|Publication number||US3556636 A|
|Publication date||Jan 19, 1971|
|Filing date||Jan 30, 1968|
|Priority date||Jan 30, 1968|
|Also published as||DE1904172A1, DE1904172B2|
|Publication number||US 3556636 A, US 3556636A, US-A-3556636, US3556636 A, US3556636A|
|Inventors||Alwyn H King, John A Roberts|
|Original Assignee||Brunswick Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (12), Classifications (16)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 19,1971 J RQBERTS ET AL 3,556,636
COLLIMATED HOLE STRUCTURE WITH MASK FOR PRODUCING HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGES Filed Jan. 30, 1968 Patented Jan. 19, 1971 3,556,636 COLLIMATED HOLE STRUCTURE WITH MASK FOR PRODUCING HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGES John A. Roberts, North Chelmsford, and Alwyn H. King, Sherborn, Mass., assignors to Brunswick Corporation, a corporation of Delaware Filed Jan. 30, 1968, Ser. No. 701,760 Int. Cl. G02b 5/14 U.S. Cl. 350-96 1 Claim ABSTRACT OF THE DISCLOSURE A method of producing high resolution images formed of a plurality of small images produced by passing radiation through a collimated hole structure having substantially rectilinear small cross section passages. The collimated hole structure is provided with a high aspect ratio of passage length to passage cross section to provide a high resolution in the individual images produced thereby. A mask may be formed on one surface of the collimated hole structure having an opening exposing preselected ones of the collimated hole structure passages for producing a composite image defining a preselected pattern corresponding to the opening.
This invention relates to image producing devices and, in particular, to a method of producing high resolution images and means for use therein.
In connection with the disclosure of this application, reference may be had to copending Roberts and Roberts application Ser. No. 471,123, filed July 12, 1965, for a Passage Structure, owned by the assignee hereof and now abandoned.
In applications such as micro-circuitry, it is desirable to provide images having a high resolution for subsequent etching. In the known structures, the resolution characteristics of the image producing means has been primarily controlled by the size of the openings of the screen utilized. The present invention comprehends an improved method and means for producing high resolution images wherein both opening size and aspect ratio of the openings are controlled to produce an improved image producing means.
Thus, a principal feature of the present invention is the provision of a new and improved method of producing high resolution images.
Another feature of the invention is the provision of such a method of producing high resolution images comprising the steps of forming a collimated hole structure defined by a body having a plurality of substantially rectilinear, parallel through passages opening through a spaced surface of said body, the passages having a maximum transverse dimension of under approximately 500 microns and having a preselected high aspect ratio of at least approximately 5 to 1, providing on one of the surfaces a mask defining an opening having a preselected shape, the opening exposing a plurality of the passages, and passing radiation through the exposed passages to define a plurality of radiation images corresponding accurately to the'cross sections of the exposed passages.
Still another feature of the invention is the provision of such a method of producing high resolution images comprising the steps of forming a composite defined by a metal matrix having a plurality of substantially rectilinear, parallel filaments formed of a different metal adapted to be leached from the matrix and extending to spaced surfaces of the matrix, the filaments having a maximum transverse dimension of under approximately 500 microns and a length between the surfaces of at least five times the maximum transverse dimension, providing on one of the surfaces a mask defining an opening having a preselected shape, the opening exposing the end of a plurality of the filaments, and leaching the filaments through the opening to define a plurality of passages defining an array corresponding to the shape of the opening, and passing radiation through the passages to define a plurality of radiation images corresponding accurately to the cross section of the passages.
Yet another feature of the invention is the provision of such a method of producing high resolution images wherein the mask comprises a plating layer.
A further feature of the invention is the provision of such a method of producing high resolution images wherein the mask comprises a developed radiation-resist layer.
A still further feature of the invention is the provision of such a method of producing high resolution images wherein the image is utilized in etching a sheet.
A yet further feature of the invention is the provision of such a method of producing high resolution images further including the step of providing on the other of the spaced surfaces a second mask corresponding to the first named mask having its opening aligned with the opening of the first named mask.
Another feature of the invention is the provision of such a method of producing high resolution images Wherein the mask comprises a collimated hole structure having a relative large passage therein defining the opening.
Still another feature of the invention is the provision of such a method of producing high resolution images wherein the passages have a maximum transverse cross section of under approximately 10* microns.
Yet another feature of the invention is the provision of a new and improved high resolution image producing device comprising a collimated hole structure defined by a body having a plurality of substantially rectilinear, parallel through passages opening through spaced surfaces of the body, the passages having a maximum transverse dimension of under approximately 500 microns and having a preselected high aspect ratio of at least approximately 5 to l, and a mask fixed to one of the surfaces and defining an opening having a preselected shape, the opening exposing a preselected plurality of the passages for radiation transmission therethrough.
