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Publication numberUS3556212 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 19, 1971
Filing dateAug 13, 1968
Priority dateAug 13, 1968
Publication numberUS 3556212 A, US 3556212A, US-A-3556212, US3556212 A, US3556212A
InventorsSalerni John V, Vazquez Gonzalo
Original AssigneeBaker Oil Tools Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Downhole disaster valve with dump unit
US 3556212 A
Images(3)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

United States Patent [72] lnventors GonzaloVazquez Dorking Surrey, England; John V. Salerni, Whittier, Calif. [21] Appl.No. 752,366 [22] Filed Aug. 13,1968 [45] Patented Jan. 19, 1971 [73] Assignee Baker Oil Tools, Inc.

City of Commerce, Calif. a corporation of California [54] DOWNIIOLE DISASTER VALVE WITH DUMP UNIT 19 Claims, 6 Drawing Figs.

[52] U.S.Cl 166/72, 137/467: 166/1 4, 16/224 [51] Int.Cl E21b33/12; F16k 17/168 [50] FieldofSearch ..166/72,53, 131-, 184, 224; 251/28, 62; 137/467, 625.66, 625.67

[5 6] References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2,963,089 12/1960 Sizer 166/72 2,998,070 8/1961 166/72 3,035,641 5/1962 166/72 3,035,808 5/1962 (16 6/72UX) 37kg: i i C i 1 N 1 Composite Catalog. Houston, Texas, Gulf Pub. Co., 1955- 56 pp. 4009- 4011 (Copy in Group 35) Primary Examiner-Marvin A. Champion Assistant Examinerlan A. Calvert Attorney-Bernard Kriegel ABSTRACT: Disaster valve apparatus for gas or oil wells in which a well pipe is disposed for conducting production fluid to the top of the well, the disaster valve being located below the top of the well in a control fluid tubing string above a packer sealingly engaged with the well pipe, the disaster valve having a valve sleeve provided with a central bore closed by a releasable plug, control fluid pressure in the control fluid tubing holding the valve open against the pressure of well fluid tending to close the valve. Such disaster valve apparatus including a dump unit located at the top of the well for venting the control fluid tubing if production fluid pressure in the flow line at the top of the well changes sufficiently to require that the disaster valve be closed.

. were not shut in.

be shut in, that is, be prevented from continuing to produce, in

the eventthatfsome occurrence to the flow. line or the collection tank would resultj in loss of producing fluid-if the well Various well pressure responsive valves have been provided inth'e past for accomplishing the shutting in of a well upon a change in pressure of the production fluid, but such 'valvesliave "generallybeen constructed as tobe run into a well pipe on-atubing string and retrieved on the tubing string when various operationsiare'to be performed in thewell bore belowthe valve assembly, such as pjerforatirig, surveying or other operations requiring the running of a tool to a location 3 lower than the valve. in other'instan'c'es, a special string of tubing,including macaronitubing, is ru'nfor conducting aco'ntrol fluid to a subsurface location for controlling the' 'va'lve', such macaroni string beingdifficult to run in combination with a a conventional tubing string. i 1

. The'presentinv'ention provides a simple sleeve valve construction adapted to be made up inaconventional tubing or pipe string with a packer, and to be run into thewell' in the tubing string. The normal central opening through the sleeve valve is substantiallyas' largeas'the opening in the tubing string; thereby enabling performance of fluid injection or wire line operations in thewell below the'valveassembly. Thevalve is adapted to beconditioned for use by closing off the central passage through the valve sleeve by rn'eans 'of a closureplug.

This plug is adaptejd to be run into the tubingstring on a wire line for seating and anchoring eoengag'em'ent with the valve sleeve, so as to close offthe opening through the valve sleeve,

whereby the valve sleeve is rendered responsive to the pressure of well fluid in the casingand responsive to the pressure of control fluid the control, tubing. Under thes'eeircum- I stances, a force applied to valesleeve by 'well fluidpi'esj sure in excess ofthe force applied to'the va'lve' sleeve by con- 'trol pressure willeft'ect closure ofthe valve, shutting the well in; but, the force applied to' the valve sleeve by the control fluid exceeds that applied well fluid pressure, the valve will be held open to allow the continued flow of production fluid.

tion is not to be taken inalimiting sensefsince the scope of the I invention is best defined by the appended claims. 1 t Referring to the drawings; HQ. 1 is a view, partly in section and accordance with the invention; Y

'FlGSQ 2a and 2b together constituteanenlarged vertical section through the subsurface valve, -FlG. 2b being a downward continuation of FIG. 2a, and showing lhc valve 1 [A B6. is a view corresponding to FIG, 4, but showingthe ,dun p unit open. to allow closure of the subsurface valve.'

