US 3558041 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENHD m26 |91;
.HEET 1 UF 2 OOOOOOOOOOOOOOODOOOOOOOO OOOOOOOODOOOOOOOOOOOOOO OCOOOOODQOOOOOOOOOOOOO FIGS FIG. 4
United States Patent Inventor Eugene J. Buescher 2229 Emily Ave., St. Louis County, Mo. 63114 Appl. No. 803,499
Filed Dec. 4, 1968 Division of Ser. No. 648,894, June 2'6, 1967, Patent No. 3,442,185. Patented Jan. 26, 1971 ENVELOPE AND DETACHABLE MESSAGE FORM 1 Claim, l2 Drawing Figs.
U.s. ci 229/85, 229/69. 229/70 im. Cl Bsd 27/34 Field of Search 229/69, 85, 7o, 7 4
 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS 2.328.380 8/1943 Feder 229/92.8X 2.335.470 l l/1943 Alland 229/85 3,181,774 5/1965 Littman 229/70 Primary Examiner-David M. Bockenek Attorney-Donald R. Castle ABSTRACT: A method for producing mailable materials comprising printing messages on continuous data process forms, separating the layers of the forms into individual sheets containing a message, positioning the individual sheets in substantially complete alignment, cutting said sheets to produce an unformed material and forming unformed material into a mailable container. Another aspect of the invention comprises an envelope formed and perforated in a manner to enable the detachment of a part of the envelope and removal of a message which was originally an integral part of the envelope.
ENVELOPE AND DETACHABLE MESSAGE FORM This is a division of application Ser. No. 648,894, filed .lune 26,1967, now U.S. Pat. No. 3,442,185.
This invention relates to a continuous method for preparing multiple items suitable for mailing. More particularly, it relates to a method for preparing and addressing these items from a multiple layer form suitable for use in data processing equipment.
Several methods have heretofore been proposed for utilizing the speed of data processing equipment for the preparation of items suitable for mailing such as envelopes. These methods, in general, are van improvement over the older methods of addressing envelopes such as by placing gummed labels, stenciling, address plates and the like because such continuous methods utilizing data processing equipment yield a product having an appearance of a personally typewritten envelope. The methods utilizing lforms suitable for data processing machinery heretofore known, however, are not completely free of handicaps. For example, one general method utilizes a carrier strip upon which an envelope is attached until it is processed through the data processing equipment and the envelope is thereafter detached from the carrier strip. This method yields a large amount of waste paper and the envelope when detached has a rough edge which detracts from the appearance of the product.
The present method enables the production of multiple mailable items by utilizing a unique method which overcomes many of the disadvantages of prior processes. Furthermore, it has the flexibility to enable a large number of different types of mailable items to be produced. Such a method is believed to be an advancement in the art.
In accordance with one aspect of this invention a multiple layer form,'capable of being processed on data processing equipment, is printed on one of the external layers. This method requires that the paper be of reproducible nature, that is a portion of the printing made on one layer will be reproduced on subsequent layers. ln accordance with another aspect of this invention a single layer form can be used for producing cartons. A heavy material that is heavier than a standard 24 lb. weight paper is used to produce an addressed mailable carton. Heretofore these mailable materials were generally addressed by applying gummed labels to the carton. In most instances, any standard paper having a weight of greater than about lbs., such as l25 lb. weight is satisfactory although in some instances heavier paper can be used if desired. One of the preferred methods which will be described in detail hereinafter utilizes carbon paper between the layers for reproduction of the desired printing on the subsequent layers. After printing, the form is separated into individual layers by any suitable means which step is known in the art as decollation. The carbon paper, if used, is separated from the layers at this step. the layers after separation are then bursted into easily divisible separate rectangular portions. The material which is used in the present commercially available data processing equipment will, generally, vary from about I3 inches to about I8 inches. The layers before they are broken into individual portions are generally several hundred feet in length since normally a continuous method is used. The layers are easily divisible into rectangular portions having the foregoing widths and the depth of the portion'can be varied according to the product that is desired. For example, one standard envelope in an unformed state would require a width of about I4 to l5 inches and a depth of about 8 inches to 9 inches. Another standard envelope will require a depth of about ll inches. Other mailable materials such as cartons, bags and the like will require different dimensions. The particular size of the individual sheet will be variable and the size will generally be selected to minimize the amount of waste. The processes of separating the material into the smaller portions is known as bursting and will be used hereinafter as signifying the above process of separating theindividual layers into the foregoing equal size portions. Bursting is required after the separation step to enable stacking in a manner suitable for diecutting. ln most conventional processes utilizing data processing equipment the data containing material is stacked in a convenient size by folding along the portions where the material is separated lin the present method. lt is essential to the present method that the bursting step follow the decollation step and that the sheets be in substantially complete alignment for reasons hereinafter explained.
After the layers are bursted into the individual sheets. the individual sheets are positioned in substantially complete alignment. That is contiguous sheets are placed in a substantial identical position in respect to each other. For example, messages on contiguous sheets are in the same position, face the same direction and are readable from the same position. By substantially complete alignment it is meant that the side containing printing is designated as thebase and the opposing side is designated as the back, the back of each individual sheet will be placed upon or adjacent to the face of the succeeding sheet and the top of the printing on each sheet will be in same direction.
