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Publication numberUS3552718 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 5, 1971
Filing dateMar 1, 1968
Priority dateMar 1, 1968
Publication numberUS 3552718 A, US 3552718A, US-A-3552718, US3552718 A, US3552718A
InventorsSchwegman Harry E
Original AssigneeOtis Eng Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Sliding sleeve valve and operator therefor
US 3552718 A
Images(3)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

8/1962 Grimmer et al.... 3,335,802 8/1967 Seyffert........................ Primary Examiner-Robert G. Nilson Attorney-E. Hastings Ackley ABSTRACT: A well tool 0 United States Patent [72] Inventor Harry E.Schwegman Richardson, Tex.

[21] AppLNo. 709,652

[22] Filed Mar.l,l968

[45] Patented Jan. 5, 1971 [73] Assignee Otis Engineering Corporation Dallas, Tex. a corporation of Delaware m. F m mm m m n h 3 6 R1 m mm mm lam C wm T -U IF [54] SLIDING SLEEVE VALVE AND OPER cannot be cleared by swingable movement of the keys.

Sis-i."

SLIDING SLEEVE VALVE AND OPERATOR THEREFOR This invention relates to well tools andjparticularly to well tools for shifting a member within a flow conduit between operating positions.

It is an important object of the invention to provide a well tool for shifting a sliding sleeve within a flow conduit between longitudinally spaced operating positions within the conduit, and more particularly for moving sliding sleeve valves between open and closed positions.

It is a further object of the invention-to provide a well tool of the character described including pivotally supported sleeve shifting keys for operatively engagingfa sliding sleeve at one position, moving the sleeve to another position, and then disengaging from the sleeve and moving past the sleeve.

It is another object of the invention toprovide a well tool of the character described wherein the pivotally supported sleeve shifting keys are engageable at oneend with an actuating cam surface within the flow conductor'in spaced relationship to the sliding sleeve for pivoting the opposite ends of the keys to engagement with the sliding sleeve for moving the sleeve, the sleeve shifting keys having cam surfaces engageable with the cam surfaces within the flow conductor for pivoting the keys between sleeve engaging and sleeve release positions. 1

It is a still further object of the invention to provide a sleeve shifting tool of the character described wherein the pivotally supported sleeve engaging keys are pivoted or swing to sleeve engaging positions and subsequently to. release positions as the tool is moved in one directionthrough the sliding sleeve, and are cammed to retracted nonengaging or inoperative positions when the tool is moved in the other-direction through the sliding sleeve.

It is still another object of the invention to provide a sleeve shifting tool of the character described-which is operable by wire line, by pumpdown procedures, by'rods, or on a pipe string, and which is operable for shifting a series of longitudinally spaced sleeve valves in a single flow conductor.

Additional objects and advantages of the invention will be readily apparent from the reading of the following description of a device constructed in accordancelwith the invention, and reference to the accompanying drawings thereof, wherein:

FIG. I is a schematic longitudinal elevational view, partly in FIG. 9 is a longitudinal view, partlyin section and partly in elevation, of still another form of sleeve shifting tool embodying the invention for moving the sleeve valve of FIGS. 7 and 7A, and showing the same engaged for moving the sleeve from a lower to an upper position; I

FIG. 10 is a reduced view, partly'in section and partly in elevation, of the sleeve shifting tool of FIG. 7 adapted to use with a wire line tool string; and

FIG. 11 is a reduced view similar .to. FIG. 10 showing the sleeve shifting tool of FIG. 9 adapted to'use with a wire line tool string. 1

In the drawings, the numeral 20 designates a sleeve shifting tool embodying the invention having a pair of swingable or pivotally supported operator members or keys 21 for releasably engaging the slidable sleeve or valve member 22 of a tubular valve member or flow control device S for moving the sleeve in the housing 23 of theldevice between an upper position and a lower position therein. The sleeve shifting tool is operable by means of a fluid pressure displaceable tool train 24, as illustrated in FIG. 1; by means of a wire line tool string,

'as represented-in FIG. 2A; or on a'rod or tubing string movably supported in the well (not shown).

The sleeve valve member 22 is slidable within the housing 23 between an upper sub or tubular section threaded into the upper end of the central section or; nipple 23a and a lower sub or tubular member 31 threaded into the lower end of the central nipple. The upper sub, the central nipple section, and the lower sub form the housing of the flow control device S in which the sleeve or valve member isslidable. A ring seal 32 disposed in an external annular recess 33 of the upper sub 30 seals between the upper sub and the upper end portion of the nipple. Similarly, a ring seal 34 disposed in an external annular recess 35 of the lower sub seals between the lower end portion of the nipple and the lower sub. The'nipple 23 has a plurality of circumferentially spaced lateral ports 40 providing fluid flow communication between the interior and exterior of the nipple. The sleeve or valve member 22 also has a plurality of circumferentially spaced lateral ports4l which are arranged to be moved into registry with the ports 40 for allowing flow communication between the interior and exterior of the flow section, showing a sleeve shifting' tool "embodying the invention connected in a pumpdown type or fluid pressure operated tool train in a tubing string having a plurality of longitudinally spaced sliding sleeve valves therein; l r

FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view, partly in elevation, of a sleeve shifting tool embodying the invention disposed within a sliding sleeve valve with the sleeve shifting keys of the tool engaging the upper end of the sleeve valve for moving it from the upper open position downwardly to aclosed position;

FIG. 2A is an elevational view partly broken away showing the tool of FIG. 2 adapted to wire line operation;

FIG. 3 is a view in section along the line 3-3 of FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is an enlarged cross-sectional view along the line 4-4 of FIG. 2 showing the pins pivotally supporting the sleeve engaging keys; J

FIG. 5 is a longitudinal elevationalview, partly in section, similar to FIG. 2, showing the sleeve'shifted downwardly to a closed position and the sleeve shifting keys cammed inwardly for releasing the shifting tool from operative engagement with the sleeve for downward movement of the tool through the sleeve;

FIG. 6 is a view similar to FIG. 5 showing the sleeve shifting keys cammed inwardly to retracted inoperative position and the tool moving upwardly in the tubing string through a sliding sleeve;

FIGS. 7 and 7A taken together constitute a longitudinal view, partly in section and partly in elevation, of another form of sliding sleeve valve and sleeve shifting tool embodying the invention, and showing the sleeve shifting keys of the tool engaged with the sliding sleeve for shifting it downwardly;

FIG. 8 is a view in section taken along the line 8-8 of FIG. 7A; i

control device S and which are movable to a misaligned lower position for preventing such flow communication. A pair of longitudinally spaced upper ring seals 42 are disposed in internal annular recesses 43 within the bore of the nipple for sealing between the nipple and the sleeve valve above the nipple ports 40. Similarly, a pair of longitudinally spaced lower ring seals 44 are disposed in internal annular'recesses 45 within the bore of the nipple below the ports 40 'for sealing between the nipple and sleeve valve so that whenj thesleeve valve is moved downwardly to its closed position, shown in FIG. 5, the imperforate upper portion of the sleeve is disposed between the upper and lower ring seals 42 and 44,". respectively, to prevent flow communication between theexterior and interior of the housing through the ports 40.

Upward movement of the sleeve valve is limited by engagement of its upper end surface 50 with the lower end surface 51 of the upper sub 30. Downward movement of the sleeve valve is limited by engagement of its lower end surface 52 with the upper end surface 53 of the lower sub3l. The sleeve or valve member is formed with an upper internal annular shoulder or boss 54 having an upper downwardly and inwardly extending or sloping surface 55. Similarly, the lower end portion of the sleeve or valve member is provided with an internal annular shoulder or boss 60 having a lower upwardly and inwardly convergent end surface 61. The sleeve valve bosses 54 and 60 are engaged by the keys 21 in shifting the sleeve and manipulating the keys 21, as described in detail hereinafter.