\ As seen in the drawings, and with particular reference to UFlG. l, the invention involves the provision of subsurface or v The invention also involves the provisiono f auriit at the top of the well, which is adapted to controlthe subsurface disaster valve. This unitis operable to maintain control fluidpressure on the control fluid. in the control tubingin response to the maintenance of a production fluidpressurein the surface flow line of a predetermined magnitude, butif the How linepressure changes, the control fluid is v ent ed to atmosphere,

thereby relieving the pressure ofthe controlfluid required to hold the disaster valve sleeve in an openposition.

. More particularly, the surface or dump unit for venting the control fluid pressure includes an assemblage providing for ease of setting or conditioning to maintain the subsurface disaster valve open, and enabling testing to determine operability of the disaster valve, as well as enabling resetting of the dump unit following either testing of the disaster valve or operation .ofthe-latter responsive to a change in the pressure of fluid in theflowline. y Among theobjects of; the inventionis the provision of a rugged disaster valve which is easy to install and operate,

requiring only the removal ofthe plug of closure for the vale sleeve to permit the performance of downhole operations by wire line tools capable of passing through the valve sleeve, as

well as the provision of a simple surface dump unit responsive to pressure differential to maintain the disaster valve open or to allow closure of the disaster valve by production fluid pressure. i

This invention possesses many other advanta ges and has other objects which may bemade more clearly apparent from a consideration of a form in whichit maybe embodied. This form is shown in the drawings accompanying and forming part for the purpose of illustratingthe general principles of the invention; but it is to be understood that such detailed descripof the present specification. It will now be described in detail.

disaster valve means -V,i nstalledin a string of tubing T disposed in a well Win which a casing string C has been set. The casing C at a lowersection has been provided with perforations or slots S through which gas or .oil may flow from a producingzone Z of the subsurface earth formation traversed by or into which the well W extends, Below the valve V. the tubing string has a typical casingpaclt'er-P which isadapted to be set in sealing engagement with the wall of thecasing C above the casing perforations orslots Sso as to confine the flow of production fluid to a path extending into the lower end ofthetubingstringT Above the packer P, the fluid I the packer Pmay enter the annular space-A, definedbetween the casing C and the tubing T, through valve ports'l -when the valve V is open, as will be hereinafter However. when the'lvalve V is closed,t he.well i's effectively shut in and new of production fluid into the annulus A is prevented.

Above the surface of the earth, designated E, is suitable well head equipment B. This d equipment illustratively includes a head 3 secured, as at 4, to the upperendof the casing C and having a sealing'flange 5 disposed about the upper end of the tubing T to prevent the flow of well-fluidtherebetween. Below the head 3, a flow line F leads from the casing C and communicates with the tubing casing annulus A,,so as to conduct production fluid from the well to a'pipe line or tank farm, as is well-known. In the flowline F may be shutoff valve 6 to enable manual shutting in the well 7 d v 1 I interposed between the flow line F and the tubing T is a dump unit D which, in accordance with the invention, is responsive to well fluid, pressure in the flow line F to allow the subsurface valve V to be closed by well fluid pressure when pressure in the flow line F varies. The. dump unit D is conpressure gauge 11. The dump unit Dis also connected by a control fluid conduit 12 to the tubing T below a head 13 closing the upper end of the tubing T..A further shutoff valve l4 may be provided in the control fluid conduit 12.

