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Publication numberUS3555627 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 19, 1971
Filing dateOct 17, 1968
Priority dateOct 17, 1968
Publication numberUS 3555627 A, US 3555627A, US-A-3555627, US3555627 A, US3555627A
InventorsHowell Robert B
Original AssigneeHowell Robert B
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Installation of seam type zippers
US 3555627 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 19, 1971 R. B. HOWELL INSTALLKTION OF SEAM TYPE ZIPPERS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed 001;. 1.7, 1968 Jan. 19, 1971 R. B. HOWELL INSTALLATION OF SEAM TYPE ZIPPERS 2 Sheets-$heet 2 Filed Oct. 17, 1968 United States Patent 3,555,627 INSTALLATION OF SEAM TYPE ZIPPERS Robert B. Howell, 2115 Madrona Point Drive,

Bremerton, Wash. 98310 Filed Oct. 17, 1968, Ser. No. 768,466 Int. Cl. A44b 19/26, 19/32, 19/36 US. Cl. 24-205.1 6 Claims ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the invention The present invention relates to a technique of installing an invisible or seam-type zipper, and to improvements in zippers of this type related to such installation method.

Description of the prior art My US. Pat. No. 3,349,736 relates to a type of zipper foot usable for sewing invisible or seam type zippers into garments or other fabric objects. As a step preparatory to installation of the zipper the slider is moved to a completely open position so that the two chains of fastener elements are separated. The zipper foot is used to first sew one tape of the zipper to one of two fabric panels to be joined, and then to sew the opposite tape of the zipper to the second panel. The zipper foot includes guide avenues through which the chains of fastener elements travel. The guide avenues are shaped to properly orient the fastener elements and to in other respects properly guide the zipper tapes past the sewing machine needle. The sewing machine is used to sew the two tape assemblies of the zipper in place until the closed end of the zipper approaches the needle and the slider of the zipper makes contact with the zipper foot. In the region below where slider interference with the zipper foot prevents further machine sewing through the sewing tapes of the zipper it is necessary to bypass the zipper and directly seam sew together two fabric parts which the zipper connects together in the region thereof adjacent the loose lower portion of the zipper. The lower loose tail portion of the zipper which extends below the end points of the stitching through the sewing tapes is not used.

It is conventional to rely on the beginning stitches of the finishing seam in the fabric to define the new fully opened position of the zipper. A disadvantage of this practice is that most users open a zipper by rapidly moving its slider in the zipper opening direction as far as it will go. The slider makes an abrupt stop at the end of its run and exerts a significant force on the beginning stitches of the finishing seam. Throughout a period a repetitious opening of the zipper in this fashion there is a repeated hammering on the stitches by the slider which tends to either part the thread, the cloth, or both, or to force the thread out from its engagement with the cloth.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to the present invention the slider of the seam type zipper is equipped with an extension that is severable from the slider proper and is securable (by crimping or other methods) to the closed fastener ele- 'ice ments in the region where the stitching through the zipper tapes stops and the finishing seam stitching through the fabric panels begin. It thereafter serves as a slider stop.

In the preferred embodiment, the slider extension is manufactured to initially be an integral part of the slider. It is an extension of the straight-channel end portion of the slider which is separated from the normal end position of the slider by a girth pattern of serrations, and is initially connected to the slider by relatively thin and narrow splice sections of material remaining between the serrations. The extension is crimped onto the fastener element by a pliers-like tool. The crimping action serves to break the splice members and in that maner sever the extension from the slider.