Other features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing wherein:
FIG. 1 is a side elevation illustrating the first step in the forming of a collimated hole structure for use in an image producing device embodying the invention;
FIG. 2 is a vertical section illustrating a second step therein;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged isometric view of an element as formed by the process illustrated in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a side elevation thereof with a mask layer provided on one end surface thereof;
FIG. 5 is an isometric view thereof illustrating a pattern of openings in the mask;
FIG. 6 is a diametric section illustrating a modified form of masked element wherein corresponding masks are provided on each of the opposite end surfaces;
FIG. 7 is an isometric view of a formed image producing device embodying the invention utilized for producing an image on a subjacent sheet;
FIG. 8 is a plan view of the sheet upon completion of the forming of holes therein in accordance with the pattern of FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is a side elevation illustrating the use of a pair of collimated hole structures embodying the invention for cooperatively defining the image producing means;
FIG. 10 is an isometric view illustrating the use of a portion of the structure of FIG. 8 as a spinnerette; and
,FIG'. 11 is a view similar to that of FIG. 2 illustrating the formation of selected through passages in the element by means of a double masked structure as shown in FIG 6. 1
j In the exemplary embodiment of the invention as disclosed in the drawing, an image producing device, generally designated 10, is shown to comprise a matrix body 11 provided with a plurality of substantially rectilinear through passages 12. The image producing device effectively defines a high resolution image producing'device wherein patterns 13 are provided made up of a plurality of small images 14 of the passages 12, the patterns '13 corresponding' to openings 15 in a mask 16 provided on the image producing device. As the passages 12 may have extremely 'small cross section and a relatively high aspect ratio, i.e. the ratio of the length of the passages to the maximum cross sectional dimension thereof, the images produced thereby may be extremely high resolution images.
I The method of forming the image producing device 10 includes a first step, as illustrated in FIG. 1, wherein a plurality of rods 17 are. sheathed in tubular sheaths 18 and bundled in an outer sheath, or can, 19 to define an assembly 20. The assembly 20 is constricted by suitable constricting means and herein, illustratively, is constricted by being drawn through a suitable die 21. The constricting process may be carried out in a plurality of steps to define a final reduced composite 22 wherein the rods 17 define very fine filaments 23 embedded in a matrix 24 comprising the original sheaths 18 diffusion bonded together by the constricting forces to define a substantially monolithic body 11. The composite 22 may be transversely cut as by a suitable knife 25 to define a plurality of disc-like elements 26.
The rods 17 are preferably formed of a material differing from that of the sheaths 18 and can 19 to permit subsequent separation of the filaments 23 from the matrix 24 as by leaching. Illustratively, the rods 17 may be formed .of Monel metal, and the sheaths 18 and can 19 may be formed of stainless steel. Thus, the filaments 23' may be removed by treating the elements in a conventional nitric acid bath, generally designated 27, to dissolve the filament material leaving the stainless steel body 11 with a plurality of very small passages 12.
As the sheaths 18 become fusion bonded together and to the can 19, a substantially rigid monolithic body 11 is formed having high strength. By accurately controlling the rod andsheath sizes and the constricting steps, very high accuracy in the size disposition and configuration of the passages 12 may be obtained. Illustratively, the filaments, and thus the passages 12, may have a maximum cross sectional dimension of under 500 microns. As the filaments may be made as small as desired by the novel forming method, the passages may have extremely small maximum cross section, such as below 10 microns down to submicron sizes. Further, as the filaments 23 support the matrix 24 in the cutting operation, the elements 26 may be made extremely small. The elements 26 may be cut by knife 25 to be relatively thin. However, the invention comprehends providing the image producing device 10 with passages having a relatively high aspect ratio, such as at least approximately 5 to 1 for improved resolution of the images 14.
The collimated hole structure 28 resulting from the leaching of the filaments from the elements 26 is illustrated in greater detail in FIG. 3. As shown therein, the passages 12 extend through the collimated hole structure to open through a front surface 29 and a rear surface 30 (FIG. 4). The mask 16 is provided on the surface 29 to define the openings 15 corresponding. to the image patterns 13. Illustratively, the mask may comprise a layer of material, such as metal, plated onto the surface 29 with suitable plating-resist material applied to the surface portion defining the openings 15. Thus, when radiation such as light is directed against one surface 29, or 30,
of the image producing device 10, only those passages 12 exposed by the openings 15 will transmit light therethrough. As the passages have a relatively high aspect ratio and small cross section, the light passing therethrough maybe used to produce dot-like images of extremely high resolution.
An alternative method of forming such an image pro ducing device is illustrated in FIGS. 6 and 11 wherein the element 26 is provided with a first mask 31 on surface 2 9 and a similar mask 32 on surface 30. By indexing the respective masks to expose the opposite ends of the fine filaments 23 and removing the exposed filaments as by placing the plated element 33 in a suitable nitric acid leaching bath 34, passages 35 will be selectively leached with the unexposed filaments remaining in the matrix 24 to define an image producing device, generally designated 36, effectively similar to image producing device 10.
The masks 31 and 32 may be formed by other suitable methods such as by exposing and developing a photoresist material to define the desired openings 15. Other methods of providing the desired masks will be obvious to those skilled in the art. a The image producing device 10 (36) may be utilized to provide high resolution images as for use in applications such as micro-circuitry, spinnerette, etc., applications. As shown in FIG. 7, the image producing device 10 may be utilized to provide images 14 on a photoresist layer 37 on a base such as metal plate 38. Upon development of the latent images 14 and subsequent leaching of the plate through the holes defined by the developed images, passages 39 may be provided in the plate 38 arranged in the patterns 13 corresponding to the openings 15.