A pressure source 15 is provided and is connected by a conduit 16 to the dump unit D at the opposite end thereof from theconduit 7. This pressure source l5 may be a suitable tank containing a quantity of fluid pressurized by air or gas so as to apply the desired pressure to control fluid in the tubing T. The dump unit is adapted to vent the control fluid pressure to atmosphe're via a vent outlet .17, when the pressure relationship of the production fluid inthe that line to the control fluid in a partly in elevation, I showing a well equipped with a disaster valve] and dump unit in Referring now to FIGS. 2a and 2b, the disaster valve means V will be seen to comprise an elongated tubular body having a threaded connection at 21 with an upper sub 22, a seal 23 being provided at the threaded connection. The sub 22 is provided at its upper end 23a with internal threads for connection with the lower end of the tubing T. At its lower end, the body 20 is threadedly connected, as at 24, with a connector sub 25 having a threaded pin 26 for connection with the tubing T therebelow. Beneath the valve V, the packer P is shown (FIG. 2bas having a tubular body 27 provided with a resilient expansible packing element 28 sealing engageable in the well casing C, the packer body 27 having a flow passage 29 communicating with a central bore or passage 30 extending through the valve assembly V. Slips, or the like, (not shown) anchor the packer to the well casing, in a known manner.

The valve assembly V further includes an inner sleeve 31 reciprocably disposed in the body 20. Threadedly connected, as at 32, to the upper end of the valve sleeve 31 is a seating nipple 33 having an outer cylindrical wall 34 slidable in the body 20. At its lower end, the valve sleeve 31 has a cylindrical section 35 slidable in the body 20. This section 35 of the valve sleeve 31 has the upper seal ring means 36 providing an upper sliding seal between the valve sleeve 31 and the body 20. Spaced below the seal ring means 36 is intermediate seal ring means 37 providinga sliding seal with the body 20. Below the seal ring means 37 is lower seal ring means 38 providing a lower sliding seal with the body 20. Between the upper and intermediate seal ring means 36 and 37, the valve sleeve 31 is provided with side openings or ports 39 adapted, when the sleeve 31 is in a first or lower position, to communicate with the ports 2 in the valve body 20. Between the intermediate seal ring means 37 and the lower seal ring means 38, the valve sleeve 31 includes an unported section 40 which, when the valve sleeve is in an upper or second position (FIG. 3), is adapted to close the ports 2 in the valve body 20.

Above the port 2, the body 20 has an internal flange 41 carrying a seal ring 41a sealing against the valve sleeve 31. This flange provides a downwardly facing shoulder 42 opposed by an upwardly facing shoulder 42a formed about the valve sleeve 31, these shoulders being coengageable to limit upward movement of the valve sleeve 31, although upward movement can be limited by engagement of the upper end of the nipple 33 with a sub shoulder 220. A vent port 43a is provided in the body 20 between the shoulders 42 and 42a to prevent entrapment of fluid. Downward movement of the valve sleeve 31 is limited by engagement of the lower end face 43 of the sleeve 31 with the upper end of the lower connector sub 25.

In order to assure alignment of the ports 39 in the valve sleeve 31 with the body ports 2, when the sleeve is in the lower position, a key 44 may be provided in a seat 45 in the valve sleeve 31, the key being longitudinally slidable in a keyway 46 in the body 20 of the valve assembly V.

Extending longitudinally through the valve sleeve 31 is a passage or bore 47 which communicates with the body passage 30, and which is of a size or diameter at least substantially equaling the diameter of the opening or passage through the tubing T. Accordingly, well tools may be run through the tubing T and through the passage or bore 47 of the subsurface valve V to perform various wire line operations below the valve assembly V, without requiring removal of the valve assembly from the well. In addition, the passage 47 causes no significant restriction in the path of fluid pumped through the 1 tubing T, in the event that fluid treatment of the well below the valve V may be necessary or desired.

In order to close the bore 47 through the valve sleeve 31, a plug device, generally denoted 50, is adapted to be releasably latched in sealing engagement in the bore 47. This plug device 50 comprises, in the illustrative embodiment, a hollow body 51 having an annular seal ring assembly 52 disposed thereabout for sealing engagement within the bore 47 of the valve sleeve 31. The seal ring assembly is disposed between the upper end of a spacer sleeve 53 and the lower end of a body of a lock assembly 55, which body 54 is threaded, as at 54a, onto the upper end of the plug body 51.