The bore of the upper sub 30 is reduced along a portion spaced from its lower end and above the upper end of the sleeve 23 and providing an internal'jannu'lar' boss or cam surface 62 whichfunctions to pivot or swing the shifting keys 21 to a sleeve engaging position. The lower sub'31- is similarly provided with a reduced bore portion providing an internal annular cam surface or boss 63 spaced below the lower end of the sliding sleeve.

The upper end of the upper sub 30 and the lower end of the lower sub 31 are threaded (not shown) in the usual manner for connecting the flow control device S into a tubing string T to form a part thereof and to act as a valve means providing for flow communication between the bore of the tubing and the well bore exteriorly thereof. As illustrated schematically in FIG. 1, a plurality of the devices may be connected in the tubing string at longitudinally spaced intervals to provide lateral flow communication with the well bore at various desired depths therein.

The sleeve shifting tool includes an elongate body 70 having an annular external enlargement 71 provided with a pair of laterally spaced transversely extending slots 72 each of which has an upper longitudinal portion 720 and a lower downwardly and inwardly inclined portion 72b. Each of the slots 72 receives a loosely fitted transversely extending pin 73 supporting one of the sleeve shifting keys 21 in longitudinally slidable and pivotal or swingable relationship on the body. Opposite end portions of each of the pins 73 are received in a pair of aligned holes 74 in the key 21 supported by the pin.

Each of the sleeve shifting keys 21 is a substantially semicylindrical member encompassing slightly less than 180 degrees of the portion of body 70 along which it is supported by the pin 73. Each key has an internal arcuate recess 75 which is substantially complementary in shape to the external shape of the central enlargement 71 on the body and is longer than the enlargement to permit the key to move longitudinally on the body the distance of travel of the supporting pin 73 in the slot 72. There is sufficient space between the external surface of the body 70 and each of the keys to permit a limited pivotal or swinging motion of each of the keys on the body, as discussed hereinafter, Each key 21 has a lower internal boss 80 providing a downwardly and inwardly sloping cam surface 81 on the lower end of the key which is engageable with a downwardly facing downwardly and inwardly sloping cam surface 82 of an external annular enlargement or cam member 83 on the tool body 70 spaced below and substantially smaller in diameter than the central enlargement 71. Each of the keys also has at its upper end an upper external arcuate boss 84 provided with an upper cam surface 85 and a lower cam surface 90, and has at its lower end a lower external arcuate boss 91 provided with an upper cam surface 92 and a lower cam surface 93.

A biasing ring 100 is disposed on the body 70 below the lower ends of the keys 21 and a spring 101 confined between the ring and the upper end surface 102 of a lower coupler or connector socket 103 threaded on a lower end portion of the tool body 70 biases the ring and the keys upwardly along the body. The connector socket has a downwardly opening recess 104 for receiving upper end boss portions of fingers 105 of a coupler 110 used for connecting the shifting tool in the pumpdown type operating tool string 24 shown in FIG. 1. An upper coupler or connector socket 111 is threaded on the upper end portion of the tool body 70 and has an upwardly opening recess 112 for receiving the coupling fingers 105 of a coupler 110 of the operating tool string.

The pumpdown type tool train 24 includes upper and lower fluid pressure actuatable seal or piston units 26 and 27, respectively, secured to the shifting tool by the couplers 110. Pistons or seal units and couplers suitable for use in the tool train are illustrated and described in detail in patent application Ser. No. 556,594, filed Jun. 10, 1966, now US Pat. No. 3,419,074, issued Dec. 3 l, 1968. Such seal units and couplers are also illustrated and described at pages 3780378l of the Composite Catalog of Oil Field Equipment and Services, 1966-67 Edition, published by World Oil, Houston, Texas. Under some circumstances a single seal unit may be used to pump the shifting tool 20 through the tubing string. For example, the upper seal unit 26 may be used alone if it can supply sufficient force to the tool to move it through the tubing string and close the sliding sleeve valves.

The sleeve shifting tool 20 may also be operated by means of a conventional wire line tool string of the type illustrated at page 3890 of the Composite Catalog of Oil Field Equipment and Services, supra. Referring to FIG. 2A, the sleeve shifting tool is adapted to wire line use by substitution of a lower spring retainer and guide member .120 threaded on the lower end of the body 70 in place of the socket member 103. The member 120 has a downwardly convergent or tapered guide surface 121 to facilitate movementofthe tool through a tubing string and has an upwardly facing shoulder 122 engaged by the lower end of the spring 101 holding-the spring on the tool body. An upper fishing neck or connector 123 is threaded onto the upper end of the body 70 in place of theupper connector socket 111 shown in FIG. 2. The connector 123 has a threaded pin 124 which is connected into the lower end of the tool string, such as into the knuckle joint or into the lowermost jar if the knuckle joint is not used. The tool string is from a wire line 125 connected with a wire line socket .130 at the upper end of the string.

The sleeve shifting tool 20 functions in the same. manner in a pumpdown tool string as shown in H6. 1, inra wire linetool string, FIG. 2A, or on a rod or pipe string.

As the sleeve shifting tool is moved downwardly in the normal bore portion of the tubing string T the spring biased ring 100 holds the sleeve shifting keys 21 at an upper end position on the body 70 at which the pivot pins 73 of each of the keys is at the upper end of the slot 72 in which it is disposed, and the upwardly facing shoulder 81 on the internal boss 'of each of the keys engages the downwardly facing shoulder 82 on the enlargement 83 of the body. The engagement of the key surface 81 with the body shoulder surface 82 tends tocam the lower end portions of the key outwardly, pivoting the upper end portion of the keys inwardly toward the body as the tool is moved along the tubing string. When'the tool arrives at the first flow control device S, the cam surfaces 93 on the lower bosses 91 of the keys 21 engage the upper cam surface 62a on the boss or cam member 62 of the upper cam 30, and such-en'- gagement cams the lower end portions of the keys inwardly as the keys pivot or swing on the pins 73. The lower ends of the keys are moved inwardly sufficiently to pass downwardly along the cam member 62 of the upper sub until the bosses 91 on the keys pass below the lower cam surface 6212 at the lower end of the boss 62, at which time the lower end portions of the keys are permitted to move outwardly into the larger bore portion 620 of the upper sub above the sleeve 23. The upward force of the ring applied to the lower ends of the keys and the engagement of the cam surface 81 on the internal lower boss of the keys with the cam surface 82 on the body tends to cause the lower end portions of the keys to move outwardly. The tool continues downward movement with the upper external bosses 84 of the keys entering the restricted bore portion of the upper sub along the boss 62 holding the lower end por tions of the keys outwardly so long as the upper key bosses 84 are moving downwardly along and held inwardly by the cam surface of the boss 62. When the keys have moved downwardly sufficiently, the lower end' surface 93 of thel'ower' external bosses 91 of the keys engage the upper end surface 55' of the sliding sleeve or valve member 22 (FIG. 2). While en-" gagement of the cam surfaces 93 of the lower key bosses'with the upper end surface 55 of the sleeve tends to cam the lower ends of the keys inwardly, they are prevented from moving inwardly by the engagement of the upper external key bosses 84' with the internal cam surface 62 of the upper sub. Since the lower ends of the keys cannot be moved inwardly, further downward motion of the shifting tool forces the sliding sleeve or valve member 22 downwardly until the upper external bosses 84 of the keys pass below the cam surface of the boss 62, freeing the upper end portions of the keys to move out"- wardly and the lower ends to move inwardly.

