US 3554065 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Un-ited States Patent  Inventor Otto Kunz 3,098,292 1963 Bunk 83/684X vLyss, Switzerland 3,21 L034 l965 Andris 83/453X ] Appl. No. 730,752 1,950,356 I934 DeBats 76/(W) t giled d gm 13$? FOREIGN PATENTS atente an. Assignee Feimool AG l,l60,395 l/ l964 Germany 83/465 L B S i l d I Primary Examiner-Andrew R. .Iuhasz  Priority June 5, 1967 Assistant Examiner-James F. Coan  swimrla d An0mey Werner W. Kleeman [3 l] 7898/67  PRECISION CUTTING PUNCHING TOOL FOR 0F PARTS ABSTRACT: A precision cutting punching tool incorporating a die member with a die opening and a cutting punch which  [1.8. CI 83/ 124, can be displaced through a pressure or Contact plate into the 83/55, 83/l69, 83/454, 83/465, 83/ die opening. A counterpunch which counteracts the cutting [5 l] Int. Cl 826d 3/00 punch is arranged in the die opening The contact plate has an  Field ofsflll'th, 83/55, 17, apening f receiving the cutting punch and this |ast menj I9, 169, 123, 124, 125, I26, I27, 128, I76, tioned opening is provided at the operable side of such contact 690; 72/333 338; plate with protruding ring teeth or projections. The 76/107; 10/24 27 generatrices or surface lines of the die opening with the excep tion of the location of the cuttin ed e of the die member ex-  References Cited tend substantially parallel, and the cutting edge of the die UNITED STATES PATENTS I member is irregular, e.g. facetlike or paraboliclike configura- 1,179,477 l9l6 Thomas 83/169X tion and possesses a convex form.
i PRECISION CUTTING PUNCHING TOOL FOR r PRECISIONPUNCIIING OF BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION f The punching or stamping toolsknown heretofore to the art cannot produce perfect cut'surfaces. They always leave more or less sizable groovelike depressions or elevations which extend in the direction of the punching operation. If during subsequent use these cut surfaces must comply with greater demands or requirements, these surfaces must further be worked or machined. Moreover, the prior art is familiar with the use of means which permit the production of an improved quality of the cut surfaces For this purpose, protruding ring teeth are provided on a contact or pressure plate which presses the material or blank to be punched against the die surface. These ring teeth press the material being worked firmly against the die'surface in the vicinity of the cutting edges. As a result, the material is less able to move away laterally and the cut surface therefore will be much more precise. The cut surfaces produced in this'fashion suffice for punched parts whichare subjected to average or'medium requirements. In the event,
however, that these cut surfaces will have tomeet very high requirements, they must be subjected to further machining operations. we
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, it is a primary object of the present invention to provide an improved tool for precision punching which per mits the production of punched parts having excellent cut surfaces which satisfy the highest requirements without the necessity of subjecting the punched parts to any special further working or machining operations.
Another noteworthy object of the present invention pertains to an improved precision punc'hing'tool which is relatively simple in construction, quite easy to operate, and capable of efficiently and re liably punching parts with a high degree of precision. g
. Still a further significant object of the present invention relates to an improved method of punching parts with extreme accuracy so that no further machining operations will be required even if the punched parts have extremely high demands placed upon them.
Now, in order to implement these and still further objects of the invention, which will become more readily apparent as the description proceeds, the present invention is generally manifested by the features that, with the exception of the cutting edge of the die member, the surface lines or generatrices of the die opening extend substantially parallel and the cutting edge of the die is broken or irregular and possesses a convex configuration. V
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged-detail l of a portion of the precision punching tool of FIG. 1, depicting the configuration of the cutting edge with greaterclarity; and
FIG. 3 is a view essentially similar to FIG. 2. but illustrating a different cutting edge configuration.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Describing now the drawing, FIG. 1 depicts an upwardly and downwardly movable punch table 1 and stationery or rigid punch block 2 which can be'mounted in a triple-acting press. A die holder 3 is embedded into the punch block 2 and secured by any suitable nonillustrated means. A die member 4 formed of hard metal, e.g., sintered or cemented carbides, is set into a recess 5 of the die holder 3i A counterpunch 7, which is movable vertically in relation to the die surface 8, is provided within a die opening 6. The cross section of this counterpunch 7 corresponds to the cross section of the die opening 6. A bolt 9 is attached to the counterpunch 7 for ac-. tuating the same. i
A parallel guide piece 10 is inserted into a bore ll provided at the punch block 2. This parallel guide piece 10 has two functions, namely that of supporting the die member 4 and, on,
the other hand, of being removable, if required, so that the 6 in order to be able to control the cutting edges 12 of this die member 4 and, if necessary, to clean the same or further work or machine them.
A holder or mounting support 13 for a contact or pressure plate 14 is embedded into the punch table I and rigidly connected with the same by any suitable means, not shown. This contact or pressure plate 14 itself is mounted in a recess [5 of the holder 13, and ring teeth or projections 17 pointing toward die member 4 protrude from its surface 16 located opposite the die surface 8. Ring teeth 17 are spaced at a small distance from a through passage or penetration opening 18 for a cutter passing between the die member 4 and the contact or pressure plate 14 as is customary in punch presses. The cross section of the cutter punch 19 and the through passage opening 18 are equal and correspond to that of the die opening 6.