3,556,212 a i .l

The body 54 of the lock assembly 55 has a number of Iongitudinally extended laterally opening slots therethrough, in which locking dogs 56 are pivotally mounted on pins 57. These dogs 56 have upper ends 58 biased outwardly by springs 59 for interlocking engagement in an annular groove 60 in the seating nipple 33 of the valve sleeve 31. At their lower ends, the dogs 56 have inner cam portions 61 which project into the central bore 62 in the plug body 54. At its upper end, the body 54 of the latch or lock means 55. includes a hollow neck 63 projecting upwardly and having a flange 64 at its upper end'. Thus, the plug assembly 50 is adapted to be run into the tubing T on a wire line (not shown) until itsshoulder 54b engages a nipple shoulder 33c, the dogs 56 then automatically latching into the groove 60 of the nipple 33 of the valve sleeve 31, so as to effectively close off the passage or bore 47 through the valve sleeve 31. However, to remove the plug assembly 50, it is only necessary to run a retrieving tool of a well-known type into the tubing T to engage the neck 63 and the cam portions 61 of the latch dogs 56 to release the latter from the groove 60, allowing the plug 50 to be pulled from the valve sleeve 31 by the wire line.

At its lower end, the plug body 51 may-be provided with an equalizer device adapted to have its frangible part -71 broken off to establish communication between the portions of tubing T above and below the plug 50, thereby equalizing pressure and facilitating pulling of the plug 50 from the valve sleeve 31. i i

When the plug means 50 is in place in the bore 47 of the valve sleeve 31, the position of the valve sleeve in the valve body 20 is determined by pressureacting across the entire cross-sectional area of the sleeve 31 above the plug 50 in the tubing T and below the plug 50 entering the tubing T through the packer body passage 29. The present valve sleeve 31 has equal upper and lower end areas, so that if the pressure in the tubing T above the valve assembly is less than the well pressure, the valve sleeve 31 will be shifted to its upper position (FIG. 3), at which the ports 2 are closed by the section 40 of the valve sleeve, but if the control fluid pressure in the tubing T above the valve assembly exceeds the well pressure below the valve assembly, then the valve sleeve 31 will be held in its lower position (FIGS. 2a and 2b), at which the port 2 in the body and ports 39 in the sleeve are in communication. Under the latter circumstances fluid from the subsurface earth zone Z may flow upwardly through the valve assembly into the annulus A and thence to the flow line F In order to apply fluid under pressure to the top of the valve sleeve 31 when the plug 50 is in place, the tubing T may be filled with a suitable liquid, such as kerosene. Thereafter, air or gas may be applied to the liquid in the tubing T from the source through the dump unit D.

Referring to FIGS. 4 and 5, it will be seen that the illustrative dump unit D comprises an elongated tubular body having a bore 81 adjacent one end, the control fluid conduit 12 being connected to the body 80 as by a threaded joint 82, so as to communicate with the bore 81. The conduit 16 leads from the pressure source 15 to the bore 81, being connected to the body 80 by a connector 83. Spaced inwardly in the body 80 from the bore 81 is a vent chamber 84 with which the vent conduit 17 communicates. On the opposite side of the vent chamber 84 from the bore 81 is a bore 85. A piston 86 is reciprocable in the bore and a piston 87 is reciprocable in the bore 81. The piston 86 is reciprocably supported by a member 88 providing a wall between the bore 85 and the vent chamber 84, the member 88 having a ring seal 89 engageable in the bore 85, and the piston 86 having a rod 90 shiftably disposed in a bore 91 in the wall member 88, a ring seal 92 in one direction as a unit, together, with the rod 90, to a limited extent at which the piston 87 is in the bore81, but the piston 86 and piston 87 may move in the other direction relative to the wall member 88 for purposes of dumping control pressure.

The piston 86 and rod 90 have acentral passage 98 leading from the bore 85 and a lateral port 99 communicating with the passage 98, a seal ring 100 beingprovid'ed on the rod 90 to form a seal in the bore 91 of the wall member 88, when the piston is positioned as seen in FIG. 4 relative to the wall member 88. However, movementof the piston 86 away from the member88 will open the part9) into an annular space 101 defined between the wall member 88 and the piston 86, the body 80 having a vent valve 102 for selectively venting the annular space 101. t i

A passage 103 leads from the conduit7- to the bore 85 of the dump unit. Therefore, the piston 86 in the bore 85 is subjected to the pressure of fluid derived from'the flow line F; while the piston 87 in the bore 81 is subjected to control fluid pressure from the source 15. In the illustrative embodiment, the pistons 86 and 87 provide a differential assembly, the piston 86 being larger than the piston 87. If the force derived from production fluid pressure admitted to the bore 85 from conduit 7 and acting on the piston assembly 86 to move the latter, together with the rod 90 and the piston 87, to the right exceeds the force derived from control pressure admitted to the bore 81 and acting on the piston 87 to move the latter, together with the rod 90 and the piston 86, to the left, then the dump unit will, as seen in FIG. 4, maintain the control-fluid pressure in the conduit 12 leading from the control tubingLThus, such control fluid pressure will be imposed on the hydrostatic column in the control tubing T. This control pressure from the source previously referred to is, therefore, selected to provide a total pressure capable of holding the subsurface disaster valve sleeve 31 in its lower position against counterpressure of the production fluid tending to movethe valve sleeve 31 to the upper position, at which the valve means'V is closed.