At the time that the upper external key bosses clear the lower end of the restricted bore portion 62 of the sub, the sliding sleeve 22 has been moved downwardly sufficiently that the ports 41 in the sleeve are below the ring seals 44 of the nipple 23, thereby closing the flow controlgdevice so that there is no fluid communication between the exterior of the housing and the interior of the sliding sleeve. The downward force necessary to shift the sliding sleeve downwardly to its lower closed position is applied directly from the tool mandrel enlarged external cam member 83 through thelower end portions of the keys to the upper end surface 55 on the sleeve. Thus, the pivot pins 73 only pivotally support the keysand do not transmit forces between this mandrel and keys.

With the upper end portions of the keys free to move outwardly in the enlarged bore portion 62c of the upper sub, the camming action of the surface 55 at the upper end of the sliding sleeve forces the lower end portions of the keys inwardly with the inner bosses 80 of the keys being swung toward each other around the body 70 below the bodyenlargement or cam member 83. The slopes of the engaging surfaces 93 and 55 of the key and sleeve exceed the slopes of the inner key surface 81 and the cam surface 82 on the cam member of the tool body so that, when the keys are free to pivot as the upper end portions of the keys move into the enlarged bore portion 620, the lower end portions of the keys are cammed inwardly, FIG. 5, until the lower outer bosses 9-1 on the keys pass within the upper boss 54 of the sliding sleeve, and the tool is released to move downwardly through the sleeve valve, leaving the-sleeve valve at its lower closed position. When the keys release from the sleeve valve, the upper end portions of the keys are pivoted outwardly with the upper outer bosses 84 substantially engaging and sliding along the lower enlarged bore portion 62c of the upper sub. As the tool moves further downwardly, the lower outer key bosses 90 pass below the upper boss 54 of the sliding sleeve and enter the enlarged central bore portion 220 of the sleeve and the keys swing and thelower end portions of the keys move outwardly such enlarged bore below the boss 54.

When the upper end portion of thekeys reach the upper end of the sleeve valve the upper bosses 84 of the keys enter the upper end of the sliding sleeve throughthe boss 54 of the sleeve. The diameters of the inner boss,54 and the enlarged bore portion 22a of the sliding sleeve are sized and related such that the keys readily pivot to move fully into the sliding sleeve. As the upper bosses 84 of the keys pass through the upper boss 54 of the sleeve the lower portions of the keys are pivoted outwardly in the enlarged bore 22a of the sleeve. When the lower bosses 91 of the keys reach the lower cam surface 610 on the lower internal boss 60 of the sleeve, the lower end portions of thekeys are cammed inwardly so that they clear the boss 60 and pass downwardly'through the lower end of the sleeve. The lower end portions of the keys then enterthe cam member or reduced boreportion 63 of the lower sub and move on downwardly into the lower enlarged bore portion 63a of the lower sub by the time the upper outer bosses 84 of the keys reach the lower internal boss60'of the sliding sleeve, so that the lower end portions of thekeys are pivoted or swing outwardly in such enlarged bore portiori'63a of the lower sub to allow the upper end portions of the keys to pivot inwardly so that upper external bosses 84 thereon may pass through the internal boss 60 at the lower end of the sliding sleeve and the reduced bore portion or cam member 63 of the lower sub. With the keys clear of the lower end of the sliding sleeve, the sleeve is left at its lower closed position and the sleeve shifting tool continues downwardly in the tubing string to the next flow control device S, where the steps of entry into the slidable sleeve, shifting the sleeve downwardly: to a closed position, and release from the sleeve, is repeated in the manner already described. I

After the desired flow control devices in the tubing string have been closed by the downwardymover'nent of the sleeve shifting tool, the movement of the tool train is reversed by reversing the direction offluid flow, if the pumpdown type of train is being used, or by lifting the line 125, in the case of the wire line tool string, and as the tool moves upwardly in the tubing string the keys wobble, swing orpivot past the various bore restrictions in substantially the same manner as when the keys are moving downwardly through the flow control devices in the tubing string. However, the sleeve 22 is not shifted upwardly, but rather remains at its lower closed position, since there is no bore restriction below the flow control device to hold the upper end portions of the keys at an expanded position when the upper external bosses 84 of the keys engage the lower end surface 61 of the sleeve. in the normal bore portions of the tubing string below each sliding sleeve the lower portions of the keys are cammed outwardly engaging or in close proximity to the inner wall of the tubing string due to the upward force of the spring 101 acting through the ring biasing the lower end portions of the keysagainst the cam member 83 on the tool mandrel, so that the camming action of the engaging surfaces 81 and 82 of the keys and the mandrel tends to expand the lower end portions of the keys while the upper end portions are somewhat pivoted inwardly. The end surface 61 on the sleeve cams the upper ends of the sleeves inwardly, if they are not already retracted sufficiently, for entry into the sleeve. As the tool moves upwardly, the upper end portions of the sleeve enter and expand in thebore portion 22a of the sleeve with the lower end portions of-t'he keys being cammed inwardly when they engage the lower end cam surface 61 of the sleeve. The keys wobble or pivot as the tool continues upwardly, allow the tool to pass above the sleeve or valve member. By the time the upper bosses'84 of the keys enter the restricted bore portion 62 of the upper sub which holds the lower portion of the keys expanded, .the lower bosses 91 have cleared the upper boss 54 of the sleeve and the lower end portions of the keys pass into and expand in the bore portion 62c of the upper sub above the sleeve. When the lower key bosses 91 reach the restricted bore portion 62, the upper key bosses 84 have moved into and expanded in the normal bore portion 30 of the upper sub, allowing the keys to pivot sufficiently inwardly along their lower end portions for the lower bosses 91 to clear the restricted bore portion 62 of the sub.

As the shifting tool is moved upwardly in the tubing string, the keys may be compressed or contracted inwardly along their full lengths if restrictions or obstruction conditions are encountered which preclude clearance by the keys by the normal wobbling or pivotal movement thereof. Such a condition is represented in FIG. 6, in which the keys are shown compressed fully inwardly, whereby they pass through a restriction which they cannot wobble past. Presuming for purposes of illustration that such a restriction is at the lower internal boss 60 of the sleeve, as the upper end portions of the keys enter the lower end of the sleeve the keys engage the restriction and are forceddownwardly on the body 70 against the support ring 100 and spring 101, compressing the 'spring and moving the pivot pins 73 of the keys downwardly in the slots 72. When the pivot pins reach the downwardly and inwardly sloping portions 72b of the slots, the pivot pins move downwardly and inwardly, permitting the keys to move inwardly or be compressed or retracted toward each other on the body to provide added clearance around the keys for the tool to pass through the obstruction.

The sleeve shifting tool is thus lifted-upwardly in the tubing string through each of the flow control devices S included in the string without affecting the position of the sliding sleeve in each of the devices, and when an obstruction is encountered which the tool cannot clear by the normal pivoting or wobbling of the sleeve shifting keys the keys are compressed or retracted fully inwardly on the tool body to provide additional space around the tool for clearance 'of the keys to allow the tool to move upwardly. The tool is retrieved at the surface from the tubing string in the usual manner.

While the sleeve has been described as shifted from open to closed positions, it is believed readily apparent that the arrangement of the lateral ports could be reversed so that the movement was from closed to open positions.

It will now be seen that a new and improved well tool for shifting a member within a flow conduit between longitudinally spaced positions therein has been described and illustrated, and that one particular form of the tool-is adaptable to shifting a sliding sleeve or valve member of a flow control device in a tubing string from an upper position to a lower position.

