taken along the line 7-7 in FIG. 6.

Referring to the drawings in detail, FIGS. 1, 2 and 3 show a one-piece folding protective package for fragile articles, generally designated 10, according to one form of the invention as consisting generally of four panels 14, 16, 18 and 20, preferably formed of resilient synthetic sheet plastic material. The outer sections or cover sections or panels 14 and 20 have hinged connections at 22 and 24 with the remote edges of the inner article container panels 16 and 18 which in turn have a hinged connection at 26 with one another along adjacent edges thereof. The hinge portions 22, 24 and 26 are preferably arched or arcuate in cross section to facilitate folding. The inner panels 16 and 18 are provided, as by molding, with multiple recessed portions 28 and 30 respectively facing one another and containing recesses 29 and 31 alignable with one another for receiving the fragile articles to be packed therein and protected by the construction of the package from damage due to blows, jolts or other shocks. The shapes of the recessed portions 28 and 30 will of course vary according to the shapes of the articles to be packaged therein.

The recessed portions 28 and 30 are spaced away from the end edges 32 and 34 respectively and also from the side edges formed by the hinge portions 22, 24 and 26 by flat marginal portions 36 and 38 respectively and from each other by intervening flat portions 40 and 42 respectively. Each of the outer sections 14 and is provided with a dished central portion 44 or 46 separated from the end edges 48 and 50 respectively and from the hinged edges 22, 24 and 26 by flat marginal portions 52 and 54 respectively which in the folded condition of the package 10 engage the marginal portions 36 and 38 of the inner panels 16 and 18 in face-to-face relationship (FIG. 2). The dished portions 44 and 46 have cavities 55 and 57 of suffrcient depth that their backwalls 56 and 58 are spaced away from the bottom walls 60 and 62 respectively of the recesses 28 and 30. The dished portions 44 and 46 have sidewalls 64 and 66 respectively joining their backwalls 56 and 58 to their marginal portions 52 and 54.

The outermost edges 68 and 70 of the outer panels 14 and 20 are provided with longitudinally extending interlocking detent portions or hollow ribs 72 and 74 respectively of arcuate cross section but of slightly different diameters which interfit with one another (FIGS. 2 and 4) in interlocking engagement to provide a snap lock therefor when the package 10 is in its closed condition. Elongated flanges 76 and 78 are provided adjacent the hollow ribs 72 and 74 for convenience of grasping to close or prying apart to open and separate the outer sections 14 and 20 from one another. The package 10 is formed by conventional molding processes with the various sections 14, 16, 18 and 20 formed from a single piece of resilient synthetic plastic sheet material, polyethylene plastic being one form of material suitable for this purpose.

The modified one-piece folding protective package, generally designated 80, shown in FIGS. 5, 6 and 7 is similar in principle to the package 10 shown in FIGS. 1 to 4 inclusive and similar parts are therefore designated with the same reference numerals. In the package 80, however, the outer panels 14 and 20 are hinged to the inner panels 16 and 18 along their end edges 32 and 34 respectively, whereas the inner panels 16 and 18 are hinged to one another, as before, along their side edges at 26 (FIG. 5).

In the use of the protective package 10, the articles to be packed are placed in the recesses 28 or 30 of the inner sections 16 or 18 while the selected section is in a horizontal position, whereupon the opposite inner section 18 or 16 is folded downward upon it, as indicated by the central arrows in FIG. 1, so that the hinge portions 22 and 24 engage one another (FIG. 2).

The outer panels 14 and 20 are then folded around their respective hinge portions 22 and 24 into nesting but spaced relationship to their respective inner panels 16 and 18, so that the bottom walls 60 and 62 of the recessed portions 28 and 30 are spaced away from the backwalls 56 and 58 of the dished portions 44 and 46 (FIG. 3'). As the panels 14, 16 and 18 approach their closed positions, the detent portions 72 and 74 snap together. For shipment, the various panels 14,16, 18 and 20 may be sealed by heat or adhesively sealed along their meeting marginal surfaces 52, 36, 38 and 54 or they may be mechanically fastened to one another, as by stapling.