When flow line pressure applied to the bore 85 of thedump unit D, via the conduit 7, drops to. a value such that control fluid pressure in bore 81 can force the piston 87 to the left, to

the position shown in FIG. 5, then control fluid pressure is vented to atmosphere through vent conduit 17. Thus, the pressure of production fluid in the well casing C below the valve V will act on the valve sleeve 31 to force the same upwardly to the position shown in FIG. 3, whereby the well may be shut in. '1' he dump valve releases the control pressure very quickly,

I since a short travel of the piston 87 and its rod 90to the left shifts the port 99 into the annular space 101, equalizing the pressure on both sides of the piston 86 by flow through the passage 98 and port 99. The pressure force on the piston 86 opposing movement of the piston 87 to the left is thus reduced to a very great extent, allowing the pressure in the bore 81 to rapidly shift the piston 87 fully to the left, as seen in FIG. 5.

included in the dump unit D are means'105 for resetting the well flow control system following venting of the control pressure system and closure of the valveV. This resetting means including This resetting means includes a bar or rod 106, which is reciprocably disposed in an end cap 107 connected to the end 108 of the dump'unit body by threads 109. The inner cylindrical end 110 of the cap 107 has a ring seal 111 engaged in the body 80 of the dump unit. At .its inner end 112, the bar 106 extends through an annular insert 113 which shoulders at 114 in the counterbore 1 15 into which the cap 107 is threaded. This insert 113 has an outer ring seal 116 sealingly engaged in the counterbore 115, and an inner ring seal 117 sealingly engaged with the bar 106. Between the seal insert an internal flange 123 in the cap 107. Between the ring seals 121 and 122, the bar has a radial port 103a for establishing communication between the conduit 7 and the passage 103 in the bar 106, whereby flow line or production fluid pressure is admitted to the bore between the: seal ring insert 113 and the piston 86.

The bar 106 has its outer end 124 projecting outwardly from the cap 107 to enable actuation or reciprocation of the bar. A handle 125 in the form of a diametrically extended pin disposed in a hole 126 in the bar end 124 is provided for facilitating a manual reciprocation of the bar 106. This handle 125 is held in place by suitable means, such as a socket headed setscrew 127, threaded into the extremity of the bar end 124.

Releasable latch means 128 are provided for holding thebar in an inward position whendesired. Thislatch means includes an annular latch body 129 disposed on the end 124 of the bar 106 and keyed in place by means of. the handle pin 125. The latch body 129 has an external thread. 130 thereon'engageable in an internal thread 131 in the adjacent end of the cap 107. Thus, the latch means 128 are engageable and releasable responsive to rotation of the handle 125 and bar 106.

It will now be understood that, when the piston 86, the piston rod 90, and the piston 87 of the dump unit D are moved to the left, as seen in-FlG. 5, to vent control pressure through the vent 17, the bar or rod 106 may be moved axially to the right to reset the piston 95 and the piston 87 to the positions shown in FIG. 4. At this time, the latch means 128 may be engaged by threading the latch body 129 into internal thread 131 to hold the piston 87 in the bore 81 so as to prevent venting of the control fluid pressure. With the piston so held control fluid pressure may be applied in the tubing T to open' the disaster valve V. After production of the well is established through the valve v, pressure of the production fluid will be applied through the conduit 7, port 103a, andl passage 103 to the bore 85 to maintain the pistons 86 and 87in the position of FIG. 4, and, thereafter, the latch means 128 may be released by unthreading the body 129 from the bore 131 to allow for subsequent venting of the control tubing responsive to a drop in the pressure of production fluid in the flow line.