After the individual sheets are in' alignment, the desired unformed material is cut, normally diecutting will be used; however, knives, or slicers can be used in some instances. No special sorting is necessary. After cutting, the separate mailable items are formed to their desired shape and are suitable for mailing or for insertion into one of the mailable items.
Each item contains printing which closely resembles typewriting. If bursting and alignment are not carried out prior to diecutting, the printing will not be in the same relative location, thus causing either a large amount of waste or requiringa completely symmetrical shape to the unformed item.
As can be appreciated, the method of this invention has a large degree of flexibility. For example, the outer layer can be cut to form an envelope which has the appearance of an individually typed or window envelope. The subsequent layer canl contain a preprinted message which'is automatically addressed during this method. A third subsequent layer can he diecut to form a return envelope. The person receiving the original envelope is thereby relieved of writing his return address thus saving him time and inconvenience.
These and other novel features of the present invention will be further explained and set forth in reference to the drawings which form a part of this specification'.
In reference to the drawings:
FIG. l is a perspective view illustrating multilayer data processing fonns which have been preprinted and have been processed through the data processing equipment. The forms are one of the preferred embodiments and have carbon paper between the layers which has been printed in accordance with a previous step.
FIG. 2 is a perspective view illustrating the decollation step. The form is separated into two individual stacks and the carbon paper is separated at this step.
FIG. 3 is a perspective view illustrating bursting step. The individual stacks are broken into individual rectangular sheets which are stacked individually at this step.
FIG. 4 is a perspective view illustrating a typical individual sheet from one layer of the form of FIG. l and the portion of the rectangular sheet which is to be diecut to form an envelope, one of the preferred embodiments of this invention.
FIG. 5 is a perspective view illustrating a typical individual sheet from the other layer of the form of FIG. l and the portion of this rectangular sheet which is to be diecut to form a return envelope.
FIG. 6 is a perspective view illustrating the completed envelope of FIG. 4.
FIG. 7 is a perspective view illustrating the completed envelope of FIG. 5.
FIG. 8 is a perspective view illustrating the portion of one of the rectangular sheets which is to be diecut to form another preferred embodiment of this invention.
FIG. 9 is a perspective view illustrating the preferred embodiment of FIG. 8 in a semiformed stage.
FIG. l0 is a perspective view illustrating the preferred embodiment of FIG. 9 in a completely formed stage to form an envelope.
FIG. II is a perspective view illustrating the formed envelope of FIG. I perforated along a particular line.
FIG. l2 is a perspective view illustrating the envelope of FIG. ll after opening along the perforation.
With specific reference to the drawings and with specific reference to FIG. l a continuous multilayer form is preprinted prior to use in the data processing equipment with a message on the upper layer 22 here illustrated as a return ad- 1 dress 24. As the multilayer paper passes through a data processing equipment, the address j26 is printed upon the upper layer 22. The carbon paper 28 which is between the upper layer 22 and the lower layer 30 causes the same message to be imprinted on the lower layer 30. After the printing is completed, the multilayer material is folded into a stack 32 as illustrated in FIG. l.
With reference to FIG. 2 in the decollation step, the upper layer 22, the lower layer 30 and the carbon paper 28 are each separated. The upper layer 22 is folded separately to form a stack 40. The lower layer 30 is folded separately to form stack 42.
With reference to FIG. 3, the stack 40 is bursted into individual rectangular portions 44 and placed in a stack 46 with each portion having the printing in the same relative location. In a similar manner, stack 42 is separated into individual pieces and stacked.
With reference to FIG. 4, a typical separated portion having dimensions of about 9 inches x l4 inches 44 of the upper layer 22 is shown. A diecut is made throughout the portions of stack 46 along the lines shown to form an unformed envelope 48. The preprinted message 24 and the data processing printed message 26 appear on the unformed envelope.
With reference to FIG. 5, a typical separated portion 50 of the lower layer 30 is shown. These portions are diecut to form an unformed envelope 52. The address 54 which was reproduced on the lower layer 30 -is in a proper location for a return address. The mailing address 56 which was preprinted on the lower layer in the same manner as the return address 24 on the envelope 48 produced from the upper layer 22 is also in the proper location.
With reference to FIG. 6 the envelope 48 produced from the upper layer 22 is shown formed and glued. The preprinted return address 24 and the printed address 26 are in a proper location for mailing.
With reference to FIG. 7, the envelope 52 produced from the lower layer 30 is show formed and glued. The printed return address 54 is in the proper location for return mailing, and can be inserted into the envelope 48 illustrated in FIG. 6.
With respect to FIG. 8, a rectangular portion 60 previously printed, and separated as described in reference to FIGS. l, 2 and 3 is cut to provide the unformed envelope 62. During the data processing step a message such as a letter, an account statement and the like are printed on an extended portion 64 which extends from the body of the envelope 66. A smaller opposing extended portion 67 is formed.