The striplike material 20 is inserted between the die member 4 and the contact or pressureplate l4. The'stamp block 2 is moved exactly vertically against the punch table 1, whereby the striplike material 20 is clamped or secured between such die member 4 and the contact or pressure plate 14. The counterpunch 7, which inFlG. 1 extends slightly past the die surface 8, is thereby moved into the die opening 6 to a point where its outside surface 21 together with the die surface 8 lies in one plane. At such time as the striplike material 20 is clamped, the ring teeth 17 penetrate such material. whereby it is securely retained in place and cannot be laterallydisplaced. The force with which the die member 4 and the contact or pressure plate I4 are pressed against each other is preferably maintained constant during the entire punching process.
By simultaneously displacing the cutter punch 19 and the counterpunch 7 into the die opening 6, the part of the striplike material 20 to be punched out is likewise moved into this die opening 6, during the course of which it is separated by the ing 6 by the counterpunch 7 to a point lying behindi this broken cutting edge 12, a process occurs which is lar to that of drawing a wire. After the punched-out part 'w lch' I secured between the punches 7, 19 has been complete separated from the striplike material 20, the punch lilaga The stamping or punching of a punched part occurs as fol moves downward, whereby the blank of material is stripped off the press punch 19. The tool portions 1 and 2 open due to the movement of the press, and it is only then that the counterpunch 7 pushes or ejects the finished punched part out of the die member 4, whereupon it can be removed from the area or zone of this die member 4.
A standard or normal lubricant is fed to the die opening 6 and especially to the cutting edges 12. It is preferable to take care that the lubricating film between the die member 4 and the material to be punched out does not flow off or break down during the stamping or punching operation. Since the die member is preferably formed of a sintered carbide, it is porous. A part of the lubricant can deposit in the pores of this material and helps to ensure that the lubricating film does not break down or flow away.
The precision punching tool described above is preferably mounted at punch presses having controlled punching speed. This type of punch press reduces the punch movement of the cutter punch toward the end of the punching operation, even when the gravitational force required for separating the punched part decreases toward the end of the punching operation.
FIG. 2 depicts a section of the arrangement of FIG. 1 in an enlarged scale. The configuration of the cutting edge 12 is clearly recognizable in this FIG. The cutting edge is ground or sharpened in facetlike or bevellike fashion with the grinding movements being performed along the three straight lines 23 to 25. The counterpunch 7 is depicted in its inoperable or rest position and extends slightly past the die surface 8 in order to be able to completely eject the punched-out part from the die opening 6 after completion of the punching operation.
In FIG. 3 a die member 4 is provided with a paraboliclike cutting edge 12'. This FIG. depicts the position of the punching process at just the period of time where the striplike material to be processed is clamped between the die surface 8 and the surface 16 of the contact or pressure plate 14 and between the cutter punch 19 and the counterpunch 7. The ring tooth means 17 has penetrated into the material 20 so that the same can no longer move laterally. A phantom line shows the position of the punched out part 20' immediately upon the completion of the punching operation. It can be clearly seen that it has been pushed completely into the die opening 6 behind the broken or irregular cutting edge 12'. During this operation it has had imparted to it a cut surface of excellent quality, said cut surface even surpassing a normally ground surface with respect to its degree of precision, and it can only be compared to a finely lapped surface.
Punched parts which have been produced with the abovedescribed precision punching tool are extremely true to measurement and their cut surfaces satisfy the highest demands which may be required of them. They do not require any special further machining operations and they extend at right angles to both parallel surfaces of the punched part without exhibiting any burrs or the like.
It should be apparent from the foregoing detailed description that the objects set forth at the outset have been successfully achieved.
1. A precision cutting punch tool means comprising a die member provided with a die opening, a contact plate having an opening for piercingly receiving a cutting punch member, a cutting punch member extending through said opening of said contact plate and into said die opening, a counterpunch located in said die opening counteracting said cutting punch member, said contact plate having an operable side which is provided at the region of said opening thereof with protruding figuration.
2. A precision cutting punching tool means as defined in claim 1, wherein said protruding ringlike projection means comprise protruding teeth means.
3. A precision cutting punching tool means as defined in claim 1, including means to lubricate the cutting edge means on said die member; wherein said die member is formed of a porous hard metal in order to be able to assist a lubricating film in carrying out its lubricating function.
4. A precision cutting punching tool means as defined in claim 3, wherein said porous hard metal is a sintered carbide.
5. A precision cutting punching tool means as defined in claim 1, wherein said cutting edge means is in the form ofsubstantially facetlike broken cutting edges.
6. A precision cutting punching tool means as defined in claim 1, wherein said cutting edge means is in the form ofsubstantially parabolic-shaped cutting edges, wherein the parabolic lines merge asymptotically with said surface lines.
7. A precision cutting punching tool means comprising a die member provided with a die opening, a contact plate member having an opening for piercingly receiving a cutting punch member, a cutting punch member extending through said opening of said contact plate member and into said die open ing, a counterpunch located in said die opening counteracting said cutting punch member, one of said members having an operable side which is provided at the region of the associated opening thereof with protruding ringlike projection means which encircle said opening in spaced relationship therefrom, said die member being provided with cutting edge means, the surface lines of said die opening with the exception of said cutting edge means extending substantially parallel, said cutting edge means of said die member possessing an irregular convex configuration.