US 3556115 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
United States Patent 3,111,679 11/1963 Reinsberg 2/174 3,179,954 4/1965 Weitzner.... 2/198 3,197,787 8/1965 Tognan et a1... 2/171 3,221,345 12/1965 Berg 2/198 3,377,628 4/1968 LeSante 2/207 Primary Examiner-Louis G. Mancene Assistant Examiner-Gregory E. McNeill Attorney-Louis J. Strom ABSTRACT: This invention pertains to a coiffure protector formed from tulle netting or the like; having a stiffening material affixed to or encased in the sides to maintain the shape thereof, padding encased or affixed to the back to prevent the hair riding up, an adjustable band for varying the size of the opening and means for holding the protector in place on the head of the wearer.
COIFEUREPROIEEGTOR BACKGROUNDOF THE INVENTION Fieldgof the, Invention,
, This invention relatestgenerally to a hair covering and in particular. to a coiffure protector for protectingthe coiffure of the wearerwhile sleeping. I
Description of the Prior. Art
In recentry earslmoreand-moreemphasis has been placed onqthe appearance of ladies coiffures. Women are spending many hours inbeauty. shopstomaintainwthestyle of=their hair so .that itrisalways pleasing tolthe. eye. Many of the styles are quire bouffantand'ithussusceptible. to crushingand rdisfiguration; Paper, rollersandaotherygimmicksand gadgetsare employed at: night: to maintainrthe' coiffure, however the end result is usually, uncomfortable sleeping conditions and failure to adequately. protect 1 the :coiffure. Different styles and'types of nightcaps'haye, beenrperfected, buttthcyhave a-tendency to either fitrtoortighnthus compactingathe hair againstxthe head, to slip offfthe head :oflthe, wearer during the nightthus offering no.protection to allow. thehair. to ride up-in the back thus destroying, partof the coiffure, to retain normal perspiration therein .thus actingas ahumidifier, and to have no shape holding characteristics-thus.providing:nothing:more than a hair covering.
Azpreliminary. patentability search=was conducted inClass 2, subclassesvl 74iandll98; and Class .132, subclass 47. In US. Pat. No. 2,815,03I=,,a sheetoflsmoothsurfaced material is interposed l between 1 two nets. for the; purpose of allowing the inner netlto substantially. adhere towor remain in unmovable contactrwith .the haira while the outerinetcan slide relative to the inner." neti because of" the material it interposed therebetweem. The, interposed: material. stops. the normal escape ,ofymoisture. from .the cap, does: not-prevent :the crushing of the, coiffureand zdoesnot have means for preventing the cap from shifting ,onmoving UJS. Pat. No. 3;076,972,disclosesahooduto cover the coiffure wherein the hood is oversizedlwith a balloon configuration.to enclose thecoiffure inra loosemanner and having straps attached thereto which are wrappedfaround the hood to provideat least ,oneadded .lay erioflprotective, material around the, sides and .front; The average sleeper does not sleep on her face; therefore, additional .protection isnotlreqttired on the front: Furthermore, the. addedllayers. prevent the, normal escapeof moisture from the. capz. No provisioniisrmade to preventthe hood from shiftingionmoving relative to .the hair, thus causing displacement and 1 ultimate, destruction of the coiffure.
Moreover; the, abovecited.patentsandiothers found in the search do notprovide not teach astructure having stiffening in the sides oflthe capito aidin maintaining a balloon effect, having paddingin the .backl to prevent the hair from riding up in the, back, having. padding which prevents the, crushing. of the bouffant, havingmdequate ventilation yet i incorporating the fullness and. padding. features found :in the invention to allow the escape'ofchumiditycaused by perspiration; havingholding means that prevent M16. protector ,-from sliding on slipping .and yet which .fully, protects 1 the .coiffure, and 1 is comfortable to wear;
SUMMARY OF THE- INVENTION lowing the manufacturer to produce one size adapted to fit everyone.
Yet another object. of this invention is the provision of a coiffure protector having padding in the back to prevent the hair from riding up andto protectthe bouffant of the coiffure from being crushed.
Stillanother objectof this invention is to provide a stiffening material in the sides of a coiffure protector to maintain the shape thereof and to prevent crushing of the bouffant of the coiffure by the cap. 7
Stillanother. object of this invention is the provision of a coiffure protector which permits adequate movement of air therethrough and does not retain moisture therein.
A still further object of this invention is to provide a new andnovel coiffure protector which is attractive in appearance, comfortable to wear, simple of construction, economical of manufacture and extremely effective in service.
These objects and other features and advantages of this invention will become readily apparent upon reference to the following description when taken inconjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
FIG. 1. is a bottomplan view of a partially assembled coiffure protector of this invention;
FIG. 2 is a bottomplan view of an assembled coiffure protector;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 3-3 in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line 4-4 in FIG. 2; and
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the coiffure protector on the head of a wearer.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Referring now to the drawings, one embodiment of the coiffure protector 10in the form of a cap is shown in FIG. 5 as worn on the head ll of a lady. The protector 10 is formed of two substantially identical, rectangular sections 12 and 13 of permeable material'such as tulle netting or the like, disposed perpendicularly to each other in the form on a cross, as best shown in FIG. 1. The overlapping of the sections 12 and 13 in effectdivides section 12 into three segments 14, 15 and 16, and section 13 into three segments 17, 18 and 19.