It will also be seen that the tool includes pivotally or swingably supported sleeve shifting keys which are engageable along one end portion with the surface of a reduced bore portion of the housing of a flow control device for pivoting the other end portion of the keys outwardly for engaging the sliding sleeve member in the device, whereby the keys are positively acting and the tool may not pass downwardly through the device without shifting the sliding sleeve.

It will also be seen that the pivotally supported sleeve shifting keys pivot between sleeve engaging and sleeve releasing positions when moving in a direction to shift the sliding sleeve in a flow control device, and are compressible or retractable inwardly when moving in an opposite direction for clearing obstructions through which the tool cannot pass with the normal pivotal movement of the keys.

It will be further seen that a tool of the character described is operable by means of a pumpdown tool train, a wire line tool train, or by means of an operating string such as a string of rods, tubing or pipe.

A preferred form of sleeve shifting tool 320 embodying the invention for operating a modified form of flow control device F is illustrated in FIGS. 7 and 7A, where the tool is illustrated as disposed within the flow control device at a position for shifting the sleeve 215 of the device from an upper open position to a lower closed position. The flow control device F performs the same function of controlling communication between the interior and exterior of a tubing string as the device S of FIGS. 2 and 5 and already described. Further, the device F is compatible with the pumpdown well system illustrated and described in patent application Ser. No. 556,594, filed Jun. 10, 1966, now US. Pat. No. 3,419,074, issued Dec. 31, 1968, and accepts anchoring mechanisms and other apparatus shown in such application. One or more of the flow control devices F may be included in the tubing string T, spaced longitudinally at locations at which communication is desired into the tubing string.

The device F includes an upper sub 200 which is internally threaded at its upper end for connection with a section of tubing string above it. The sub is provided with internal spaced locking recesses 201 and 202 for receiving locking mechanisms of the apparatus described and illustrated in the aforesaid US. Pat. No. 3,419,074 and with a reduced bore portion 203 which receives a seal section of the apparatus and also functions in the present invention to hold the lower end portions of the sleeve shifting keys of the tool 320 pivoted outwardly while shifting the sleeve 215 of the flow control device F downwardly. The upper sub 200 is threaded at its lower end into the upper end of a nipple or housing section 204 which is provided with a plurality of circumferentially spaced lateral ports 205 for providing flow communication between the interior and exterior of the housing. The lower end of the housing 204 is threaded on the upper end ofa lower sub 210 which has an upper bore portion 211, a reduced middle bore or cam portion 212, and a lower bore portion 213 ofa diameter intermediate that of the bore portions 211 and 212. An upwardly facing shoulder surface 214 is provided in the bore of the lower sub between the upper bore portion 211 and inter mediate bore portion 212.

A slidable sleeve or valve member 215 is slidably disposed in the housing section for movement between an upper open position, shown in FIGS. 7 and 7A, and a lower closed position FIG. 9. Upward movement of the sleeve is limited by engagement ofits upper end surface 215a with the lower end surface 200a of the upper sub. The sleeve has an upper bore portion 215b which is larger in diameter than the cam bore portion 203 of the upper sub. A plurality of circumferentially spaced lateral ports 220 provided in the sleeve valve are alignable with the housing ports 205 when the sleeve valve is at its upper position to provide flow communication between the interior of the valve and the exterior of the housing. Upper ring seal 221 and lower ring seals 222 are disposed within internal annular recesses provided in the housing-204 above and below the lateral ports 205 for sealing between the sliding sleeve valve and the housing. Intermediate its ends, at the lower end of the upper bore portion 215b the sleeve is provided with an internal annular flange or boss 230 providing an upwardly facing downwardly and inwardly sloping shoulder surface 231 and a downwardly facing upwardly and inwardly. sloping surface 232 which are engageable by sleeve shifting keys on the tool 320 for moving the sleeve in the ho;using. T he sliding sleeve has a lower end portion 2150 of reduced external diameter below the boss 230 which telescopes into the upper bore portion 211 of the lower sub 210 when the sleeve valve is moved downwardly to its lower or closed position. ,When the sleeve valve is moved downwardly to its closed position the ports 220 are below the seal rings 222 so that there is no fluid flow communication between the exterior of the housing and the interior of the sleeve 215 through the ports 205.

The lower end portion of the sleeve valve 215 has a plurality of longitudinally extending circumferentially spaced lands 215d which have upper shoulder surfaces 215e effectively defining an external annular recess 224 around the sleeve valve at the upper ends of the lands. The lands are provided at their lower ends with downwardly and inwardly sloping surfaces 215f. An internal annular recess 234 is provided in the housing above the upper end of the lower sub 210, and an inwardly sprung snap ring or detent 233 in the form of a C ring is disposed in the recess 234 to restrain the sleeve 215 against sliding movement at both its upper open position and its lower closed position so that it is not accidentally moved. The downwardly facing shoulder surfaces 2l5f on the sleeve lands are engageable with the snapring for restraining the sliding sleeve against downward movement, but when sufficient downward force is applied to the sleeve the snapring isspread and expanded outwardly into the recess 234 releasing the sleeve to move downwardly until the snapring snaps or retracts inwardly into the recess 224 at the upper end of the lands for releasably restraining the sleeve at its lower position. An upward force on the sleeve engages the shoulders 215a at the upper ends of the lands with the snapring to cam the snapring outwardly to release the sleeve for movement upwardly to its open position as shown in FIG. 7A.

The sleeve shifting tool 320, FIGS. 7 and 7A is similar in function and structure to the sleeve shifting tool 20, already described. The tool 320 has a mandrel or body 370 having an upper external annular enlargement 371 provided with a pair of laterally spaced transversely extending slots 372 each of which has an upper portion 372a extending longitudinally substantially parallel with the longitudinal axis of the body and a lower downwardly and inwardly extending portion 372b. Each of the slots 372 receives a transversely extending pin 373 pivotally supporting one of the sleeve shifting keys 321 in longitudinally slidable and swingable or pivotal relationship on the body. The opposite end portions of the pivot pins 373 are secured with a key 321 supported thereby in the same manner as the keys 21 of the tool 20. Each of the keys 321 is shaped generally similar to the keys 21 and fits in opposed pivotally supported relationship along opposite sides of the body 370 for both pivotal and laterally expandable and retractable movement on the body. Each key has an upper internal recess 375 conforming generally to the shape of the enlargement 371 on the body and sufficiently longer than the enlargementto provide for the necessary longitudinal movement of the key on the body which is required when each of the keys move downwardly and inwardly on the body. The keys are loosely fitted on the body to permit pivotal and longitudinal movement. Each key has a lower internal recess 379 for receiving a lower external annular enlargement or cam member 380 on the body. The lower end of the recess 379 in each key is defined by an upwardly facing downwardly and inwardly sloping carn surface 381 which is engageable with the downwardly facing downwardly and inwardly sloping external cam surface 382 on the lower enlargement or cam-member 380 of the body, so that downward force is transmitted directly from the body to the lower end portion of each of the keys. Like the upper recess 375 of each of the keys, the"lower recess 379 is substantially longer than the'cam member 380 to provide for the desired pivotal and longitudinal movement of each of the keys along the body. Each of the keys has an upper external boss 384 providing an upwardly facing cam surface 385 and a downwardly facing cam surface 390, and a lower external boss 391 provided with an upper cam surface 392 and a lower cam surface 393. The cam surface 393 is engageable with the shoulder surface 231 of the sliding sleeve 215 for moving the sleeve downwardly. Additionally, the outer surface of each of the keys is relieved along a lower portion 321a to facilitate wobbling or pivoting the keys past obstructions in the tubing string and in the flow control device. Each key is somewhat thicker along upper portion 321b above an external shoulder 3210 to provide sufficient thickness for. structural rigidity of the key along the internal recess 375.