These and other features of the invention are exemplified by the embodiments described below with reference to the drawing.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIG. 1 is a fragmentary top plan view taken in the needle region of a sewing machine, showing one side tape of a zipper being sewn to one side part of a fabric object, and showing the slider of the zipper in a fully open position and its separator end in contact with the toe end of a zipper foot, preventing further relative movement of the two parts being sewn together relative to the needle;

FIG. 2 is a top plan view showing a manner of completing the seam in the region below the bottom stitches through the zipper tapes;

FIG. 3 is a view taken toward the rear side of the installed zipper and showing the slider in a new fully open position established by the beginning stitches of the completion seam;

FIG. 4 is an isometric view of a slider typifying one aspect of the invention, said view looking toward the front, one side and the straight channel end of the slider, and taken from an aspect below the slider;

FIG. 5 is a view similar to the lower portion of FIG. 1, showing the slider of FIG. 4 in use and in a fully open position;

FIG. 6 is a view similar to FIG. 3, showing the slider of FIGS. 4 and 5 in a new fully open position established by the starting stitches of the completion seam in the fabric below where slider contact with the zipper foot prevented further sewing through the zipper tapes, and showing a pliers-like tool being used to simultaneously sever the extension from the slider and crimp such extension onto the closed zipper teeth, to thereafter serve as an end stop to transmit the bottoming slider forces to the zipper;

FIG. 7 is a front view of the fabric object and the installed zipper, showing the slider and the other hidden zipper elements below it by broken or hidden lines;

FIG. 8 is a rear side view of the assembly of FIG. 7, showing the slider in a position upwardly somewhat from the crimped-on stop member;

FIG. 9 is a view similar to FIG. 4, but of a modified form of slider which includes an opening in the back of its extension and a plug of a meltable plastic substance in such hole;

FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view taken through the slider extension in the region of the opening and the plastic plug, showing the tip of a heating iron being brought into contact with the plastic plug;

FIG. 11 is a view similar to FIG. 10, showing the plastic plug in the process of reforming as heated, and of flowing into the spaces between the zipper teeth located inside the slider extension; and

FIG. 12 is a view similar to' FIGS. 10 and 11, but of a further form of slider incorporating an extension which carries a strip of iron-on tape, such view showing a fragmented portion of an iron being used to heat bond a side portion of the iron-on tape onto the zipper tape associated therewith.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS FIGS. 1 and 2 show two different stages of installing an invisible or seam type zipper in a garment or other fabric object. The zipper itself is shown to comprise a pair of tape assemblies 10, 12, Each assembly 10, 12 includes a fabric stitching tape 14, 16 having a rearwardly turned inner edge portion 18, 20 (FIGS. lO-12). The term fabric is used herein in the broad sense. Thus, it includes materials that might be more specifically classifiable as a cloth, a plastic, a paper, etc.

As best shown by FIGS. -12, a welt or edge bead 22, 24 is incorporated into each of the inner edge portions 18, 20. A chain, roll or series of fastener elements or teeth 26, 28 are crimped about the welts 22, 24 and the immediately adjoining part of the inner edge portions 18, 20, or are otherwise firmly secured to said edge portions 18, 20. The fastener elements 26, 2 8 are illustrated as having hook portions 30, 32 which substantially surround and clamp onto the welts 22, 24, and coupling head portions 34, 36. A projection 37 is formed on one side of each coupling head portion 34, 36, and a complementary shaped recess (not shown) is formed on the opposite side of each coupling head portion 34, 36. When the projections 37 are mated within the recesses the fastener elements are coupled together and the inner edge portions 18, of the tapes 14, 16 are held in abutting contact at the bight or fold regions thereof (FIGS. 10-12).

The zipper shown by FIGS. l-3 includes a slider 38 having a straight channel end portion and a branched end portion. The slider engages the fastener elements 26, 28 and is arranged to couple such fastener elements 26, 28 together when moved in a direction with its branched end leading, and to decouple such elements 26, 28 when moved in the opposite direction. The branched end portion of the slider 38 includes a separator 40 which normally projects endwise of the slider proper somewhat.