The sheet material employed is preferably transparent synthetic plastic, so that it shows the nature of the packaged articles at a glance without requiring the opening of the package or the labeling thereof. When so sealed, the package provides protection against moisture, dust or injurious gases, and in the case of pharmaceutical products or medical articles, such as hypodermic syringes, also protects against contamination or infectious microbes or viruses. It also eliminates the need for individual packages for each article and the printing and plate costs thereof. Strengthening ribs, where deemed advisable, may be conveniently formed in the backwalls 56 and 58 during molding. The lighter weight of the plastic package 10 or 80 also reduces shipping costs as compared with those of ordinary chipboard. The packages 10 or 80 in their flat unfolded form can also be stacked in nested relationship where it is not desired to mold them adjacent the production line, and in stacked arrangement they greatly reduce the warehouse and storeroom space needed.

The operation of the modified protective package 80 of FIGS. 4, 5 and 6 follows a similar procedure to that of the package 10 of FIGS. 1, 2 and 3, is sealed in a similar way and obtains similar advantages by its somewhat different arrangement. In the case of the package 80, the inner panel 16 or 18 is placed in a horizontal position for loading, whereupon the opposite panel 18 or 16 is folded downward upon it and the two outer panels 14 and 20 folded together upon their respective folded inner panels 16 or 18 and interlocked by their detent portions 72 and 74.

In either form of the invention, the package 10 or 80 can be formed by suitable molding machines at or near the production line of the articles to be packaged, using sheet plastic material in roll stock form on a mandrel. This is unwound as it is fed through the molding press. Thus, the packages 10 or 80 are manufactured as they are required, thereby eliminating the warehouse space otherwise needed for the storage of preform packages. When the package is shipped, the outer panels or covers 14 and 20 absorb the shocks, vibrations or jolts sustained during transportation, thereby protecting articles in the recessed portions 28 and 30, the bottom walls 60 and 62 of which are spaced away from the adjacent backwalls 56 and 58 of the outer sections or covers 14 and 20.

Moreover, each individual container formed by the sealing of the inner panels 16 and 18, when these panels are perforated between containers, can be removed without impairing the sealed condition of the other containers. Even when no perforations are provided, each individual container can be cut away from the adjacent containers, also without impairing the sealed condition thereof. Thus, if sterile articles were packed in the individual containers, the doctor or hospital attendant could remove one such article while leaving the others still individually packed in their original sterile state. Electrical component parts could also be kept dust and moisture-free until ready for actual assembly in an installation.

We claim:

1. A one-piece foldable protective package for articles, comprising:

a pair of inner container panels having edges disposed adjacent one another and having an inner hinged connection with one another along said adjacent edges: said inner panels having a plurality of article-receiving recessed portions disposed in spaced relationship relatively to one another and to the edges of said inner panels; and

said inner panels being foldable into face-to-face engagement with one another around said inner hinged connection:

said recessed portions being disposed in aligned pairs facing one another in the folded positionof said inner panels; and g a pair of dished outer cover panels having outer hinged connections with edges of said inner panels other than the previously mentioned hingedly connected edges thereof: said outer panels having cavities therein configured to receive said inner panels inwardly of the margins thereof; and said outer panels being foldable toward one another into enclosing relationship with said recessed portions of said inner panels.

2. A one-piece foldable protective package, according to claim 1, wherein said outer panels have backwalls which are spaced away from said recessed portions in the folded position of said panels.

3. A one-piece foldable protective package, according to claim 1, wherein said inner panels have marginal portions surrounding said recessed portions and foldable into said face-toface engagement with one another.

4. A one-piece foldable protective package, according to claim 3, wherein said outer panels have marginal portions surrounding said cavities and foldable into face-to-face engagement with the marginal portions of said inner panels.