The lower end of each key is V-shaped in section as defined by an upwardly and inwardly slopinginner surface 393a and the upwardly and outwardly sloping cam surface 393.

A ring 400 is disposed on the body 370 below the keys and is supported on a spring 401 which'biases the ring upwardly against the lower ends of the keys. The upper face of the ring 400 is in the form of a V-shaped groove 400a which is substantially complementary to the shape of the lower ends of the keys, so that the upward force exerted by the ring on the lower ends of the keys tends to cam the lower endsfof the keys inwardly toward the tool body. The slopes'of the key end surfaces 393 andthecorresponding outer surface portion of the groove 400a in the ring 400 is greaterfthan theslopes of the engaging cam surface 382 and the upwardly facing inner key cam surfaces 381 so that the net effect of the upward force of the ring on the lower ends of the keysis to cam the lower end portions of the keys inwardly. t

The lower end of the spring 401-issupported by an upwardly facing shoulder surface 402 on a lower. connector socket 403 threaded on the lower endiof the tool body 370 y and locked in place by a pin 403a.'The.socket 403 is identical to the socket 103 already described in connection with the sleeve shifting tool 20 and functions to receive a coupler 410 for connecting the lower end of the sleeve shifting tool in a pumpdown type tool string of the type illustrated in FIG. 1 and already discussed. An upper connector socket 411 is threaded on the upper end of the tool mandrel 370 for connecting a coupler 410 to the upper end of the tool in the pumpdown tool string.

FIG. 10 shows the sleeve shifting tool 320 fitted for use in a wire line tool string of the type already discussed in connection with the sleeve shifting tool 20. A sub or fishing neck 423 is substituted on the upper end of thetool mandrel for the socket connector 411. The sub 423 has a threaded pin 424 connected with the tool string which includes a wire line socket 430 at its upper end supported from a wire line 425. A retainer 420 threaded on the lower end of the tool mandrel below the spring 401 is substituted for the lower connector socket. The retainer has an upwardly facing shoulder 422 engaged by the lower end of the spring 401, so that the spring is confined between the retainer andthe biasing ring 400 atthe lower end of the keys 321. r

When the tool 320 is moving freely through a full diameter portion of the tubing string, as represented by FIG. 10, the,

spring 401 holds the ring 400 fully in contact with or seated against the lower ends of the sleeve shifting keys so that the keys are restrained at a substantially neutral position generally parallel with the longitudinal axis of the tool body. At such position the internal cam surface 381 at the lower end of the lower recess 379 in each key is biased against the downwardly facing cam surface 382 on the lower enlargement 380 of the toolmandrel 370 and the lower end surfaces 393 and 393a are seated in the key groove 4000. The pivot-pin 373 of each key is located in its slot 372 substantially as shown in FIG. 7, though the keys are parallel with thebody as distinguished from pivoted outwardly along their lower ends as in FIG. 7.

The sleeve shifting tool 320 is operable in a pumpdown system by means of a tool train of the type illustrated in FIG.

1, by means of a wire line type of tool string as shown in H6. 10, or by means of a rod, tubing or pipestring, not shown,connected tov the pin 424 of the sub 423'. Theactual operation of the sleeve shifting tool is the same with each of the various apparatus for moving it through the tubing string. The tubing string in which the tool string is operated as illustrated in FIG. 1 will, of course, include the flow control'devices F instead of the devices S since the devices F are especially designed for and 202, is the same as the full diameterof the tubing string above the flow control device so that the sleeve shifting keys remain at their neutral position until their lower ends enter the restricted bore portion 203. The restricted bore portion cams the lower ends of the keys slightly-inwardly pivoting the keys on the pins 373 so that the lower end portions of the keys pass through the restricted bore portion into the upper bore portion 215b of the sleeve valve 215. As soon as the lower key bosses 391 pass below the restricted bore portion 203, the upward force of the ring 400 against-the keys returns the keys to their neutral positions until the upper external bosses 384 on the keys arrive at the restricted bore portion 203. When the upper bosses 384 enter the restricted bore portion the upper end portions of the keys are cammed -inwardly,.pivoting the keys on the pins 373 and moving the lower end portions of the keys outwardly. The substantial length of the keys below the support pins compared with the length of the keys above the pins provides for a relatively small amount of inward movement of the upper end portions of the keys to effect a substan tial outward movement of the lower end portions of the keys as the keys pivot. The keys and components of the flow control device F are so relatively proportioned that the upper key bosses 384 enter the restricted bore. portion 203 when the lower cam surfaces 293 on the keys are slightly above the cam surface 2310f the sliding sleeve at th upper end of the internal annular flange 215. The tool continues downward movement until the key surfaces 393 engagethe sleeve shoulder surface 231. Since the restricted bore portion 203 of the sub 200 holds the upper end portions of the keys inwardly, the lower end portions of the keys are held outwardly and cannot move inwardly, so that further downward movement of the tool also moves the sleeve 215 downwardly. The downward force applied at the upper end of the tool mandrel 370 from a piston unit 26 in a pumpdowntool train, a wire line tool string, or a supporting pipe string is transmitted directly from the lower cam surface 382 of enlarged portion 380 of the tool mandrel through the lower end portion of the keys to the sliding sleeve at its shoulder surface 231, so that the pins 373 function for pivotal support of the keys but do not transmit force between the keys and the tool mandrel.

' As the sliding sleeve valve 215 is forced downwardly in the housing 204 the downwradly facing shoulder surfaces 215 f on the lands 215d engage the detentring 233 expanding or spreading the ring outwardly releasing the sleeve for downward movement. The sleeve shifting tool continues toforce the sliding sleeve valve downwardly so long as the upper bosses 384 of the keys are engaged with the restricted camming bore portion 203 of the upper sub. At substantially the same time as the upper key bosses pass downwardly from the camming bore, the detent ring 233 enters the upper recess 224 on the lower end portion of the sliding sleeve valve to hold the sleeve at its lower closed position-11f the sleeve is forced downwardly slightly beyond the position of alignment of the detent ring with the recess 224 the lower end of the sleeve will engage the upwardly facing stop shoulder surface 214 in the bore of the lower sub 210 to prevent" any further downward movement of the sleeve As soon as the upper bosses 384 of the keys exit from the restricted camming bore portion 203, the lower end portions of the keys are free to pivot inwardly. The upward force of the spring 401 acting on the ring 400, coupled with the camming action of the shoulder surface 231 in the sliding sleeve against the lower outer end surfaces 343 of the keys, cams the lower ends of the keys inwardly as soon as the keys are free to swing or pivot, and the keys are disengaged from the surface 231 of the sliding sleeve, releasing the shifting tool to move downwardly in the tubing string.

The lower outer bosses 391 on the keys move through the internal boss or flange 230 of the sliding sleeve leaving the sleeve at its lower position as the shifting tool moves downwardly. When the upper bosses 384 of the keys arrive at the boss 230, the lower bosses 391 are substantially below the restricted bore portion 212 of the lower sub so that the keys are free to pivot on the pins 373 and the upper end portions of the keys are cammed inwardly until the upper bosses 384 pass downwardly through the sleeve bore 230. The keys continue to wobble, swing, or pivot sufficiently as the tool moves downwardly to fully clear the flow-control device, after which the keys are returned by the spring biased ring 400 to their neutral position, in which they remain as the tool moves downwardly in the tubing string until the next flow control device is reached, at which time the cycle of engagement with the sliding sleeve, movement of the sleeve downwardly to its closed position, and release from the sleeve is repeated.