Referring to FIG. 1, the zipper itself is shown to be laid out substantially fiat on the sewing machine table with its inner or concealed side directed upwardly. The fabric panel 42 to which the sewing tape 16 is being attached is spread out on the sewing table with its seam or front side directed upwardly, and its inner edge portion 44 located below the sewing tape 16. The sewing machine is equipped with a zipper foot 46 shown to be of the type disclosed in my aforementioned US. Pat. No. 3,349,736. Reference is made to said Pat. No. 3,349,736 for a detailed description of the zipper foot attachment and of a manner of using it for installing an invisible or seam type zipper. The disclosure of Pat. No. 3,349,736 is hereby expressly incorporated herein by reference.

Referring again to FIG. 1, the zipper foot 46 is used to properly guide the assembly which includes the sewing tape 12 and the fabric panel 42 relatively past the needle N, so that the needle N can stitch through both the tape 16 and the panel edge portion 44 along a generally straight path or stitch line 48 closely bordering the connector elements 28. As clearly shown by FIG. 1, when contact occurs between the toe end 50 of the foot component 46 and the outer end of the separator 40 no further movement of the zipper and the fabric object is possible and the stitching through the sewing tape 12 must be stopped at the location marked generally by the line 52 extending transversely across FIGS. 1, 2 and 3.

As should be evident, the opposite tape assembly 10 is sewn to the opposite fabric panel 54 in much the same fashion. That is to say, the panel 42 is moved out of the way and the panel 54 is laid out flat on the sewing table, with its seam or front side directed upwardly. The tape assembly 10 is placed on the inner edge portion 56 of panel 54, with its sewing tape portion 14 directed outwardly and the connector elements 26 directed upwardly. The connector elements 26 are then guided relatively through the second channel in the foot component 46 (on the right side of the needle N, as shown in FIG. 1), and the tape 14 is sewn to the edge portion 56 along a stitch line 58 until contact between the separator 40 and the foot component 46 prevent any further sewing towards the slider 38 beyond a position on line 52.

As shown by FIGS. 10-12, when the slider is moved upwardly through the region of the stitching 48, 58, such stitch lines 48, 58 are brought together inwardly of where the two fabric panels 42, 54 form a seam 60. During the process of making the garment or other object of which the zipper is a part it is necessary to continue the seam effect below the ends of the stitch lines 48, 58, i.e. in the region below line 52. This is done by moving the slider 38 upwardly into the region above line 52, and then placing the two panels 42, 54 substantially fiat together, with the seam sides thereof facing each other (FIG. 2). The foot component 46 is then adjusted laterally and employed as a presser foot, and the stitch line 62 is established through the two panels 42, 54 and along a path that is substantially colinear with the stitch lines 48, 58- (FIG. 2).

Referring to FIGS. 2 and 3 together, following completion of the seam the beginning stitches 64 (FIG. 2) serve as a stop for the slider 38. However, experience has showed that repetitious movement of the slider 38- rather forcibly into its open position eventually results in the slider 38 breaking the stitches 64, or the force on the stitches 64 cause them to leave the openings in the cloth or to tear or break through the cloth.

FIG. 4 illustrates a slider 38' which includes a severable extension 70. The slider proper includes a rear wall or web 72, a pair of side walls or flanges 74, 76, a pair of front lips 78, 80, and a separator 82. At one end of the slider 38 the side walls 74, 76 are parallel with each other, the lips 78, 80 are in coplanar parallelism and are in spaced parallelism with the back panel 72, and the back panel 72, the side walls 74, 76 and the lips 78, 80 together form a generally straight lipped channel of rectangular proportions in cross section. The fastener elements 26, 28 pass through such straight channel portions coupled together. At the opposite end of the slider the slide walls 74, 76 and the lips 78, 80 diverge apart as they extend outwardly from where they join the straight channel portion of the slider, and the rear panel 72 widens accordingly as it extends outwardly. The separator 82 divides the interior of this end portion of the slider into two separate branch channels throuhg which the fastener elements 26, 28 pass separately. This end of the slider is herein termed the branch end portion.