In the installation of the system in a well head and flow line assembly, the latch means 128 may be initially engaged to hold the piston 87 in a noridumping position until control fluid pressure opens the subsurface valve V and production fluid pressure is present in the flow line conduit 7. The pressure in the flow line may be a function of a choke in the the line F downstream from the conduit 7, and, in any event, the pressure will be indicated on the gauge 11, When such pressure is known, the required control pressure'may also be detennined and established so as to effect opening of the vent 17 at a desired low point in the production fluid or flow line pressure.

Thereupon, the latch means 128 may be released and the rod or bar 106 retracted. To test the balance and operability of the system, the shutoff valve 8 in the conduit 7 may be closed, and the vent valve 10 may be opened to bleed off pressure from the bore 85 of the dump unit. As such pressure bleeds off, the dump unit will open the vent 17, allowing the subsurface disaster valve to close.

Thereafter, the rod 106 is employed to reset the dump unit, as previously described, the shutoff valve 8 opened, and the vent valve 10 closed; whereupon the control tubing T may be repressured to reopen the valve V, and well production resumed. Thereafter, a drop in the pressure of production fluid in the flow line F to a predetermined value will result in the automatic closure of the subsurface valve V.

We claim:

1. In a disaster valve system for a well having a production well pipe communicating with a producing earth zone, a packer in said well pipe, a control fluid tubing in said well pipe, a flow line for conducting production fluid from said well pipe, a source of control fluid pressure for pressurizing said control fluid tubing, dump means connected to said flow line and to said source to dumpthe control fluid in response to a change in the relationship between the pressure of production fluid in said flow line and the pressure from said source: a subsurface valve assembly having a body provided with a production fluid outlet communicating with said well pipe above said packer, an inlet communicating with said well pipe below said packer, a valve sleeve having a central passage therethrough and shiftable in said body between a first position allowing communication between said outlet and said inlet and a second position closing off communication between said outlet and said inlet, and closure means releasably engageable in said central passage of said valve sleeve to close said central passage, said closure means being responsive to pressure in said well pipe below said packer and pressure in said tubing for shifting said sleeve valve.

2. in a disaster valve system as defined in claim 1, said control fluid conduit comprising a tube string having said packer therein below said subsurface valve assembly, said body being atubular member having a passage therethrough including said inlet, said body being in said tubing string, and said outlet including apart, opening laterally in said body above said packer.

3. In a disaster valve system as defined in claim 1, said control fluid conduit comprising a tubing string having said packer therein below said subsurface valve assembly, said body being a tubular member having a passage therethrough including said inlet, said body being in said tubing string, and said outlet including a port opening laterally in said body above said packer, said valve sleeve being oppositely axially shiftable in said body passage responsive to pressure of control fluid in said tubing string and pressure of well production fluid in said body passage when said closure means is in said central passage of said valve sleeve.

' [n a disaster a valve system as defined in claim 1, said control fluid conduit comprising a tubing string having said packer therein below said subsurface valve assembly, said body being a tubular member having a passage therethrough including'said inlet, said body being in said tubing string, and

'said outlet including a port opening laterally in said body above said packer, said valve sleeve being oppositely axially shiftable in said 'body passage responsive to pressure of control fluid in said tubing string and pressure of well production fluid in said body passage when said closure means is in said central passage of said valve sleeve, said valve sleeve having equal oppositely facing cross-sectional areas exposed to fluid in said body passage when said closure means is removed from said central passage of said valve sleeve.

5. in a disaster valve system as defined in claim 1, said control fluid conduit comprising a tubing string having said packer therein below said subsurface valve assembly, said body being a tubular member having a passage therethrough including said inlet, said body being in said tubing string, and said outlet including a port opening laterally in said body above said packer, said valve sleeve being oppositely axially shiftable in said body passage responsive to pressure of control fluid in said tubing string and pressure of well production fluid in. said body passage when said closure means including a plug sealingly engageable in said valve sleeve, and said plug and said valve sleeve having releasable latch means for releasably retaining said plug in said valve sleeve.

6. In a disaster valve system as defined in claim 1, said control fluid conduit comprising a tubing string having said packer therein be!ow a said subsurface valve assembly, said body being a tubular member having a passage therethrough including said inlet, said body being in said tubing string, and said outlet including a port opening laterally in said body above said packer, said valve sleeve being oppositely axially shiftable in said body passage responsive to pressure of control fluid in said tubing string and pressure of well production fluid in said body passage when said closure means is in said central passage of said valve sleeve, said closure means including a plug sealingly engageable in said valve sleeve, and said plug and said valve sleeve having releasable latch means for releasably retaining said plug in said valve sleeve, said plug having means for enabling running said plug on a wire line tool into said valve sleeve and removing said plug from said valve sleeve by a wire line tool.