5. A one-piece foldable protective package, according to claim 1, wherein said outer panels have interlocking detent portions on the edges other than their hinged connection edges.

6. A one-piece foldable protective package, according'to claim 1, wherein said outer panels have said outer hinged connections disposed on edges of said inner panels remote from said inner hinged connection of said inner panels with one another. I

7. A one-piece foldable protective package, according to claim 6, wherein said outer panels have interlocking detent portions on edges disposed parallel to the edges having hinged connections with said inner panels.

8. A one-piece foldable protective package, according to claim 1, wherein said outer panels have said outer hinged connections disposed on edges of said inner panels adjacent said inner hinged connection of said inner panels with one another.

9. A one-piece foldable protective package, according to claim 8, wherein said outer panels have interlocking detent portions on edges disposed perpendicular to the edges having hinged connections with said inner panels.

10. A one-piece foldable protective package, according to claim 4, wherein said cavities have backwalls and sidewalls connecting said backwalls, to said marginal portions of said outer panels, and wherein said sidewalls completely surround said recessed portions of said inner panels in spaced relationship therewith.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US1843543 *Jan 11, 1930Feb 2, 1932De Reamer William JPackage for fragile articles
US2798631 *Mar 7, 1955Jul 9, 1957David EngelContainer
US3356277 *May 31, 1966Dec 5, 1967Ovotherm EtsDeep-drawn plastic film packaging
US3381873 *Mar 2, 1966May 7, 1968Hirota KashichiPlastic egg container
FR1457812A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3727825 *Mar 19, 1971Apr 17, 1973Pamark IncPlastic container
US3759371 *Jul 12, 1972Sep 18, 1973Marks RContainers for small articles such as pills
US3813025 *Oct 1, 1971May 28, 1974British & Foreign Tobacco CoHinged container
US3834609 *Jul 20, 1972Sep 10, 1974Dolco Packaging CorpContainer assembly having compartments and means for stacking container blank
US3840114 *Dec 22, 1971Oct 8, 1974N SamaShipping and display package for card mounted articles
US3933296 *Mar 5, 1974Jan 20, 1976Lunch Locker Systems LimitedPackaging containers
US3961708 *Dec 23, 1974Jun 8, 1976Allied Chemical CorporationReturnable bottle packing case
US3979020 *Jul 21, 1975Sep 7, 1976Braber Robert JArticle dispensing container
US3999661 *Apr 14, 1975Dec 28, 1976Charles E. Jones & AssociatesShipping container
US4058212 *Apr 26, 1976Nov 15, 1977Ihor WyslotskyPackage for containing products
US4193496 *Oct 20, 1978Mar 18, 1980Barratt Don CDisposable receiver
US4200781 *Aug 15, 1978Apr 29, 1980Eaton CorporationManual switch for portable tools
US4368840 *Apr 3, 1981Jan 18, 1983Frito-Lay, Inc.Packaging container
US4485610 *Jan 12, 1983Dec 4, 1984Keyes Fibre CompanyAccordian fold packaging tray
US4576330 *Mar 11, 1985Mar 18, 1986Inline Plastics CorporationFood tray with lockable lid
US4606460 *Nov 1, 1983Aug 19, 1986Luray Howard LProtective packages
US4887790 *Jul 22, 1988Dec 19, 1989Professional Compounding Centers Of America, Inc.Troche mold and dispenser
US4923065 *Dec 16, 1988May 8, 1990Ridgeway Louis HMembrane packing and retainer