Thus, as shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, where the openings 15 are. T-shaped the patterns 13 of the openings 39 in plate 38 will be similarly T-shaped, with the individual passages therein accurately conforming to the accurately controlled cross sections of the passages 12 of the image producing device. Illustratively, such a pattern of holes 39 may be utilized in forming a spinnerette 40 to provide a T-shaped multi-strand plastic filament 41 as by extrusion in a conventional plastic extruder 42.
The invention further comprehends the use of a collimated hole structure to define the mask for selectively exposing preselected ones of the passages 12, such as in collimated hole structure 28. Thus, as illustrated in FIG. 9 a collimated hole structure, generally designated 43, having a preselected arrangement of relatively large passages 44, may be superimposed on collimated hole struc ture 28 to expose the desired passages 12 whereby the pattern defined by the passages 44 will be reproduced on the subjacent surface 45 by passage of radiation through the superposed collimated hole structures.
Thus, it may be seen that the collimated hole structure 28 provides means for defining high resolution images. The pattern of the images may be controlled by providing a mask on the collimated hole structure, or by superposing any one of a plurality of different masks thereon, including masks defined by other collimated hole structures. Any desirable pattern arrangement may be employed to expose different passages 12 so that an infinite variety of patterns may be obtained.
Accurate control of the resolution of the images 14 provided by the improved image producing device hereof permits the use thereof in forming extremely small images, such as used in micro-circuitry. The rigid strong characteristics of the collimated hole structures permits substantial reuse of the image producing devices while assuring maintained accuracy and control of the images produced thereby. As the masks may be formed integrally with the collimated hole structures, accurate reproduc tion of the images may be effected to provide a high degree of mask production accuracy.
While we have shown and'described certain embodiments of our invention, it is to be understood that it is capable of many modifications. Changes, therefore, in
the construction and arrangement may be made Without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the appended claim.
1. A high resolution image producing device comprising:
a rigid monolithic wrought metal body formed of a plurality of individually sheathed fine filaments, the filaments and sheaths being formed of different metals and the sheaths being difiusion bonded to each other, said sheathed filaments extending rectilineally and in parallel relationship between opposed end surfaces of the body, an opaque mask element fixed to one of said end surfaces and defining an image opening of preselected shape, and only those filaments aligned with the mask opening being leached out of their respective sheaths to define a collimated hole structure formed by the sheaths in the outline shape of the mask opening, the individual holes having a maximum cross-sectional dimension of less than 500 microns and the aspect ratio of hole length to passage cross-sectional dimension being greater than 5 to 1, whereby a sharp edged image outline is formed by passing light radiation through the hole structure.
References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 1,792,046 2/1931 Skaupy 35096UX 2,499,977 3/1950 Scott 35096UX 2,619,438 11/1952 Varian et a1. 350-96UX 3,294,504 12/1966 Hicks 350-96X 3,356,854 12/1967 Humphrey 35096X 3,380,817 4/1968 Gardner 350276X FOREIGN PATENTS 285,738 2/1928 Great Britain 350--96 US. Cl. X.R.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3678564 *||Sep 10, 1970||Jul 25, 1972||Brunswick Corp||Method of producing high resolution images and structure for use therein|
|US3771592 *||Aug 16, 1971||Nov 13, 1973||Owens Illinois Inc||Matrix and method of making same|
|US4116655 *||Jun 30, 1976||Sep 26, 1978||Elliott Brothers (London) Limited||Method for making optical-fibre cables|
|US4410394 *||Jan 10, 1983||Oct 18, 1983||United Technologies Corporation||Methods of making cooled, thermally stable composite mirrors|
|US4516832 *||Jun 23, 1982||May 14, 1985||International Business Machines Corporation||Apparatus for transformation of a collimated beam into a source of _required shape and numerical aperture|
|US4590492 *||Jun 7, 1983||May 20, 1986||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force||High resolution optical fiber print head|
|US5028112 *||Jun 27, 1990||Jul 2, 1991||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy||Precision multi-channel fiber optic interface and method|
|US5879425 *||Sep 20, 1971||Mar 9, 1999||Litton Systems, Inc.||Method for fabrication of microchannel multiplier plates|
|US6301005||Jul 28, 1994||Oct 9, 2001||Wesley Jessen Corporation||Inspection system for optical components|
|US6614516||Jun 26, 2001||Sep 2, 2003||Novartis Ag||Inspection system for optical components|
|US6765661||Mar 6, 2002||Jul 20, 2004||Novartis Ag||Lens inspection|
|US20040036858 *||Apr 9, 2003||Feb 26, 2004||Roger Biel||Lens checking apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||359/894, 355/1, 430/5|
|International Classification||H01L49/02, G03F1/16, G02B5/00, H05K3/00|
|Cooperative Classification||H01L49/02, G02B5/005, G03F1/20, H05K3/0002, H05K2203/056|
|European Classification||H01L49/02, G03F1/20, G02B5/00D, H05K3/00B|