7. ln a disaster valve system as defined inclaim I, said con-- trol fluid conduit comprising a tubing string having said packer therein below said subsurface valve assembly, said body being a tubular member having apassage therethrough including said inlet, said body being in said:tubing string, and said outlet including a port opening laterally in. said body above said packer, said valve sleeve being oppositely axially shiftable in said body passage responsive to pressure of control fluid in said tubing string and pressure of well production fluid in said body passage when said closuremeans isin said central passage of said valve sleeve, said closure means including a plug sealingly engageable in said valve sleeve, said plug. and said valve sleeve having releasable latch means for releasably retaining said plug in said valve sleeve, said plug having means for enabling running said plug from saidvalve sleeve by a wire line tool, and said latch means including means for releasing the same responsive to engagement of said plugby the wire line removing tool.

8. in a disaster valve system as defined in claim 1, said closure means including a plug sealingly engageable in said valve sleeve, and said plug and said valve sleeve having releasable latch means for releasably retaining said plug in said valve sleeve.

9. a disaster valve system as defined in claim 1, said closure means including a plug sealingly engageable in said valve sleeve, and said plug and said valve sleeve having releasable latch means for releasably retaining said plug in said valve sleeve, said plug having means for enabling running said plug on a wire line tool into said valve sleeve and removing said plug from said valve sleeve by a wire line tool. i

10. In a disaster valve system as defined in claim 1 said closure means including a plug sealingly engageable in said valve sleeve, and said plug and said valve sleeve having releasable latch means for releasably retaining said plug in said valve sleeve, said plug having means for enabling running said plug on a wire line tool into said valve sleeve and removing said plug from said valve sleeve by a wire line tool, and said latch means including means for releasing the same responsive to engagement of said plug by the wire line removing tool.

11. In a disaster valve system as defined in claim 1, said outlet in said body including a laterally opening port said, valve sleeve having a first section provided with a port and an unported second section, said port in said body and said port in said ported section of said valve sleeve being in adjacent relation when said valve sleeve is in said first position, and said unported section of said valve sleeve and said port in said body being in adjacent relation when said valve sleeve is in said second position.

12 In a disaster valve system as defined in claim 1, said outlet in said body including a laterally opening port, said valve sleeve having a first section provided with a port and an unported second section, said port in said body and said port in ported section of said valve 1 sleeve being adjacent relation when said valve sleeve is in said first position, and said unported section of said valve sleeve and said port in said body being in adjacent relation when said valve sleeve is in said second position, said body and said valve sleeve having longitudinally extended key and keyway means interengaged to align said port in said body and said port in said valve sleeve.

13. In a disaster valve system as defined in claim 1, said dump means comprising a body having a bore communicating with said control fluid pressure source and with said flow line, said body also having a vent, and piston means in said bore responsive to the pressure of fluid in said flow line and to the.

pressure of said control fluid for opening said vent in response to a change in the relationship between said flow line pressure and said control fluid pressure.

with said control fluid pressure source and with said flow line, said body also having a vent, and piston means in said bore responsive to the pressure of fluid in saidflow line and to the pressure of said control fluid for opening saidvent inresponse to a change in the relationship between said flow line pressure .well pipe communicating with a producing earth zone, a

packer in said well pipe, a control fluid tubing in said well pipe, a flow line for conducting production fluid from said well pipe, a source of control fluid pressure for pressurizing said control fluid tubing, subsurface valve means having an outlet communicating with said well pipe above said packer and an inlet communicating with said well pipe above said packer and inlet communicating with said well pipe below said packer, said valve means including a valve member movable between a first positionclosing said valve means and a second position at which said valvemeans is open responsive to change in the relationship of pressure at said inlet and pressure in said control fluid tubing dump means responsive to the pressure of production fluid in said flow line and to the pressure of said control fluid pressure source for dumping said control fluid tubing in response to a change in the pressure of the production fluid inthe flow line, said dump means comprising a body having a vent outlet, piston means in said body exposed to the pressureof fluid in said flow line and to the pressure of said source and movable to one position for closing said vent outlet when the force on said piston means derived from said flow line exceeds the force on said piston means derived from said source, said piston means being movable to another position to open said vent outlet when the force on said piston derived from said flow line, said dump means including reset means for moving said piston means to and holding said piston means in said one position toallow initiationof flow of production fluid through said flow line, said reset means having a passage therein for communicating said flow line with said body.