Upon folding the segments l4, 16, 17 and 19 (FIG. 2) at rightangles to segments 15 and 18, two substantially identical inverted U-shapedsections disposed atright angles to each other form a substantially cubical blank. The first segment 14 forms the front, the second or middle segment 15 forms part of the top and the third segment 16 forms the back of the protector. Forming the sides of the protector are segments 17 and 19"of section l3, while the middle segment 18 thereof forms part of the top. The edges of segment 15 overlapping section 13are sewn to section 13 to form seams 21 and 22, and the edges of the segment'18 overlapped by the section 12 are sewn thereto to form seams 23 and 24. The edges of the abutting segments are secured together, as by sewing, at four seams 26 I through 29, thus forming an open bottom enclosure.
A stiffening. element 31 (FIG. 1) having at least one layer is secured, as by sewing, to each side segment 17 and 19. This element is formed from a. material which is permeable in nature and although it may be. folded into several layers before securement, air will *move therethrough. It should also be noted in FIGS. 1 and 5 that thiselement does not fully cover each side segment 17 and 19thus allowing a greater air permeability therethrough.
Secured to .the back segment 16 a is a pad 32 having a thickness considerably greater than the thickness of each segment. The pad '32 is formed from a plurality of layers of a soft material, sponge rubberor. the like, and is adapted to provide pressure against the head of the wearer thus preventing the hairfrom riding upthe back of the head, displacement of the hair and partial destruction of the coiffure.
Secured on the inside of the cap on the lower edge of both the front and back segments l4 and 16 are hair holding members 33 and 34 (FIG. 3), having a plurality of projecting, resilient hooks 36 extending outwardly therefrom. Each hook 36 is adapted to engage the hair of the wearer upon being pressed thereon, thus holding the protector in position and preventing any slipping or sliding thereof as the wearer tosses and turns while sleeping.
The lower edge of the segments are turned back and secured to form a hem 37 (FIG. 4) or an additional element can be secured thereto to form a passage therearound. An elastic band 38 (FIG. 3) is slidably mounted in the passage or hem 37 for the purpose of holding the protector tightly around the head. The ends of the band 38 (FIG. 2) project outwardly from the hem 37 and, upon placing the protector over the coiffure, they can either be tied or pinned together for adjusting the size of the opening so that the protector 10 is tightly but comfortably held on the head.
Another form of construction would include the provision of pockets or compartments 39 (FIGS. 3 and 4) in the side segments 17 and 19 and back segment 16 for containing the stiffening elements 31 and pad 32. The compartments 39 are formed by extending the length of the side segments 17 and 19 and back segment 16, and folding the extensions to lie in juxtaposition with their corresponding segments, with the edges of the extensions sewn thereto. The compartments can also be formed by providing each section with a double layer of material, thus upon joining the edges the compartments would automatically occur.
Although a preferred embodiment of this invention has been disclosed and described hereinbefore, it is to be remembered that various modifications and alternate constructions can be made thereto without departing from the true spirit and a scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.
1. A coiffure protector comprising: a cap formed from a permeable material for providing ventilation therethrough, said cap formed substantially in the shape of a cubical blank and having a back wall, a pair of sidewalls, a front wall and a top wall with the bottom thereof open to permit said cap to be placed over the hair of a wearer;
resilient stiffening means secured in juxtaposition with each sidewall of said cap for the purpose of maintaining the shape thereof, said stiffening means covering only a portion of each sidewall wherein only a portion of the ventilation capabilities of each sidewall is reduced:
padding means secured to the back wall of said cap across the lower portion of the back thereof, said padding means adapted to provide pressure against the lower portion of the back of the head of the wearer when said cap is worn, thus preventing the hair in contact with said padding from being displaced; and
a hair holding member secured near the lower edge and on the inside of the back wall of said cap for holding said cap on the hair of the wearer, said hair holding member having a plurality of projecting, resilient hooks extending outwardly therefrom and adapted to engage the hair when said hooks are pressed thereon.
2. A coiffure protector as defined in claim 1, including a second hair holding member secured near the lower edge and on the inside of front wall of said cap for holding said cap on the hair of the wearer, said second hair holding member having a plurality of projecting resilient hooks extending outwardly therefrom, adapted to engage the hair when said hooks are pressed thereon.
3. A coiffure protector as defined in claim 2, including adjusting means secured around the periphery of said cap at the open end thereof for the purpose of adjusting the size of said A coiffure protector as defined in claim 3, wherein said cubical blank is formed of at least two substantially identical inverted U-shaped sections disposed at right angles to each other and overlappin each other at the center of each, with a top havmg at least a ouble layer of said material for maintain-