US4969573 *Oct 16, 1989Nov 13, 1990Reboul-SmtPackaging pot having hinged superposed closures
US5029705 *Sep 8, 1989Jul 9, 1991Schmidt-Conner Joint Venture GroupSelectively configurable package for retaining separated items
US5056665 *Jun 18, 1990Oct 15, 1991Ade, Inc.Suspension package
US5069354 *Apr 19, 1990Dec 3, 1991Delvo Industries, Inc.Openable/closeable container including a frame for supporting a pair of tray members
US5183159 *Jul 26, 1991Feb 2, 1993United Foam PlasticsSuspension cushioning package
US5201415 *Feb 4, 1992Apr 13, 1993Metz Carl WTransport and storage system for electrostatic discharge sensitive electronic devices
US5211290 *Aug 10, 1992May 18, 1993Ade, Inc.Suspension package and system
US5226542 *Jul 2, 1991Jul 13, 1993Ade, Inc.Suspension package
US5265728 *Feb 23, 1993Nov 30, 1993Berlex Laboratories, Inc.Arrangement for retaining blister pack tablets
US5300748 *Jul 27, 1992Apr 5, 1994Mobil Oil CorporationRecyclable microwavable container with a hinged removable outer shell
US5323898 *Sep 14, 1992Jun 28, 1994Alloyd Co., Inc.Dual hinged lid package
US5379946 *May 20, 1994Jan 10, 1995Emery; Roy W.Stand alone folding bottle packs
US5388701 *Nov 22, 1993Feb 14, 1995Sealed Air CorporationSuspension packaging
US5577614 *Dec 12, 1995Nov 26, 1996Eastman Kodak CompanyCombined shipping and dispensing package for fluid containers
US5579917 *May 16, 1995Dec 3, 1996Ade, Inc.Suspension package
US5722541 *Jul 30, 1996Mar 3, 1998Ade, Inc.Suspension package
US5848702 *Jun 5, 1997Dec 15, 1998Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.Tray with flippable cover
US5957275 *Aug 4, 1995Sep 28, 1999Lemaire; RealReusable container for coins or tokens
US6173838 *Jan 31, 2000Jan 16, 2001Owens Illinois Closure Inc.Child-resistant medication compact
US6349847Oct 6, 2000Feb 26, 2002Pactiv CorporationVented container with handles and embossment
US7559430 *Oct 31, 2005Jul 14, 2009Dominic D OlimpioCollapsible serving tray
US7612286Jan 20, 2006Nov 3, 2009Yazaki North America, Inc.Injection molded protective passageway for automotive wiring and the like and method of making same
US7976099Feb 24, 2009Jul 12, 2011Michael FerraraTravel tray liner
US8047378Oct 22, 2009Nov 1, 2011Ken EskenaziReusable shipping container
US8061522Oct 1, 2007Nov 22, 2011Ken EskenaziReusable shipping container
US8678189Nov 1, 2012Mar 25, 2014Berlin Packaging, LlcBox type container holder for medication cards
US8689978Nov 1, 2012Apr 8, 2014Berlin Packaging, LlcHinged container holder for medication cards
US8708149Nov 1, 2012Apr 29, 2014Berlin Packaging, LlcFlip container for blister card medication holders
USRE29248 *Mar 20, 1975Jun 7, 1977Dolco Packaging CorporationContainer
DE3439684A1 *Oct 30, 1984Apr 30, 1986Siemens AgDevice for packaging ink containers
DE3643638A1 *Dec 19, 1986Jun 30, 1988Lingner & Fischer GmbhDisplay package and use thereof
DE8809556U1 *Jul 27, 1988Sep 8, 1988Fa. Georg Knoblauch, 7928 Giengen, DeTitle not available
DE102005022629A1 *May 11, 2005Nov 16, 2006Focke & Co.(Gmbh & Co. Kg)Packung für Zigaretten sowie Verfahren zum Herstellen derselben
Classifications
U.S. Classification220/4.23, 206/587, 206/592, 206/725, 220/839, 206/364, 206/594, 229/406, 206/583, 206/539
International ClassificationB65D81/02, B65D43/16
Cooperative ClassificationB65D2251/1033, B65D81/027, B65D43/162
European ClassificationB65D43/16B, B65D81/02B1