After the desired number of flow control devices F in the tubing string have been closed by the downward movement of the sleeve shifting tool 320, the tool is returned to the surface through each of the sliding sleeve valves without shifting the valves from their lower closed positions. As the tool passes upwardly through the flow control devices the keys 321 wobble or pivot on the pins 373 sufficiently for the keys to pass through the various restrictions in the flow control devices. As in the case of the sleeve shifting tool 20, if the keys 321 encounter an obstruction in the tubing string or in any of the flow control devices past which the keys cannot move by normal pivotal action on the pins 373, the keys are forced downwardly and inwardly by the obstruction as the pins 373 move into the lower end portions 372b of the pivot pin slots. The inward position of the keys provides additional lateral clearance around the tool for movement past the obstruction, as already discussed.

It will now be seen that another new and improved form of sleeve shifting tool has been described and illustrated which includes sleeve shifting keys of substantial length swingably or pivotally supported near their upper ends whereby a minimum of lateral movement of the upper end portions of the keys ef fects maximum lateral movement of the lower end portions thereof. It will also be seen that the keys have V-shaped lower end cam surfaces engageable by a spring biased ring having a complementary recessed V-shaped upper face for biasing the keys to a neutral position on the mandrel while allowing the keys to pivot on pivot pins permitting lateral movement of the upper and lower end portions of the keys for engaging a sliding sleeve and providing for the keys to wobble or pivot sufficiently to pass through the sliding sleeve when not held at their sleeve engaging positions.

FIG. 9 illustrates a sleeve shifting tool 500 for moving the sliding sleeve 215 of the flow control device F upwardly from its lower closed to its upper open position, thereby returning the sleeve to the position of FIGS. 7 and 7A. The upshifting tool 500 has a mandrel or body 501 provided with a central annular enlargement 502 which has a pair of laterally spaced transverse slots 503 formed therein. Each slot has a central longitudinal portion 503a extending substantially parallel with the longitudinal axis of the mandrel, an upwardly and inwardly inclined upper portion 503b, and a downwardly and inwardly inclined lower portion 5030. A pair of oppositely positioned longitudinally extending sleeve shifting keys 504 are each loosely swingably or pivotally supported on the mandrel by a pivot pin 505 which passes through one of the slots 503 and is secured at its opposite ends in the key in the same manner as described in connection with the tool 20 and illustrated in FIG. 4.

Each of the keys 504 has a lower internal arcuate recess 510 which receives a portion of the mandrel enlargement 502 and is somewhat longer than the enlargement to permit longitudinal movement along the mandrel Each of the keys also has an upper internal arcuate recess5ll which receives a cam ring 512 secured by a shear pin 513 on the mandrel for transmitting force from the mandrel to the keys. The ring 512 has a downwardly and outwardly sloping shoulder upper surface 512a which is engageable with the downwardly facing sloping shoulder surface 511a of each key at the upper end o f the upper key recess 511. The upper endiof each of the ke y s has boss 524 formed with an outwardly facing upwardly and inwardly sloping upper cam surface 514 and an inner downwardly and inwardly sloping end surface 515 providing a substantially V-shape to the upper end of the key.

A ring 520 is movably disposed on the mandrel above the upper end of the keys and biased downwardly by a spring 521 confined between the ring and an upper socket connector 540 for biasing the keys to a neutral position in the same mannera's the ring 400 in the downshifting tool 320. The ring ,520 has lower V-shaped face defined by an inner downwardly andinwardly sloping surface 522 and an outer downwardly and outwardly sloping surface 523. The lower face of the ring is engageable with the V-shaped upper ends of the sleeve shifting keys for releasably holding the keys at a neutral position. Each of the keys also has at its lower enda'lower external boss 525'. The outer surface of each of the keys is relieved along an upper portion'530 between the bosses to provide sufficient clearance for pivoting past the various restrictions encountered in the tubing string and flow control devices. Each of the keys is somewhat thickened along a lower portion 531 to provide sufficient material strength along the lower internal recess 510.

The upper socket connector 540 is threaded on the upper end portion of the tool mandrel 501 for receiving a coupling 541 to connect the upper end of the upshifting tool into a pumpdown type tool string, as illustrated in FIG. 1. The socket connector 540 has a downwardly facing shoulder surface 542 engaged by the upper end of the spring 521 so that the spring for biasing the ring 520 downwardly is confined between the shoulder and the upper face of the ring 520. Similarly, a lower socket connector 543 is threaded on the lower end portion of the tool mandrel for receiving a coupler 544 for connecting the lower end of the upshifting tool into the pumpdown type tool string.

The upshifting tool 500, as in the case of the other sleeve shifting tools disclosed and described herein, is readily eonvertible for use in a conventional wire line tool string, as illustrated in FIG. 11. The lower socket connector 543 is replaced by a lower guide plug or member 550 while the upper socket connector 540 is similarly replaced by a fishing neck or sub 551 having a downwardly facing shoulder 552 engaged by the upper end of the spring 521. The sub 551 is connected to the lower end of a conventional wire line tool string 553- supported from a wire line 554 in the usual manner.

Since the upshifting tool 500 is adapted for moving sleeves upwardly to their closed positions, it is necessary first to lower the tool to a position below the flow control device or devices to be closed by such upward movement of the tool.

As the tool is moved downwardly through the tubing string, the sleeve shifting keys 504 are held by the ring 520 in a neutral position in which they are substantially parallel with the tool mandrel, as represented in FIG. 11, so long as the tool is in normal diameter portions of the tubing string. When the tool reaches the uppermost flow control device F and the keys enter the restricted cam bore portion 203 of the device, the lower end portions of the keys are pivoted inwardly sufficiently to pass downwardly through such restricted bore into the larger bore of the housing 204 below the upper sub. When the upper bosses 524 of the keys enter the restricted cam bore portion 203 they are cammed inwardly, pivoting thelower end portions of the keys outwardly until the upper end portions of the keys pass below the restricted bore portion. Since the sleeve valve 215 is already at its lower position, the expanded lower end portions of the keys may move freely downwardly in the housing 204 and sleeve without engaging the shoulder 231 of the sleeve. The tool continues downwardly through the flow control device with the sleeve shifting keys wobbling, swinging, or pivoting sufficiently to clear thevarious restrictions within the flow control device, including the inner flange or boss 230 of the sleeve and the restricted bore portion 212 of the lower sub 210. If the keys encounter an obstruction beyond which they cannot pass by the normal pivotal or wobbling effect, the keys are forced upwardly on the tool mandrel with the pivot pins 505 moving upwardly in the slots 503 to enter the inwardly sloping slot upper portions 503b and the keys are retracted inwardly toward each other to provide additional clearance for the keys to pass beyond the obstruction.

After the upshifting tool is below the lowest of the flow control device or devices which are to be returned upwardly to closed positions, the tool train is reversed and moved upwardly in the tubing string. As the tool enters a flow control device from below, the upper endportions of the keys enter the restricted bore cam portion 212 of the lower sub 210 camming the upper ends of the-keys'slightly inwardly until they have moved above the restricted bore portion and enter the lower end of the bore of the sliding sleeve 215. When the lower bosses 525 of the keys enter the restricted bore portion 212, the lower ends of the keys are cammed inwardly to swing or pivot the keys on the pins 505, swinging the upper end portions of the keys laterally outwardly so that the outer upper end surfaces 514 of the upper bosses engage the lower shoulder surface 232 of the sliding sleeve. The outward movement of the upper ends of the keys cams the ring 520 upwardly against the force of the spring 521. FIG. 9 illustrates the upshift tool at about the position at which it initially engages the shoulder 232 of the sliding sleeve for moving the valve upwardly. The force applied to the mandrel of the tool for moving the tool upwardly is transmitted from the mandrel through the shear pin 513 to the ring 512. The upper face 5120 of the ring engages the inner downwardly facing surface 511a of each key, thereby applying upward force to the upper end portions of each of the keys which is then transmitted from the surface 514 of each of the keys to the internal shoulder surface 232 of the sliding sleeve. Thus, the" upward force necessary to move the sleeve is not applied to the pivot pins 505.