According to the invention the extension is also made of straight channel form and is made to initially be an integral part of the slider 38. This may be done by extending the rear panel 72, the side walls 74, 76 and the front lips 78, 80, and then providing a girth pattern of serrations 84 in the slider at about thelocation of the normal end surface of the straight channel portion of the slider 38'. Short and narrow interconnecting pieces of metal 86, herein termed splice strips, are left between the serrations 78. On the extension side of the serrations 78 the rear panel is designated 72, the side walls are designated 74, 76', and the front lips are designated 78', 80'. As shown by FIG. 5, when the slider 38 is down in a position against the end stop the extension 70 surrounds and houses the end stop 25.

In installation of the zipper the steps described above in conjunction with FIGS. l-3 are performed as before. Following completion of the finishing seam (FIG. 2 operation) the slider 38 is moved downwardly or in a zipper opening direction until stopped by the upper stitches 64. Thereafter a pliers-like tool P (FIG. 6) is used for crimping the extension 70 into tight engagement with the several elements 26, 28 which are then within extension 70. Preferably, the tool P has gripping jaw portions which are shaped to squeeze inwardly the central portions of the side walls 74, 76', so as to move some of the metal (or other material from which the slider 38 and the extension 70 may be made) inwardly into the spaces between the fastener elements 26, 28, on at least one side of the zipper. The squeezing or gripping action by the pliers P also serves to break the splice strips 80, thereby severing the extension 70 from the slider proper. Thereafter, during use of the zipper the extension 70 serves as a stop member which is rigidly secured to the fastener elements 26, 28 and which serves to transmit the bottoming force of the slider 38' evenly to the zipper throughout a relatively large zone, rather than concentrating such slider forces on the stitches 64. Accordingly, repetitious operation of the zipper will not result in a disturbance of the seam formed by stitch line 62.

FIGS. 9-11 illustrate a modified form of the slider, designated 38". In this form an opening 90 is manufactured into the back panel portion 92 of the extension 94 and a plug 96 of a meltable plastic material is fitted in this opening 90. The extension 94 is secured to the fastener elements 26, 28 of the zipper by applying heat to the plastic substance 96, as shown in FIGS. 10 and 11. The heating tool having a generally pointed tip T may be used to apply heat directly on the plastic plug 96. In response to the heat the plastic 96 melts and a portion of it flows downwardly into the spaces between the several fastener elements 26, 28 which are inside the extension. The remaining portion of the plastic substance 96 remains secured to the extension 94 by virtue of it being locked into the opening 90. As shown by FIG. 11, lips 97, 98 are formed about the opening 90 on both sides of the back panel 92 and these lips 97, 98 serve to grip the portions of the back panel which border the opening 90.

FIG. 12 discloses a further modified form of the invention. In this form a strip 99 of fabric impregnated with an iron-on type of adhesive is in some fashion secured to the extension 100. Such strip is formed to include two oppositely directed side parts 102, 104 which are securable to the sewing tape portions 14, 16 of the zipper by use of an ordinary hand iron I, for example. In FIG. 12 a portion of hand iron I is shown in the process of heating the heat sensitive adhesive incorporated in one of the side parts of the iron-on strip 99. The opposite side part is shown to have already been heat secured to the tape on its side of the zipper.

According to the invention the extension equipped sliders 38', 38", 100 may be used to aid manufacture of a plurality of zippers as a continuous strip. The sliders are installed on the zippers, a slider is moved to a position placing its extension at the desired location for a bottom stop, the extension is then secured to the zipper, and thereafter the strip is out below the extension.

The foregoing description and the accompanying drawing together describes specific embodiments which are within the scope of the present invention. The following claims actually define the scope of the invention.