With reference to FIG. 9, which shows the combination envelope and message in a semiformed position. The printed extended portion 64 is folded and does not reach to the smaller opposing extended portion 67 when it is folded along line 68.
With references to FIG. l0, a space 69 between the portions 64 and 67 is left and the adjacent extended portions 70 and 72 are folded to form a completed envelope 74.
With reference to FIG. ll, the completed envelope 74 is perforated along a line 80 which is from about one-fourth inch to about three-fourths inch from the edge, connecting the inner portion 64 to the body of the envelope 66. The address 26 is printed in the data processing equipment at the same time the message contained on the inner portion 64 is printed. This method has the advantage of insuring that the proper statement, message or letter is sent to the person to whom the letter is addressed, thereby overcoming one of the inherent difficulties with handling large volumes of accounts by normal hand-stuffing of envelopes.
one side 90 and the other hand on the other side 92 and imparting a slight separation movement. The envelope separates along line and the inner portion 64 is attached to the detached part ofthe outer portion of the envelope 94.
As can be appreciated. the method of this invention has a high degree of flexibility. both in the type of forms used and in the product produced. For example, the multilayer forms can be paper, thin plastic sheets and fabrics, if desired. In most instances, paper will be `used because ot' its relative inexpensiveness and ready availability. Additionally,.in most instances,
carbon paper will be inserted between the layers in order to easily obtain reproduction on only selected portions of the subsequent layer, although in some instances a pressure sensitive reproducing paper will be used, particularly if selected reproduction is not needed. lt is tol be noted thatfrom two to about four layers can be used when reproduction is desired. The particular number of layers will depend uponithe particular product that is to be produced. For example, when envelopes plus insertions into the envelopes are produced. 3 to 4 layers can be utilized. When cartons are produced, generally a higher strength material is required, therefore, in most instances, a one layer continuous form can be used or a thin layer in combination with a heavier layer'can be used. lt is to be additionally noted that the layers can be separately printed with the same or different printing prior to assembly into a continuous form. In the preparation of a carton the` thin layer can be imprinted with the address and other pertinent information for a record of the mailing ofthe carton.
In the printing step a large degree of flexibility can also be achieved. For example, the address can be printed and will serve as the mailing address on the product originally mailed and as a return address or an inside address on the products produced from the other layers. As an illustration, it is desirable in many instances to send a form-letter and a return envelope. In most instances, it is believed if the letter contains the name and address of the individual to whom it is sent, a better impression is created. Il desired, coded information can be used and suitable messages for optical scanning can be included, if desired. In this instance, a three layer form can be used, one layer of the multilayer form can be preprinted with the form letter and assembled with two other layers, one of which the address to whom the return envelope is to be sent and the other containing the return address of the originally mailed envelope. As the form passes through the data processing equipment, the name and address of the person to whom the material is to be sent is imprinted on all three layers. In the subsequent diecutting step the two envelopes are produced and the addressed form letter. It is to be noted that in many instances, if desired, additional printing can be done on selected pieces at the decollation step or at the bursting step. It is to be noted that the multiple printing is not limited to addresses. For example, a billing statement can be printed on each of two layers, one to be mailed and the other to become a file copy. Additionally where several mailings are to be done to the same persons within a relatively short period of time, all of the layers can be converted into original mailed materials. Other uses and types of printing can be readily appreciated by those skilled in the art.
It is to be emphasized that although the method of this invention has been described in the drawings in reference to envelopes that this is not considered a limitation upon the product that can be produced. For example, as previously mentioned, relatively light weight cartons can be produced from one layer and enclosures to be placed inside these cartons can be produced from the subsequent layers. Similarly, bags suitable for mailing with enclosures can also be produced.
One of the aspects of this invention as described in reference to FIGS. 8, 9, l0, ll and l2 constitute a novel product, that is, an envelope which contains a message which an integral portion of the envelope can be detached by the receiver. The length of portion containing the message and the length of the opposing portion are less than the width of the envelope. lf the total length of these two portions are greater than the width of the formed envelope` the portion containing the message would not be removed but would normally remain attached since the smaller opposing portions would be sealed to the body of the envelope As previously mentioned, this product insures that personal information will be mailed to the correct person as it will be printed simultaneously with the address. Errors in mailing the information to the wrong person would thereby be reduced. The envelope can be perforated at a distance from about one-fourth inch to about three-fourth inch from the edge to enable a sufficient area for one to easily grasp the edge with the finger and thumb of one hand. The perforation step can be clone at any step subsequent to diecutting and prior to forming.
l. An envelope comprising an outer portion connected to a printed larger inner portion at one edge of said envelope and a smaller inner portion connected to said outer portion at the opposing edge of said envelope, the total length of said larger inner portion and said smaller innerportion being less than thc distance from said edges connecting said inner portions to said outer portions. said outer portion being perforated along a lille at from about one-fourth inch to about three-fourth inch from the edge connecting said larger inner portion and said outer portion to enable the detachment of a part of said outer portion and removal of said larger inner portion from said outer portion.