As the sleeve moves upwardly the detent ring 233 is cammed outwardly into the recess 234 by .the upper end surfaces 2l5e on the sleeve, releasing the sleeve for upward movement. The tool moves the. sleeve upwardly until the bosses 525 at the lower ends of the keys emerge upwardly from the restricted bore cam portion 2l2,'at which time the sleeve is at its upper closed position and the detent ring 233 is contracted inwardly around the sleeve below the lower cam surfaces 215f on the lower end portion of the lands 45d on the sleeve.

Since the lower bosses 525 on the keys have moved above the restricted bore portion 212, the lower ends of the keys are free to expand slightly, allowing the keys to pivot so the upper end portions of the keys swing inwardly due to the combined action of the spring biased ring 520 and the shoulder surface 532 acting on the key surfaces 514. The keys are thus cammed inwardly back to their neutral positions.

The sleeve is thus released at its upper closed position; with the tool continuing upwardly and the sleeve shifting keys wobbling or pivoting to clear the remaining restricted bore portions of the flow control device. a v

If, when the keys engage the sliding sleeve, the sleeve is stuck and cannot be moved upwardly by the normal force employed with the operating tool string, the shear pin 513 holding the ring 512 on the tool mandrelis sheared, allowing the ring to move downwardly on the mandrel and thereby freeing the sleeve shifting keys for downward. movement to the extent permitted by the engagement of the pivot pins 505 in the slots 503. As the keys are forced downwardly, the pins 505 enter the downwardly and inwardly sloping lower end portions 503c of the slots, so that the keys are retracted inwardly to provide additional clearance for the keys to move upwardly through the sliding sleeve, leaving it at the position at which it is stuck. The upshifting tool is then retrieved from the tubing string, and other standard tools including a jarring tool are incorporated into the tool string in accordance with normal procedures for releasing the sliding sleeve to return it to operative condition. I

The procedure described for moving the sliding sleeve is repeated at each of the flow control devices encountered in moving the upshifting tool upwardly in the tubing string.

It will now be seen that a still further form of new and improved sleeve shifting tool for moving a'sliding sleeve from a lower to an upper position has been described and illustrated. While the flow control device has been described as shifted from closed top to open position, it is obvious that the lateral flow ports may be arranged otherwise. It will be seen that the tool includes pivotally supported sleeve shifting keys urged upwardly by a shear pin supported'driving ring which is' releasable when a predetermined upward-force is applied to the mandrel of the tool for allowing the sleeve shifting keys to be retracted inwardly by downward movement of the keys on the tool mandrel for clearing obstructions in the tubing string or flow control device. it will also be seen that the sleeve shifting keys are normally biased to a neutral position on the tool mandrel when either end portion of the keys is within a restricted bore portion of the tubing string or a flow control device therein.

The foregoing description of the invention is explanatory only, and changes in the details of the constructions illustrated may be made by those skilled in the art, within the scope of the appended claims, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

lclaim:

1. A well tool for moving a movable member between two longitudinally spaced positions in a housing having a restricted bore portion spaced from said movable member, comprising: an elongate body having means at opposite ends for connection with actuating mechanisms for moving said tool through said housing; and operator means pivotally supported on said' body for releasably engaging said movable member for moving said member between first and second positions therein, one end portion of said operator means being mounted to be pivoted laterally outwardly into'enga'ging relationship with said movable member when an opposite end portion of said operator means engages a cam surface provided by saidrestricted bore portion of said housing; said operator means being movable past said movable member after said movable member has been shifted from said first to said second positionin' said housing, said operator means being laterally retractably movableindependently of said pivotal movement of said operator means for providing increased clearance around said operator means to permit said tool to pass obstructions in said housing past which said tool is precluded from moving by normal pivotal movement of said operator means.

2. A well tool as defined in clairnl wherein said elongate body is provided'with load bearing surface portion engageable with a surface portion of said operator means whereby force is transmitted from said elongate body to said operator means independently of the pivotal supportbetween said operator means and said body for moving said movable member in said passage.

3. A well tool as defined in claim 2, including: means operably connected between said elongate body member and said operator means'for biasing said operator means toward' having a cam surface away from which the sleeve valve is moved, said tool comprisingi'an elongate body having means at opposite ends for connection with actuating apparatus for moving said well tool through said flow conductor; sleeve engaging means supported on said body for swingable movement relative thereto whereby engagement of one portion of said sleeve engaging means with said cam surface in said flow control device pivots another portion of said sleeve engaging means laterally outwardly for engaging said sleeve; said sleeve engaging means being retractable toward said elongate body independently of said swingable movement to provide increased clearance around said tool for passing obstructions in said fldw conductor; and means operatively connected between said sleeve shifting means and said elongate body for biasing said sleeve shifting means to a predetermined position relative to said body.

5. A well tool as defined in claim 4 wherein said sleeve shifting means comprises: a plurality of sleeve shifting keys each swingably supported with respect to said elongate body by a pivot pin secured to said key and movably disposed in a longitudinally extending transverse slot provided in said elongate body, said slot having an inwardly sloping portion whereby said keys are compressible inwardly on said body responsive to longitudinal movement thereof relative to said body.

6. A well tool as defined in claim 5 wherein: each of said sleeve shifting keys is provided with a shoulder surface for engaging said sleeve and moving said sleeve between positions in said flow control device and for camming a portion of said key inwardly for disengagement from said sleeve when the portion of said key engaging said cam surface passes said cam surface, whereby said key is released to pivot on said elongate body to a position of disengagement from said sleeve for releasing said tool from said sleeve.

7. A well too] as defined in claim 6 wherein said elongate body is provided with a bearing surface engageable with a bearing surface provided on each of said keys for transmitting force from said body to each of said keys independently of the pivot pin supporting said key whereby force applied to said body is transmitted at said bearing surfaces to said keys for moving said sleeve when said sleeve is engaged by said keys.

8. A well tool as defined in claim 7 wherein said keys are biased on said elongate body in a direction biasing said bearing surface on said keys toward said bearing surface on said body.

9. A well tool as defined in claim 8 wherein: said elongate body has an external enlarged portion through which each of said transverse slots for receiving said pivot pins is formed, and each of said keys is provided with an internal recess longer in a longitudinal direction than the longitudinal length of said enlarged portion of said elongated body.

10. A,well tool as defined in claim 9 wherein said elongate body is provided with a second external enlarged portion spaced from said first enlarged portion, said second external enlarged portion being provided with said bearing surface of said elongated body engageable with said bearing surfaces of said keys; and biasing means is confined between an end surface of said keys and said elongate body for biasing said keys toward said second enlarged portion.

11. The well tool as defined in claim 10 wherein said biasing means includes a ring biased against an end surface of said keys for biasing said keys toward said enlarged portion of said elongate body.

12. A well tool as defined in claim 11 wherein: said ring has a surface of predetermined configuration facing toward said keys, and the end surfaces of said keys adjacent to and engageable with said ring are shaped complementary to said surface of the ring.

13. A well tool as defined in claim 11 wherein: the angle between said bearing surfaces of both said elongate body and said keys and the longitudinal axis of said body is greater than the angle between said longitudinal axis and the slope of said sleeve engaging shoulder surfaces on said keys, whereby said engagement between said shoulder surfaces of said keys and said sleeve cams said keys inwardly, disengaging said keys from said sleeve after said keys pass the cam surface of said flow conductor.