What is claimed is:

1. In a slider for a seam type zipper having a rear wall, a pair of opposite side walls connected to the rear wall, and a lip extending from each side wall laterally inwardly towards the other lip, with the rear wall, the side walls and the lips together forming a generally straight channel at one end of the slider through which the fastener parts of the zipper pass coupled together, with said side Walls and said lips diverging apart as they extend from said generally straight channel to the opposite end of the slider, with the rear wall widening out in its extent in the same direction, and with said slider further including a partition extending from the rear wall forwardly and dividing the interior of the diverging portion of the slider into two separate branch channels through which the two fastener parts pass separately, the improvement comprising:

a slider extension disposed axially endwise outwardly of the straight channel portion of said slider and attached thereto by a splice means in the form of at least one breakable strip, said extension comprising a back wall, side walls, and front lips, together forming a channel which is substantially like the straight channel portion of said slider, said extension being separable from said slider by breaking said splice means, and said extension being provided for securement to said zipper upwardly from the closed end thereof, to serve as a slider stop.

2. The improvement of claim I, wherein said extension is initially connected to the slider by said splice means, so that the extension and the slider can be initially installed on the zipper together, and can be moved together to place the extension in a desired position for separation from the slider and securement to the zipper.

3. The improvement of claim 2, wherein said extension is formed integrally with said slider, and said splice means comprise narrow pieces of material bridging be tween, and integral parts of both, the extension and the slider, and separated by a pattern of serrations.

4. The improvement of claim 1, wherein the seam type zipper includes means for positively closing its closed end, and both the straight channel portion of the slider and the extension are sized to be larger than the closing means, so that the slider can be moved downwardly into a bottom position in which internal parts of the slider at least substantially contact the closure means and said straight channel portion and said extension loosely surround said closure means.

5. The improvement of claim 1, further including a normally solid substance which is heat meltable anchorable on said extension, so that said extension can be secured to the zipper by application of heat to such substance so as to cause it to melt and flow into and interlock with portions of the zipper inside said extension.

6. The improvement of claim 1, further including an iron-on type strip connected to the extension and including at le'ast one panel part positioned to be set in juxtaposition with fabric, so that the extension can be secured to the zipper by merely applying heat to said panel to cause it to adhere to said fabric.

References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS "2,120,924 6/1938 Stillschweig 24--205.l 3,074,137 1/1963 Hawley 24-205.l5X 3,077,847 2/1963 Morin 24205.1X

BERNARD A. GELAK, Primary Examiner US Cl. X.R.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3805339 *Mar 26, 1971Apr 23, 1974Howell RSeam type zippers with slider stop member
US3849841 *Jan 2, 1973Nov 26, 1974American Can CoSeam type zipper with adjustable bottom stop
US3903571 *Aug 10, 1973Sep 9, 1975Howell Robert BSlider stop for seam type zippers
US3953912 *Jun 21, 1971May 4, 1976Yoshida Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaConcealed sliding clasp fastener
US4035876 *Dec 17, 1975Jul 19, 1977Yoshida Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaDual fastener slider
US4047756 *Oct 1, 1975Sep 13, 1977Yoshida Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaChair construction and method of assembling the same
US4099301 *Nov 15, 1976Jul 11, 1978Yoshida Kogyo K.K.Slide fastener combination
US5293671 *Jan 28, 1993Mar 15, 1994Yoshida Kogyo K.K.Slider for closing coupling elements
US6112383 *Sep 1, 1998Sep 5, 2000Salam; AbdulBag tag and zipper lock and method of making
EP0558204A1 *Feb 10, 1993Sep 1, 1993Ykk CorporationSlider for closing coupling elements
WO2010123968A1Apr 21, 2010Oct 28, 2010Robern, Inc.Medicine cabinet
U.S. Classification24/415, 112/475.16, 24/435
International ClassificationA41H37/06, A41H37/00, A44B19/24, A44B19/36, A44B19/26
Cooperative ClassificationA44B19/26, A41H37/06, A44B19/36
European ClassificationA41H37/06, A44B19/26, A44B19/36