. 16. in disaster valve system for a well having a production .well pipe communicating with a producing earth zone, a

packer in said well pipe, a control fluid tubing in said well pipe, a flow line for conducting production fluid from said well pipe, a source of control fluid pressure for pressurizing said control fluid tubing, subsurface valve means having an outlet communicating with said well pipe above said packer and an inlet communicating with said well pipe below said packer, said valve means including a valve membermovable between a first position closing said valve means and a second position at which said valve means is open responsiveto change in the relationship of pressure at said inlet and pressure in said control fluid tubing: dump means responsive to thepressure of production fluid in said flow line and to the pressure of said control fluid pressure source for dumping said control fluid tubing in response to a change in the pressure of the production fluid in the flow line, said dump means comprising a body having a vent outlet, piston means in body exposed to the pressure of fluid in said flow line and-'to-the pressure of said source and movable to one position for closing said vent outlet when the force on said piston means from said flow line exceeds the force on said pistonmeans derived from said source, said piston means being movable to another position to open said vent outlet when the force on said piston means derived from said source exceeds the force on said piston derived from saidflow line, said system also including means for venting the ,fluid'pressure derived from the flow line to test close said subsurface valve means.

17. in a disaster valve system for a well having a production well pipe communicating with a producing earth zone, a packer in said well pipe, a control fluid tubing in said well pipe, a flow line for conducting production fluid from said well pipe, a source of control fluid pressure for pressurizing said control fluid tubing, subsurface valve means having an outlet communicating with said well pipe above said packer and an inlet communicating with said well pipe below said packer,

said valve mear s including a valve means and a second positron at which said valve means is open responsive to change in the relationship of pressure at said inlet and pressure in said control fluid tubing: dump means responsive to the pressure of production fluid in said flow line and to the pressure of said control fluid pressure source for dumping said control fluid tubing in response to a change in the pressure of the production fluid in the flow line, said dump means comprising a body having a vent outlet, piston means in said body exposed to the pressure of fluid in said flow line and to the pressure of said source and movable to one position for closing said vent outlet when the force on said piston means derived from said flow line exceeds the force on said piston means derived from said source, said piston means being movable to another position to open said vent outlet when the force on said piston means derived from said source exceeds the force on said piston derived from said flow line, said body having a first bore communicating with said control fluid tubing and with said source, said body having a second bore axially spaced from saidfirst bore and communicating with said flow line, said piston means including a first piston axially shiftable in said for first bore, a

second piston axially shiftable in said second bore, a rod interconnecting said pistons, and said body having another bore between said first and second bores communicating with said vent outlet, said first piston being movable from said first bore into said another bore to communicate said source with said vent outlet.

18. In a disaster valve system as defined in claim 17, said body having a wall-therein between said second piston and said another bore through which said rod reciprocably extends, and vent valve means communicating with said second bore between said wall and said second piston.

19. In a disaster valve system as defined in claim 17, said body having a wall therein between said second piston and said another bore through which said rod reciprocably extends, vent valve means communicating with said second bore between said wall and said second piston, said rod having a passage leading to said second bore at the other side of said second piston from said wall, said passage in said rod opening between said wall and said second piston when said second piston and said first piston move to a position opening said vent outlet, and including sealing means between said rod and said wall for closing off said passage in said rod from said

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Referenced by
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US3874634 *Nov 7, 1973Apr 1, 1975Otis Eng CoWell safety valve system
US7654329 *May 19, 2004Feb 2, 2010Fmc Kongsberg Subsea AsDual-type plug for wellhead
US8028752 *Apr 19, 2005Oct 4, 2011Expro North Sea LimitedPlug setting and retrieving apparatus
Classifications
U.S. Classification166/72, 166/321, 137/467, 166/184
International ClassificationE21B34/16, E21B34/14, E21B34/10, E21B34/06, E21B34/00
Cooperative ClassificationE21B34/101, E21B34/14, E21B34/16, E21B34/063, E21B34/107
European ClassificationE21B34/16, E21B34/06B, E21B34/14, E21B34/10E, E21B34/10R4