14. A well tool as defined in claim 11 wherein: said second enlarged portion of said elongated body comprises an annular ring secured on said body by shearable means releasable for releasing said ring to provide for said keys to move longitudinally on said elongate body and be retracted inwardly responsive to engagement with a sliding sleeve requiring more than a predetermined force for movement in such flow conductor, and said transverse slots in said first enlarged portion of said elongated body slope inwardly along both opposite end portions whereby said keys are retractable inwardly on said body responsive to movement toward an end position in either direction on said body.

15. A well tool comprising a flow control device for a well flow conductor and an actuator therefor, including: an elongate tubular housing having means at each end for coupling the same to a flow conductor; an aperture in the wall of said housing communicating the exterior and interior thereof; a valve element in said housing slidable longitudinally therein between a position closing said aperture and a position in which the aperture is open to permit fiow therethrough; means in said housing spaced from said valve element providing a cam surface; an actuator tool having operator means pivotally supported thereon and engageable with said valve element and said cam surface for moving said valve element in said housing between open and closed positions, said operator means being mounted to move out of engagement with said cam surface and to pivot out of engagement with said valve element when said valve element has been moved from one of said open and closed positions to the other, and to be movable laterally to a retracted position to permit said operator means to pass obstructions in said housing independently of pivotal movement of said operator means.

16. A flow control device for a flow conductor and an actuator therefor, including: an elongate tubular housing having means at each end for coupling the same to a flow conductor; an aperture through the wall of said housing; a sleeve valve element in said housing for controlling flow of fluids between the interior and exterior of said housing through said aperture; said valve element being slidable in said housing between a position in which said aperture is open to permit flow therethrough and a position in which the lateral aperture is closed to prevent flow therethrough; seal means between said housing and said lateral aperture when said valve element is in closed position; means providing actuating shoulder means on said valve element and relief means in the form of an enlarged bore in said valve element; a cam surface in said housing spaced from said valve element; an actuator tool for moving said valve element between said open and said closed positions in said housing comprising an elongate body having means thereon for connection with a tool string for moving said actuator through said housing and said valve element; operator means pivotally supported on said elongate body of said actuator means having means for releasably engaging said actuating shoulder means of said va lve element for moving said valve element longitudinally of the housing between a first position and a second position, said operator means being movable laterally and retractable from engagement with said shoulder means for movement past said shoulder means after said valve element has been shifted in said housing, said cam surface in said housing engaging one end of said operator means for holding the opposite end thereof in actuating engagement with said shoulder means of said valve element for moving said valve element in said housing between said first and second positions, said cam surface being disposed in spaced relationship with respect to said valve element to free the end of said operator means in engagement with said cam surface from such engagement when said valve element has been moved to said second position, whereby said end of said operator means which engaged said cam surface may pivot outwardly to permit said opposite. end to pivot out of engagement with said shoulder means of said valve element to permit said operator means to pass said valve element after the same has been shifted to said second position in said housing.

17. A device of the character setforth in'claim wherein said operator means is laterally retractable independently of the pivotal movement thereof on said elongate body for providing increased clearance around said operator means to permit said actuator to pass obstructions in said housing through which said actuator is precluded from passing by normal pivotal movement of said operator means. 7

18. A flow control device for a flow conductor adapted for use with an actuating tool having thereon elongate pivotally mounted operator means having opposite ends swingable about said pivotal mounting, said flow-control device comprising as a subcombination: an elongate tubular housing having means at each end thereof for coupling the same to a flow conductor; an aperture through the wall of said housing; a tubular valve element slidable longitudinally in said housing between a first open position admitting flow through said aperture in said housing wall and a second closed position closing off flow through said aperture; seal means between said tubular housing and said valve element sealing therebetween when the valve element is in said second closed position to prevent flow of fluids through said aperture in said housing; means providing actuating shoulder means on said valve element and an enlarged relief bore in said valve element;'and means providing camming surface means in said housing spaced from said shoulder means of said valve element and adapted to be engaged by one swingable end of said operator means of said actuating tool when said valve element is. in said first position to hold the opposite swingable end of said operator means of said actuating tool in engagement with said shoulder means of said 2333 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION Patent No. 3 552 718 Dated Januar 5 1971 Inventor) Harry E. Schwegman It is certified that error appears in the above-identified patent and that said Letters Patent are hereby corrected as shown below:

Column 10, line 60, for "downwradly" read "downwardly-- Column 17, line 1, after "claim" insert --16-- Signed and sealed this 11th day of May 1971.

(SEAL) Attest:

EDWARD M.FIE'1CHE;R,J'R. WILLIAM E. SCHUYLER, JR Attesting Officer Commissioner of Patents

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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4274485 *Sep 25, 1979Jun 23, 1981Otis Engineering CorporationMethod and system for well testing
US4583592 *Apr 27, 1984Apr 22, 1986Otis Engineering CorporationWell test apparatus and methods
US4807699 *May 21, 1987Feb 28, 1989Randy MerkeyTubing sleeve
US4856591 *Mar 23, 1988Aug 15, 1989Baker Hughes IncorporatedMethod and apparatus for completing a non-vertical portion of a subterranean well bore
US4915172 *May 25, 1989Apr 10, 1990Baker Hughes IncorporatedMethod for completing a non-vertical portion of a subterranean well bore
US5183114 *Apr 1, 1991Feb 2, 1993Otis Engineering CorporationSleeve valve device and shifting tool therefor
US5211241 *Dec 31, 1991May 18, 1993Otis Engineering CorporationIn a conduit
US5259451 *Jul 16, 1992Nov 9, 1993Fmc CorporationDown hole well tool with pressure relief chamber
US5305833 *Feb 16, 1993Apr 26, 1994Halliburton CompanyShifting tool for sliding sleeve valves
US5305988 *Sep 24, 1992Apr 26, 1994Halliburton CompanyValves having involute sealing surfaces
US5309988 *Nov 20, 1992May 10, 1994Halliburton CompanyElectromechanical shifter apparatus for subsurface well flow control
US7237611 *Feb 5, 2004Jul 3, 2007Baker Hughes IncorporatedZero drill completion and production system
US7900707 *Aug 20, 2007Mar 8, 2011Rmspumptools LimitedApparatus and method for selectively controlling fluid downhole in conjunction with a progressive cavity pump (PCP)
US8191623 *Apr 14, 2009Jun 5, 2012Baker Hughes IncorporatedSlickline conveyed shifting tool system
US8522877 *Aug 21, 2009Sep 3, 2013Baker Hughes IncorporatedSliding sleeve locking mechanisms
US20110042107 *Aug 21, 2009Feb 24, 2011Baker Hughes IncorporatedSliding Sleeve Locking Mechanisms
USRE31313 *Oct 15, 1981Jul 19, 1983Otis Engineering CorporationMethod and system for well testing
EP0026105A2 *Sep 24, 1980Apr 1, 1981Otis Engineering CorporationA valve for use in well testing and a method of utilising said valve
EP0484218A1 *Oct 25, 1991May 6, 1992Institut Francais Du PetroleWork-over device for non eruptive deviated wells
Classifications
U.S. Classification251/291, 166/332.1
International ClassificationE21B23/08, E21B34/00, E21B23/00, E21B34/14
Cooperative ClassificationE21B34/14, E21B23/08
European ClassificationE21B23/08, E21B34/14
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 15, 1993ASAssignment
Owner name: HALLIBURTON COMPANY, TEXAS
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:OTIS ENGINEERING CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:006779/0356
Effective date: 19930624